Global Energy and Water Cycles

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-04-09
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
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The abundance of water in all three phases makes the Earth unique in the Solar System. Knowledge of the fluxes and changes of phase of water is essential for an understanding of weather, climate, and life itself. This book provides a state-of-the-art treatment of advances in our understanding through improvements in global models, in the representation of the processes included in the models, and in related observations. It deals with fluxes within the atmosphere, at and beneath the land and ocean surface, and the interaction between them. In order to provide authoritative and coherent coverage of an area of environmental science that is developing rapidly, the book draws on the expertise of many of the world's leading researchers across a wide range of meteorology, hydrology and oceanography.

Table of Contents

List of contributors
The Global Energy and Water Cycles
The global energy cycle
The global water cycle
Global Atmospheric Models, Data Assimilation and Applications to the Energy and Water Cycles
Atmospheric models for weather prediction and climate simulations
Numerical approximations for global atmospheric models
Parameterization of subgrid-scale processes
Principles of data assimilation
Estimation of the global energy and water cycle from global data assimilation
Coupled atmosphere-ocean modeling for climate simulation and prediction
Atmospheric Processes and their Large-Scale Effects
Radiative effects of clouds and water vapour
Effects of aerosols on clouds and radiation
Vertical transport processes
Precipitating cloud systems
Surface and Sub-Surface Precipitation
Estimating surface precipitation
Air-sea fluxes and their estimation
The ocean's response to the freshwater cycle
Physical and physiological feedback constraining evaporation from land surfaces
Soil water
Surface runoff and subsurface redistribution of water
Use of Small-Scale Models and Observational Data to Investigate Coupled Processes
Mesoscale field experiments and models
Cloud-resolving models
Examples of the Use of GCMs to Investigate Effects of Coupled Processes
The interaction of convective and turbulent fluxes in general circulation models
Soil moisture-precipitation interaction: experience with two land surface schemes in the ECWMF model
Continental-Scale Water Budgets
Estimating evaporation-minus-precipitation as a residual of the atmospheric water budget
Factors determining the partitioning of precipitation into evaporation and runoff
The water budget of a middle latitude continental region: a modelling and observational study
Estimating large scale run-off
The Way Forward
Toward an integrated land-atmosphere-ocean hydrology
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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