Germany and the Holy Roman Empire Volume II: The Peace of Westphalia to the Dissolution of the Reich, 1648-1806

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2012-02-20
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Germany and the Holy Roman Empire offers a striking new interpretation of a crucial era in German and European history, from the great reforms of 1495-1500 to the dissolution of the Reich in 1806. Over two volumes, Joachim Whaley rejects the notion that this was a long period of decline, and shows instead how imperial institutions developed in response to the crises of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, notably the Reformation and Thirty Years War. The impact of international developments on the Reich is also examined.

Author Biography

Joachim Whaley read History at Christ's College Cambridge. He held Fellowships in History at Christ's College and Robinson College before becoming a Lecturer in German in the Faculty of Modern and Medieval Languages at Cambridge, where he teaches German history, thought, and language. He is the author of Religious Toleration and Social Change in Hamburg 1529-1819 and of numerous articles on early modern and modern German history. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society in 1984.

Table of Contents

A Note on Terminology and Usagep. xii
A Note on Maps and Online Resourcesp. xiv
Abbreviationsp. xvi
List of Mapsp. xvii
Mapsp. xix, xxi
Introduction to Volume 2: From the Peace of Westphalia to the Dissolution of the Reich in 1806p. xxiii
Reconstruction and Resurgence, 1648-1705: The Reich Under Ferdinand III and Leopold I
Historians and the Reich after the Thirty Years Warp. 3
The Last Years of Ferdinand III: Western Leagues and Northern Warsp. 10
From Ferdinand III to Leopold Ip. 18
Leopold I and his Foreign Enemiesp. 28
A New Turkish Threatp. 42
Renewed Conflict with Francep. 46
The Emperor, the Perpetual Reichstag, the Kreise, and Imperial Justicep. 53
Imperial Networks: the Reichskirche and the Imperial Citiesp. 66
The Imperial Court at Vienna and Dynastic Elevations in the Reichp. 70
The Nature of the Reich: Projects and Culturep. 79
Interpretations of the Leopoldine Reichp. 95
Consolidation and Crisis, 1705-1740: The Reich Under Joseph I and Charles VI
Two Wars and Three Emperorsp. 105
Leopold I, Joseph I, and the War of Spanish Successionp. 108
Joseph I and the Government of the Reichp. 120
Charles VI: Fruition or Decline?p. 129
Conflicting Priorities: c. 1714-c. 1730p. 136
Charles VI and the Government of the Reichp. 142
The Return of Confessional Politics?p. 150
The Problem of the Austrian Successionp. 158
The Ebb of Imperial Power, 1733-1740?p. 163
The Reich in Printp. 169
The German Territories, c. 1648-c. 1760
An Age of Absolutism?p. 187
Contemporary Perceptions: From Reconstruction to Early Enlightenmentp. 192
The Smaller Territoriesp. 202
Austria and Brandenburg-Prussiap. 213
The Revival of the Court and the Development of Territorial Governmentp. 221
The Court: Its Culture, its Functions, and its Criticsp. 224
The Development of Military Powerp. 234
Princes and Estatesp. 241
An Oppressed Peasantry?p. 249
Government and Societyp. 257
Government and Economic Developmentp. 270
Public and Private Enterprisep. 277
Christian Polities: Baroque Catholicismp. 287
Christian Polities: The Territories of the Reichskirchep. 299
Christian Polities: Protestant Orthodoxy and Renewalp. 307
From Coexistence to Toleration?p. 322
Enlightenment and Patriotismp. 330
Decline or Maturity? the Reich from Charles VII to Leopold II, c. 1740-1792
Three Emperors and a Kingp. 347
Silesian Wars, 1740-1763p. 352
Managing the Reich without the Habsburgs: Charles VII (1742-1745)p. 366
The Return of the Habsburgs: Francis I (1745-1765)p. 379
The Reich without Enemies? Germany and Europe, 1763-1792p. 393
Renewal: Joseph II, 1765-c 1776p. 409
The Great Reform Debate: Joseph II, c. 1778-1790p. 417
Restoration: Leopold II, 1790-1792p. 427
Central and Intermediate Institutions of the Reichp. 432
The Reich, the Public Sphere, and the Nationp. 438
The German Territories After c. 1760
Enlightenment and the Problem of Reformp. 447
Crisis and Opportunityp. 453
The Challenge of the Enlightenment and the Public Spherep. 460
Protestant, Catholic, and Jewish Aufklärungp. 470
Aufklärung and Governmentp. 485
Cameralism, Physiocracy, and the Provisioning of Societyp. 494
Economic Policy: Manufactures, Guilds, Welfare, and Taxationp. 503
Administration, Law, and Justicep. 513
Education and Tolerationp. 517
Courts and Culturep. 527
The Impact of Reform: Immunity against Revolution?p. 542
War and Dissolution: The Reich, 1792-1806
Ruptures and Continuitiesp. 557
The Reich in the Revolutionary Warsp. 565
Reverberations of the French Revolution in the Reich: Unrest and Uprisingsp. 583
Reverberations of the French Revolution in the Reich: Intellectualsp. 592
Schemes for the Reform of the Reich in the 1790sp. 602
The Peace of Lunéville (1801) and the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss (1803)p. 614
The Transformation of the Reich, 1803-1805p. 623
Final Attempts at Reform and the Dissolution of the Reich, 1806p. 636
Conclusionp. 645
Glossary of German and other Termsp. 651
Bibliographyp. 657
Indexp. 719
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