Free Will: A Philosophical Reappraisal

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2009-02-15
  • Publisher: Routledge

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What If? Book jacket.

Author Biography

Thought Experimentation in Philosophy Nicholas Rescher

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
Introductionp. 1
The Nature of Free Willp. 15
Requirements of Freedom: Preeminently Deliberationp. 15
Free Will Requires the Absence of Thought-External Determination over Choices and Decisionsp. 21
Choice and Decision are Crucialp. 23
Doing and Tryingp. 24
Free Action and Agent Causalityp. 29
Modes of Freedomp. 33
Metaphysical and Moral Freedomp. 33
Moral Freedom is Removed by Manipulation and Especially by Compulsionp. 36
Intention and Moral Standingp. 39
Moral Freedom of the Will Involves Agent Intent and Motivationp. 40
Ramifications of Freedomp. 45
Free Will Requires Up-to-the-End Revisability but This does not Gainsay Probabilistic Predictabilityp. 45
Issues of Revision and Controlp. 47
The Counterfactual Dimension: "Could Have Done Otherwise"p. 50
Problem Cases: Machines and Lunaticsp. 53
Free Will as Outside Causality but Compatible with Itp. 57
Averting the Zenonic Fallacy of Causal Regressionp. 57
Averting Predetermination (Contrasting Predetermination with Precedence Determination)p. 61
The Crucial Contrast between Events and Eventuationsp. 63
Choices and Decisions as Terminating Eventuationsp. 67
Free Will Stands Outside the Stream of Natural Causalityp. 71
On Freedom and Causalityp. 73
Free Will Excludes Predetermination but Not Motive Determinismp. 79
Motivational Determinism vs. Casual Necessitationp. 79
Motivations and Motivesp. 82
Freedom from What? Certainly Not from One's Own Motives and Reasons: Freedom Demands Motivational Determinationp. 84
Free Will Requires Motivational Determinismp. 86
Determination by One's Autonomous Motives is the Crux of Moral Freedomp. 88
Compulsion vs. Impulsionp. 89
Objections to Motive Determinism Can Be Metp. 92
Freedom and Motivationp. 101
Must an Agent Choose His Motives for a Decision to Qualify (Morally) as Free?p. 101
Freedom Does Not Require Motivational Self-Constructionp. 105
Does Freedom Require Self-Understanding?p. 110
On Willing to Will: Does Freedom Require the Will to Be Self-Endorsing?p. 111
Does Freedom Require the Approval of Intellect and Reason?p. 113
Does Freedom Require Self-Approved Motives?p. 117
Buridan's Ass: A Random Willfulness is Not Freedomp. 120
Compatibilism Regained: What Free Will Excludes is Not Agent Determination but Agent-Bypassing Nature Determinationp. 125
The Explanation of Free Acts through Agent Determinationp. 125
Freedom, Responsibility, and "Could Have Done Otherwise"p. 128
Reasons and Motives Impel but Do Not Compelp. 130
Compatibilism Againp. 131
Mind-Matter Partnershipp. 135
A Two-Sided Coinp. 135
The Issue of Initiativep. 136
A Pivotal Dualityp. 142
Mind-Brain Interaction Works by Coordination, Not by Causalityp. 144
Does Free Will Exist? Deliberations Pro and Conp. 147
On Evidentiating Free Willp. 147
Is Free Will Unscientific?p. 151
So Does Science Counter-Indicate Free Will?p. 153
Free-Will Naturalism and Evolutionp. 156
Conclusionp. 159
Referencesp. 165
Index of Namesp. 171
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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