First Along the River

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2011-01-16
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Inc
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First Along the River provides students with a balanced, historical perspective on the history of the environmental movement in relation to major social and political events in U.S. history, from the pre-colonial era to the present. The book highlights important people and events, places critical concepts in context, and shows the impact of government, industry, and population on the American landscape. Comprehensive yet brief, First Along the River discusses the religious and philosophical beliefs that shaped Americans' relationship to the environment, traces the origins and development of government regulations that impact Americans' use of natural resources, and shows why popular environmental groups were founded and how they changed over time. The fourth edition includes up-to-date coverage of the environmental movement and developments since 2000, including the second term of George W. Bush and the administration of Barack Obama.

Author Biography

Benjamin Kline is professor in both the social science and intercultural studies divisions at De Anza College.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Introductionp. 1
Philosophical Foundationsp. 5
Biblical Justification for Dominating Naturep. 5
Seeking New Landp. 8
Rational Nature of the Worldp. 10
Social and Political Thought in the Eighteenth Centuryp. 13
Conclusionp. 15
The 1400s through the 1700s: Inhabiting a New Landp. 17
Native Americans as Prototypical Environmentalistsp. 18
Early Colonial Environmental Attitudesp. 21
Conclusionp. 26
The Early 1800s: Destroying the Frontierp. 29
Manifest Destinyp. 30
Domesticating the Wildernessp. 32
Final Conquest of the Westp. 35
Renewed Interest in Naturep. 38
Conclusionp. 41
The Late 1880s: Building an Industrial Nationp. 43
Population Growth and Consumerismp. 43
Devastating the Landp. 47
Overconsumption of Natural Resourcesp. 48
Voices for Naturep. 52
Conclusionp. 56
The 1900s through the 1930s: Beginnings of the Conservation Movementp. 59
Conservation during the Progressive Erap. 60
Environmental Decay during the Roaring Twentiesp. 68
Conservation Policies under Roosevelt's New Dealp. 72
Conclusionp. 76
The 1940s through the 1960s: Prelude to the Green Decadep. 79
Environmental Costs of Scientific Progress in the 1940sp. 80
The Conservative 1950sp. 81
Emerging Voices in the 1960sp. 82
The Environmental Movement Begins to Mobilizep. 87
Conclusionp. 91
The 1970s: The Conservation Movement Maturesp. 95
Mainstream and Alternative Environmental Groupsp. 96
New Environmental Legislationp. 103
Jimmy Carter and the Envirocratsp. 107
Conclusionp. 111
The 1980s: A Conservative Backlashp. 113
Ronald Reagan's Environmental Deregulationp. 114
George Bush as the Environmental Presidentp. 117
Employment versus the Environmentp. 120
Environmental Groups Actions and Reactionsp. 121
International Environmental Concernp. 123
Conclusionp. 126
The Early 1990s: Government Retrenchment and Public Apathyp. 129
Environmental Optimism under Bill Clintonp. 129
A Growing Countermovementp. 131
A Green Revivalp. 133
A Conservative Resurgencep. 138
Conclusionp. 145
The Late 1990s: The Institutionalization of the Environmental Movementp. 147
Clinton's Moderate Environmental Approachp. 148
Growing Public Concernp. 152
New Activismp. 156
Congressional Action and Inactionp. 159
The Global Future of the Environmental Movementp. 164
Conclusionp. 167
The Environmental Movement in the Post 9/11 World: 2000-2010p. 171
George W. Bushp. 171
Bush and Changing Regulationsp. 174
The Debate and the Gamblep. 176
Barack Obama: The Presidency of 'Change'p. 177
The Environment and the Presidential Election of 2008p. 178
Obama and the Environmentp. 179
Copenhagenp. 180
Pros and Consp. 183
NIMBYismp. 184
The BP Oil Spill Disasterp. 186
Conclusionp. 187
Conclusionp. 189
Glossaryp. 195
Bibliography and Suggested Readingsp. 209
Indexp. 217
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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