The French Republic: History, Values, Debates

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2011-12-15
  • Publisher: Cornell Univ Pr

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In this invaluable reference work, the world's foremost authorities on France's political, social, cultural, and intellectual history explore the history and meaning of the French Republic and the challenges it has faced. Founded in 1792, the French Republic has been defined and redefined by a succession of regimes and institutions, a multiplicity of symbols, and a plurality of meanings, ideas, and values. Although constantly in flux, the Republic has nonetheless produced a set of core ideals and practices fundamental to modern France's political culture and democratic life. Based on the influential Dictionnaire critique de la rÉpublique, published in France in 2002, The French Republic provides an encyclopedic survey of French republicanism since the Enlightenment. Divided into three sections-Time and History, Principles and Values, and Dilemmas and Debates-The French Republic begins by examining each of France's five Republics and its two authoritarian interludes, the Second Empire and Vichy. It then offers thematic essays on such topics as Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity; laicity; citizenship; the press; immigration; decolonization; anti-Semitism; gender; the family; cultural policy; and the Muslim headscarf debates. Each essay includes a brief guide to further reading. This volume features updated translations of some of the most important essays from the French edition, as well as twenty-two newly commissioned English-language essays, for a total of forty entries. Taken together, they provide a state-of-the art appraisal of French republicanism and its role in shaping contemporary France's public and private life.

Author Biography

Edward Berenson is Professor or History and French Studies at New York University. He is the author of The Trial of Madame Caillaux and Heroes of Empire among other books. Vincent Duclert, France's leading expert on the Dreyfus Affair, is the author of books including L'Affaire Dreyfus and Dreyfas an Panthon. Christophe Prochasson, one of France's top cultural and political historians, is the author of books including Les annes lectriques, 1880-1910 and Au nom de la patrie.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Transatlantic Histories of Francep. 1
Time and Historyp. 9
The Enlightenmentp. 11
The First Republicp. 19
The Second Republicp. 27
The Republicans of the Second Empirep. 35
The Third Republicp. 44
War and the Republicp. 56
The Republic and Vichyp. 65
The Fourth Republicp. 73
The Fifth Republicp. 83
Principles and Valuesp. 93
Libertyp. 95
Equalityp. 103
Fraternityp. 112
Democracyp. 119
Laicityp. 127
Citizenshipp. 136
Universalismp. 145
The Republic and Justicep. 154
The Statep. 163
The Civilizing Missionp. 173
Paritép. 182
The Pressp. Dominique Ka
Times of Exile and Immigrationp. 197
The USA, Sister Republicp. 207
The Localp. 213
Dilemmas and Debatesp. 221
The Republic and the Indigènesp. 223
Immigrationp. 232
The Immigration History Museump. 242
Decolonization and the Republicp. 252
The Suburbsp. 262
The Republic and the Veilp. 272
Antisemitism, Judeophobia, and the Republicp. 278
Feminism and the Republicp. 289
Gender and the Republicp. 299
Order and Disorder in the Familyp. 308
Children and the Statep. 315
Commemorationp. 324
Intellectuals and the Republicp. 334
Cultural Policyp. 344
Conclusionsp. 355
American Perspectives on the French Republicp. 357
Beyond the "Republican Model"p. 367
Contributorsp. 373
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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