Genocide and Gender in the Twentieth Century A Comparative Survey

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2015-10-22
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic
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Genocide and Gender in the Twentieth Century brings together a collection of some of the finest genocide studies scholars in North America and Europe to examine gendered discourses, practices and experiences of ethnic cleansing and genocide in the 20th century. It includes essays focusing on the genocide in Rwanda, the Armenian genocide in the Ottoman Empire, the Holocaust and ethnic cleansing and genocide in the former Yugoslavia.

The book looks at how historically- and culturally-specific ideas about reproduction, biology, and ethnic, national, racial and religious identity contributed to the possibility for and the unfolding of genocidal sexual violence, including mass rape. The book also considers how these ideas, in conjunction with discourses of femininity and masculinity, and understandings of female and male identities, contributed to perpetrators' tools and strategies for ethnic cleansing and genocide, as well as victims' experiences of these processes. This is an ideal text for any student looking to further understand the crucial topic of gender in genocide studies.

Author Biography

Amy E. Randall is Associate Professor of History at Santa Clara University, USA.

Table of Contents

Introduction Amy Randall (Santa Clara University, USA)
Part I - Gendered Experiences of Genocide
1. Gender and the Armenian Genocide Matthias Bjørnlund (Danish Institute for Study Abroad) and Anthonie Holslag (Independent Scholar, The Netherlands)
2. Gender and the Holocaust: Male and Female Experiences of Auschwitz Lisa Pine (London South Bank University, UK)
3. Masculinities and Vulnerabilities in the Rwandan Genocide and Second Congo War Adam Jones (University of British Columbia, Canada)
Part II - Sexual Violence and Mass Rape
4. An Exceptional Genocide? Sexual Violence in the Holocaust Zoe Waxman (University of Oxford, UK)
5. Sexual Violence, Rape Camps, and Ethnic Cleansing and Genocide in the former Yugoslavia Patricia Weitsman (Ohio State University, USA)
6. Rape as a Weapon of Genocide: Gender, Patriarchy & Sexual Violence in the Rwandan Genocide Jennie Burnet (University of Louisville, USA)
Part III - Gender and Complicity
7. Masculinity, German Perpetrators, and the Holocaust Stephen Haynes (Rhodes College, USA)
8. Nationalism and Masculinity in Former Yugoslavia Aleksandra Milisevic (University of North Florida, USA)
9. Women's Participation in the Rwandan Genocide Nicole Hogg (International Committee of the Red Cross, Switzerland) and Mark Drumbl (Washington and Lee University, USA)
Part IV - Post-Genocidal Trauma and Memory
10. A Climate for Abduction, A Climate for Redemption: Politics of Inclusion after the Armenian Genocide Lerna Ekmekcioglu (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA)
11. Jewish Hungarians and Islamized Armenians Breaking Gendered Silences: Comparative Insights from Hungary and Turkey Ayse Gül Altinay (Sabanci University, Turkey) and Andrea Petö (Central European University, Hungary)
12. Gender and the Politics of Memory in Bosnia-Herzegovina Selma Leydesdorff (University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands)
Part V - International Law and Genocide Studies Prevention
13. Making Sense of Genocide, Making Sense of Law: International Criminal Prosecutions of Large-Scale Sexual Violence Doris Buss (Carleton University, Canada)
14. Gender and the Future of Genocide Studies Prevention Elisa von Joeden-Forgey (Pennsylvania State University, USA)
General Bibliography

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