Freedom in America

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2011-08-01
  • Publisher: Cq Pr
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If you want students to really understand the concept of power, moving beyond a survey book'¬"s quick discussion of Laswell'¬"s '¬Swho gets what and how,'¬ Muir'¬"s thoughtful Freedom in America might be the book for you. Exploring the words and ideas of such thinkers as Madison, Jefferson, Hamilton, and Tocqueville, Muir discusses the nature and limits of three types of power-coercive, reciprocal, and moral-and then uses this framework to explain how American political institutions work. If looking for an alternative to a long survey text-or itching to get students grappling with The Federalist Papers or Democracy in America with more of a payoff-Muir'¬"s meditation on power and personal freedom is a gateway for students to take their study of politics to the next level. His inductive style, engaging students with well-chosen and masterfully written stories, lets him draw out and distill key lessons without being preachy. Read a chapter and decide if this page turner is for you.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. x
Introductionp. 1
Machiavelli and the Notion of Personal Freedomp. 3
Law and Orderp. 10
Freedom and Powerp. 15
Anarchyp. 17
Chaos in Marysvillep. 17
Disorder in Today's Inner Citiesp. 21
Coercive Powerp. 25
The Paradox of Dispossessionp. 26
The Paradox of Detachmentp. 27
The Paradox of Facep. 28
The Paradox of Irrationalityp. 29
The Role of Politiciansp. 31
Summaryp. 31
Tyrannyp. 35
The Balance of Powerp. 35
The Shortcomings of Nonviolent Resistancep. 37
The Police Powerp. 39
A Division of Laborp. 39
Weak Police and the Rise of Warlordsp. 40
Police Tyranny in the Southp. 43
"How Do You Control Power?"p. 45
The American Constitutionp. 49
The Articles of Confederationp. 50
Alexander Hamilton and James Madisonp. 52
The Principle of Popular Sovereigntyp. 54
The Necessity of internal Checksp. 55
The Consequences of Internal Checksp. 57
Summaryp. 59
The Declaration of Independencep. 63
Thomas Jeffersonp. 64
"The Pursuit of Happiness"p. 66
Erik Erikson and His Theory of Identityp. 67
Revolutionary Implicationsp. 68
Tocqueville and Marxp. 73
Individualism and Aristocracyp. 73
Alexis de Tocquevillep. 74
Karl Marxp. 75
Who Was Right?p. 76
Reciprocal Powerp. 81
The Problem of Collaborationp. 82
The Marketplacep. 83
The Paradox of Scarcityp. 84
The Paradox of Abundancep. 86
The Paradox of Equalityp. 86
The Paradox of Freedomp. 87
A Paradise, Not Perfect but as Good as It Getsp. 88
A Material Foundation for the Golden Rulep. 89
Summaryp. 90
Moral Powerp. 95
What Is an Idea?p. 96
Emotional, Balanced, and Interconnectedp. 96
The Paradox of Perceptionp. 98
The Paradox of Responsibilityp. 99
The Paradox of Social Orderp. 100
The Dangers of Moral Disorderp. 102
Demagogueryp. 105
The Speechp. 106
The Resolution of Anomiep. 109
Social Pluralismp. 113
The American "Tumult"p. 114
Essential Characteristics of Moral Organizationsp. 115
The Law Profession as a Moral Institutionp. 117
The Religious Community as a Moral Organizationp. 118
'The Consequences of Social Pluralismp. 121
Political Democracyp. 125
Political Partiesp. 126
"50 Percent plus One"p. 127
The Liberal idea of Equalityp. 128
The Conservative Idea of Personal Freedomp. 128
Political Democracy and The Federalist Papersp. 130
Institutions of Freedomp. 135
The Presidencyp. 137
Creating a Unitary Presidencyp. 138
The President's Nine Powersp. 138
A Uniter and a Dividerp. 140
The Pre-1933 Presidencyp. 140
The Modem Presidency and the Welfare Statep. 142
Mediated Informationp. 144
The Coercive Power of the Presidencyp. 147
The Personal Nature of the Presidencyp. 148
Coercive Power and the National Security Councilp. 149
The Presidency's Reciprocal and Moral Powersp. 155
Instituting Clearance Proceduresp. 156
The Council of Economic Advisersp. 157
The Bully Pulpitp. 158
Eisenhower's Achievementsp. 160
The Lingering Effects of Abraham Lincolnp. 160
Legislatures as Schoolsp. 165
What is a Legislature Like?p. 167
Madison's Vision of a Legislature as a Schoolp. 167
The Modem Congressp. 170
The Effect of the Votep. 174
"Study Hard"p. 175
Congress as Defender of Freedomp. 181
Where Madison and Tocqueville Divergep. 182
Reciprocityp. 186
The Paradox of Scarcity, Reduxp. 186
When Information Becomes Easily Accessiblep. 187
An Abundance of Informationp. 189
Steps to Reformp. 190
The Supreme Court as Freedom's Protectorp. 197
Getting to the U.S. Supreme Court 198 John Marshall, Chief Justicep. 199
Marbury v. Madisonp. 200
Creating a Conflict of Lawsp. 201
The Power of Judicial Reviewp. 203
The Moral Power of the Courtsp. 207
The Due Process Revolutionp. 208
Moral Power with Little Forethoughtp. 217
Political Parties: Machines, Coalitions, Churchesp. 221
A Competitive Two-Party Systemp. 223
Parties as Machinesp. 224
Parties as Coalitionsp. 227
Parties as Churchesp. 229
American Newspapers and Ideasp. 235
The Arrival of Abundancep. 237
The Return of Partisanshipp. 239
The Conservative Responsep. 240
Behind the Partisanship of the Left and the Rightp. 241
Belief Systems Have Consequencesp. 242
Free-Market Capitalismp. 247
An Important Distinctionp. 248
Capitalism and Socialism Comparedp. 249
Hamilton and Tocqueville on "Commerce"p. 250
Capitalism's Power to Distort?p. 257
Capitalism and Personal Freedomp. 260
The Moral Effects of Taxationp. 267
Americans Pay a Large Amount of Taxesp. 268
The Effect of Taxes on Habits of Behaviorp. 269
The Laffer Curvep. 270
The Moral Effects of the American Tax Codep. 271
Five Cautionsp. 276
Federalism and Freedomp. 279
What Is Federalism?p. 281
The Advantages of Federalismp. 282
Tocqueville's Insightsp. 283
States as Public Policy Laboratoriesp. 284
Four Potential Dangers of Federalismp. 285
Federalism and Freedomp. 286
American Societyp. 291
We the Peoplep. 293
Americans by the Numbersp. 293
Diversity of Americansp. 295
Tocqueville's America, Contemporary Americap. 296
The Humanity of Americansp. 298
The American Electoratep. 305
Low Turnout: Little Schooling, Youth, Mobilityp. 306
High Turnout: Working for or in the Shadow of Governmentp. 308
The Candidatesp. 309
The Convention Systemp. 311
The Importance of Party Identificationp. 312
The Transformation of the Electoratep. 314
Tocqueville's Warningsp. 319
Habits of the Mindp. 321
Habits of the Heartp. 323
A Short-Sighted Materialismp. 324
Summaryp. 326
Equalityp. 329
The Pursuit of Equalityp. 330
Whither American Society?p. 332
Feelings toward the Wealthyp. 333
Possibility, Not Equalityp. 334
Summaryp. 334
Racial Equalityp. 339
Constitutional Concessionsp. 340
The Dred Scott Casp. 341
Abraham Lincoln's Responsep. 343
Social Anomie and the Black Communityp. 343
The Unexpected Effects of Brownp. 345
The Resilience of the Black Churchesp. 346
Americans and Foreign Relationsp. 353
Inconstant Policiesp. 354
A Steadfast Foreign Policyp. 355
"Containment" of the Soviet Unionp. 356
A Unitary Executivep. 358
The Anchor of Public Opinionp. 359
The Democratic Visionp. 365
America's Missionp. 366
Objectionsp. 368
The Social Values of Freedomp. 371
Four Questionsp. 371
Epiloguep. 377
The Eleven Paradoxes of Politicsp. 379
The Constitution of the United Statesp. 381
Federalist Nos. 10, 51, and 70p. 403
Indexp. 423
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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