Fundamentals of Thermodynamics, 7th Edition

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  • Edition: 7th
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2008-08-01
  • Publisher: Wiley
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Now in its seventh edition, Fundamentals of Thermodynamics continues to offer a comprehensive and rigorous treatment of classical thermodynamics, while retaining an engineering perspective. With concise, applications-oriented discussion of topics and self-test problems the text encourages students to monitor their own comprehension. The seventh edition is updated with additional examples, homework problems, and illustrations to increase student understanding. The text lays the groundwork for subsequent studies in fields such as fluid mechanics, heat transfer and statistical thermodynamics, and prepares students to effectively apply thermodynamics in the practice of engineering.

Author Biography

Richard E. Sonntag received his BSE, MSE and Ph.D. degrees, all in mechanical engineering, from the University of Michigan. He is a Professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Michigan and served as the department chair for eleven years. He is a fellow of the ASME and served on numerous committees within ASME and been vice chair and chair of the regional Department Heads.

Claus Borgnakke earned his MSE and Ph.D. from the Technical University of Denmark. He is an Associate Professor at the University of Michigan, where he received the Excellence in Teaching Award as well as other awards and recognitions, including the Ralph E. Teetor Award from SAE.

Table of Contents

Some Introductory Commentsp. 1
The Simple Steam Power Plantp. 1
Fuel Cellsp. 2
The Vapor-Compression Refrigeration Cyclep. 5
The Thermoelectric Refrigeratorp. 7
The Air Separation Plantp. 8
The Gas Turbinep. 9
The Chemical Rocket Enginep. 11
Other Applications and Environmental Issuesp. 12
Some Concepts and Definitionsp. 13
A Thermodynamic System and the Control Volumep. 13
Macroscopic Versus Microscopic Point of Viewp. 14
Properties and State of a Substancep. 15
Processes and Cyclesp. 16
Units for Mass, Length, Time, and Forcep. 17
Energyp. 20
Specific Volume and Densityp. 22
Pressurep. 25
Equality of Temperaturep. 30
The Zeroth Law of Thermodynamicsp. 31
Temperature Scalesp. 31
Engineering Appilicationp. 33
Summaryp. 37
Problemsp. 38
Properties of a Pure Substancep. 47
The Pure Substancep. 48
Vapor-Liquid-Solid-Phase Equilibrium in a Pure Substancep. 48
Independent Properties of a Pure Substancep. 55
Tables of Thermodynamic Propertiesp. 55
Thermodynamic Surfacesp. 63
The P-V-T Behavior of Low- and Moderate-Density Gasesp. 65
The Compressibility Factorp. 69
Equations of Statep. 72
Computerized Tablesp. 73
Engineering Applicationsp. 75
Summaryp. 77
Problemsp. 78
Work and Heatp. 90
Definition of Workp. 90
Units for Workp. 92
Work Done at the Moving Boundary of a Simple Compressible Systemp. 93
Other Systems that Involve Workp. 102
Concluding Remarks Regarding Workp. 104
Definition of Heatp. 106
Heat Transfer Modesp. 107
Comparison of Heat and Workp. 109
Engineering Applicationsp. 110
Summaryp. 113
Problemsp. 114
The First Law of Thermodynamicsp. 127
The First Law of Thermodynamics for a Control Mass Undergoing a Cyclep. 127
The First Law of Thermodynamics for a Change in State of a Control Massp. 128
Internal Energy-A Thermodynamic Propertyp. 135
Problem Analysis and Solution Techniquep. 137
The Thermodynamic Property Enthalpyp. 141
The Constant-Volume and Constant-Pressure Specific Heatsp. 146
The Internal Energy, Enthalpy, and Specific Heat of Ideal Gasesp. 147
The First Law as a Rate Equationp. 154
Conservation of Massp. 156
Engineering Applicationsp. 157
Summaryp. 160
Problemsp. 162
First-Law Analysis for a Control Volumep. 180
Conservation of Mass and the Control Volumep. 180
The First Law of Thermodynamics for a Control Volumep. 183
The Steady-State Processp. 185
Examples of Steady-State Processesp. 187
The Transient Processp. 202
Engineering Applicationsp. 211
Summaryp. 215
Problemsp. 218
The Second Law of Thermodynamicsp. 238
Heat Engines and Refrigeratorsp. 238
The Second Law of Thermodynamicsp. 244
The Reversible Processp. 247
Factors that Render Processes Irreversiblep. 248
The Carnot Cyclep. 251
Two Propositions Regarding the Efficiency of a Carnot Cyclep. 253
The Thermodynamic Temperature Scalep. 254
The Ideal-Gas Temperature Scalep. 255
Ideal versus Real Machinesp. 259
Confirmation Pages
Engineering Applicationsp. 262
Summaryp. 265
Problemsp. 267
Entropyp. 279
The Inequality of Clausiusp. 279
Entropy-A Property of a Systemp. 283
The Entropy of a Pure Substancep. 285
Entropy Change in Reversible Processesp. 287
The Thermodynamic Property Relationp. 291
Entropy Change of a Solid or Liquidp. 293
Entropy Change of an Ideal Gasp. 294
The Reversible Polytropic Process for an Ideal Gasp. 298
Entropy Change of
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