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9781597260800

Global Environmental Governance

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781597260800

  • ISBN10:

    1597260800

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2006-04-30
  • Publisher: Island Pr
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Summary

Today's most pressing environmental problems are planetary in scope, confounding the political will of any one nation. How can we solve them? Global Environmental Governanceoffers the essential information, theory, and practical insight needed to tackle this critical challenge. It examines ten major environmental threats-climate disruption, biodiversity loss, acid rain, ozone depletion, deforestation, desertification, freshwater degradation and shortages, marine fisheries decline, toxic pollutants, and excess nitrogen-and explores how they can be addressed through treaties, governance regimes, and new forms of international cooperation. Written by Gus Speth, one of the architects of the international environmental movement, and accomplished political scientist Peter M. Haas,Global Environmental Governancetells the story of how the community of nations, nongovernmental organizations, scientists, and multinational corporations have in recent decades created an unprecedented set of laws and institutions intended to help solve large-scale environmental problems. The book critically examines the serious shortcomings of current efforts and the underlying reasons why disturbing trends persist. It presents key concepts in international law and regime formation in simple, accessible language, and describes the current institutional landscape as well as lessons learned and new directions needed in international governance.Global Environmental Governanceis a concise guide, with lists of key terms, study questions, and other features designed to help readers think about and understand the concepts discussed.

Author Biography

James Gustave Speth is dean of the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies Peter M. Haas is professor at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst

Table of Contents

Preface xi
Chapter I Introduction: Toward Planetary Stewardship 1(11)
Stewardship Assignments: A Thought Experiment
3(6)
The Real World: Only One Earth
9(3)
Chapter II Global-Scale Environmental Challenges 12(40)
The Globalization of Environmental Threats
13(3)
Ten Major Global Environmental Challenges
16(27)
Acid Rain and Regional Air Pollution
19(2)
Ozone Depletion
21(1)
Climate Disruption
22(7)
Deforestation
29(2)
Land Degradation and Desertification
31(1)
Freshwater Degradation and Shortages
32(3)
Marine Fisheries Decline
35(1)
Toxic Pollutants
36(3)
Loss of Biological Diversity
39(2)
Excess Nitrogen
41(2)
Some Connections among the Issues
43(1)
Underlying Drivers of Deterioration
44(8)
Chapter III From Stockholm to Johannesburg: First Attempt at Global Environmental Governance 52(30)
The Stockholm Conference: Setting Out
56(5)
Stockholm to Rio: Across New Frontiers
61(8)
The Earth Summit: A Peak on the Journey
69(5)
Rio to Johannesburg: A Zigzag Trail
74(2)
The Johannesburg Summit: Too Steep an Incline
76(2)
Concluding Observations
78(4)
Chapter IV Environmental Accord: Treaties and International Environmental Law 82(25)
International Law and Collective Action: The Basics
82(5)
The Ozone Layer Protection Regime: The Little Engine That Could
87(9)
Problem Identification, Fact Finding, and Agenda Setting
88(4)
Negotiation, Bargaining, and Agreement on Actions to Be Taken
92(3)
Formal Adoption
95(1)
Implementation, Monitoring, Assessment, and Strengthening
96(1)
Treaty Regimes and the Other Major Global Environmental Threats
96(7)
Will Climate Protection Be the Next Success?
103(4)
Chapter V Key Actors, Expanding Roles: The United Nations, International Organizations, and Civil Society 107(18)
The United Nations System
107(7)
Development Assistance and the Environment
114(5)
The World Trade Organization, Environment, Trade, and Globalization
119(2)
Civil Society and Governance without Governments
121(4)
Chapter VI Paths to the Future: A Second Attempt at Global Environmental Governance? 125(26)
Reformist Visions: How to Make the System Work Better
127(7)
Cooperative Environment
128(3)
Capacity
131(1)
Concern
131(3)
Reformist Visions: Major Innovations
134(4)
A World Environment Organization
134(2)
Opening the System to the Public
136(1)
Global Issue Networks
136(2)
Alternative Visions: How to Change the System
138(13)
Addressing the Underlying Drivers: Beyond Dealing with Symptoms
139(2)
Natural Capitalism: Beyond Blinkered Capitalism
141(2)
Ecological Economics: Beyond Neoclassical Economics
143(1)
Local Control: Beyond Corporate Globalization
144(3)
Bottom-up Change: Beyond Global Governance
147(4)
Questions for Discussion 151(4)
References 155(4)
Further Reading 159(8)
Index 167

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