Fuel Cell Fundamentals

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2009-01-09
  • Publisher: Wiley

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As the search for alternative fuels heats up, no topic is hotter than fuel cells. Filling a glaring gap in the literature, Fuel Cell Fundamentals, Second Edition gives advanced undergraduate and beginning level graduate students an important introduction to the basic science and engineering behind fuel cell technology. Emphasizing the foundational scientific principles that apply to any fuel cell type or technology, the text provides straightforward descriptions of how fuel cells work, why they offer the potential for high efficiency, and how their unique advantages can best be used. Designed to be accessible to fuel cell beginners, the text is suitable for any engineering or science major with a background in calculus, basic physics, and elementary thermodynamics. This new edition provides updated and enhanced examples, problems, and pedagogy for classroom use and features a significantly enlarged section on the practical applications of fuel cell technology. A solutions manual will be developed.

Author Biography

Ryan O'Hayre received his PhD in materials science and engineering at Stanford University and is currently an assistant professor in the Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering at the Colorado School of Mines.

Suk-Won Cha, PhD, is an assistant professor in the School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea.

Whitney Colella, PhD, is a President Harry S. Truman Research Fellow in National Security Science and

Engineering, Energy, Resources & Systems Analysis Center, Sandia National Laboratories.

Fritz B. Prinz, PhD, is the Rodney H. Adams Professor in the School of Engineering and serves as Chair in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Stanford University.

Table of Contents

Fuel Cell Principles
What is a Fuel Cell?
A Simple Fuel Cell
Fuel Cell Advantages
Fuel Cell Disadvantages
Fuel Cell Types
Basic Fuel Cell Operation
Fuel Cell Performance
Characterization and Modeling
Fuel Cell Technology
Fuel Cells and the Environment
Chapter Summary
Chapter Exercises
Fuel Cell Thermodynamics
Thermodynamics Review
Heat Potential of a Fuel: Enthalpy of Reaction
Work Potential of a Fuel: Gibbs Free Energy
Predicting Reversible Voltage of a Fuel Cell Under Non-Standard-State Conditions
Fuel Cell Efficiency
Thermal and Mass Balances in Fuel Cells
Chapter Summary
Chapter Exercises
Fuel Cell Reaction Kinetics
Introduction to Electrode Kinetics
Why Charge Transfer Reactions Have an Activation Energy
Activation Energy Determines Reaction Rate
Calculating Net Rate of a Reaction
Rate of reaction at Equilibrium: Exchange current Density
Potential of a Reaction at Equilibrium: Galvani Potential
Potential and Rate: ButlerūVolmer Equation
Exchange Currents and Electrocatalysis: How to Improve Kinetic Performance
Simplified Activation Kinetics: Tafel Equation
Different Fuel Cell Reactions Produce Different Kinetics
Catalyst-Electrode Design
Quantum Mechanics: Framework for Understanding Catalysis in Fuel Cells
Connecting the ButlerūVolmer and Nernst Equations (Optional
Chapter Summary
Chapter Exercises
Fuel Cell Charge Transport
Charges Move in Response to Forces
Charge Transport Results in a Voltage Loss
Characteristics of Fuel Cell Charge Transport Resistance
Physical Meaning of Conductivity
Review of Fuel Cell Electrolyte Classes
More on Diffusivity and Conductivity (Optional
Why Electrical Driving Forces Dominate Charge Transport (Optional
Quantum MechanicsūBased Simulaton of Ion Conduction in Oxide Electrolytes (Optional
Chapter Summary
Chapter Exercises
Fuel Cell Mass Transport
Transport in Electrode Versus Flow Structure
Transport in Electrode: Diffusive Transport
Transport in Flow Structures: Convective Transport
Chapter Summary
Chapter Exercises
Fuel Cell Modeling
Putting It All Together: A Basic Fuel Cell Model
A 1D Fuel Cell Model
Fuel Cell Models Based on Computational Fluid Dynamics (Optional
Chapter Summary
Chapter Exercises
Fuel Cell Characterization
What Do We Want to Characterize?
Overview of Characterization Techniques
In Situ Electrochemical Characterization Techniques
Ex Situ Characterization Techniques
Chapter Summary
Chapter Exercises
Fuel Cell Technology
Overview Of Fuel Cell Types
Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell
Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell
Alkaline Fuel Cell
Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell
Solid Oxide Fuel Cell
Other Fuel Cells
Summary Comparison
Chapter Summary
Chapter Exercises
Pemfc And Sofc Materials
PEMFC Electrolyte Materials
PEMFC Electrode/Catalyst Materials
SOFC Electrolyte Materials
SOFC Electrode/Catalyst Materials
Material Stability, Durability, And Lifetime
Chapter Summary
Chapter Exercises
Overview Of Fuel Cell Systems
Fuel Cell Stack (Fuel Cell Subsystem
The Thermal Management Subsystem
Fuel Delivery/Processing Subsystem
Power Electronics Subsystem
Case Study of Fuel Cell System Design: Stationary Combined Heat and Power Systems
Case Study of Fuel Cell System Design: Sizing A Portable Fuel Cell
Chapter Summary
Chapter Exercises
Fuel Processing Subsystem Design
Fuel Reforming Overview
WaterłGas Shift Reactors
Carbon Monoxide Clean-Up
Reformer and Processor Efficiency Losses
Reactor Design for Fuel Reformers and Processors
Chapter Summary
Chapter Exercises
Thermal Management Subsystem Design
Overview of Pinch Point Analysis Steps
Chapter Summary
Chapter Exercises
Fuel Cell System Design
Fuel Cell Design Via Computational Fluid Dynamics
Fuel Cell System Design: a Case Study
Chapter Summary
Chapter Exercises
Environmental Impact Of Fuel Cells
Life Cycle Assessment
Important Emissions For LCA
Emissions Related to Global Warming
Emissions Related to Air Pollution
Analyzing Entire Scenarios with LCA
Chapter Summary
Chapter Exercises
Constants And Conversions
Thermodynamic Data
Standard Electrode Potentials At 25 ?C
Quantum Mechanics
Atomic Orbitals
Postulates of Quantum Mechanics
One-Dimensional Electron Gas
Analogy to Column Buckling
Hydrogen Atom
Periodic Table Of The Elements
Suggested Further Reading
Important Equations
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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