The Female Offender; Girls, Women, and Crime

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-03-01
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications, Inc

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Scholarship in criminology over the last few decades has often left little room for research and theory on how female offenders are perceived and handled in the criminal justice system. In truth, one out of every four juveniles arrested is female and the population of women in prison has tripled in the past decade. Co-authored by Meda Chesney-Lind, one of the pioneers in the development of the feminist theoretical perspective in criminology, the subject matter of The Female Offender: Girls, Women and Crime, Third Edition redresses the balance by providing critical insight into these issues. In an engaging style, authors Meda Chesney-Lind and Lisa Pasko explore gender and cultural factors in women'¬"s lives that often precede criminal behavior and address the question of whether female offenders are more violent today than in the past. The authors provide a revealing look at how public discomfort with the idea of women as criminals significantly impacts the treatment received by this offender population.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Introductionp. 1
Girls' Troubles and "Female Delinquency"p. 10
Trends in Girls' Arrestsp. 11
Boys' Theories and Girls' Livesp. 16
Criminalizing Girls' Survival: Abuse, Victimization, and Girls' Official Delinquencyp. 24
Delinquency Theory and Gender: Beyond Status Offensesp. 32
Girls, Gangs, and Violencep. 33
Girls Gone Wild?p. 33
The Media, Girls of Color, and Gangsp. 33
Trends in Girls' Violence and Aggressionp. 37
Girls, Robbery, and "Other" Assaultsp. 39
Girl Gang Membershipp. 42
Girls and Gangs: Qualitative Studiesp. 45
Labeling Girls Violent?p. 54
Girls, Gangs, and Media Hype: A Final Notep. 55
The Juvenile Justice System and Girlsp. 57
"The Best Place to Conquer Girls"p. 58
Girls and Juvenile Justice Reformp. 62
Deinstitutionalization and Judicial Paternalism: Challenges to the Double Standard of Juvenile Justicep. 64
Rising Detentions and Racialized Justicep. 71
Offense Patterns of Girls in CustodyłBootstrappingp. 80
Deinstitutionalization or Transinstitutionalization? Girls and the Mental Health Systemp. 83
Girls' Sexuality in institutional Environmentsp. 86
Human Rights Abuses in Girls' Institutions?p. 87
Instead of Incarceration: What Could Be Done to Meet the Needs of Girls?p. 91
Trends in Women's Crimep. 97
Unruly Women: A Brief History of Women's Offensesp. 98
Trends in Women's Arrestsp. 100
How Could She? The Nature and Causes of Women's Crimep. 102
Embezzlementp. 103
Driving Under the Influencep. 104
Larceny Theft/Shopliftingp. 104
Big Time/Small Timep. 106
Pathways to Women's Crimep. 107
Beyond the Street Woman: Resurrecting the Liberated Female Crook?p. 111
The Revival of the "Violent Female Offender"p. 114
Sentencing Women to Prison: Equality Without Justicep. 119
Trends in Women's Crime: A Reprisep. 120
Women, Violent Crimes, and the War on Drugsp. 121
Getting Tough on Women's Crimep. 125
Building More Women's Prisonsp. 129
Profile of Women in U.S. Prisonsp. 130
Childhoods of Women in Prisonp. 130
Current Offensesp. 133
Property Crimesp. 134
Drug Use Among Women in Prisonp. 135
Mothers Behind Barsp. 136
Race and Women's Imprisonmentp. 138
Different Versus Equal?p. 140
Prisons and Parityp. 141
Reducing Women's Imprisonment Through Effective
Community-Based Strategies and Programsp. 148
Detention Versus Preventionp. 150
Female Offenders, Community Supervision, and Evidence-Based Practicesp. 153
Trends in Probation, Incarceration, and Parolep. 154
Evidence-Based Practices and Gender-Neutral Supervisionp. 155
Challenging Gender-Neutral Risk-Driven Supervisionp. 162
Criminal Historyp. 162
Education and Employmentp. 163
Financialp. 164
Family and Maritalp. 165
Accommodationp. 167
Alcohol and Drug Problemsp. 168
Emotional and Personalp. 169
Challenging Gender-Neutral Supervision: Women's Histories of Victimization, Health Problems, and Child Care Needsp. 171
Histories of Abusep. 171
Health and Childrenp. 173
Supervision and Reintegrationp. 174
Moving Forward: Gender-Equitable Supervision for Female Offenders in the Communityp. 175
Promising Examples for Moving Forwardp. 177
Conclusionp. 181
Referencesp. 188
Indexp. 212
About the Authorsp. 223
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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