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9780803605435

Functional Performance in Older Adults

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780803605435

  • ISBN10:

    0803605439

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2001-01-01
  • Publisher: F a Davis Co

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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

Summary

Cleveland State Univ., Textbook, for students, describes the normal aging process and also shows how health and social factors can impede an aging individual's abilities. Emphasizes intervention strategies, addresses self-care, and includes new chapters on theories of aging, sexuality, driving, wellness, and community-based care. Previous edition: c1994. DNLM: Aging--physiology.

Table of Contents

Introduction xxix
PART I. NORMAL AGING 1(4)
SECTION 1. INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW 5(54)
Growing Old in the United States
7(21)
Bette R. Bonder
Historical Definitions of Aging
9(2)
Current Definitions
11(1)
Current Attitudes
11(1)
Cultural Factors
12(7)
Place of Residence
19(1)
Gender
20(1)
Individual History
21(1)
Public Policy and Aging
21(1)
Summary and Implications for Service Providers
22(6)
Biological Theories of Aging: Implications for Functional Performance
28(14)
Wojtek J. Chodzko-Zajko
Definitions of Aging
29(2)
Biological Theories of Aging
31(2)
The Structural and Functional Consequences of Aging
33(1)
Individual Differences and Aging
34(3)
Lifestyle Interventions and Aging
37(2)
Conclusion
39(3)
The Psychosocial Meaning of Activity
42(17)
Bette R. Bonder
Defining Meaning
44(1)
Developing Meaning
44(2)
Meaning of Activities: Theories
46(5)
Toward an Integrated Model
51(4)
Implications for Health-Care Providers
55(4)
SECTION 2. THE AGING PROCESS 59(94)
Mobility
61(25)
Marilyn B. Wagner
Timothy L. Kauffman
Muscle Strength and Aging
62(8)
The Skeletal System in the Older Adult
70(1)
Balance, Coordination, and Movement and Aging
71(9)
Summary
80(5)
Exercises for Persons 55 Years Old and Older
85(1)
Cardiopulmonary Development
86(35)
Elizabeth Dean
Age-Related Anatomic Changes in the Cardiopulmonary System and Its Function
89(1)
Age-Related Changes in the Cardiovascular System and Its Function
90(2)
Other Factors that Affect Cardiopulmonary and Cardiovascular Function
92(4)
Functional Consequences of Age-Related Cardiopulmonary and Cardiovascular Changes
96(9)
Functional Consequences of Fitness in Older People
105(3)
Implications for the Management of the Care of Older People
108(7)
Customizing the Environment to Maximize Function
115(1)
Summary
115(6)
Sensory and Sensory Integrative Development
121(17)
Celia Routh Hooper
Vision and Functional Performance
123(3)
Hearing and Funtional Performance
126(5)
Taste and Smell: Physical Changes and Functional Performance
131(1)
Somesthesis and Touch: Physical Changes and Functional Performance
132(1)
Sensory Integration: A Conclusion
132(5)
Appendix 6-1
137(1)
Cognitive Development
138(15)
Kathryn Perez Riley
Cognitive Changes in Normal Aging
139(2)
Other Cognitive Abilities
141(3)
Cognition and Activities in Normal Aging
144(5)
Future Directions
149(4)
SECTION 3. ACTIVITIES OF OLDER ADULTS 153(104)
Self-Care
155(24)
Charles H. Christiansen
Cindy Lynn Hammecker
Defining Self-Care
156(1)
Person-Environment and Enablement Models
156(3)
Importance of Self-Care
159(2)
Functional Limitations Influencing the Performance of Self-Care
161(2)
Measuring Self-Care Performance
163(4)
Prevalence and Type of Limitations of Activities of Daily Living Among Elderly Persons
167(1)
Activity of Daily Living Intervention
168(7)
Summary
175(4)
Work and Retirement
179(17)
Harvey L. Sterns
M. Patricia Junkins
Janet G. Bayer
The Older Labor Force
180(3)
Wellness Programs for Older Adults
183(1)
Older Worker Performance
184(1)
Obsolescence versus Maintaining Competence
184(5)
Retirement
189(3)
Conclusion
192(4)
Leisure
196(22)
Anita C. Bundy
Leisure and Aging
198(2)
Leisure as a Statement of Identity
200(1)
Elements of Leisure
201(9)
A Tentative Model
210(1)
Promotion of Leisure: Application of the Model
211(3)
Summary
214(4)
Sexuality in Late Adulthood
218(18)
Andrew W. Miracle
Tina S. Miracle
Sex and the Elderly Population
219(5)
Age-Related Physical Changes and Sexual Functioning
224(3)
Effects of Disease on Sexuality
227(1)
Other Factors Affecting Sexuality
228(2)
Summary and Implications for Health Professionals
230(5)
Appendix 11-1: How to Obtain Additional Information
235(1)
Assessment of Functional Performance
236(21)
Seanne Wilkins
Mary Law
Lori Letts
The Meaning of Assessment
237(2)
Assessment Philosophy
239(2)
Assessment Realities
241(1)
A Conceptual Framework for Assessment of Performance
242(2)
A Decision-Making Process to Guide Assessment
244(1)
Issues in the Assessment of Performance with Older Adults
244(4)
Assessment Methods
248(2)
Summary
250(1)
Assessment Examples
251(6)
PART II. INTERRUPTIONS IN FUNCTIONAL PERFORMANCE 257(8)
SECTION 4. FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO DYSFUNCTION IN OLDER ADULTS 265(54)
Falls
267(20)
Rein Tideiksaar
Epidemiology
268(2)
Causes of Falling
270(3)
Clinical Assessment and Intervention
273(5)
Interventions
278(1)
Common Environmental Hazards
278(1)
Fear of Falling
279(1)
Alternatives to Physical Restraints
280(1)
Intervention Trials
281(3)
Summary
284(3)
Dementia
287(18)
Mary A. Corcoran
Irreversible Conditions Resulting in Dementia
289(1)
The Notion of Excess Disability
290(3)
Assessing Functional Performance in Individuals with Dementia
293(3)
Managing Dementia---It Takes a Team
296(6)
Summary and Future Directions
302(3)
Depression
305(14)
Kathryn Perez Riley
Overview of Depressive Disorders in Older Adults
306(4)
Depression and Functional Status: An Interactive Relationship
310(3)
Treatment of Depression
313(2)
Cultural Factors in Depression
315(1)
Summary and Future Directions
315(4)
SECTION 5. INTERVENTION STRATEGIES 319(108)
Wellness
321(18)
Bette R. Bonder
Defining Wellness
322(1)
Factors That Promote Wellness
323(7)
Theories of Behavior Change
330(2)
Designing and Funding Programming
332(4)
Model Programs
336(1)
Conclusion
336(3)
Community-Based Services
339(24)
Georgia J. Anetzberger
Service Classifications
340(1)
Service Utilization
341(3)
Something to Do
344(9)
Someone to Care
353(2)
Someplace to Live
355(3)
Summary and Future Directions
358(5)
Home Health Care
363(27)
Ben J. Atchison
Historical Development of Home Health Care
364(1)
Cost-Effectiveness of Home Care
365(1)
Qualifications for the Medicare Home Health Benefit
366(1)
Common Conditions Treated in Home Care
367(1)
Age and Functional Status of Home-Care Clients
367(1)
Caregiver Issues
368(1)
Core Competencies of Occupational Therapy Practice in Home Health Care
368(4)
The Therapeutic Process in Home Health Care
372(6)
Conclusion
378(4)
Appendix 18-1: Home Health Care
382(8)
Rehabilitation
390(15)
Lynnda J. Emery
Geriatric Rehabilitation Priorities
391(1)
Evaluation in Geriatric Rehabilitation
391(3)
Factors to Consider in Treatment of Older Persons
394(2)
Conditions Frequently Treated in Rehabilitation
396(2)
Common Problems of Older Adults
398(1)
Rehabilitation Delivery Systems for Older Persons
399(1)
Reimbursement and Practice Management
400(3)
Summary
403(2)
Activities as Agents for Intervention and Rehabilitation in Long-Term Care
405(22)
Ruth E. Plautz
Cameron J. Camp
Evolution of the ``Modern'' Nursing Home
406(2)
OBRA'87 Philosophy and Occupational Therapy
408(3)
Activities in Long-Term Care
411(1)
Interdisciplinary Teams in Long-Term Care
412(2)
Therapies and Total Environment
414(1)
Regulatory and Reimbursement Issues
415(1)
Innovative Trends
415(5)
Summary and Challenges
420(3)
Appendix 20-1: Coding Sheet for Montessori Activities
423(4)
SECTION 6. SPECIAL TOPICS 427(94)
Technology
429(19)
William C. Mann
Definitions and Concepts
430(1)
Aging and Functional Performance
431(1)
Assistive Technology for Older Adults
432(9)
Disability Impact Continuum: Difference in Assistive Technology Needs
441(6)
Appendix 21-1: Resources
447(1)
Driving and Older Adults
448(39)
Beth A. Ekelman
Steven Mitchell
Pam O'Dell-Rossi
Overview of National Statistics on Violations, Crashes, and Fatalities
449(1)
Neurosensory Model of Driving
449(6)
Age-Related Physiological and Disease-Related Changes Affecting Driving Performance
455(4)
Clinical Assessment and Intervention
459(11)
Suggestions for the Geriatric Clinician
470(1)
Losing the Ability to Drive---A Psychosocial Perspective
471(3)
Conclusions
474(4)
Appendix 22-1: Occupational Therapy Driving Evaluation
478(9)
Families and Professionals: Therapeutic Considerations
487(13)
Bette R. Bonder
Betty R. Hasselkus
Factors Affecting Family Relationships
489(1)
Therapeutic Relationships
490(3)
Techniques for Practice
493(3)
Addressing Family Issues in the Current Health-Care Environment
496(1)
Summary
497(3)
The End of Life
500(21)
Rosalind A. Bye
Gwynnyth M. Llewellyn
Karl E. Christl
Understanding Terminal Illness
501(1)
Individuals' Experience of Terminal Illness
502(1)
Terminal Illness and the Older Person
503(1)
A Good Death
504(1)
Palliative Care
504(2)
Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy---Our Role in Palliative Care
506(1)
Reframing Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy for Palliative Care
507(1)
Therapy That Affirms Life and Helps Prepare for Death
508(1)
Reframing the Processes of Therapy
509(7)
Support Strategies for Therapists
516(2)
Conclusions
518(3)
Glossary 521(12)
Index 533

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