Fred A. Farrell Glasgow's War Artist

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2014-10-30
  • Publisher: I. B. Tauris
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Frederick Arthur Farrell (1882–1935) came from a distinguished Glasgow family. He initially studied civil engineering, and as an artist was self-taught, although he owes a debt to the advice and example of Muirhead Bone. By the outbreak of World War I he was developing a reputation as an up-and-coming etcher and watercolourist of portraits and topographical subjects. He enlisted as a sapper, or military engineer, with the Royal Engineers Railway Troops Depot but was discharged from the Army due to ill health.

In December 1916, Farrell returned to the Front as a war artist, attached for three weeks to the 15th, 16th and 17th Highland Light Infantry in Flanders. In November 1917 he was in France, attached for two months to the staff of the 51st (Highland) Division. In between, authorized by the Minister of Munitions and Admiralty, and supported by Glasgow's Lord Provost, Farrell drew the heroic home effort of women in Glasgow's munitions factories, shipyards and engineering works.

As a former soldier, Farrell's sketches and watercolours of the Front powerfully offer a landscape filtered through personal experience and emotion. Battle scenes and strategic deliberations are reconstructed, informed by first-hand accounts. Many include portraits of actual soldiers. There are poignant images of graves, devastated landscapes and destroyed churches. However, there are also scenes of reconstruction and renewed activity amid the desolation. He is at his most dynamic in his drawings of the munitions factories which are full of noise, light and movement. In these there is a sense of joy and energy in industry and machinery, in patterning and design.

The commission Farrell received from the Corporation of Glasgow to produce 50 drawings of the front line and munitions factories in the city to record the war for posterity was extraordinary. He was unique in being the only war artist to be commissioned by a city rather than by the government, Imperial War Museum or armed forces. Glasgow was one of the first cities to recognize the importance of creating such a memorial, rather than just creating images for propaganda purposes.

Author Biography

Dr Joanna Meacock is Curator of British Art at Glasgow Museums. Previously the Scottish Regional Research Manager for the Public Catalogue Foundation, she has also taught and researched at the University of Glasgow for over 10 years within her specialist field of nineteenth-century art.

Fiona Hayes has been Curator of Social History for Glasgow Museums since 1998, based at the People's Palace and Winter Gardens. She is responsible for the collections related to Glasgow's social and local history with emphasis on the period from the eighteenth century to the present.

Mark Roberts is Community Heritage Manager at Glasgow Museums.

Table of Contents

Duncan Dornan
Introduction: Collecting World War I
Dr Joanna Meacock
1. Fred A. Farrell: 'A fitting official and pictorial history of the War'
Dr Joanna Meacock
2. The Home Front: 'While it was not ours to fight – we worked'
Fiona Hayes
3. Fred A. Farrell: 'truthful representations of the character and aspect of modern war'
Alan Greenlees and Mark Roberts
4. Catalogue of Fred A. Farrell's works
Dr Joanna Meacock and Mark Roberts
Appendix: Archival Sources Related to Fred A. Farrell


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