9780735545564

Family Law for Paralegals

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780735545564

  • ISBN10:

    0735545561

  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2004-12-01
  • Publisher: Wolters Kluwer
  • View Upgraded Edition

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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

Summary

Introduce your students to family law with this current and comprehensive text. FAMILY LAW FOR PARALEGALS, Third Edition, Is a thoughtful and carefully written exploration of the many facets of the field. Proven effective in the classroom, The text provides: iquest; the nuts-and-bolts of the law, while also providing a relevant historical framework and exposure to some of the most dynamic issues in family law today iquest; iquest; comprehensive coverage, including the basics of marriage and divorce, plus cutting-edge issues such as nonmarital families, child abuse and neglect, and same-sex marriage iquest; helpful real-life examples that enhance the textual discussions, and sample forms that show students what they will encounter in practice iquest; clear, careful pedagogy, including summaries, key terms, and review and discussion questions that increase comprehension and help students develop critical thinking and writing skills iquest; a short historical overview in each chapter to give students necessary perspective on the topic iquest; a wide range of assignments in each chapter that allows students the opportunity to practice different skills, including research, analysis, memo writing, and argumentation The Third Edition is as current and relevant as possible: iquest; new developments and cases are integrated throughout the text iquest; contains the most recent information on same-sex marriage iquest; provides expanded discussion of the current debate over no-fault divorce, and whether divorce should be more difficult to obtain iquest; discusses ALIiquest;s new approach to custody, which recommends that states move from the iquest;best interestiquest; standard To The iquest;approximationiquest; standard allocating post-divorce custody rights to approximate past caretaking patterns of involvement

Table of Contents

List of Exhibits
xxvii
Preface xxix
Acknowledgments xxxi
Marriage
1(42)
Marriage: Regulating the Relationship
1(6)
Common Law Origins
2(1)
The Civil Law Tradition
3(1)
The Married Women's Property Acts
4(1)
The Move to Legal Equality
5(2)
Entrance Into Marriage: Choosing a Spouse
7(11)
Marriage as a Fundamental Right
8(1)
Restrictions upon Entry into Marriage
9(1)
Incest
9(2)
Multiple Marriages
11(1)
Marital Age Restrictions
12(1)
Same-Sex Couples
13(5)
Marriage Formalities
18(2)
Procedural Requirements
18(2)
Consequences of the Failure to Comply with Technical Requirements
20(1)
Common Law Marriage
20(2)
Formation Requirements and Consequences
21(1)
Interstate Recognition
21(1)
Chapter Summary
22(1)
Key Terms
23(1)
Review Questions
23(1)
Discussion Questions
24(1)
Assignments
24(1)
Cases for Analysis
25(15)
Endnotes
40(3)
Legal Recognition of Nonmarital Families
43(42)
The Rights of Cohabiting Couples
46(12)
The Marvin Decision
46(2)
Contract Theories
48(1)
Implied-in-Fact Contracts
48(1)
Implied-in-Law Contracts
49(1)
Trust Theories
49(1)
Resulting Trust
50(1)
Constructive Trust
50(1)
The ``Marital-Status'' Approach
51(1)
Documents That Establish Rights Between Cohabiting Partners
51(1)
Sample Cohabitation Agreement with Explanatory Text
52(6)
Domestic Partnership Initiatives
58(4)
Eligibility Requirements
58(1)
Benefits
59(1)
Conferral of a Status
60(1)
Statewide Registries and a Second Look at Civil Unions
60(1)
The Debate over Domestic Partnerships
61(1)
The Functional Family Approach
62(2)
Adult Adoption
64(1)
Chapter Summary
65(1)
Key Terms
66(1)
Review Questions
66(1)
Discussion Questions
67(1)
Assignments
68(1)
Cases for Analysis
69(13)
Endnotes
82(3)
Premarital Agreements
85(30)
The Traditional Approach
85(2)
The Growing Acceptance of Premarital Agreements
87(1)
Legal Requirements
88(7)
Threshold Considerations
88(1)
The Fairness Requirement
88(2)
Requirements of Procedural Fairness
90(3)
Requirements of Substantive Fairness
93(1)
The Interdependence of Procedural and Substantive Fairness
94(1)
Sample Agreement with Explanatory Notes and Drafting Considerations
95(7)
Chapter Summary
102(1)
Key Terms
102(1)
Review Questions
103(1)
Discussion Questions
104(1)
Assignments
104(1)
Cases for Analysis
105(8)
Endnotes
113(2)
Domestic Violence
115(46)
The Traditional Approach
115(2)
Early Reform Impulses
117(1)
The Present Legal Approach to Domestic Violence
118(27)
Obtaining Civil Orders of Protection Under Abuse Prevention Laws
119(1)
Qualifying Relationships
120(1)
Dating Relationships
121(2)
Same-Sex Couples
123(1)
Covered Conduct
123(1)
Available Remedies
124(1)
Refraining from Further Abuse
125(1)
Vacate and Stay-Away Orders
125(1)
No-Contact Orders
125(1)
Custody and Visitation
126(1)
Support and Monetary Compensation
126(1)
Treatment/Counseling
127(1)
Relinquishment of Firearms
128(1)
Statutory Obligations of Police Officers
128(1)
Court Procedure: Obtaining Protective Orders
128(12)
Enforcement
140(2)
Supplementing the Enforcement Process: Criminal Anti-Stalking Laws
142(1)
The Federal Response to Domestic Violence: The Violence Against Women Act
143(2)
Chapter Summary
145(1)
Key Terms
146(1)
Review Questions
146(1)
Discussion Questions
147(1)
Assignments
148(1)
Cases for Analysis
148(10)
Endnotes
158(3)
The Law of Divorce, Annulment, and Legal Separation
161(34)
Historical Overview
161(4)
Religious Underpinnings
162(1)
Marriage as an Indissoluble Bond
162(1)
The Protestant Reformation
162(1)
The English Experience
162(1)
The American Experience
163(1)
Divorce in the Colonies
163(1)
The Rising Tide
164(1)
Fault Divorce: Common Grounds and Defenses
165(4)
Divorce Grounds
165(1)
Adultery
165(1)
Desertion / Abandonment
166(1)
Cruelty
167(1)
Defenses
167(1)
Connivance
168(1)
Condonation
168(1)
Recrimination
168(1)
Collusion
169(1)
No-Fault Divorce
169(9)
The Underpinnings of Reform
169(2)
No-Fault Laws
171(1)
No-Fault Grounds
171(2)
The Divorce Counterrevolution
173(1)
The Debate Over No-Fault Divorce
173(2)
Legal Reforms
175(1)
Covenant Marriage
176(2)
The Law of Annulment
178(3)
Distinguished from Divorce
178(1)
Grounds
179(1)
Marital Restriction Laws
179(1)
Lack of Capacity or Intent
179(1)
Consequences of an Annulment Decree
180(1)
Children
180(1)
Spousal Support and the Division of Property
180(1)
Revival
181(1)
Legal Separation
181(2)
The Nature of the Action
182(1)
Distinguished from an Action for Separate Maintenance
182(1)
Chapter Summary
183(1)
Key Terms
184(1)
Review Questions
184(1)
Discussion Questions
185(1)
Assignments
186(1)
Cases for Analysis
187(6)
Endnotes
193(2)
Child Custody
195(70)
Evolving Legal Standards
195(20)
Paternal Preference
195(1)
The Shift to Maternal Custody
196(1)
The Modern Best Interest Test
197(1)
Formulating the Test
198(1)
Applying the Test
199(6)
Parental Lifestyle and Life Circumstances
205(6)
Critiques of and Alternative Approaches to the Best Interest Standard
211(1)
Gender Bias
212(1)
Lack of Predictability
212(1)
The Primary Caretaker Presumption
213(1)
The American Law Institute's Approximation Rule
214(1)
Custody and Visitation Arrangements
215(11)
Physical and Legal Custody Distinguished
216(1)
Sole and Joint Custody Distinguished
216(1)
Taking a Closer Look at Shared Custody Arrangements
217(1)
The Joint Custody Controversy
217(2)
Legal Status of the Noncustodial Parent
219(1)
Visitation Rights
220(1)
The Visitation Schedule
220(2)
When Unrestricted Visitation Is Not in a Child's Best Interest
222(1)
Procedural Reforms: Parenting Plans and Parent Education Programs
223(3)
Post-Divorce Custody and Visitation Disputes
226(4)
Disputes About Custody
226(1)
Disputes About Visitation
227(1)
Relocation Disputes
228(1)
Virtual Visitation
229(1)
Determining Custodial and Visitation Rights of ``Nonparents''
230(9)
Grandparents
231(4)
Stepparents
235(1)
Co-Parents
236(3)
Chapter Summary
239(1)
Key Terms
240(1)
Review Questions
240(2)
Discussion Questions
242(1)
Assignments
243(2)
Cases for Analysis
245(16)
Endnotes
261(4)
Child Support
265(56)
Historical Overview
266(1)
Administrative Framework for the Establishment and Enforcement of Child Support Orders
267(2)
The Federal Office of Child Support Enforcement
267(1)
At the State Level: The IV-D Agency
267(1)
Eligibility for IV-D Services
267(1)
Locating Absent Parents
268(1)
Child Support Guidelines
269(18)
Guideline Formulas
270(1)
Percentage of Income
270(3)
Income Shares
273(1)
The Melson Formula
273(1)
Determining What Income Is Subject to the Child Support Obligation
273(1)
Defining Income
274(1)
Setting the Income Base
275(1)
Consideration of Specific Factors
275(1)
Income of the Custodial Parent
276(1)
Income of a New Partner
276(1)
Income/Resources of the Child
276(1)
Multiple Families
277(1)
Extraordinary Expenses
277(1)
Health Insurance
278(1)
Custody and Visitation Arrangements
278(2)
Financial Disclosure
280(7)
Enforcing the Child Support Obligation
287(8)
Data Collection and Sharing
288(1)
Income Withholding
288(1)
Liens
289(1)
Federal/State Tax Refund Intercept
290(1)
Credit Reporting
290(1)
Licenses
291(1)
Interstate Cases
291(1)
The Uniform Interstate Family Support Act (UIFSA) and the Full Faith and Credit for Child Support Orders Act (FFCCSOA)
291(1)
Enforcement by Private Child Support Collection Agencies
292(1)
Enforcement Under State Law Procedures
293(1)
Criminal Nonsupport
293(1)
Contempt
294(1)
Modification and Adjustment of Support Awards
295(2)
Modification Based on Changed Circumstances
295(1)
The Review and Adjustment Procedure
296(1)
Duration of the Parental Support Obligation
297(2)
Termination of Support Prior to Majority
297(1)
Emancipation
297(1)
Parental Death
297(1)
Adoption/Termination of Parental Rights
298(1)
Extension of Support Beyond Majority
298(1)
The Adult Student
298(1)
Mental and Physical Disabilities
299(1)
Tax Implications [of Child Support Awards]
299(2)
Characterization of Child Support Payments
300(1)
The Dependency Exemption and Child Tax Credit
300(1)
Chapter Summary
301(1)
Key Terms
302(1)
Review Questions
302(2)
Discussion Questions
304(1)
Assignments
305(2)
Cases for Analysis
307(10)
Endnotes
317(4)
Spousal Support
321(38)
Historical Overview
321(2)
English Roots: Alimony and Fault
321(1)
Alimony on the Eve of the No-Fault Reform Era
322(1)
Impact of No-Fault Reform
323(3)
Property Division as the Primary Distributive Event
323(1)
Shifting the Focus from Moral to Economic Considerations
323(1)
Degendering the Support Obligation
324(1)
Shifting from an Assumption of Female Economic Dependence to an Assumption of Economic Self-Sufficiency
324(1)
Critique of the ``Clean Break'' Approach
324(2)
Support Determinations
326(9)
Factors to Be Considered
326(2)
New Directions: Alimony Guidelines and the ALI Compensatory Principle
328(1)
Alimony Guidelines
328(1)
The ALI's Compensatory Approach
329(1)
Different Approaches to Structuring Spousal Support
329(1)
Permanent Alimony
329(2)
Lump-Sum Support
331(1)
Rehabilitative Support
332(1)
The Professional Degree Cases
333(1)
The Degree as Property
333(1)
Spousal Support Options
334(1)
Medical Insurance
335(1)
Post-Divorce Modification and Termination of Support
336(4)
The General Concept
336(1)
Modifiability of ``Permanent'' Support
337(1)
Remarriage
337(1)
Cohabitation
338(1)
Change in Financial Circumstances
338(1)
Modifiability of Specific Types of Support
338(1)
Lump-Sum Support
339(1)
Rehabilitative Support
339(1)
Reimbursement Alimony
339(1)
Agreement of the Parties to Prohibit Modification
339(1)
Enforcement of Support Awards
340(1)
Contempt
340(1)
Other Enforcement Measures
340(1)
Bankruptcy and the Support Obligation
341(1)
Tax Consequences
342(17)
The Basic Rule of Includibility/Deductibility
342(1)
Unallocated Payments
342(1)
Recapture of Excess Payments
343(1)
Chapter Summary
344(1)
Key Terms
345(1)
Review Questions
345(1)
Discussion Questions
346(1)
Assignments
347(2)
Cases for Analysis
349(7)
Endnotes
356(3)
Division of Marital Property
359(42)
Overview of the Two Marital Property Systems
359(4)
The Community Property Approach
359(2)
The Common Law Approach
361(1)
Doctrinal Underpinnings
361(1)
Equitable Distribution
361(2)
The Property Distribution Process
363(21)
Defining Property
364(1)
The Tangible/Intangible Distinction
364(1)
Divorce and the Family Pet
365(2)
Unvested Pensions, Accrued Leave Time, and Professional Goodwill: Are They Property?
367(3)
Classification of Property
370(1)
Defining Marital and Separate Property
370(1)
The Significance of Timing
371(2)
Looking Beyond Definitions: The Complexities of Classification
373(2)
Transmutation
375(1)
Valuation
376(1)
Valuation Methods
377(1)
The Role of Experts
377(1)
Time of Valuation
378(1)
Distribution
378(1)
The Standard for Division: Equal or Equitable?
378(1)
Consideration of Specific Factors
379(2)
Effectuating the Distribution
381(3)
Tax Consequences of a Property Distribution
384(17)
Chapter Summary
384(1)
Key Terms
385(1)
Review Questions
385(3)
Discussion Questions
388(1)
Assignments
389(2)
Cases for Analysis
391(8)
Endnotes
399(2)
Jurisdiction
401(26)
Overview of Subject Matter and Personal Jurisdiction
401(2)
Subject Matter Jurisdiction
401(1)
Personal Jurisdiction
402(1)
Jurisdiction and the Divorce Action
403(24)
Does the Court Have Jurisdiction to Dissolve the Marriage?
403(1)
Does the Court Have Jurisdiction to Award Support?
404(1)
Does the Court Have Jurisdiction to Divide Property?
405(1)
Does the Court Have Jurisdiction to Determine Custody?
406(1)
Jurisdictional Requirements Under the UCCJA and the UCCJEA
407(1)
Initial Custody Determinations
407(2)
Modification Jurisdiction
409(1)
Declining Jurisdiction
410(1)
Jurisdictional Requirements of PKPA
410(1)
Chapter Summary
411(1)
Key Terms
412(1)
Review Questions
412(2)
Discussion Questions
414(1)
Assignments
414(1)
Cases for Analysis
415(9)
Endnotes
424(3)
The Divorce Process
427(96)
The Initial Client Interview
427(12)
The Emotional Context
428(1)
Conducting the Client Interview
429(1)
The Role of the Paralegal
429(1)
Ethical Considerations
429(1)
The Ethical Framework
430(1)
Specific Practices
430(2)
Developing Good Listening Skills
432(2)
The Interview Itself: A Three-Stage Approach
434(5)
The Divorce Action: Initial Steps and Discovery
439(29)
The Initial Steps
439(1)
The Complaint
439(4)
Filing the Complaint
443(6)
Service of Process
449(6)
The Defendant's Response
455(3)
Discovery
458(1)
General Purpose
458(1)
Scope of Discovery
459(1)
Discovery Methods
460(7)
Discovery Difficulties
467(1)
The Middle Phase: Moving Toward Resolution or Trial
468(33)
Motions for Temporary Relief
469(1)
Overview of Motion Practice
469(2)
Specific Divorce Motions
471(3)
Sample Motion and Supporting Affidavit
474(1)
The Role of the Paralegal
474(3)
Approaches to Dispute Resolution
477(1)
Negotiation
477(2)
Mediation
479(4)
Arbitration
483(1)
Reaching Resolution: The Separation Agreement
484(1)
Drafting the Agreement
485(1)
The Role of the Paralegal
485(1)
Sample Separation Agreement and Comments
486(15)
The Divorce Hearing
501(3)
The Uncontested Case
501(1)
Dissolving the Marriage
501(1)
Approving the Separation Agreement
502(1)
The Contested Case
503(1)
The Pretrial Conference
503(1)
The Trial
503(1)
Trial Preparation and the Role of the Paralegal
504(1)
Post-Divorce Proceedings
504(19)
Post-Trial Motions
504(1)
Motion for a New Trial
505(1)
Motion for Relief from Judgment
505(1)
Appeals
505(1)
Overview of Appellate Practice
505(1)
Appellate Procedure
506(1)
The Role of the Paralegal
507(1)
The Complaint for Modification
507(2)
The Complaint for Contempt
509(3)
Chapter Summary
512(1)
Key Terms
513(1)
Review Questions
514(2)
Discussion Questions
516(1)
Assignments
517(3)
Endnotes
520(3)
Paternity: The Weight and Meaning of Fatherhood When Parents Are Unmarried
523(36)
The Emerging Legal Status of Children of Unmarried Parents
524(8)
Common Law Status: A Child of No One
524(1)
Early American Reform Efforts
524(1)
The Roots of Reform
524(1)
Creating Limited Family Rights
525(1)
Legitimation
525(1)
The End of Legal Innovation
526(1)
Constitutional Developments
526(1)
The Equal Protection Challenge to Differential Treatment
526(2)
The Legal Status of the Unwed Father
528(4)
Establishing Paternity
532(7)
The Adjudication of Paternity
536(1)
Voluntary Acknowledgment of Paternity
536(3)
Following the Determination of Paternity
539(1)
Paternity Disestablishment
539(3)
Considering Best Interest: Conflicting Approaches
541(1)
What Makes a Man a Father?
542(1)
Paternity Claims Involving Sperm Donors
542(17)
Sperm Donation and the Married Couple
543(1)
Sperm Donation and the Unmarried Woman
543(1)
Chapter Summary
544(1)
Key Terms
545(1)
Review Questions
545(2)
Discussion Questions
547(1)
Assignments
548(1)
Cases for Analysis
549(7)
Endnotes
556(3)
Child Abuse and Neglect
559(34)
Historical Overview
560(4)
The Colonial Period
560(1)
The Emergence of the Privatized Family
561(1)
Child Rescue: Preventing Cruelty to Children
561(1)
The Rescue of Mary Ellen
561(1)
The Emergence of Societies for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children
562(1)
The Rediscovery of Child Abuse and the Initial Legislative Response
563(1)
The Child Protective System
564(29)
Defining Abuse and Neglect
564(1)
Physical Abuse
564(1)
Sexual Abuse
565(1)
Emotional Abuse and Neglect
565(1)
Neglect
566(1)
Drug Use by Pregnant Women
567(1)
The Reporting of Suspected Abuse or Neglect
568(2)
Screening and Investigation
570(1)
Substantiated Cases: Federal Law and the ``Reasonable Efforts'' Requirement
570(1)
Reasonable Efforts Prior to Removal
571(1)
Removal of a Child
572(1)
The Dependency Proceeding
572(1)
The Reasonable Efforts Requirement
573(1)
Permanency Planning
573(2)
Chapter Summary
575(1)
Key Terms
575(1)
Review Questions
576(1)
Discussion Questions
577(1)
Assignments
578(1)
Cases for Analysis
579(10)
Endnotes
589(4)
Adoption
593(46)
Historical Overview
593(2)
The Distinction Between Agency and Independent Adoptions
595(3)
Safe Haven Laws
596(1)
Agency Adoptions
596(1)
Independent Adoptions
597(1)
The Adoption Process
598(6)
Adoption Based on Parental Consent or Relinquishment
598(1)
Parental Consent to a Private Placement Adoption
598(1)
Relinquishment to an Agency
599(1)
What If a Parent Changes His or Her Mind?
599(1)
Adoption Based on the Involuntary Termination of Parental Rights
600(1)
The Adoption Placement
601(1)
The Home Study
601(2)
Configuration of Relationships During the Placement
603(1)
The Social Study
603(1)
The Adoption
604(1)
Judicial Review and Approval
604(1)
Making Adoption More Open
604(3)
Open Adoption
605(1)
Access to Adoption Records
606(1)
Adoption in Specific Situations
607(13)
Stepparent Adoptions
607(1)
Adoption by Gay Men and Lesbians
608(1)
Single Parent Adoption
609(1)
Co-Parent Adoption
610(1)
Joint Adoption
611(1)
Unwed Fathers
611(7)
Transracial Adoption
618(2)
Adoption Abrogation and the Tort of Wrongful Adoption
620(19)
Chapter Summary
620(2)
Key Terms
622(1)
Review Questions
622(3)
Discussion Questions
625(1)
Assignments
625(1)
Cases for Analysis
626(9)
Endnotes
635(4)
Glossary 639(18)
Index 657

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