Expanded Family Life Cycle, The: Individual, Family, and Social Perspectives

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2011-01-01
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
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Now featured in a Classics Edition with a new Foreword by Donald Boch,The Expanded Family Life Cycleintegrates theory and current research with clinical guidelines and cases by two of the most-respected authors, teachers, and clinicians in the field of family therapyAring;Carter and Monica McGoldrick. This classic Family Therapy text provides "and more comprehensive way to think about human development and the life cycle," reflecting changes in society away from orientation toward the nuclear family, toward a more diverse and inclusive definition of "family." This expanded view of the family includes the impact of issues at multiple levels of the human system: the individual, family households, the extended family, the community, the cultural group, and the larger society. The text features a ground-breaking integration of individual male and female development in systemic context; our increasing racial, ethnic, and cultural diversity; the emergence of men's movements and issues; the growing visibility of lesbian and gay families; and the neglected area of social class.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xiii
Forewordp. xvii
Conceptual Perspectives
Overview: The Expanded Family Life Cycle: Individual, Family, and Social Perspectivesp. 1
The Family Life Cyclep. 1
The Family as a System Moving through Timep. 1
The Individual in the Family and in Historyp. 5
The Vertical and Horizontal Flow of Stress in the Life Cyclep. 5
Anxiety and Symptom Developmentp. 7
The Changing Family Life Cyclep. 8
The Expanded Family Life Cycle: Individual Developmentp. 9
Contemporary Familiesp. 10
Our Life Cycles Unfold in the Context of the Community of Our Connectednessp. 11
The Larger Societyp. 12
The Changing Structure of Familiesp. 13
Multiculturalismp. 14
The Political and Economic Systemp. 15
The American Family of the Futurep. 15
Clinical Implications: The Multicontextual Frameworkp. 16
Assessing Individual Developmentp. 17
Assessing the Immediate Family Household(s)p. 18
Assessing the Extended Familyp. 18
Assessing the Family's Community and Social Connectionsp. 18
Assessing the Impact on Clients of Hierarchy and Power Inequality in the Larger Social Structures of Societyp. 20
A Method of Including the Sociocultural Context in Family Therapyp. 23
Conclusionp. 24
Self in Context: The Individual Life Cycle in Systemic Perspectivep. 27
Redefining the Dimensions of Human Developmentp. 27
Developing a Self in Contextp. 28
The Myths of Complete Autonomy and Self-Determinationp. 28
Developing a Mature Interdependent Selfp. 29
It Takes a Villagep. 29
Gendered Development: From Adam's Ribp. 30
Developing a Self in a Nonaffirming Environmentp. 31
Our Multiple Intelligencesp. 33
The Connected Selfp. 34
Countering Unequal Gender, Class, Cultural, and Racial Socializationp. 35
The Individual Life Cycle in Contextp. 36
The "Slings and Arrows" as Individual, Family, and Community Intersectp. 44
Developing an Autonomous and Emotionally Connected Selfp. 44
History, Genograms, and the Family Life Cycle: Freud in Contextp. 47
Using Genograms to Track Family History through the Family Life Cyclep. 47
Courtship and Marriage of Freud's Parents: The Joining of Familiesp. 49
The Transition to Parenthood and Families with Young Childrenp. 51
Families with Adolescentsp. 54
Families at Midlife: Launching Children and Moving Onp. 56
Marriage: The Next Generationp. 59
Parenthood: The Next Generationp. 61
Families in Later Lifep. 64
Conclusionp. 67
Culture and the Family Life Cyclep. 69
Life Cycle Stagesp. 70
African American Familiesp. 71
Latino Familiesp. 74
Irish Familiesp. 77
Asian Indian Familiesp. 80
Jewish Familiesp. 83
Social Class and the Family Life Cyclep. 88
Understanding Social Classp. 89
Class Influences on the Family Life Cycle: Challenges and Possibilitiesp. 92
Three Familiesp. 97
Therapeutic Implications of the Intersection of Class and the Family Life Cyclep. 102
Women and the Family Life Cyclep. 106
Women's Changing Life Cycle Rolesp. 106
Women and Educationp. 109
Women and Workp. 110
Women in Familiesp. 112
Women in the Middle: Women and Caretakingp. 113
Women's Exclusion from Power under the Law and Societal Expectationsp. 114
Women and Marriagep. 114
Becoming Mothersp. 115
Adolescencep. 117
Launching Children and Moving Onp. 117
Older Familiesp. 118
Women and Their Friendship Networksp. 119
Women and Lossp. 119
That the Bumble Bee Should Fly: Affirming Women through the Life Cyclep. 120
Conclusionp. 120
Men in Transition: The "New Man"p. 124
The New Man and the Legacy of Masculinityp. 124
Is There a "New Man"?p. 125
Men and Powerp. 127
Men, Friendship, and the Men's Movementsp. 129
Men and Their Relationships throughout the Family Life Cyclep. 131
The Latino Family Life Cyclep. 141
Family Organization, Migration, and the Family Life Cyclep. 141
The Family with Young Children: Relatedness or Autonomy?p. 141
The Family with School-Age Children: Brave in a New Worldp. 143
Adolescence: Between Two Worldsp. 144
Young Adulthood: Staying Home and Courtshipp. 146
Marriage: Separating or Returning to the Fold?p. 147
Middle Age: A Full Nestp. 148
The Elderly: Losses But a Shared Lifep. 149
Dying and Grievingp. 150
Siblings Through the Life Cyclep. 153
The Importance of Sibling Relationships through the Life Cyclep. 153
Age Spacingp. 154
Gender Differencesp. 155
Birth-Order Effects in Sibling Relationshipsp. 156
Life Cycle Issues in Families with Disabled Siblingsp. 157
Sibling Positions and Parentingp. 159
Siblings and Adolescent Relationshipsp. 160
Sibling Relationships in Young Adulthoodp. 160
Sibling Positions and Marital Relationshipsp. 161
Sibling Relationships in Midlifep. 162
Sibling Relationships after the Death of Parentsp. 163
Other Factors That Intersect with Sibling Patterns: Culture, Class, and Racep. 164
Conclusionsp. 166
Rules of Thumb for Sibling Relationships t hrough the Life Cyclep. 167
Migration and the Family Life Cyclep. 169
The Migration Experiencep. 171
Changes in Social Networksp. 171
Changes in Socioeconomic Statusp. 172
Changes in Culturep. 172
Life Cycle Phase at the Time of Migrationp. 173
Death and the Family Life Cyclep. 185
Family Adaptation to Lossp. 185
Timing of Loss in the Family Life Cyclep. 187
Loss at Different Life Cycle Stagesp. 188
Death in Divorced and Remarried Familiesp. 196
Varied Life Course: Challenges of Hidden and Stigmatized Lossesp. 197
Conclusionp. 198
Creating Meaningful Rituals for New Life Cycle Transitionsp. 202
Creating Rituals as a Developmental Task for Couplesp. 203
Contemporary Life Cycle Transitionsp. 204
The Emergence of Symptomsp. 206
Therapeutic Ritualsp. 207
Discussion of the Ritualp. 209
Healing Ritualsp. 210
Identity Redefinition Ritualsp. 211
Designing and Implementing Rituals for Idiosyncratic Life Cycle Transitionsp. 212
Conclusionp. 213
Perspectives on the Evolving American Family
Becoming an Adult: Leaving Home and Staying Connectedp. 215
Young Adulthood: Developmental Tasksp. 215
Young Adulthood in the 1990sp. 216
Late Adolescence or Early Young Adulthood: Age 18-21p. 216
Issues for the Familyp. 219
Young Adulthood for Heterosexual Menp. 221
Young Adulthood for Heterosexual Womenp. 224
Young Adulthood for Gay Menp. 225
Young Adulthood for Lesbiansp. 226
The Poor Get Poorer: The Last Two Decadesp. 227
Conclusionp. 229
Becoming a Couplep. 231
Marriage in Our Timesp. 231
Fusion and Intimacyp. 234
Gay and Lesbian Couplesp. 239
The Weddingp. 241
Sexualityp. 243
Patterns with Extended Familyp. 244
In-Lawsp. 245
Sibling Issues in Couple Formationp. 245
Cultural Differencesp. 246
Issues in Marital Adjustmentp. 247
Becoming Parents: The Family with Young Childrenp. 249
Introductionp. 249
Gender Issues in Parentingp. 252
Problemsp. 257
Alternate Pathways to Parenthoodp. 260
Clinical Guidelinesp. 266
Conclusionp. 271
Transformation of the Family System During Adolescencep. 274
The Sociocultural Contextp. 274
Developing a Gender Identityp. 275
Changes in the Family Structurep. 280
Therapeutic Interventionsp. 282
The Launching Phase of the Life Cyclep. 287
Overviewp. 287
Gender Issues: Men and Women at Midlifep. 289
Midlife Marriagesp. 292
Midlife Divorcesp. 293
Midlifers at Workp. 295
Redefining Family Relationships at Midlifep. 297
Friendships at Midlifep. 301
Gays and Lesbians at Midlifep. 302
Summaryp. 304
Families in Later Life: Challenges and Opportunitiesp. 307
The Graying of the Familyp. 307
Later-Life Transitions and Challengesp. 310
Successful Agingp. 318
Clinical Challenges and Opportunities: A Resiliency-Based Approachp. 320
Conclusionp. 324
The Family Life Cycle of African American Families Living in Povertyp. 327
Factors Influencing Diversity, Functioning, and Resilience through the Life Cyclep. 328
Characteristics of the Family Life Cyclep. 329
Assessment and Treatment Considerationsp. 330
Stages of the Family Life Cyclep. 333
Avoiding Therapist Burnoutp. 342
Conclusionp. 343
Lesbians, Gay Men, and the Family Life Cyclep. 346
Adolescencep. 348
Leaving Home/Single Young Adulthoodp. 349
Couplingp. 351
Parentingp. 354
Midlife/Later Lifep. 356
Conclusionp. 359
The Single Adult and the Family Life Cyclep. 362
Setting the Clinical Stagep. 363
The Single Person's Life Cyclep. 364
The Divorce Cycle: A Major Variation in the American Family Life Cyclep. 373
Gender Issues in Divorcep. 374
Timep. 374
The Divorce and Postdivorce Family Emotional Processp. 376
Family Emotional Process at the Transition to Remarriagep. 376
Conclusionp. 380
Divorce: An Unscheduled Family Transitionp. 381
The Context of Divorcep. 381
Divorce as a Multidimensional Processp. 383
The Transitions Frameworkp. 385
Clinical Overviewp. 395
Single-Parent Families: Strengths, Vulnerabilities, and Interventionsp. 399
Changing Prevalence and Pathwaysp. 400
The Adaptation of Children in Single-Parent Families through the Life Cyclep. 401
Validating the History and Present of Single-Parent Family Experiencesp. 401
Engaging Single-Parent Families in Therapyp. 402
The Significance of the Social Context: Kin and Nonkin Networksp. 403
Recognizing and Mobilizing Strengthsp. 407
Reinforcing the Mother's Authorityp. 409
Addressing Special Life Cycle Issues of Single-Parent Familiesp. 410
Conclusionp. 412
Remarried Familiesp. 417
A New Paradigm of Familyp. 417
Stepfamily Formation following Deathp. 422
Gays and Lesbians in Stepfamiliesp. 422
Money in Remarried Familiesp. 422
Predictable Emotional Issues in Remarriagep. 423
The Process of Remarriagep. 424
The Impact of Remarriage at Various Phases of the Family Life Cyclep. 424
Spouses at Same Life Cycle Phasep. 425
Stepfamilies and Young Childrenp. 425
Stepfamilies with Adolescentsp. 425
The Impact of Remarriage in Later Life Cycle Phasesp. 426
Family Therapy with Remarried Families: Clinical Procedures and Illustrationsp. 426
Key Presenting Triangles in Remarried Familiesp. 426
Conclusionp. 432
Clinical Applications
Coaching at Various Stages of the Life Cyclep. 436
System Interactionsp. 437
Fusion versus Differentiationp. 438
Trianglesp. 438
Distancing and Cut-Offp. 439
Differentiationp. 439
The Role of the Coachp. 440
Humorp. 441
Detrianglingp. 441
Opening Up a Closed Systemp. 442
Engagement and System Mappingp. 442
Planning: Learning about the System and One's Own Role in Itp. 443
Reentryp. 444
The Single Young Adultp. 445
The Young Couplep. 446
Families with Young Childrenp. 448
Families with Adolescentsp. 448
The Couple at or Past the Launching Stagep. 448
Elderly Clientsp. 450
Coaching Single Parentsp. 450
Coaching Remarried Family Membersp. 451
Coaching Minority-Group Clientsp. 452
Guidelines for the Therapistp. 452
Alcohol Problems and the Family Life Cyclep. 455
Addiction in Contextp. 455
The Family Life Cycle: A Long-Term Perspective on Alcohol Usep. 456
Self-Help Groupsp. 457
Bias against the Alcoholicp. 457
The Impact of Race and Culturep. 458
Addiction: Staging and Life Cycle Issues in Assessmentp. 459
The Family with Adolescentsp. 459
The Unattached Young Adultp. 461
New Couplesp. 461
Couples at Any Stagep. 461
Domestic Violencep. 462
After Sobrietyp. 463
Gay and Lesbian Couplesp. 463
New Parentsp. 463
Children in Alcoholic Familiesp. 464
Early Warning Signs for Children at Riskp. 464
When a Parent Gets Soberp. 465
Launching Children and Moving Onp. 465
The Family in Later Life: Addiction and the Elderlyp. 465
Assessmentp. 466
Summary and Conclusionsp. 467
Violence and the Family Life Cyclep. 470
Why Intervention Must Address Social Accountabilityp. 471
Young Adulthoodp. 473
Newly Formed Couple Relationshipsp. 476
Families with Young Childrenp. 479
Families with Adolescentsp. 482
Families at Midlifep. 484
Older Familiesp. 485
Conclusionp. 488
Chronic Illness and the Family Life Cyclep. 492
The Social Context of Illness and Disabilitiesp. 493
Psychosocial Typology of Illnessp. 494
Time Phases of Illnessp. 496
Interface of the Illness, Individual, and Family Life Cyclesp. 500
Multigenerational Experiences with Illness, Loss, and Crisisp. 505
Conclusionp. 510
Interactions Between the Therapist's and Client's Life Cycle Stagesp. 512
Dimensions of Similarity between Therapist and Clientp. 512
Brief Scenarios: Complex Therapist-Family Life Cycle Interactionsp. 513
Families with Young Children: A Complex Intersectionp. 514
She Nurtures/He Earns: The Therapist's Transition Gets in the Wayp. 514
The Long-Term View: Working with One Family over Successive Life Cycle Stagesp. 516
Working with Loss: A Link between Life Cycle Stagesp. 518
Conclusionp. 518
Name Indexp. 520
Subject Indexp. 528
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

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