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William W. Peng teaches in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, California State University, Fresno.
Preface | p. ix |
Symbols | p. xi |
Introduction | p. 1 |
Definition | p. 1 |
Types of Turbomachines | p. 1 |
Applications of Turbomachines | p. 3 |
Performance Characteristics | p. 6 |
Method of Analysis | p. 8 |
Historical Evolution of Turbomachines | p. 12 |
Organization of the Book | p. 14 |
References | p. 16 |
Dimensional Analysis | p. 17 |
Dimensions and Dimensional Homogeneity | p. 17 |
Buckingham Pi Theorem | p. 19 |
Other Nondimensional Parameters for Turbomachines | p. 25 |
Similarity Laws | p. 27 |
References | p. 32 |
Problems | p. 32 |
Energy Transfer in Turbomachines | p. 34 |
Review of Fluid Mechanics Related to Turbomachinery | p. 34 |
Energy in Flowing Fluids | p. 39 |
Euler Equation | p. 40 |
Equations for Axial-Flow Machines | p. 45 |
Equations for Mixed- and Radial-Flow Machines | p. 47 |
Degree of Reaction | p. 50 |
References | p. 56 |
Problems | p. 56 |
Centrifugal Pumps | p. 59 |
Basic Construction and Classification | p. 59 |
Basic Working Principles | p. 60 |
Performance Characteristics | p. 65 |
Cavitation | p. 66 |
Performance Modifications | p. 72 |
Preliminary Design Procedure | p. 77 |
Pump Performance Tests | p. 87 |
Pumping Systems | p. 92 |
Pump Applications | p. 97 |
Pump Selection | p. 100 |
References | p. 105 |
Problems | p. 106 |
Axial-Flow Pumps and Fans | p. 109 |
Introduction | p. 109 |
Flow over Isolated Airfoil | p. 110 |
Axial-Flow Cascade | p. 116 |
Preliminary Design Procedure | p. 118 |
Three-Dimensional Flow Effects: Radial Equilibrium Requirement | p. 124 |
Fan Test | p. 127 |
Fan Application | p. 129 |
Fans and Systems | p. 133 |
Fan Selection | p. 137 |
Propellers | p. 145 |
References | p. 146 |
Problems | p. 147 |
Centrifugal Fans, Blowers, and Compressors | p. 149 |
Classification | p. 149 |
Performance Parameters and Characteristics | p. 150 |
Change of Performance | p. 158 |
Polytropic Efficiency | p. 162 |
Preliminary Design of Centrifugal Fans | p. 165 |
Preliminary Design of Centrifugal Compressors | p. 171 |
Application of Centrifugal Compressors | p. 179 |
Selection of Compressors | p. 184 |
References | p. 188 |
Problems | p. 189 |
Axial-Flow Compressors | p. 191 |
Introduction | p. 191 |
Basic Theory | p. 193 |
Preliminary Design of Compressor Stage | p. 200 |
Determination of Stage Efficiency | p. 204 |
Effects of Compressibility and Shock Waves | p. 205 |
Axial-Flow Compressor Stage Performance | p. 207 |
Surge and Stall in Compressor and Remedies | p. 209 |
References | p. 212 |
Problems | p. 212 |
Gas Turbines | p. 215 |
Introduction | p. 215 |
Thermodynamics of Axial-Flow Turbine | p. 218 |
Degree of Reaction | p. 219 |
Preliminary Design Procedure for Turbine Stage | p. 223 |
Determination of Turbine Stage Efficiency | p. 226 |
Axial-Flow Turbine Performance | p. 227 |
Compressor and Turbine Matching | p. 232 |
Radial-Inflow Gas Turbine | p. 237 |
Thermodynamic Processes in Radial-Inflow Gas Turbine | p. 239 |
Other Topics Related to Gas Turbine Engine | p. 243 |
Applications of Gas Turbine Engines | p. 249 |
References | p. 254 |
Problems | p. 255 |
Steam Turbines | p. 257 |
Introduction | p. 257 |
Velocity-Compounded Stage | p. 258 |
Classification of Steam Turbines | p. 262 |
Steam Turbine Parameters and Performance | p. 265 |
Cogeneration and Combined-Cycle Plants | p. 270 |
References | p. 274 |
Problems | p. 274 |
Hydraulic Turbines | p. 275 |
Introduction to Hydropower | p. 275 |
Types of Hydraulic Turbines | p. 276 |
Selection of Hydraulic Turbines | p. 278 |
Hydraulic Turbine Performance Characteristics | p. 285 |
Pelton Turbine | p. 288 |
Francis Turbine and Kaplan Turbine | p. 290 |
References | p. 294 |
Problems | p. 294 |
Wind Turbines | p. 296 |
Introduction to Wind Power | p. 296 |
Actuator Theory | p. 299 |
Types of Wind Turbines | p. 301 |
Wind Turbine Characteristics and Preliminary Design Analysis | p. 304 |
Variable-Speed Performance of Wind Turbines | p. 311 |
Wind Turbine Applications | p. 312 |
References | p. 314 |
Problems | p. 315 |
Review On Thermodynamics and Compressible Flow | p. 317 |
Thermodynamic Properties | p. 317 |
Thermodynamic Processes | p. 318 |
Other Thermoflow Properties | p. 321 |
Adiabatic Efficiencies of Flow Components | p. 322 |
Thermodynamic Cycles | p. 326 |
Thermodynamic Cycles of Gas Turbine Engines | p. 327 |
Rankine Cycles with Vapor | p. 335 |
Compressible Flow through a Channel | p. 336 |
Normal Shock Waves | p. 341 |
Oblique Shock Waves | p. 345 |
Problems | p. 348 |
Airfoil Characteristics | p. 350 |
Flow over Objects | p. 350 |
Airfoil Geometry | p. 351 |
NACA Airfoil Specifications | p. 352 |
CFD Applications to Turbomachine Design and Flow Analysis | p. 356 |
References | p. 357 |
Conversion Factors and Some Constants | p. 359 |
Thermodynamic Properties of Air, Water, Superheated Steam, and CO[subscript 2] at STP (14.7 psia, 60[degree]F) | p. 360 |
Internal Diameter of Standard Pipe of Schedule 40 | p. 361 |
Index | p. 363 |
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