Glacial Geology : Ice Sheets and Landforms

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-09-21
  • Publisher: Wiley

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The new Second Edition of Glacial Geology provides a modern, comprehensive summary of glacial geology and geomorphology. It is has been thoroughly revised and updated from the original First Edition. This book will appeal to all students interested in the landforms and sediments that make up glacial landscapes.The aim of the book is to outline glacial landforms and sediments and to provide the reader with the tools required to interpret glacial landscapes. It describes how glaciers work and how the processes of glacial erosion and deposition which operate within them are recorded in the glacial landscape.The Second Edition is presented in the same clear and concise format as the First Edition, providing detailed explanations that are not cluttered with unnecessary detail. Additions include a new chapter on Glaciations around the Globe, demonstrating the range of glacial environments present on Earth today and a new chapter on Palaeoglaciology, explaining how glacial landforms and sediments are used in ice-sheet reconstructions. Like the original book, text boxes are used throughout to explain key concepts and to introduce students to case study material from the glacial literature. Newly updated sections on Further Reading are also included at the end of each chapter to point the reader towards key references. The book is illustrated throughout with colour photographs and illustrations.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Acknowledgementsp. xi
Illustrationsp. xiii
Introductionp. 1
What is Glacial Geology and Why is it Important?p. 1
The Aim and Structure of this Bookp. 6
Glaciations Around The Globep. 7
The Antarctic Ice Sheetp. 7
Greenland in the Greenhousep. 15
Southern Hemisphere Temperate Glaciers: Patagonia and New Zealandp. 17
Northern Hemisphere Temperate Glaciers: Alaska and Icelandp. 21
High-Altitude Glaciers: The Himalayap. 22
Tropical Glaciers: The Cordillera Blanca, Perup. 26
Arctic Polythermal Glaciersp. 29
Summaryp. 33
Suggested Readingp. 33
Mass Balance and the Mechanisms of Ice Flowp. 41
Annual Mass Balancep. 41
The Mass Balance Gradient: The Glacial Driving Mechanismp. 44
Mechanisms of Ice Flowp. 47
The Principles of Basal Thermal Regimep. 55
Patterns and Rates of Ice Flowp. 63
Glacier Response to Climate Changep. 69
Summaryp. 76
Suggested Readingp. 76
Glacier Hydrologyp. 81
Glacier Hydrologyp. 81
Sources of Glacial Meltwaterp. 82
Storage of Water in Glaciersp. 83
Methods of Studying Glacier Hydrologyp. 84
Glacier Hydrological Systemsp. 86
Subglacial Water Pressurep. 90
Discharge Fluctuationsp. 97
Glacial Meltwater Erosionp. 102
Summaryp. 104
Suggested Readingp. 104
The Processes of Glacial Erosionp. 109
Glacial Abrasionp. 109
Glacial Quarryingp. 117
Estimating Rates of Glacial Erosionp. 125
Patterns of Glacial Erosionp. 128
Summaryp. 131
Suggested Readingp. 131
Landforms of Glacial Erosionp. 135
Microscale Features of Glacial Erosionp. 135
Mesoscale Features of Glacial Erosionp. 147
Macroscale Features of Glacial Erosionp. 157
Landscapes of Glacial Erosionp. 174
Summaryp. 179
Suggested Readingp. 179
Glacial Debris Entrainment and Transportp. 185
High-Level Debris Transportp. 185
Debris Entrainmentp. 190
Low-Level Debris Transportp. 193
Debris Transfer Between Low and High Levelsp. 197
Debris Transferp. 198
Summaryp. 202
Suggested Readingp. 203
Glacial Sedimentation on Landp. 207
Direct Glacial Sedimentationp. 207
Fluvial Sedimentationp. 235
Summaryp. 243
Suggested Readingp. 244
Landforms of Glacial Deposition on Landp. 247
Ice-Marginal Morainesp. 247
Subglacial Landforms Formed by Ice or Sediment Flowp. 268
Glaciofluvial Ice-Marginal Landformsp. 289
Glaciofluvial Subglacial Landformsp. 296
Summaryp. 299
Suggested Readingp. 299
Glacial Sedimentation in Waterp. 305
Sedimentation in Lacustrine Environmentsp. 305
Sedimentation in Marine Environmentsp. 315
Distinguishing Glaciolacustrine and Glaciomarine Diamicts from Glacial Tillsp. 324
Summaryp. 325
Suggested Readingp. 325
Landforms of Glacial Deposition in Waterp. 329
Glaciolacustrine Landformsp. 330
Glaciomarine Landformsp. 336
Summaryp. 343
Suggested Readingp. 343
Palaeoglaciologyp. 347
The Methods Used in Palaeoglaciologyp. 347
The Key Landforms Used in Palaeoglaciologyp. 353
Former Subglacial Thermal Regimesp. 358
Palaeoglaciological Reconstructionsp. 367
Summaryp. 370
Suggested Readingp. 372
Indexp. 377
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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