Foundations of Earth Science

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  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-01-01
  • Publisher: Pearson College Div
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The brief, paperback version of the best-selling Foundations ofEarthScience 5/e is designed for introductory courses in earth science. This highly visual, non- technical survey emphasizes broad, up-to-date coverage of basic topics and principles in geology, oceanography, meteorology, and astronomy. The book's flexible design lends itself to the diversity of Earth science courses in both content and approach. As in previous editions, the main focus is to foster student understanding of basic earth science principles.

Table of Contents

What Is Earth Science?
Earth's Spheres Hydrosphere Atmosphere Geosphere
Biosphere Earth as a System Scales of Space and Time in Earth
Science Resources and Environmental Issues Resources
Environmental Problems
The Nature of Scientific Inquiry
Hypothesis Theory Scientific Methods
Studying Earth Science
The Chapter in Review Key Terms
Questions for Review Online Study Guide Did You Know?
Earth Materials
Minerals: Building Blocks of Rocks Minerals
The Building Blocks of Rocks Elements
Building Blocks of Minerals Atoms Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons Atomic Number
Why Atoms Bond ionic Bonds
Electrons Transferred Covalent Bonds
Electrons Shared Isotopes and Radioactive
Decay Properties of Minerals Optical Properties Luster
The Ability to Transmit Light Color Streak Crystal Shape or Habit Mineral
Strength Tenacity Hardness Cleavage Fracture Density and Specific Gravity Other Properties of Minerals
Mineral Groups Silicate Minerals
Important Nonsilicate Minerals
Mineral Resources Important Nonsilicate Minerals
Rocks: Materials of the Solid Earth Earth as a System
The Rock Cycle [geode]
The Basic Cycle Alternative path Igneous Rocks
"Formed by Fire" [geode]
Magma Crystallizes to Form igneous Rocks Igneous Textures Igneous Compositions Classifying Igneous Rocks Granitic (Felsic)
Roocks Basaltic (Mafic)
Rocks Andesitic (Intermediate)
Rocks Ultamafic
Rocks How Different Igneous
Rocks Form Bowen's Reaction
Series Magmatic Differentiation Weathering of Rocks to Form Sediment [geode]
Mechanical Weathering of Rocks
Frost Wedging Uploading Biological Activity
Chemical Weathering of Rocks Sedimentary Rocks
Compacted and Cemented Sediment [geode]
Classifying Sedimentary Rocks
Detrital Sedimentary Rocks
Chemical Sedimentary rocks
Lithification of Sediment Features of Sedimentary Rocks
Metamorphic Rocks: New Rock from Old [geode]
Agents of Metamorphism Heat as a Metamorphic Agent Pressure (Stress) as a Metamorphic Agent Chemically
Active Fluids Metamorphic Textures
Common Metamorphic Rocs
Foliated Rocks
Nonfoliated Rocks
The Chapter in Review Key Terms
Questions for Review Online Study Guide
Sculpturing Earth's Surface
Landscapes Fashioned by Water Earth's External Processes Mass Wasting
The Work of Gravity Mass
Wasting and Landform Development Controls and Triggers of Mass Wasting
The Role of Water Oversteepened Slopes Removal of Vegetation Earthquakes as Triggers
The Water Cycle Running Water
Drainage Basins River Systems
Streamflow Gradient and Channel Characteristics
Discharge Changes from Upstream to Downstream
The Work of Running Water Erosion Transport
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