Flood Warning, Forecasting and Emergency Response

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2008-10-24
  • Publisher: Springer Verlag
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"This book provides a comprehensive account of flood warning, forecasting and emergency response processes, including techniques for predicting the development of flood events and for issuing appropriate warnings. Topics such as telemetry and information systems, flood warning economics, and river and coastal monitoring are also discussed. This book brings together many aspects of this interesting multidisciplinary topic and will serve as a valuable reference for researchers, policy makers and engineers." "Kevin Sene is a civil engineer and researcher whose experience includes developing flood warning and forecasting investment strategies, writing best practice guidelines in flood forecasting, and designing operational systems. With more than 20 years of experience, he has published some 45 scientific and conference papers on topics in hydrology, hydrometeorology and hydraulics." "Written for: Scientists, researchers, professionals, policy makers and engineers as a reference; will be of interest for graduate and undergraduate students."--BOOK JACKET.

Author Biography

The author K. Sene has wide practical experience in the implementation of operational flood warning and forecasting systems, together with research experience in hydrology, meteorology and information systems. He has also played a leading role in developing several best practice guidelines on flood forecasting techniques for use by engineers and policy makers.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. v
Acknowledgementsp. vii
Introductionp. 1
The Flood Warning Processp. 1
The Nature of Flood Riskp. 8
Flooding in Contextp. 8
Assessing Flood Riskp. 9
Emergency Responsep. 13
The Role of Flood Forecastingp. 15
Flood Warning
Detectionp. 21
Meteorological Conditonsp. 21
Site Specific Observationsp. 22
Remote Sensingp. 28
Weather Forecastingp. 33
River and Coastal Conditionsp. 36
River/Tidal Level Monitoringp. 37
River Flow Monitoringp. 39
Wave Monitoringp. 42
Instrumentation Networksp. 44
Telemetry Systemsp. 44
Network Designp. 47
Thresholdsp. 51
Rainfall Thresholdsp. 51
River and Coastal Thresholdsp. 56
Introductionp. 56
Simple Forecasting Techniquesp. 61
Performance Monitoringp. 67
Disseminationp. 71
Flood Warning Proceduresp. 71
Introductionp. 71
Flood Warning Areasp. 73
Organisational Issuesp. 75
Control Roomsp. 77
Dissemination Techniquesp. 79
Introductionp. 79
Role of Information Technologyp. 81
Warning Messagesp. 84
Design and Implementationp. 87
Flood Forecasting
General Principlesp. 93
Model Design Considerationsp. 93
Forecasting Systemsp. 97
Data Assimilationp. 104
Error Predictionp. 106
State and Parameter Updatingp. 107
Other Techniquesp. 108
Model Calibration and Performancep. 108
Basic Conceptsp. 108
Model Calibrationp. 110
Performance Measuresp. 113
Model Uncertaintyp. 114
Riversp. 123
Model Designp. 123
Forecasting Requirementp. 124
Data Availabilityp. 126
Type of Modelp. 128
Rainfall Runoff Modelsp. 132
Introductionp. 132
Process-Based Modelsp. 135
Conceptual Modelsp. 137
Data-Based Methodsp. 139
River Channel Modelsp. 141
Introductionp. 141
Process Based Modelsp. 142
Conceptual Modelsp. 145
Data Based Methodsp. 146
Coastsp. 149
Model Design Issuesp. 149
Process-Based Modelsp. 156
Astronomical Tide Predictionp. 156
Surge Forecastingp. 157
Wave Forecastingp. 165
Shoreline Processesp. 167
Data-Based Methodsp. 169
Artificial Neural Networksp. 169
Other Techniquesp. 171
Selected Applicationsp. 175
Integrated Catchment Modelsp. 175
Introductionp. 175
Modelling Approachp. 177
Ungauged Inflowsp. 178
Flash Flood Forecastingp. 181
Snow and Icep. 185
Snowmelt Forecastingp. 185
River Ice Forecastingp. 188
Control Structuresp. 190
Dams and Reservoirsp. 190
River Control Structuresp. 195
Tidal Barriersp. 198
Urban Drainagep. 199
Geotechnical Risksp. 202
Structural Risksp. 203
Earth Movementsp. 205
Emergency Response
Preparednessp. 209
Flood Emergency Planningp. 209
General Principlesp. 209
Risk Assessmentsp. 214
All-Hazard Approachesp. 217
Validation and Testing of Plansp. 219
Resiliencep. 220
Introductionp. 220
Analysis Techniquesp. 224
Role of Information Technologyp. 226
Introductionp. 226
Geographical Information Systemsp. 227
Visualisation and Simulationp. 228
Responsep. 231
Flood Event Managementp. 231
Preparatory Actionsp. 231
Timelinesp. 234
Decision Support Systemsp. 237
Dealing with Uncertaintyp. 244
p. 249
Performance Monitoringp. 249
Performance Improvementsp. 253
Detectionp. 254
Thresholdsp. 255
Disseminationp. 256
Forecastingp. 257
Preparednessp. 258
Responsep. 258
Prioritising Investmentp. 260
Cost Benefit Analysisp. 261
Multi Criteria and Risk Based Analysisp. 265
Glossaryp. 267
Referencesp. 275
Indexp. 299
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