9780735544208

Family Law : Examples and Explanations

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780735544208

  • ISBN10:

    0735544204

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2004-04-01
  • Publisher: Wolters Kluwer

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Summary

Today's wide-ranging family law courses challenge students to assimilate a vast array of material. Make sure your students Understand The scope and depth of the subject by requiring or recommending Family Law: Examples & Explanations . This new paperback simplifies study by stressing clarity and coherence: straightforward presentation, with topics organized into discrete chapters to give quick access to specific principles comprehensive coverage puts family law in perspective and includes subjects not usually found in study guides, such as domestic violence, mediation, and professional responsibility focuses on what the reader wants to know, with clear explanations of difficult areas provides citations for important cases and applicable statutes to serve as a valuable research tool. When you examine this powerful study guide, be sure to notice: the authors use of the proven and popular Examples & Explanations style to reinforce basic knowledge and extend the application of that knowledge to a variety of situations - students must exercise higher level thinking skills, rather than rote recall relevant social science research that supplies an interdisciplinary perspective the text includes discussions of the Uniform Marriage and Divorce Act, relevant federal statutes, And The ALI Principles of the Law of Family Dissolution Family Law: Examples & Explanations is the study guide instructors can require or recommend with confidence.

Table of Contents

Preface xxxi
Acknowledgments xxxiii
Chapter 1. Marriage - History, Restrictions, and Requirements 1(36)
1.1 Introduction
1(1)
History -
1(3)
1.2 Early Principles and Practices
1(1)
1.3 Protestant Reformation
2(1)
1.4 Colonial America
3(1)
1.5 Nineteenth-Century Patriarchic Model
4(1)
Marriage Requirements -
4(8)
1.6 Marriage Contracts Differ from Ordinary Contracts
4(1)
1.7 Capacity - Generally
5(1)
1.8 Capacity - Guardian's Consent
5(1)
1.9 Capacity - Age Restrictions
5(2)
1.10 Marriage License
7(2)
1.11 Premarital Medical Testing
9(1)
1.12 Premarital Education
10(1)
1.13 Form of Marriage
11(1)
1.14 Solemnizing a Marriage
11(1)
Common Law Marriages -
12(4)
1.15 History of Common Law Marriage
12(1)
1.16 Common Law Marriage Defined
12(1)
1.17 Common Law Conflicts of Law
13(1)
1.18 Reviving Common Law Marriage
13(3)
Putative Spouse Doctrine -
16(2)
1.19 Putative Spouse Doctrine - History
16(1)
1.20 Putative Spouse Doctrine - UMDA
16(1)
1.21 Putative Spouse - Community Property Jurisdiction
17(1)
Forms of Marriage -
18(2)
1.22 Proxy Marriage
18(1)
1.23 Confidential Marriages
19(1)
1.24 Tribal Marriages
19(1)
1.25 Covenant Marriage
20(1)
Marriage Restrictions Removed -
20(4)
1.26 Race
20(1)
1.27 Poverty
21(2)
1.28 Prisoners
23(1)
1.29 Gender
23(1)
Marriage Restrictions in Place -
24(5)
1.30 Polygamy
24(1)
1.31 Bigamy
24(1)
1.32 Sham Marriages - Immigration Fraud
25(2)
1.33 Consanguinity
27(1)
1.34 Affinity
28(1)
1.35 Adoption
28(1)
Homosexual Relationships -
29(4)
1.36 Defense of Marriage Act
29(1)
1.37 Lawrence v. Texas
30(1)
1.38 Formal Registration of Homosexual Relationships
30(1)
1.39 Canada Allows Gays and Lesbians to Marry
31(1)
1.40 Common Benefits Relationships
32(1)
Transsexual Relationships -
33(1)
1.41 Recognizing Transsexual Marriages
33(1)
Other Principles -
34(3)
1.42 Removal of Impediment to Marriage
34(1)
1.43 The Rule of Lex Loci
35(2)
Chapter 2. Annulments 37(16)
2.1 Introduction
37(1)
History and Development -
37(2)
2.2 History
37(1)
2.3 Annulments Are Rare
38(1)
2.4 Distinct Concepts: Annulment and Divorce
38(1)
Uniform Marriage and Divorce Act -
39(1)
2.5 Consequences of an Annulment
39(1)
"Void" and "Voidable" Defined -
39(2)
2.6 Importance of Distinction
39(1)
2.7 Defining a Void Marriage
40(1)
2.8 Defining a Voidable Marriage
40(1)
2.9 Standing to Pursue Voiding a Marriage
40(1)
2.10 Retroactivity of Annulment Ruling
41(1)
Annulment Actions Involving Mental Capacity, Age, Drugs, or Jest -
41(4)
2.11 Mental Capacity
41(1)
2.12 Age
42(1)
2.13 Influence of Drugs or Alcohol
43(1)
2.14 Marriage Made in Jest
44(1)
Annulment Actions Involving Fraud -
45(4)
2.15 Misrepresentation
45(1)
2.16 Pregnancy Claims
46(1)
2.17 Religious Claims
47(2)
Annulment Based on Coercion or Duress -
49(1)
2.18 Duress
49(1)
Annulment Because of Physical Incapacity -
49(1)
2.19 Impotence
49(1)
Annulment and Cohabitation -
50(1)
2.20 Annulment Barred by Cohabitation
50(1)
Support and Property Distribution -
50(1)
2.21 Support
50(1)
2.22 Alimony and Property Division
51(1)
2.23 Reviving a Former Spouse's Support Obligation
51(1)
Other Issues -
51(2)
2.24 Enoch Arden Statute
51(2)
Chapter 3. Who May Divorce? Restrictions and Requirements 53(20)
3.1 Introduction
53(1)
History -
53(3)
3.2 Ancient History
53(1)
3.3 Ecclesiastical Courts and Fault
54(1)
3.4 Sixteenth-Century Revolution
54(1)
3.5 Parliamentary Divorce
55(1)
3.6 Colonial Divorce
56(1)
3.7 Divorce After the American Revolution
56(1)
Traditional Grounds for Divorce -
56(5)
3.8 Background
56(1)
3.9 Adultery
57(1)
3.10 Cruel and Inhuman Treatment
58(1)
3.11 Mental Cruelty
59(1)
3.12 Desertion
60(1)
3.13 Constructive Desertion
60(1)
3.14 Habitual Drunkenness
60(1)
3.15 Insanity
61(1)
3.16 Indignities
61(1)
3.17 Provocation
61(1)
Defenses to the Traditional Action for Divorce -
61(5)
3.18 Overview - Affirmative Defenses
61(1)
3.19 Unclean Hands
62(1)
3.20 Recrimination
62(1)
3.21 Condonation
63(1)
3.22 Collusion
64(1)
3.23 Connivance
65(1)
3.24 Undue Delay
65(1)
3.25 Insanity
65(1)
Separation - Divorce Mensa et Thoro -
66(1)
3.26 History
66(1)
3.27 Separate Maintenance
66(1)
3.28 Legal Separation
66(1)
The Modern Reform Movement -
67(4)
3.29 Uniform Marriage and Divorce Act
67(1)
3.30 "No-Fault"
67(3)
3.31 Religious Objections
70(1)
Jurisdiction -
71(2)
3.32 Generally
71(2)
Chapter 4. Jurisdiction 73(24)
4.1 Introduction
73(1)
Subject Matter Jurisdiction in Federal Court -
73(4)
4.2 Domestic Relations Exception
73(2)
4.3 Federal Question Jurisdiction
75(1)
4.4 Abstention Doctrine
76(1)
Subject Matter Jurisdiction in State Court -
77(3)
4.5 Residency Requirements
77(1)
4.6 Are Residency Requirements Subject Matter Requirements?
78(1)
4.7 State Power to Grant Ex Parte Divorce - The Divisible Divorce Theory
79(1)
Full Faith and Credit -
80(1)
4.8 State Recognition of Ex Parte Divorce - Full Faith and Credit
80(1)
4.9 Full Faith and Credit for Child Support Orders Act
80(1)
Long-Arm Statutes -
81(4)
4.10 Requirements
81(2)
4.11 Due Process Barriers to Application of Long-arm Statutes
83(2)
Personal Jurisdiction -
85(3)
4.12 Traditional View
85(2)
4.13 Continuing Jurisdiction
87(1)
4.14 Waiving Personal Jurisdiction
88(1)
Status as a Jurisdictional Theory -
88(2)
4.15 Overview of Status Theory
88(2)
4.16 Restatement of Conflict of Laws - Status
90(1)
Indian Child Welfare Act -
90(3)
4.17 Overview of Act
90(3)
Uniform Acts -
93(1)
4.18 Uniform Interstate Family Support Act (UIFSA)
93(1)
4.19 Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Enforcement Act
94(1)
Soldiers and Sailors Civil Relief Act -
94(3)
4.20 Overview of the Act
94(3)
Chapter 5. Child Custody 97(18)
5.1 Introduction
97(1)
The Impact of Divorce -
97(1)
5.2 Effects of Divorce on Children
97(1)
5.3 Impact on Parenting
98(1)
Defining Custodial Relationships -
98(3)
5.4 Overview
98(1)
5.5 Legal Custody
99(1)
5.6 Physical Custody
99(1)
5.7 Joint Legal and Physical Custody
99(1)
5.8 Parenting Plans
100(1)
Presumptions -
101(4)
5.9 Overview
101(1)
5.10 Historic Paternal Presumption
101(1)
5.11 Historic Maternal Presumption
102(1)
5.12 Primary Caretaker Presumption
103(1)
5.13 Natural Parent Presumption
104(1)
Model Acts -
105(1)
5.14 Uniform Marriage and Divorce Act
105(1)
5.15 American Law Institute
106(1)
Standards for Determining the Best Interests of the Child -
106(6)
5.16 Race
106(1)
5.17 Religion
107(1)
5.18 Disability
107(1)
5.19 Child's Preference
107(1)
5.20 Separating Siblings
108(1)
5.21 Parental Conduct Not Affecting the Child: The Nexus Test
109(1)
5.22 Gay and Lesbian Parents
109(1)
5.23 Cohabitation
109(1)
5.24 Careers
110(1)
5.25 Friendly Parent Provision
110(1)
5.26 Domestic Violence
111(1)
5.27 ALI View of Domestic Violence and Custody
111(1)
Court Services: Investigation and Education -
112(3)
5.28 Reports of Professionals
112(1)
5.29 Parent Education
113(2)
Chapter 6. Modifying Custody - Relocation 115(18)
6.1 Introduction
115(1)
Uniform Marriage and Divorce Act -
115(1)
6.2 Stability Is Primary Goal
115(1)
6.3 Limit on Number of Modification Actions
116(1)
Standards for Modification -
116(2)
6.4 Overview
116(1)
6.5 Illustration - Arizona
116(1)
6.6 Illustration - Michigan
117(1)
6.7 Illustration - North Dakota
117(1)
6.8 Illustration - Minnesota
117(1)
Typical Modification Claims -
118(2)
6.9 Unwarranted Denial of Visitation
118(1)
6.10 Integration into Noncustodial Parent's Home
119(1)
Presumptions -
120(1)
6.11 Stipulations - Agreements Between the Parties
120(1)
General Considerations -
121(2)
6.12 Findings Required
121(1)
6.13 When is a Guardian Ad Litem Required?
122(1)
6.14 Child's Preference
122(1)
Relocating to Another State: Sole Physical Custody -
123(3)
6.15 Overview
123(1)
6.16 When Is Initial Burden on Custodial Parent?
123(1)
6.17 Exceptional Circumstances Standard
124(1)
6.18 Other Standards
124(1)
6.19 Recognition That a "New Family" May Exist Following Divorce
125(1)
Presumptions -
126(1)
6.20 Favoring Custodial Parent's Relocation
126(1)
Joint Physical Custody -
127(2)
6.21 Overview
127(2)
America Law Institute -
129(1)
6.22 Standard
129(1)
Relocating to a Foreign Country -
129(4)
6.23 Hague Convention
129(4)
Chapter 7. Interstate Custody Struggles: The Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Act and the Parental Kidnapping Prevention Act - History, Restrictions, and Requirements 133(14)
7.1 Introduction
133(1)
History -
134(3)
7.2 Overview
134(1)
7.3 Traditional Perspective
134(1)
7.4 Early Decisions
134(1)
7.5 May v. Anderson
134(3)
Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Act -
137(1)
7.6 Overview
137(1)
Federal Parental Kidnapping Prevention Act -
137(3)
7.7 Overview
137(1)
7.8 PKPA Application and Limitations
138(1)
7.9 Which State Determines Continuing Jurisdiction?
139(1)
7.10 Home State Preference
139(1)
7.11 Private Right of Action
140(1)
Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act -
140(7)
7.12 Overview
140(1)
7.13 Scope
141(1)
7.14 Subject Matter Jurisdiction
141(1)
7.15 Exclusive Continuing Jurisdiction
141(2)
7.16 Home State Jurisdiction
143(1)
7.17 No "Home State" - Significant Connection
144(1)
7.18 Emergency Jurisdiction
144(2)
7.19 International Application of UCCJEA
146(1)
Chapter 8. Visitation and Parenting Time 147(12)
8.1 Introduction
147(1)
Model Acts -
148(1)
8.2 Uniform Marriage and Divorce Act
148(1)
8.3 American Law Institute
148(1)
Standards for Denying or Limiting Visitation -
149(3)
8.4 Court Denial of Parenting Time or Visitation
149(1)
8.5 Restrictions on Parenting Time or Visitation
150(1)
8.6 Child Abuse and Domestic Violence
150(1)
8.7 Alcohol and Substance Abuse
151(1)
8.8 Child Abduction
151(1)
8.9 Cohabitation
151(1)
8.10 Gay or Lesbian Parent
152(1)
8.11 HIV-Positive Parent
152(1)
8.12 Religious Differences
152(1)
Expanding the Definition of Parent -
152(2)
8.13 Stepparent Visitation
152(1)
8.14 Lesbian and Gay Co-parent Visitation
153(1)
8.15 Parents by Estoppel and De Facto Parents
154(1)
Enforcing Visitation (Parenting Time) -
154(1)
8.16 Overview
154(1)
8.17 Contempt and Modification of Custody
154(1)
8.18 Compensatory Visitation
155(1)
8.19 Withholding Child Support
155(1)
8.20 Wishes of the Child
155(1)
Modifying Visitation (Parenting Time) -
155(1)
8.21 Uniform Marriage and Divorce Act Provisions
155(1)
Grandparent Visitation -
156(3)
8.22 History
156(1)
8.23 State Statutes after Troxel v. Granville
156(3)
Chapter 9. Child Support 159(20)
9.1 Introduction
159(1)
History -
159(2)
9.2 Elizabethan Poor Laws
159(1)
9.3 Common Law
160(1)
9.4 European View
160(1)
Role of Federal Government -
161(2)
9.5 Child Support and Establishment of Paternity Act of 1974
161(1)
9.6 State Guidelines Mandated
161(1)
9.7 Child Support Recovery Act of 1992
162(1)
9.8 Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993
162(1)
9.9 Full Faith and Credit Act of 1994
162(1)
9.10 The Welfare Reform Act of 1996
163(1)
9.11 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996
163(1)
Child Support Defined -
163(1)
9.12 Generally
163(1)
What Is Income for Support?
164(3)
9.13 Generally
164(1)
9.14 College Student's Obligation
165(1)
9.15 Deducting Monthly Amounts Paid to Bankruptcy Court
165(1)
9.16 Student Loans Payments
165(1)
9.17 Vested Stock Options
166(1)
9.18 Employer's Contribution to Pension Plan
166(1)
9.19 Stepparent Income
166(1)
9.20 Lump-sum Payments and Commissions
166(1)
9.21 Seasonal Employment
167(1)
9.22 Overtime
167(1)
9.23 Military Retirement Pay and Allowances
167(1)
Establishing Child Support -
167(4)
9.24 Overview
167(1)
9.25 Income Shares Model
168(1)
9.26 Percentage of Income Model
168(3)
9.27 Melson Model
171(1)
9.28 California Model
171(1)
Deviating from Guidelines -
171(1)
9.29 Limited Discretion
171(1)
9.30 Special Circumstances
172(1)
Additional Support -
172(2)
9.31 Medical Support
172(1)
9.32 Child Care Costs
173(1)
Other Support Considerations -
174(5)
9.33 Overview
174(1)
9.34 Monitoring Support
175(1)
9.35 Bankruptcy
175(1)
9.36 Employer Limitation on Withholding Income
175(1)
9.37 Federal Income Tax Treatment
176(1)
9.38 Obligee Withholds Visitation
176(1)
9.39 Stepparent Liability
177(2)
Chapter 10. Child Support Modification and Enforcement 179(18)
10.1 Introduction
179(1)
Standards for Modifying Existing Award -
179(5)
10.2 Substantial Change in Circumstances
179(1)
10.3 Statutory Presumption - Substantial Change
180(1)
10.4 Standard Cost of Living Adjustment
181(1)
10.5 Standard for Making Award Retroactive
181(1)
10.6 Standard When Obligor Changes Jobs
182(2)
Duration of Child Support -
184(3)
10.7 Obligor's Death
184(1)
10.8 Emancipation of Child
185(2)
Enforcement Efforts -
187(5)
10.9 Contempt of Court
187(1)
10.10 Interception of Tax Refunds
188(1)
10.11 Criminal Nonsupport
188(1)
10.12 Extradition for Criminal Nonsupport
189(1)
10.13 Burden of Proof in Criminal Cases
189(1)
10.14 Garnishment
190(1)
10.15 Credit Bureau Reporting
190(1)
10.16 Driver's License Suspension
190(1)
10.17 Recreational License Suspension
190(1)
10.18 Publication of a "Most Wanted" List of "Deadbeat Obligors"
190(1)
10.19 Occupational License Suspension
191(1)
10.20 Passport Denial
191(1)
10.21 Seizing Awards
191(1)
10.22 Seizing Assets Held
191(1)
10.23 Obtaining a Wage Assignment
191(1)
Federal Collection Efforts -
192(5)
10.24 Federal Crime
192(1)
10.25 Uniform Interstate Family Support Act (UIFSA)
192(4)
10.26 Other Jurisdictional Issues
196(1)
Chapter 11. Alimony and Necessaries 197(16)
11.1 Introduction
197(1)
History -
198(3)
11.2 Ancient Customs
198(1)
11.3 Ecclesiastical Courts
198(1)
11.4 Divorce from Bed and Board
198(1)
11.5 Fault Adopted by Secular Systems
199(1)
11.6 Common Law
199(1)
11.7 Alimony for Husbands
200(1)
The Necessaries Doctrine -
201(1)
11.8 Husband's Common Law Duty
201(1)
11.9 Gender-neutral Application
201(1)
Uniform Acts -
202(2)
11.10 The Uniform Marriage and Divorce Act
202(1)
11.11 Standard for Determining Amount and Duration under UMDA
203(1)
11.12 American Law Institute Standards
203(1)
State Grounds and Standards for Determining Need for Alimony
204(3)
11.13 Fault
204(2)
11.14 Two-step Process to Determine Eligibility
206(1)
Forms and Duration of Alimony -
207(4)
11.15 Rehabilitative Alimony
207(1)
11.16 Reimbursement Alimony
208(1)
11.17 Limited Durational Alimony
208(1)
11.18 Incapacity Alimony
208(1)
11.19 Caregiver Alimony
209(1)
11.20 Permanent Alimony
209(1)
11.21 Long-term Marriage
209(2)
Other Issues Regarding Alimony -
211(2)
11.22 Percentage Formulas
211(1)
11.23 Life Insurance
212(1)
11.24 Tax Treatment of Alimony
212(1)
Chapter 12. Modifying Alimony 213(12)
12.1 Introduction
213(1)
Uniform Marriage and Divorce Act (UMDA) -
214(1)
12.2 UMDA's Unconscionability Standard
214(1)
12.3 States Impose Standards Lower Than UMDA
214(1)
Preliminary Procedural Considerations -
214(1)
12.4 Burden of Proof and Prerequisites for Change
214(1)
12.5 "Bad Bargain" Not a Reason for Modification
215(1)
Impact of Agreements on Subsequent Motions for Change -
215(1)
12.6 Stipulations - Nonmodification Clauses
215(1)
Obligor's Change in Circumstances -
216(4)
12.7 Obligor's Unanticipated Increased Income
216(1)
12.8 Obligor's Retirement
217(1)
12.9 Obligor's Change of Occupation
218(2)
Obligee's Change in Circumstances -
220(1)
12.10 Obligee Takes a Job Outside the Home
220(1)
Terminating Alimony -
221(4)
12.11 Recipient Cohabits
221(1)
12.12 Constitutional Challenges
222(1)
12.13 Remarriage
223(1)
12.14 Death
224(1)
12.15 Annulment
224(1)
12.16 Retroactivity
224(1)
Chapter 13. Dividing the Marital Estate upon Divorce 225(18)
13.1 Introduction
225(1)
Separate Property System -
226(1)
13.2 State Options When Considering Marital Assets
226(1)
13.3 Title Is Determining Factor
226(1)
Community Property -
227(1)
13.4 Overview
227(1)
13.5 Community Property Theory
227(1)
13.6 Death of Partner
227(1)
Equitable Distribution Jurisdictions -
228(1)
13.7 Equitable Distribution Theory
228(1)
13.8 Presumption of Ownership During Marriage
228(1)
Uniform Acts -
229(1)
13.9 Uniform Marriage and Divorce Act (UMDA)
229(1)
13.10 Uniform Marital Property Act (UMPA)
229(1)
Nonmarital Property -
230(3)
13.11 Defined
230(1)
13.12 Calculating Nonmarital Interest
230(2)
13.13 Active and Passive Appreciation - Stock
232(1)
Source of Funds Theories -
233(3)
13.14 Transmutation
233(1)
13.15 Source of Funds Rule
234(1)
13.16 No Source of Funds Theory
234(2)
Dividing Property -
236(1)
13.17 Equitable Not Necessarily Equal
236(1)
13.18 Fault
236(1)
Professional Licenses and Degrees -
236(2)
13.19 Diploma Dilemma
236(2)
13.20 Minority View - O'Brien v. O'Brien
238(1)
Other Marital Property -
238(2)
13.21 Workers' Compensation and Personal Injury Awards
238(2)
13.22 Social Security
240(1)
Other Property Issues -
240(3)
13.23 Premarital Agreements
240(1)
13.24 Bankruptcy
241(1)
13.25 Tax Treatment
241(1)
13.26 Qualified Domestic Relations Order
241(2)
Chapter 14. Premarital (Antenuptial or Prenuptial) Agreements - History, Requirements, and Restrictions 243(16)
14.1 Introduction
243(1)
History -
244(2)
14.2 First Appeared in Sixteenth-century England
244(1)
14.3 Use of Agreements upon Divorce
245(1)
Common Law Standards and Procedures -
246(1)
14.4 Common Law Standards
246(1)
14.5 Common Law Presumptions
246(1)
Uniform Acts -
247(2)
14.6 Uniform Premarital Agreement Act
247(1)
14.7 American Law Institute
248(1)
Scope of Premarital Agreements -
249(1)
14.8 Unenforceable Provisions
249(1)
14.9 Statutes Control
250(1)
Requirements for Premarital Agreements -
250(7)
14.10 Consideration
250(1)
14.11 Duty to Disclose - Waiver
251(2)
14.12 Right to Counsel
253(1)
14.13 Substantive Fairness When Executed
253(1)
14.14 Substantive Fairness at the Time of Enforcement
254(2)
14.15 Jurisdictions Applying Strict Contract Principles
256(1)
14.16 Burden of Proof
256(1)
Other Issues Regarding Premarital Agreements -
257(2)
14.17 Ambiguous Provisions
257(1)
14.18 Abandoning an Agreement
258(1)
14.19 Tax Planning
258(1)
Chapter 15. Cohabitation Without Formal Marriage 259(20)
15.1 Introduction
259(1)
Changing Lifestyles -
259(1)
15.2 Four Decades of Change
259(1)
15.3 Cohabitation Data
260(1)
The Common Law -
260(3)
15.4 Criminal Conduct
260(1)
15.5 Meretricious Relationships
261(1)
15.6 States Reject Common Law Marriage
261(2)
The Marvin Doctrine -
263(1)
15.7 Marvin v. Marvin
263(1)
15.8 Same-Sex Partners
263(1)
Contract Theories -
263(4)
15.9 Express Written Contracts
263(1)
15.10 Express Oral Agreements
264(1)
15.11 Implied-in-Fact Contracts
265(1)
15.12 Equitable Contracts
266(1)
15.13 Resulting Trusts
266(1)
15.14 Constructive Trusts
266(1)
Varying Applications of the Marvin Doctrine -
267(5)
15.15 Overview
267(1)
15.16 Jurisdictions Recognizing Express and Implied Agreements
267(2)
15.17 Jurisdictions Enforcing Only Express Contracts
269(1)
15.18 Jurisdiction Requires All Agreements to Meet the Statute of Frauds
270(2)
Marvin Doctrine Limitations -
272(4)
15.19 General Limits
272(1)
15.20 Statutory Barriers
272(1)
15.21 Tort and Insurance Claim Barriers
273(1)
15.22 Promises Made When a Party Is Married
274(1)
15.23 Statute of Limitations
275(1)
Housing Discrimination -
276(1)
15.24 Marital Status
276(1)
Jurisdiction -
277(2)
15.25 Jurisdiction in Federal Court
277(2)
Chapter 16. Determining Paternity 279(16)
16.1 Introduction
279(1)
The Common Law -
279(1)
16.2 Disparate Treatment
279(1)
Supreme Court Mandates Equal Treatment -
280(4)
16.3 Overview
280(1)
16.4 Child's Relationship with Its Mother
281(1)
16.5 Child Claims Inheritance Rights
281(2)
16.6 Child Claims Social Security Benefits
283(1)
16.7 Child's Father Makes Wrongful Death Claim
283(1)
16.8 Tests to Determine Rights if Child Born Out of Wedlock
284(1)
Procedural Rights -
284(3)
16.9 Burden of Proof
284(1)
16.10 Indigent's Right to Blood Tests
285(1)
16.11 Indigent's Right to Counsel in Paternity Proceeding
285(1)
16.12 Putative Father's Standing to Bring Action Michael H
286(1)
16.13 Accused Father's Right to Jury Trial
287(1)
Statutory Time Limitations on Bringing Paternity Action -
287(1)
16.14 One-Year Limit
287(1)
16.15 Ten-Year Limit
287(1)
16.16 Outside Limit
288(1)
Federal Legislation -
288(1)
16.17 Overview
288(1)
16.18 The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993
288(1)
16.19 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA)
289(1)
Uniform Acts
289(2)
16.20 Uniform Parentage Act (UPA)
289(2)
Presumptions -
291(2)
16.21 Overview
291(1)
16.22 Conclusive Presumptions
291(1)
16.23 Conflicting Presumptions
292(1)
Other Issues in Determining Paternity -
293(2)
16.24 Equitable Parent Doctrine
293(1)
16.25 Genetic Testing
294(1)
Chapter 17. Adoption 295(20)
17.1 Introduction
295(1)
Overview -
295(3)
17.2 History
295(1)
17.3 Legal Effect of Adoption
296(1)
17.4 Abrogation of Adoption
297(1)
Forms of Adoption -
298(3)
17.5 Agency Adoptions
298(1)
17.6 Independent Adoption
298(1)
17.7 Stepparent Adoption
298(1)
17.8 Near Relative Adoption
298(1)
17.9 Open Adoption
299(1)
17.10 Subsidized Adoption
300(1)
17.11 Domestic Partner Adoption
300(1)
17.12 International Adoption
300(1)
Procedures -
301(2)
17.13 Filing a Petition
301(1)
17.14 Waiting period
301(1)
17.15 Investigating Prospective Parents
302(1)
17.16 Sealing Adoption Records
302(1)
Qualifications of Potential Adoptive Parent -
303(1)
17.17 Race
303(1)
17.18 Sexual Orientation
304(1)
17.19 Age
304(1)
Who Must Consent to an Adoption? -
304(4)
17.20 Pre-birth Consent
304(1)
17.21 Minor Child's Consent
305(1)
17.22 Putative Father's Consent
305(2)
17.23 Putative Father Consents by Failing to Use Adoption Registry
307(1)
Uniform Acts -
308(1)
17.24 Uniform Adoption Act of 1994
308(1)
Federal Government's Role -
308(3)
17.25 Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA)
308(1)
17.26 Multiethnic Placement Act (MEPA)
309(1)
17.27 Adoption and Safe Families Act
310(1)
Claims -
311(2)
17.28 Fraud
311(1)
17.29 Claims Against Agencies
311(2)
Other Issues Regarding Adoption -
313(2)
17.30 Adults Adopting Adults
313(1)
17.31 Adoption for an Illegal or Frivolous Purpose
313(2)
Chapter 18. Alternative Reproduction - History, Restriction, and Requirements 315(22)
18.1 Introduction
315(1)
Uniform Acts and Proposals -
316(1)
18.2 Uniform Parentage Act
316(1)
18.3 Uniform Putative and Unknown Fathers Act; Uniform Status of Children of Assisted Conception Act
317(1)
18.4 ABA Pre-embryo Proposal
317(1)
Artificial Insemination -
317(5)
18.5 Typical Statutory Provisions
317(2)
18.6 Problems Involving Husband's Consent
319(2)
18.7 Problems Involving Known Donors and Unmarried Mothers
321(1)
18.8 Problems Involving Use of Husband's
Sperm to Achieve Posthumous Reproduction
322(4)
18.9 Problems Involving Biological Father Exercising Visitation
324(1)
18.10 Physician's Tort Liability to Parents
324(1)
18.11 Clinic's Tort Liability to Child
325(1)
18.12 Constitutional Issues
325(1)
Surrogacy -
326(3)
18.13 History
326(1)
18.14 Surrogate Parent Defined
326(1)
18.15 Legislation Allowing and Banning Surrogacy
327(1)
18.16 Common Techniques Using Surrogate Mothers
327(1)
18.17 Baby M Decision
328(1)
Gestational Surrogacy -
329(3)
18.18 Gestational Surrogacy Defined
329(1)
18.19 Johnson v. Calvert
330(2)
18.20 Constitutional Right to Gestational Surrogacy
332(1)
In Vitro Fertilization -
332(5)
18.21 In Vitro Procedure Explained
332(1)
18.22 Davis v. Davis
333(1)
18.23 Clinic Liability When Child Born "Imperfect"
334(1)
18.24 Clinic Liability When Mix-up Occurs Handling Genetic Material
334(3)
Chapter 19. Medical Rights of Minors 337(12)
19.1 Introduction
337(1)
When Is Parental Consent Not Required? -
338(2)
19.2 Emancipated Minor
338(1)
19.3 Mature Minor
338(2)
Religious Accommodation -
340(1)
19.4 Overview
340(1)
19.5 Faith Healing
340(1)
Preventing Contagious Disease -
341(2)
19.6 Vaccinations
341(2)
19.7 Tuberculosis
343(1)
Risks of Recovery from Extreme Medical Procedures -
343(1)
19.8 Advanced Stages of Cancer
343(1)
No Immediate Necessity for Treatment -
344(3)
19.9 Overview
344(1)
19.10 Physical Deformity
345(1)
19.11 Adenoids and Tonsils
345(1)
19.12 Dental Care
345(1)
19.13 Congenital Defects
345(1)
19.14 Blood Transfusions
346(1)
Issues of Privacy -
347(2)
19.15 Providing Contraceptives to Minors
347(1)
19.16 Minor's Right to Abortion
348(1)
Chapter 20. Domestic Violence 349(12)
20.1 Introduction
349(1)
Understanding the Problem -
349(3)
20.2 Frequency and Severity
349(1)
20.3 Types of Partner Violence
350(1)
20.4 Impact on Children
351(1)
20.5 Screening for Domestic Violence
352(1)
Domestic Abuse Acts -
352(6)
20.6 History
352(1)
20.7 Defining Domestic Violence
352(1)
20.8 Who Is Covered?
353(1)
20.9 What Relief Is Granted?
354(1)
20.10 Ex Parte and "Permanent" Orders
354(1)
20.11 Constitutional Challenges
355(1)
20.12 Access Issues
356(1)
20.13 Issuance of Mutual Orders
356(1)
20.14 Enforcement of Orders
356(1)
20.15 Effectiveness of Orders
357(1)
Related Areas of Law -
358(3)
20.16 Violence Against Women Act
358(1)
20.17 Criminal Sanctions
359(1)
20.18 Tort Actions
360(1)
Chapter 21. Child Abuse and Termination of Parental Rights 361(18)
21.1 Introduction - The Scope of the Problem
361(1)
Standards for State Intervention -
361(3)
21.2 Parents' Right to Privacy - Liberty Interests
361(1)
21.3 Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA)
362(1)
21.4 Defining Abuse, Neglect, and Dependency
362(2)
Possible Forms of Abuse and Neglect -
364(6)
21.5 Use of Reasonable Force to Correct a Child
364(1)
21.6 Spanking
364(1)
21.7 Sexual Abuse
365(1)
21.8 Failure to Protect from Harm: Sexual Abuse
366(1)
21.9 Failure to Protect from Harm: Domestic Violence
366(1)
21.10 Prenatal Drug Abuse
367(1)
21.11 Emotional or Mental Abuse
367(1)
21.12 Neglect
368(1)
21.13 Housing and Housekeeping
368(1)
21.14 Medical Treatment
369(1)
Discovering Abuse and Neglect -
370(1)
21.15 Mandated Reporting
370(1)
21.16 Central Registry of Reports
370(1)
Emergencies -
370(2)
21.17 Procedures When Child in Immediate Danger
370(2)
Child Witnesses (Trial Considerations)
372(1)
21.18 Victim as Witness
372(1)
21.19 Competency to Testify
372(1)
21.20 Right of Accused to Confront Child
372(1)
21.21 Syndrome Testimony
373(1)
Foster Care: Safety and Federal Timelines -
373(1)
21.22 State Duty to Protect?
373(1)
21.23 Adoption Assistance and Child
Welfare Act (AACWA)
374(1)
21.24 Adoption and Safe Families Act (ASFA)
374(1)
Termination of Parental Rights -
374(4)
21.25 Legal Consequences of Termination
374(1)
21.26 Grounds for Termination -
375(1)
21.27 Reasonable and Active Efforts by the State
376(2)
Termination Procedure -
378(1)
21.28 Standard of Proof
378(1)
21.29 Right to Counsel?
378(1)
Chapter 22. Tax Issues in Family Law Matters 379(14)
22.1 Introduction
379(1)
Maintenance/Alimony -
379(2)
22.2 Overview
379(2)
22.3 Tax Savings
381(1)
Requirements for Alimony Consideration -
381(1)
22.4 Living Separately
381(1)
22.5 Post-death Liability
381(1)
22.6 Joint Tax Returns
382(1)
22.7 Insurance Trust
382(1)
Child Support -
382(3)
22.8 Which Parent Has Custody of Children?
382(1)
22.9 When Is Child Support Deductible?
383(1)
22.10 Dependency Exemption
384(1)
22.11 Trading Exemption
385(1)
22.12 Head of Household
385(1)
Other Expenses Related to Children -
385(1)
22.13 Child Care Expenses
385(1)
22.14 Medical Expenses
386(1)
Deducing Attorney Fees -
386(1)
22.15 Overview
386(1)
Property Transfer upon Divorce -
387(1)
22.16 Overview
387(1)
22.17 Property Defined
387(1)
22.18 Incident to Divorce
387(1)
The Family Home -
388(1)
22.19 Taxation of Gain
388(1)
Pensions -
388(1)
22.20 Qualified Domestic Relations Orders (QDROs)
388(1)
Stock -
389(1)
22.21 Tax Consequences
389(1)
Other Tax Issues -
389(4)
22.22 When Is One Considered Married?
389(1)
22.23 Annulled Marriages
389(1)
22.24 Same-Sex Partners Filing Joint Returns
390(1)
22.25 Innocent Spouse Rule
390(3)
Chapter 23. Name Changes 393(8)
23.1 Introduction
393(1)
History -
393(1)
23.2 Medieval Development
393(1)
23.3 United States Development
394(1)
Common Law -
394
23.4 Overview
394(1)
23.5 Common Law Today
395(1)
23.6 Advantage of Statutory Change over Common Law
395
Modern Problems -
39(360)
23.7 Children Born Out of Wedlock Take Mother's Name
395(1)
23.8 Formal Change of Child's Surname to Mother's Maiden Name Following Divorce
395(1)
23.9 Formal Change of Minor's Surname to Stepfather's Surname
396(1)
23.10 Informal Change of Minor's Surname to Stepfather's Surname
397(1)
23.11 Limits on Selecting "Any" Surname
397(1)
23.12 Transsexual Name Changes
398(1)
Marriage and Divorce -
399(1)
23.13 Name Change upon Divorce
399(1)
Other Issues Regarding Name Changes -
399(2)
23.14 Names That May Offend Public Policy
399(1)
23.15 Witness and Victim Protection Programs
400(1)
Chapter 24. Family Privacy and Wiretaps 401(6)
24.1 Introduction
401(1)
Privacy Issues -
401(2)
24.2 Reviewing the History and Development of the Use of Contraception and Abortion
401(1)
24.3 Other Areas 'Where Privacy Is Implicated
402(1)
24.4 Constitutional Scrutiny
403(1)
Title III of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act -
403(4)
24.5 Federal Wiretapping Statute
403(1)
24.6 Exception to Liability: Party Participation or Consent
404(1)
24.7 Spousal Exception to Liability?
404(1)
24.8 Exception to Liability: Vicarious Consent for Children
405(2)
Chapter 25. Mediation 407(10)
25.1 Introduction
407(1)
The Process of Mediation -
407(2)
25.2 Definition under the Model Standards
407(1)
25.3 Structured Process
408(1)
25.4 Interest-based Process
408(1)
25.5 Standard of Fairness
408(1)
25.6 Focus on Children's Needs
409(1)
The Mediator -
409(2)
25.7 The Role of the Mediator
409(1)
25.8 Control of Process
410(1)
25.9 Mediator Qualifications
410(1)
25.10 Mediation or Testimony
411(1)
Role of Attorneys -
411(1)
25.11 Legal Advice in Mediation
411(1)
Role of the Court -
412(1)
25.12 Approval of Agreements
412(1)
25.13 Mediation as Condition Precedent to Post-Decree Actions
412(1)
Effectiveness of Mediation --
413(2)
25.14 Time
413(1)
25.15 Expense
413(1)
25.16 Settlement Rates
413(1)
25.17 Satisfaction Levels
414(1)
25.18 Compliance with Agreements
414(1)
25.19 Relitigation
414(1)
Requiring Parties to Mediate -
415(2)
25.20 Mandatory Mediation
415(1)
25.21 Domestic Violence
415(2)
Chapter 26. Professional Responsibility 417(8)
26.1 Introduction
417(1)
26.2 Client Dissatisfaction with Family Law Attorneys
417(1)
Sexual Relationships with Clients -
418(1)
26.3 Rule 1.8(j)
418(1)
26.4 Existing Relationships Exception
418(1)
26.5 Special Concerns in Family Cases
418(1)
Representing Both Parties -
419(1)
26.6 Dual Representation
419(1)
26.7 Representing Opposing Parties (Rule 1.7(b)(3))
419(1)
Contingent Fees -
420(1)
26.8 Forbidden Fee Arrangement (Rule 1.5(d)(1))
420(1)
26.9 Exceptions
420(1)
Communicating with Clients -
421(1)
26.10 Special Needs of Family Clients
421(1)
26.11 Informing and Consulting (Rule 1.4)
421(1)
Pro Se Litigants -
422(1)
26.12 Increasing Lack of Representation
422(1)
26.13 Dealing with Unrepresented Parties (Rule 4.3)
422(1)
26.14 Need for Pro Bono Representation (Rule 6.1)
422(1)
New Roles for Lawyers -
423(2)
26.15 Dissatisfaction with Adversarial Divorce
423(1)
26.16 Attorney as Counselor
423(1)
26.17 Mediation
424(1)
26.18 Collaborative Law
424(1)
Table of Cases 425(16)
Index 441

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