9781848728868

Expressing Oneself / Expressing One's Self: Communication, Cognition, Language, and Identity

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  • ISBN13:

    9781848728868

  • ISBN10:

    1848728867

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2009-12-17
  • Publisher: Psychology Pres
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Summary

Unlike any book before it, this volume embodies the state-of-the-art regarding the experimental study of human communication, by bringing together cutting edge findings from psycholinguistics, communication, cognition, neuroscience, language, and identity. Whether linguistic or nonverbal, communication poses unique computational challenges that reveal secrets of the mind/brain and social cognition unlike anything else.This volume is both a stimulating journey for the general language/communication reader, as well as a great research tool for graduate students, advanced undergraduate students, and investigators.

Table of Contents

Contributorsp. xi
Prologue: A Festschrift in Honor of Robert M. Kraussp. xiii
The Production of Gestures, Speech, and Action
On the Occasion of the Festschrift in Honor of Robert M. Krauss: The Science of Communication, Cognition, Language, and Identityp. 3
Referencesp. 7
A Model of Speech-Gesture Productionp. 9
Introductionp. 9
The Kita-Özyürek (2003) Modelp. 10
Empirical Findings Giving Rise to the Modelp. 10
Description of the Modelp. 11
Further Evidence for Features of the Kita-Özyürek (2003) Modelp. 14
Bidirectional Links Among the Action Generator, Message Generator, and Formulatorp. 14
Action Generator With Access to the Environmentp. 16
Communicative Intention, Discourse Model, and the Communication Plannerp. 17
Further Specification of the Model: The Effect of Communicative Contextsp. 17
Conclusionsp. 19
Acknowledgmentp. 20
Referencesp. 20
Expressing One's Self in the Context of Aphasia: The Utility of Arm and Hand Gestures in Aphasia Treatmentsp. 23
A Rationale for Considering Gesture Production as a Treatment for Aphasiap. 24
Models of Speech and Language Interactionp. 25
The Gesture Abilities of People With Aphasia and the Thorny Issue of Limb Apraxiap. 29
Gesture Facilitation of Word Retrievalp. 31
Gesture Production as a Treatment for Aphasiap. 33
Future Researchp. 44
Referencesp. 44
Functional Imaging of the Hand Motor Cortex During the Performance of Linguistic Tasksp. 49
Referencesp. 57
Indirect Cognitive Control, Working-Memory-Related Movements, and Sources of Automatismsp. 61
Sources of Spontaneous Action and Cognitive Movementsp. 62
Working-Memory-Related Movementsp. 62
Subtractive Movementsp. 63
Additive Movementsp. 63
Co-Speech Gestures and Speech Productionp. 64
Indirect Cognitive Controlp. 66
How the Perception (Controlled) Pathway Influences the Action (Automatic) Pathwayp. 67
The Mandatory Pathwayp. 69
Out of the Blue: Sources of Automatismsp. 71
Measuring Automatismsp. 72
Experimentsp. 73
Conclusionp. 83
Acknowledgmentsp. 85
Referencesp. 85
Human Communication
What Robots Could Teach Us About Perspective Takingp. 93
Robots as Conversational Partnersp. 94
Do Speakers Take a Robot's Perspective?p. 95
Do Listeners Benefit From a Perspective-Taking Robot?p. 96
Building a Perspective-Taking Robotp. 99
Adjusting a Probabilistic Modelp. 100
Reacting to Grounding Cuesp. 101
Conclusionp. 103
Acknowledgmentsp. 104
Referencesp. 105
Does Being Together for Years Help Comprehension?p. 107
Introductionp. 107
Previous Researchp. 109
Relationship and Conversational Referencep. 109
Age and Conversational Reference
Methodp. 111
Resultsp. 114
Discussionp. 120
Acknowledgmentsp. 121
Referencesp. 122
A Communication Perspective to the Emergence of a Brand Culturep. 125
Brand Cultures and World Cultures: Some Critical Commonalitiesp. 126
Conditions That Enable the Emergence of a Brand Culturep. 127
Awareness of Minority Statusp. 128
Communication and Shared Knowledgep. 130
Dynamic Social Impact Theoryp. 131
Coordination of Perspectivesp. 131
Saying Is Believingp. 132
Serial Reproduction Effectp. 132
Emergence of Brand Culturesp. 133
Experimental Evidencep. 133
Overview of the Experimental Paradigmp. 133
Consumer Choice and Manipulation of Majority/Minority Statusp. 134
The Communication Taskp. 135
Perception of the Stimulus Groupp. 136
Replication of the Basic Resultsp. 137
Serial Reproductionp. 137
Boundaries of the Effectsp. 138
Conclusions and Future Directionsp. 138
Acknowledgmentsp. 140
Referencesp. 140
Mind Mergingp. 143
Introductionp. 143
Theoretical Backgroundp. 144
The Growth Pointp. 144
The Hyperphrasep. 144
The VACE Projectp. 146
Pointingp. 146
Gazep. 148
To Summarize Dominance and Marginalityp. 150
Coding Issuesp. 150
Focus Segmentsp. 150
Focus 1p. 150
Focus 2p. 154
Comparison of Focus 1 and Focus 2p. 154
Co-Reference, F-Formations, and Gazep. 155
Elaborations on the F-Formationp. 158
Coalitionsp. 158
Recognizing Coalitionsp. 158
Using Co-Referential Chainsp. 158
Identifying Conflictsp. 160
Summary Thus Farp. 161
Sequence of Gaze-Another Cluep. 161
Garnering Agreementp. 161
Conclusionsp. 162
Referencesp. 164
The Perception of Speech and Identity
Spoken Expression of Individual Identity and the Listenerp. 167
Personal and Vocal Identityp. 169
Anatomical Variation Among Talkersp. 169
Physiological Variation Among Talkersp. 170
Linguistic Variation Among Talkersp. 172
Phonetic Identification of Talkersp. 174
A Sidebar on Identityp. 177
Conclusionsp. 178
Acknowledgmentp. 178
Referencesp. 179
Expressing Oneself in Conversational Interactionp. 183
Communication Accommodation Theoryp. 184
My Favorite Study by Kraussp. 185
Phonetic Convergencep. 186
Acoustic Measures of Convergencep. 188
Analyses of Pre-Task and Post-Task Vowel Spacesp. 189
Conclusionp. 194
Acknowledgmentsp. 194
Referencesp. 194
Perceptual Prosody and Perceived Personality: Physiognomies Precede Perspectivep. 197
Some of What Gestures Say About Our Minds' Eyes, Ears, and Purposeful Behaviorsp. 198
Motor and Lexical Gesturesp. 198
Gestural Feedback Model (GFM)p. 199
Looking and Other Anticipatory Behaviors: Sustaining the Purposep. 200
Where It Begins: Gestures in Mommy's Armsp. 204
Why the Need for Humanoids, and How Might They Help Us?p. 206
Referencesp. 207
Author Indexp. 209
Subject Indexp. 217
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