9780721649313

Fundamentals for Ophthalmic Technical Personnel

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780721649313

  • ISBN10:

    0721649319

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 1995-05-05
  • Publisher: SAUNDERS W B CO

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Supplemental Materials

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Summary

This textbook discusses ophthalmic sciences, neuroanatomy, and optics in detail, and includes full coverage of technical skills and pathology. The skills are explained in an easy-to-follow procedure format, with many illustrations. It includes numerous examples to better convey concepts, as well as an appendix and practice problems to demonstrate ophthalmic calculations.

Table of Contents

SECTION I BASIC OPHTHALMIC SCIENCES 1(57)
Eyeball Anatomy and Physiology
3(15)
External Eye
3(1)
Adnexae
3(3)
Eyeball
6(12)
Anatomy of the Skull and Orbit
18(9)
Bones of the Skull
18(3)
Bones of the Orbit
21(1)
Openings in the Orbit
21(1)
Sinuses Around the Orbit
22(1)
Diagnostic Imaging
23(2)
Connective Tissue
25(1)
Muscle Cone
26(1)
Optic Nerve
26(1)
Ciliary Ganglion
26(1)
Blood Supply
27(10)
Blood Supply to the Head
27(2)
Blood Supply of the Visual Pathway
29(1)
Blood Supply to the Orbit: Ophthalmic Artery
30(3)
Venous Return from the Head
33(4)
Pharmacology
37(12)
Barbara Cassin
Diana J. Shamis
Routes of Administration
37(1)
Autonomic Drugs for Ophthalmology
38(10)
Ocular Reactions to Systemic Medications
48(1)
Photochemistry of Vision
49(8)
Anatomy
49(1)
Visual Pigments
50(1)
Bleaching Process
51(1)
Photoregeneration
51(1)
Light and Dark Adaptation
51(1)
Color Vision
52(5)
SECTION II NEUROANATOMY 57(54)
Nervous System
59(7)
Action Potential
59(1)
Synapse
59(1)
Nervous System Organization
60(3)
Disruption of Nervous System Function
63(1)
Descriptive Terminology
63(3)
Sensory Visual Pathway
66(9)
Organization of the Sensory Visual Pathway
66(9)
Central Nervous System
75(10)
Cerebrum
75(1)
Brain Stem---Subcortical Control Center
76(6)
Cerebellum
82(1)
Medulla
83(1)
Ventricular System
83(2)
Supranuclear Mechanisms
85(7)
Eye Movement Systems
85(7)
Peripheral Nervous System
92(9)
Barbara Cassin
Lindreth DuBois
Cranial Nerves
92(1)
Ocular Motor System
93(1)
CN III
94(1)
CN IV
95(1)
CN V
96(1)
CN VI
97(1)
CN VII
97(1)
CN VIII
98(3)
Autonomic Nervous System
101(10)
Barbara Cassin
Sidney Cassin
Functions of the ANS
101(1)
ANS Pathways
102(1)
Neurotransmission
102(2)
ANS Innervation to the Eye
104(1)
Parasympathetic Nervous System
104(2)
Sympathetic Nervous System
106(5)
SECTION III OPTICS 111(42)
Physical Optics
113(8)
Electromagnetic Wave Theory
113(2)
Particle Theory
115(1)
Polarization
115(1)
Interference
116(1)
Fluorescence
117(1)
Lasers
117(4)
Geometric Optics
121(18)
Snell's Law
121(1)
Internal Reflection
122(1)
Prisms
122(2)
Vergence
124(1)
Lenses
124(2)
Object-Image Relationship
126(1)
Image Formation
127(2)
Graphical Analysis
129(2)
Linear Magnification
131(1)
Multiple Lens Systems
132(1)
Cardinal Points
132(2)
Cylinders
134(1)
Optical Crosses
135(2)
Sturm's Conoid
137(2)
Physiological Optics
139(14)
Optical System of the Eye
139(1)
Accommodation Physiology
139(3)
Refractive Errors
142(2)
Amplitude of Accommodation
144(3)
Induced Prismatic Effect By Lens Decentration
147(3)
Purkinje's Images
150(3)
SECTION IV OPHTHALMIC TECHNICAL SKILLS 153(242)
Basic Skills
154(65)
History Taking
154(2)
Greeting
156(1)
Chief Complaint
156(1)
History of Present Illness
156(1)
Past Ocular History
156(1)
Ocular Medication
156(1)
Past Medical History
156(1)
Systemic Medication
157(1)
Social and Vocational History
157(1)
Family Ocular History
157(1)
Allergies
157(1)
General Information
157(1)
Visual Assessment
157(2)
Testing Strategy
159(2)
Preliterates
161(1)
Fixation Tests
162(1)
Clinical Visual Psychophysics
163(1)
Tom M. Maida
Instrumentation
163(4)
Contrast Sensitivity
167(1)
Glare
167(2)
Pupil Function
169(1)
Afferent Pupil Pathways
169(1)
Efferent Pathway
169(1)
Synkinetic Near Reflex
170(1)
Function
171(1)
Swinging Flashlight Test
171(1)
Pupillary Abnormalities
172(3)
Biomicroscopy
175(2)
Donna McDavid
External Examination
177(1)
Anterior Segment
178(3)
Tonometry
181(2)
Indentation Tonometer
183(1)
Applanation Tonometer
184(1)
Tono-Pen
185(1)
Noncontact Tonometer
186(1)
Refractometry
187(1)
Retinoscopy
188(1)
Working Distance
189(1)
Refinement
189(2)
Balancing
191(3)
Measurement of the Amplitude of Accommodation
194(2)
Spherical Equivalent
196(1)
Lensometry
196(1)
Instrumentation
196(6)
Transposition
202(1)
Keratometry
203(1)
Corneal Measurement Theory
203(5)
Interpupillary Distance
208(1)
Rationale
208(4)
Exophthalmometry
212(1)
Biometry
213(2)
David Hodgetts
Procedure
215(1)
Potential Problems
216(1)
Contact Versus Noncontact Techniques
216(1)
Cataract Extractions
217(1)
Intraocular Lens Power
217(2)
Introduction to Perimetry
219(22)
Retinal Sensitivity
219(1)
Spatial Localization
219(1)
Monocular and Binocular Fields of View
220(2)
Visual Field Patterns
222(6)
Testing Strategy
228(11)
Calculation of the Central Add
239(1)
Rules for Reliable Field Tests
239(2)
Manual Perimetry
241(28)
Types of Perimetry
241(16)
Kinetic Testing Methods
257(12)
Automated Perimetry
269(9)
Diana J. Shamis
Automated Perimeters
269(1)
Program Selection
270(3)
Printouts
273(1)
Statistical Evaluation
274(4)
Ocular Motility: Binocular Function
278(11)
Eye Movement Control Systems
278(8)
Prisms
286(3)
Ocular Motility: Strabismus Evaluation
289(18)
Cover Test
290(5)
Cover-Uncover Test
295(1)
Alternate Cover Test
296(2)
Completing the Strabismus Evaluation
298(1)
Measurement of the Misalignment
298(7)
Procedure
305(1)
Recording
305(2)
Ocular Motility: Extraocular Muscle Function
307(14)
Extraocular Muscles
307(8)
Evaluation of Eye Movements
315(3)
Nonvertical Function of the Vertical Extraocular Muscles
318(3)
Ocular Motility: Incomitant Deviations
321(14)
Restrictions
321(1)
Bielschowsky Head Tilt Test
322(1)
Three-Step Test
322(4)
A and V Patterns
326(1)
Tips, Turns, and Tilts
326(9)
Contact Lenses
335(17)
Eileen Harrell
Contact Lens Categories
336(2)
Contact Lens Fitting
338(3)
Soft Contact Lens Fitting Technique
341(1)
Contact Lenses for Astigmatism
342(1)
Contact Lenses for Aphakia
343(2)
Keratoconus
345(1)
Presbyopia
345(1)
Contact Lens Examination Techniques
346(3)
Contact Lens Complications
349(3)
Ophthalmic Photography
352(19)
Donald Enkerud
Photographic Basics
352(6)
Color Fundus Photography
358(2)
Fluorescein Angiography
360(6)
Photographic Angiographic Processing
366(5)
Surgical Assisting
371(19)
Patricia T. Lamell
Charisse Barcelo Hines
Informed Consent
371(1)
The Operating Room
371(1)
The Surgical Team
372(1)
Anesthesia
373(1)
Aseptic Technique
374(12)
Wrapping Instruments for Sterilization
386(1)
Sterilization
386(4)
Examination Strategy
390(5)
Alison Guber
False-Positive and False-Negative Results
390(1)
Manifest Refractometry
390(5)
SECTION V ABNORMALITIES OF THE EYE 395(33)
Eye Disorders
397(22)
Barbara Cassin
Donna McDavid
Diana J. Shamis
Age-Related Macular Degeneration
397(1)
Ptosis
397(2)
Nystagmus
399(7)
Cataract
406(4)
Glaucoma
410(9)
Eye Diseases
419(9)
Graves' Disease
419(1)
Thyroid Eye Disease
420(2)
Myasthenia Gravis
422(1)
Blood Vessel Disease
423(1)
Cerebral Blood Vessel Disease
424(1)
Retinopathy
424(1)
Diabetes Mellitus
425(3)
Appendix A Mathematics Reference 428(5)
Transformation of an Equation
428(1)
Addition and Subtraction of Positive and Negative Numbers
428(1)
Optical Crosses
429(1)
AC/A Ratios
429(1)
Dividing by a Fraction
430(1)
Ratios and Proportions
430(1)
Magnification
431(1)
Diopters to Meters
431(1)
Meters to Feet
431(2)
Appendix B Answers to Review Questions 433(2)
Index 435

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