Forensic Entomology : An Introduction

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2012-04-23
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
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Forensic Entomology provides undergraduates with a concise introduction to the subject. The book is written with the clarity necessary for students starting out in entomology yet authoritative enough to prove useful for more experienced researchers. Worked examples of the necessary mathematics, including how to use excel to process data, coupled with lab protocols and self-assessment questions make the book an essential starting point in the subject. Assuming little prior knowledge of either biology or entomology the book provides information on identification, life cycles and ecology of insects presented in a forensic context. Information is conveyed in an accessible style with practical tasks and suggestions for further reading included in each chapter. Fully revised and updated to include new research in the field New chapter on aquatic forensic entomology New pictorial key to aid identification of species contributed by Dr. Krzysztof Szpila, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Poland Further coverage of civil applications of forensic entomology Practical tasks and further reading included to aid understanding Colour plate section and improved illustrations throughout to assist in the identification of insects associated with the corpse Approaches the topic from the dual perspectives of basic entomology and its forensic applications Covers the contributions to forensic investigations of both flies and beetles Provides information on culturing insects collected from crime scenes Guides students through the processes of writing entomological court reports and presenting in court alongside the scientific topics Extended coverage of PMI calculations, role of professional associations for forensic entomologists and sampling at the crime scene New sections to discuss the identification of traces of explosives found in larvae, puparia and pupae and DNA sampling from insects

Table of Contents

List of platesp. ix
List of figuresp. xiii
List of tablesp. xvii
Prefacep. xix
Acknowledgementsp. xxi
The scope of forensic entomologyp. 1
Forensic entomology in urban contextsp. 1
Stored product infestation and forensic entomologyp. 2
Forensic entomology in the medico-legal contextp. 3
The history of forensic entomologyp. 6
Professional associations for forensic entomologistsp. 9
The UK regulator for forensic sciencep. 10
Web addresses of relevant organisationsp. 11
Forensic entomology, DNA and entomotoxicologyp. 12
Preparation of specimens for molecular analysisp. 15
Methods of analysis and sources of informationp. 16
Alternative methodsp. 20
Validity of methodologiesp. 21
The use of other molecular means of insect species determinationp. 23
Insects and entomotoxicologyp. 24
Forensic applications of arthropod behaviour for chemical analysisp. 27
Insects and decompositionp. 29
Indicators of 'time of death'p. 29
Stages of decomposition of a bodyp. 30
Volatiles released from the body during decompositionp. 36
Decomposition in specific circumstancesp. 38
Identifying flies that are important in forensic entomologyp. 42
What is a fly and how do I spot one?p. 48
The fly lifecyclep. 53
Forensically important families of fliesp. 60
Members of other orders that have forensic relevance in aquatic casesp. 73
Review technique: larval spiracles or mouthparts - preparation of whole slide mountsp. 75
Key for the identification of European and Mediterranean blowflies (Diptera, Calliphoridae) of medical and veterinary importance - adult fliesp. 77
Introductionp. 77
Keyp. 80
Identifying beetles that are important in forensic entomologyp. 82
What do beetles look like?p. 82
The life stages of the beetlesp. 87
Selected forensically relevant families of beetlesp. 88
Features used in identifying forensically important beetle familiesp. 89
Identification of beetle families using DNAp. 97
Key to selected forensically relevant families in the order Coleopterap. 98
Sampling at the crime scenep. 101
Entomological equipment to sample from a corpsep. 101
Catching adult flying insects at the crime scenep. 104
The sampling strategy for the bodyp. 106
Sampling at aquatic crime scenesp. 108
Obtaining meteorological data at the crime scenep. 109
Rearing insects and other laboratory investigationsp. 111
Transporting entomological evidence to the laboratoryp. 111
Laboratory conditions for fly rearingp. 112
Methods of maintaining and rearing insects - terrestrial speciesp. 113
Dietary requirements of insects reared in the laboratoryp. 116
Beetle rearing in the laboratoryp. 117
Methods of maintaining aquatic speciesp. 119
Calculating the post mortem intervalp. 121
Working out the base temperaturep. 123
Accumulated degree datap. 124
Calculation of accumulated degree hours (or days) from crime-scene datap. 127
Sources of errorp. 128
Use of larval growth in length to determine post mortem interval (isomegalen diagrams and isomorphen diagrams)p. 130
Calculating the post mortem interval using successionp. 132
The effects of hymenopteran parasitoids on post mortem interval determinationp. 137
Review technique: interpretation of data from a crime scene case studyp. 137
Further readingp. 138
Ecology of forensically important fliesp. 139
Ecological relationships of some forensically relevant familiesp. 140
Specific family featuresp. 144
Fly infestation of the livingp. 151
Flies influencing the crime scenep. 154
The ecology of some forensically relevant beetlesp. 156
Ecology of carrion beetles (Silphidae)p. 157
Ecology of skin, hide, and larder beetles (Dermestidae)p. 159
Ecology of clown beetles (Histeridae)p. 163
Ecology of chequered or bone beetles (Cleridae)p. 164
Ecology of rove beetles (Staphylinidae)p. 165
The ecology of dung beetles and related familiesp. 166
Ecology of ground beetles (Carabidae)p. 168
Investigations in an aquatic environmentp. 169
Decomposition and submergence in waterp. 170
The nature of the water bodies in which submergence may take placep. 176
Methods of establishing time since corpse submergence - indicator speciesp. 179
Attractants to the corpsep. 182
Methods of culturing aquatic insectsp. 182
Algae an alternative source of determining time since submergencep. 182
The forensic entomologist in courtp. 184
The expert's reportp. 185
The content of the expert's reportp. 187
The forensic expert in the courtroomp. 194
Communicating entomological facts in courtp. 195
Physical evidence: its continuity and integrityp. 195
The code of practice for expertsp. 196
Use of single joint expertsp. 198
Practical assignment - writing an expert report using the post mortem calculations generated from
p. 198
Further reading on presentation in courtp. 198
Web site addressesp. 199
Appendicesp. 201
Glossaryp. 205
Referencesp. 216
Indexp. 241
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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