Fundamentals of Turbomachinery

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2007-12-21
  • Publisher: Wiley

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With up to date coverage of all types of turbomachinery for students and practitioners, this book covers everything from gas, steam, wind, and hydraulic turbines to simple pumps, fans, blowers, and compressors used throughout industry. The book focuses on the application and selection of the machine for various uses and teaches basic theory as well as how to select the right turbine for specific use.

Author Biography

William W. Peng teaches in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, California State University, Fresno.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Symbolsp. xi
Introductionp. 1
Definitionp. 1
Types of Turbomachinesp. 1
Applications of Turbomachinesp. 3
Performance Characteristicsp. 6
Method of Analysisp. 8
Historical Evolution of Turbomachinesp. 12
Organization of the Bookp. 14
Referencesp. 16
Dimensional Analysisp. 17
Dimensions and Dimensional Homogeneityp. 17
Buckingham Pi Theoremp. 19
Other Nondimensional Parameters for Turbomachinesp. 25
Similarity Lawsp. 27
Referencesp. 32
Problemsp. 32
Energy Transfer in Turbomachinesp. 34
Review of Fluid Mechanics Related to Turbomachineryp. 34
Energy in Flowing Fluidsp. 39
Euler Equationp. 40
Equations for Axial-Flow Machinesp. 45
Equations for Mixed- and Radial-Flow Machinesp. 47
Degree of Reactionp. 50
Referencesp. 56
Problemsp. 56
Centrifugal Pumpsp. 59
Basic Construction and Classificationp. 59
Basic Working Principlesp. 60
Performance Characteristicsp. 65
Cavitationp. 66
Performance Modificationsp. 72
Preliminary Design Procedurep. 77
Pump Performance Testsp. 87
Pumping Systemsp. 92
Pump Applicationsp. 97
Pump Selectionp. 100
Referencesp. 105
Problemsp. 106
Axial-Flow Pumps and Fansp. 109
Introductionp. 109
Flow over Isolated Airfoilp. 110
Axial-Flow Cascadep. 116
Preliminary Design Procedurep. 118
Three-Dimensional Flow Effects: Radial Equilibrium Requirementp. 124
Fan Testp. 127
Fan Applicationp. 129
Fans and Systemsp. 133
Fan Selectionp. 137
Propellersp. 145
Referencesp. 146
Problemsp. 147
Centrifugal Fans, Blowers, and Compressorsp. 149
Classificationp. 149
Performance Parameters and Characteristicsp. 150
Change of Performancep. 158
Polytropic Efficiencyp. 162
Preliminary Design of Centrifugal Fansp. 165
Preliminary Design of Centrifugal Compressorsp. 171
Application of Centrifugal Compressorsp. 179
Selection of Compressorsp. 184
Referencesp. 188
Problemsp. 189
Axial-Flow Compressorsp. 191
Introductionp. 191
Basic Theoryp. 193
Preliminary Design of Compressor Stagep. 200
Determination of Stage Efficiencyp. 204
Effects of Compressibility and Shock Wavesp. 205
Axial-Flow Compressor Stage Performancep. 207
Surge and Stall in Compressor and Remediesp. 209
Referencesp. 212
Problemsp. 212
Gas Turbinesp. 215
Introductionp. 215
Thermodynamics of Axial-Flow Turbinep. 218
Degree of Reactionp. 219
Preliminary Design Procedure for Turbine Stagep. 223
Determination of Turbine Stage Efficiencyp. 226
Axial-Flow Turbine Performancep. 227
Compressor and Turbine Matchingp. 232
Radial-Inflow Gas Turbinep. 237
Thermodynamic Processes in Radial-Inflow Gas Turbinep. 239
Other Topics Related to Gas Turbine Enginep. 243
Applications of Gas Turbine Enginesp. 249
Referencesp. 254
Problemsp. 255
Steam Turbinesp. 257
Introductionp. 257
Velocity-Compounded Stagep. 258
Classification of Steam Turbinesp. 262
Steam Turbine Parameters and Performancep. 265
Cogeneration and Combined-Cycle Plantsp. 270
Referencesp. 274
Problemsp. 274
Hydraulic Turbinesp. 275
Introduction to Hydropowerp. 275
Types of Hydraulic Turbinesp. 276
Selection of Hydraulic Turbinesp. 278
Hydraulic Turbine Performance Characteristicsp. 285
Pelton Turbinep. 288
Francis Turbine and Kaplan Turbinep. 290
Referencesp. 294
Problemsp. 294
Wind Turbinesp. 296
Introduction to Wind Powerp. 296
Actuator Theoryp. 299
Types of Wind Turbinesp. 301
Wind Turbine Characteristics and Preliminary Design Analysisp. 304
Variable-Speed Performance of Wind Turbinesp. 311
Wind Turbine Applicationsp. 312
Referencesp. 314
Problemsp. 315
Review On Thermodynamics and Compressible Flowp. 317
Thermodynamic Propertiesp. 317
Thermodynamic Processesp. 318
Other Thermoflow Propertiesp. 321
Adiabatic Efficiencies of Flow Componentsp. 322
Thermodynamic Cyclesp. 326
Thermodynamic Cycles of Gas Turbine Enginesp. 327
Rankine Cycles with Vaporp. 335
Compressible Flow through a Channelp. 336
Normal Shock Wavesp. 341
Oblique Shock Wavesp. 345
Problemsp. 348
Airfoil Characteristicsp. 350
Flow over Objectsp. 350
Airfoil Geometryp. 351
NACA Airfoil Specificationsp. 352
CFD Applications to Turbomachine Design and Flow Analysisp. 356
Referencesp. 357
Conversion Factors and Some Constantsp. 359
Thermodynamic Properties of Air, Water, Superheated Steam, and CO[subscript 2] at STP (14.7 psia, 60[degree]F)p. 360
Internal Diameter of Standard Pipe of Schedule 40p. 361
Indexp. 363
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