General Chemistry Media Enhanced Edition

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  • Edition: 8th
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2007-01-12
  • Publisher: Brooks Cole
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General Chemistry,8/e, Media Enhanced Edition provides instructors the latest technology for their courses. Created to meet the rapidly changing instructional needs of General Chemistry professors, this edition includes an enhanced technology program that reinforces the approach of the text and updated information within the text to help students and instructors use these resources effectively. The Media Enhanced Edition provides access to assessment, tutoring, and presentation materials--including online homework, video lessons from Thinkwell, and a multimedia eBook--through Eduspace, Houghton Mifflin's Online Learning Tool. These resources make learning more dynamic and course planning, presentation, and management more intuitive. Known for its carefully developed, thoroughly integrated approach to problem solving, this market-leading text emphasizes the conceptual understanding and visualization skills essential for first-year chemistry and science majors.General Chemistry,8/e, Media Enhanced Edition retains the hallmark pedagogical features ofGeneral Chemistry,8/e, and expands upon the conceptual focus and art program through new interactive tutorials and animations. New!The updated Eduspace course offers 300 additional end-of-chapter problems; enhanced animations; a new multimedia eBook; and over 50 hours of video lessons from Thinkwell as well as SMARTHINKING live online tutoring. New!The Online Study Center Media Guide provides passkey access to premium student resources available on the student web site. The enhance Online Study Center features new Visualizations, interactive tutorials, video lessons from Thinkwell, electronic flashcards, and ACE practice tests to help students review and practice difficult concepts. The Media Integration Guide for Instructors includes several user-friendly supplements designed to make class preparation, presentation, and course management more efficient and effective: HM Testing CD; HM ClassPresent CD with animations and videos; Online Teaching Center access; and information about Eduspace (powered by Blackboard). New!HM Testing (powered by Diploma) now has over 2,200 questions--500 of them are algorithmically generated. All questions are tagged with question format, level of difficulty, and topic for ease-of-use in question selection/test construction. In order to reinforce major chemical concepts, the authors present a proven six-part approach to problem solving that includesExample, Problem Strategy, Solution, Answer Check, Exercise,and correspondingEnd-of-Chapter Problems,many of which are presented in matched pairs.

Table of Contents

Chemistry and Measurement An Introduction to Chemistry
Modern Chemistry: A Brief Glimpse
Experiment and Explanation A Chemist Looks At: The Birth of the Post-it Note
Law of Conservation of Mass
Matter: Physical State and Chemical Constitution
Instrumental Methods: Separation of Mixtures by Chromatography Physical Measurements
Measurement and Significant Figures
SI Units
Derived Units
Units and Dimensional Analysis (Factor-Label Method)
Atoms, Molecules, and Ions Atomic Theory and Atomic Structure
Atomic Theory of Matter
The Structure of the Atom
Nuclear Structure
Atomic Weights
Periodic Table of the Elements Chemical Substances: Formulas and Names
Chemical Formulas
Molecular and Ionic Substances A Chemist Looks At: Thirty Seconds on the Island of Stability
Organic Compounds
Naming Simple Compounds Chemical Reactions: Equations
Writing Chemical Equations
Balancing Chemical Equations
Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations Mass and Moles of Substance
Molecular Weight and Formula Weight
The Mole Concept Determining Chemical Formulas
Mass Percentages from the Formula
Elemental Analysis: Percentages of Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen
Determining Formulas Instrumental Methods: Mass Spectrometry and Molecular Formula Stoichiometry
Quantitative Relations in Chemical Reactions
Molar Interpretation of a Chemical Equation
Amounts of Substances in a Chemical Reaction
Limiting Reactant
Theoretical and Percentage Yields
Chemical Reactions Ions in Aqueous Solution
Ionic Theory of Solutions and Solubility Rules
Molecular and Ionic Equations Types of Chemical Reactions
Precipitation Reactions
Acid-Base Reactions
Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
Balancing Simple Oxidation-Reduction Equations Working with Solutions
Molar Concentration
Diluting Solutions Quantitative Analysis
Gravimetric Analysis
Volumetric Analysis
The Gaseous State Gas Laws
Gas Pressure and Its Measurement
Empirical Gas Laws
The Ideal Gas Law A Chemist Looks At: Nitric Oxide Gas and Biological Signaling
Stoichiometry Problems Involving Gas Volumes
Gas Mixtures
Law of Partial Pressures Kinetic-Molecular Theory
Kinetic Theory of an Ideal Gas
Molecular Speeds
Diffusion and Effusion
Real Gases A Chemist Looks At: Carbon Dioxide Gas and the Greenhouse Effect
Thermochemistry Understanding Heats of Reaction
Energy and Its Units
Heat of Reaction
Enthalpy and Enthalpy Change
Thermochemical Equations A Chemist Looks At: Lucifers and Other Matches
Applying Stoichiometry to Heats of Reaction
Measuring Heats of Reaction Using Heats of Reaction
Hess's Law
Standard Enthalpies of Formation
Fuels--Foods, Commercial Fuels, and Rocket Fuels
Quantum Theory of the Atom Light Waves, Photons, and the Bohr Theory
The Wave Nature of Light
Quantum Effects and Photons A Chemist Looks At: Zapping Hamburger with Gamma Rays
The Bohr Theory of the Hydrogen Atom A Chemist Looks At: Lasers and Compact Disc Players Quantum Mechanics and Quantum Numbers
Quantum Mechanics Instrumental Methods: Scanning Tunneling Microscopy
Quantum Numbers and Atomic Orbitals
Electron Configurations and Periodicity Electronic Structure of Atoms
Electron Spin and the Pauli Exclusion Principle Instrumental Methods: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR)
Building-Up Principle and the Periodic Table Instrumental Methods: X Rays, Atomic Numbers, and Orbital Structure (Photoelectron Spectroscopy)
Writing Electron Configurations Using the Periodic Table
Orbital Diagrams of Atoms
Hund's Rule A Chemist Looks At: Levitating Frogs and People Periodicity of the Elements
Mendeleev's Predictions from the Periodic Table
Some Periodic Properties
Periodicity in the Main-Group Elements
Ionic and Covalent Bonding Ionic Bonds
Describing Ionic Bonds
Electron Configurations of Ions A Chemist Looks At: Ionic Liquids and Green Chemistry
Ionic Radii Covalent Bonds
Describing Covalent Bonds A Chemist Looks At: Chemical Bonds in Nitroglycerin
Polar Covalent Bonds
Writing Lewis Electron-Dot Formulas
Delocalized Bonding: Resonance
Exceptions to the Octet Rule
Formal Charge and Lewis Formulas
Bond Length and Bond Order
Bond Energy Instrumental Methods: Infrared Spectroscopy and Vibrations of Chemical Bonds
Molecular Geometry and Chemical Bonding Theory Molecular Geometry and Directional Bonding
The Valence-Shell Electron-Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) Model A Chemist Looks At: Left-Handed and Right-Handed Molecules
Dipole Moment and Molecular Geometry
Valence Bond Theory
Description of Multiple Bonding Molecular Orbital Theory
Principles of Molecular Orbital Theory
Electron Configurations of Diatomic Molecules of the Second-Period Elements
Molecular Orbitals and Delocalized Bonding
A Chemist Looks At: Human Vision A Chemist
Looks At: Stratospheric Ozone (An Absorber of Ultraviolet Rays)
States of Matter
Liquids and Solids
Comparison of Gases, Liquids, and Solids Changes of State
Phase Transitions
Phase Diagrams A Chemist Looks At: Removing Caffeine from Coffee Liquid State
Properties of Liquids: Surface Tension and Viscosity
Intermolecular Forces
Explaining Liquid Properties Solid State
Classification of Solids by Type of Attraction of Units
Crystalline Solids
Crystal Lattices and Unit Cells
Structures of Some Crystalline Solids A Chemist Looks At: Liquid-Crystal Displays
Calculations Involving Unit-Cell Dimensions
Determining Crystal Structure by X-Ray Diffraction Instrumental Methods: Automated X-Ray Diffractometry
A Chemist Looks At: Water (A Special Substance for Planet Earth)
Solutions Solution Formation
Types of Solutions
Solubility and the Solution Process
A Chemist Looks At: Hemoglobin Solubility and Sickle-Cell Anemia
Effects of Temperature and Pressure on Solubility Colligative Properties
Ways of Expressing Concentration
Vapor Pressure of a Solution
Boiling-Point Elevation and Freezing-Point Depression
Colligative Properties of Ionic Solutions Colloid Formation
Colloids A Chemist Looks At: The World's Smallest Test Tubes
Materials of Technology Metals and Metallurgy
Natural Sources of the Metallic Elements
Bonding in Metals A Chemist Looks At: Superconductivity Nonmetallic Materials
Diamond, Graphite, the Fullerenes, and Nanotechnology
A Chemist Looks At: Buckminsterfullerene--A Third Form of Carbon
Silicon, Silica, and Silicates A Chemist Looks At: Silica Aerogels, the Lightest "Solids"
Rates of Reaction Reaction Rates
Definition of Reaction Rate
Experimental Determination of Rate
Dependence of Rate on Concentration
Change of Concentration with Time
Temperature and Rate
Collision and Transition-State Theories
Arrhenius Equation Reaction Mechanisms
Elementary Reactions
The Rate Law and the Mechanism
Catalysis A Chemist Looks At: Seeing Molecules React
Chemical Equilibrium Describing Chemical Equilibrium
Chemical Equilibrium--A Dynamic Equilibrium
The Equilibrium Constant
Heterogeneous Equilibria
Solvents in Homogeneous Equilibria
A Chemist Looks At: Slime Molds and Leopards' Spots Using the Equilibrium Constant
Qualitatively Interpreting the Equilibrium Constant
Predicting the Direction of Reaction
Calculating Equilibrium Concentrations Changing the Reaction Conditions
Le Chatelier's Principle
Removing Products or Adding Reactants
Changing the Pressure and Temperature
Effect of a Catalyst
Acids and Bases Acid-Base Concepts
Arrhenius Concept of Acids and Bases
Bronsted-Lowry Concept of Acids and Bases
Lewis Concept of Acids and Bases Acid and Base Strengths
A Chemist Looks At: Taking Your Medicine
Relative Strengths of Acids and Bases
Molecular Structure and Acid Strength Self-Ionization of Water and pH
Self-Ionization of Water
Solutions of a Strong Acid or Base
The pH of a Solution A Chemist Looks At: Unclogging the Sink and Other Chores
Acid-Base Equilibria Solutions of a Weak Acid or Base
Acid-Ionization Equilibria
Polyprotic Acids A Chemist Looks At: Acid Rain
Base-Ionization Equilibria
Acid-Base Properties of Salt Solutions Solutions of a Weak Acid or Base with Another Solute
Common-Ion Effect
Acid-Base Titration Curves
Solubility and Complex-Ion Equilibria Solubility Equilibria
The Solubility Product Constant
Solubility and the Common-Ion Effect
Precipitation Calculations
Effect of pH on Solubility
A Chemist Looks At: Limestone Caves Complex-Ion Equilibria
Complex-Ion Formation
Complex Ions and Solubility An Application of Solubility Equilibria
Qualitative Analysis of Metal Ions
Thermodynamics and Equilibrium
First Law of Thermodynamics
Enthalpy Spontaneous Processes and Entropy
Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
Standard Entropies and the Third Law of Thermodynamics Free-Energy Concept
Free Energy and Spontaneity A Chemist Looks At: Coupling of Reactions
Interpretation of Free Energy Free Energy and Equilibrium Constants
Relating G to the Equilibrium Constant
Change of Free Energy with Temperature
Electrochemistry Half-Reactions
Balancing Oxidation-Reduction Reactions in Acidic and Basic Solutions Voltaic Cells
Construction of Voltaic Cells
Notation for Voltaic Cells
Electromotive Force
Standard Cell emfs and Standard Electrode Potentials
Equilibrium Constants from emfs
Dependence of emf on Concentration
Some Commercial Voltaic Cells Electrolytic Cells
Electrolysis of Molten Salts
Aqueous Electrolysis
Stoichiometry of Electrolysis
Nuclear Chemistry Radioactivity and Nuclear Bombardment Reactions
Nuclear Bombardment Reactions
Radiations and Matter: Detection and Biological Effects
Rate of Radioactive Decay
Applications of Radioactive Isotopes Energy of Nuclear Reactions A Chemist Looks At: Positron Emission Tomography (PET)
Mass-Energy Calculations
Nuclear Fission and Nuclear Fusion A Chemist Looks At: The Chernobyl Nuclear Accident
Chemistry of the Main-Group Elements
General Observations About the Main-Group Elements Chemistry of the Main-Group Metals
Group IA: The Alkali Metals
Group IIA: The Alkaline Earth Metals
Group IIIA and Group IVA Metals Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Group IVA: The Carbon Family
Group VA: Nitrogen and the Phosphorus Family
Group VIA: Oxygen and the Sulfur Family
Group VIIA: The Halogens
Group VIIIA: The Noble Gases
The Transition Elements and Coordination Compounds Properties of the Transition Elements
Periodic Trends in the Transition Elements
The Chemistry of Two Transition Elements Complex Ions and Coordination Compounds
Formation and Structure of Complexes
Naming Coordination Compounds A Chemist Looks At: Salad Dressing and Chelate Stability
Structure and Isomerism in Coordination Compounds
Valence Bond Theory of Complexes
Crystal Field Theory A Chemist Looks At: The Cooperative Release of Oxygen from Oxyhemoglobin
Organic Chemistry
The Bonding of Carbon Hydrocarbons
Alkanes and Cycloalkanes
Alkenes and Alkynes
Aromatic Hydrocarbons
Naming Hydrocarbons Derivatives of Hydrocarbons
Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen
Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
Polymer Materials: Synthetic and Biological Synthetic Polymers
Synthesis of Organic Polymers A Chemist Looks At: The Discovery of Nylon
Electrically Conducting Polymers Biological Polymers
Nucleic Acids A Chemist Looks At: Tobacco Mosaic Virus and Atomic Force Microscopy Appendices
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