Global Issues, Local Arguments : Readings for Writing

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-11-13
  • Publisher: Longman
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Global Issues, Local Arguments: Readings for Writingfeatures high-interest arguments on significant global issues and emphasizes their connection to our lives-all the while developing critical thinking, rhetorical, analysis, synthesis, argumentation, and research skills.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xvi
Exploring and Defining Globalizationp. 1
Exploration One: How Wide Is Your Global View?p. 2
Exploration Two: Globalization at Workp. 6
What Does Globalization Mean?p. 7
Controversies over Definitions and Interpretations of Globalizationp. 8
Controversies over Responses to Globalizationp. 11
Navigating the Controversiesp. 13
Analyzing and Writing Argumentsp. 14
A Brief Introduction to Argumentp. 15
Issue Questions, Claims, and Stakeholdersp. 15
Basel Action Network, "The e-Waste Crisis"p. 17
The Core of an Argument: A Claim with Reasonsp. 21
Assumptions in Argumentp. 23
The Development of an Argument: Evidencep. 25
Responses to Alternative Viewsp. 26
Arguments Tailored to Audiencesp. 26
Ed Finn, "Harnessing Our Power as Consumers: Cost of Boycotting Sweatshop Goods Offset by the Benefits"p. 29
A Brief Introduction to Rhetorical Analysisp. 31
The Importance of Thinking and Reading Rhetoricallyp. 31
Identifying the Writer and the Writer's Angle of Visionp. 33
Identifying the Rhetorical Contextp. 34
Examining the Use of Classical Appeals to Logos, Ethos, and Pathosp. 35
A Consideration of Stylep. 37
Writing a Summaryp. 38
Using Summaries in Rhetorical Analysesp. 38
Using Summaries in Argumentsp. 38
How to Write a Summaryp. 39
Writing a Rhetorical Analysisp. 41
The Purpose and Audience of a Rhetorical Analysisp. 42
The Structure of a Rhetorical Analysisp. 42
Analyzing the Argumentp. 43
Choosing a Focus for Your Rhetorical Analysis and Writing a Thesis Statementp. 44
Drafting a Rhetorical Analysisp. 46
An Example of a Rhetorical Analysis Essayp. 47
Student Voice: "Responsibly Motivating the World?-A Rhetorical Analysis of Two Advocacy Films" by Tyler Bernardp. 47
Writing an Argumentp. 52
Posing a Significant, Perplexing Issue Questionp. 52
Examining Multiple Perspectivesp. 54
Analyzing Your Rhetorical Contextp. 56
Constructing an Argument Corep. 57
Structuring and Drafting Your Argumentp. 57
Reviewing and Revising Your Draftp. 58
An Example of a Student's Researched Argumentp. 58
Student Voice: "American Privilege Dangerously Perpetuates Water Inefficiency"p. 58
Trading Goods: Consumerism, Free Trade, and Sweatshopsp. 68
Context for a Network of Issuesp. 68
Stakes and Stakeholdersp. 71
Student Voice: Thinking Beyond My American Consumerism Sweatshopsp. 74
International Voices
Comments from a Factory Worker Producing Clothing for Wal-Martp. 76
Global Hot Spot: Chinap. 77
Readingsp. 79
"Poor Man's Hero" [Interview with Johan Norberg]p. 79
Global Exchange, "Twelve Reasons to Oppose the World Trade Organization" (hand bill)p. 88
Associated Press, Wal-Mart Failed America (photograph)p. 91
"My Six-Year-Old Son Should Get a Job: Is Free Trade Always the Answer?"p. 92
"Yes, Globalization Passed Its Peak"p. 96
"When Americans No Longer Own America"p. 100
Buy American, Buy Union (photograph)p. 104
"Going Downhill: Forget GDP, Americans' Quality of Life Has Been in a Recession Since 1975p. 106
"Bangladesh: On the Ladder of Development"p. 108
Garment Factory in Saipan (photograph)p. 113
"Sweat, Fire and Ethics"p. 114
Student Voice: "Is There Blood on These Diamonds?"p. 119
"Low Prices Come at a High Cost"p. 123
Supermarket Tennis Shoes (cartoon)p. 125
"Toxic Toys: Is This Just China Bashing?"p. 126
Low Prices Have Consequences (cartoon)p. 129
Student Voice: "Uncovere[RED]"p. 130
Chapter Questions for Reflection and Discussionp. 133
Writing Assignmentsp. 134
Trading Financial Risk and Jobs: The Global Economic Crisisp. 138
Context for a Network of Issuesp. 138
Stakes and Stakeholdersp. 142
Student Voice: "Thanking the Poor Economy"p. 147
International Voices
Workers in a German Town Comment on Losing Their Jobsp. 149
Global Hot Spot: The United Statesp. 150
Readingsp. 151
"The G-20 Summit: Time to Renew Commitment to Economic Freedom"p. 151
"Markets Can't Rule Themselves"p. 155
G-20 Protest (photograph)p. 159
"A Stimulus Package for the World"p. 160
"How Capitalism Will Save Us"p. 163
"All of Them Must Go"p. 172
"The Open-Door Bailout"p. 175
Job Fair (photograph)p. 177
"Testimony before the Committee on Science and Technology, U.S. House of Representatives"p. 178
Outsourcing (cartoon)p. 188
"Testimony before the Committee on Science and Technology, U.S. House of Representatives"p. 188
Cover of Wired magazinep. 192
"Watching Greed Murder the Economy"p. 194
Student Voice: "The United States Needs to Nationalize Now"p. 198
Apocalypse Now (cartoon)p. 204
"Prudence or Profligacy?"p. 205
"Forget Commercialism! The New Realities of Consumption and the Economy"p. 209
Chapter Questions for Reflection and Discussionp. 212
Writing Assignmentsp. 213
Crossing Borders: Immigrationp. 217
Context for a Network of Issuesp. 217
Stakes and Stakeholdersp. 220
Student Voice: "Immigrant Pain"p. 223
International Voices
Residents of a Small Town in Mexico Responding to Immigrationp. 224
Global Hot Spot: Mexicop. 225
Readingsp. 226
"Borders Beyond Control"p. 226
"Lecture on International Flows of Humanity"p. 232
Mexico's Ministry of Foreign Relations, From Guide for the Mexican Migrant (excerpt)p. 239
"The Special Case of Mexican Immigration"p. 241
"MALDEF and LULAC Rebuke Samuel Huntington's Theories on Latino Immigrants and Call on America to Reaffirm Its Commitment to Equal Opportunity and Democracy"p. 246
"It's Time to End Worker Exploitation"p. 251
"Transnational Labor Citizenship"p. 254
America's Leadership Team for Long Range Population-Immigration-Resource Planning, "One of Americas Best-Selling Vehicles" (advocacy ad)p. 261
"Assimilation Nation"p. 263
Europe as a Walled Fortress (cartoon)p. 266
"A Year of Living Dangerously"p. 267
"Muslim Riots in Europe: Wasn't This Part of the Programme?"p. 271
"This Carry-On about Muslim Dress"p. 274
Chapter Questions for Reflection and Discussionp. 275
Writing Assignmentsp. 276
Protecting the Environment: Water Issues and Emerging Energy Technologiesp. 280
Context for a Network of Issuesp. 280
Stakes and Stakeholdersp. 283
Student Voice: "Changing Lives with Water"p. 289
International Voices
Comments from Water Authorities in Swazilandp. 291
Global Hot Spot: Africap. 292
Readingsp. 294
"Private Water Saves Lives"p. 294
"Where Has All the Water Gone?"p. 296
"The Missing Piece: A Water Ethic"p. 301
United Nations Environment Programme, "Health and Environment" (poster)p. 304
"Acceptance Speech for the Nobel Peace Prize for 2004"p. 306
"Big Dams Are Not Sustainable But They Continue to Be Built"p. 312
Wind versus Tidal Energy (cartoon)p. 314
"Nuke Power Is Earth's Friend"p. 315
"The Energy Shortage"p. 319
Student Voice: "A Letter to Ken Salazar"p. 320
"The Ethanol Delusion"p. 326
The White House Goes Green (cartoon)p. 329
"Aiming for Energy Security, Not Independence"p. 330
"Pedaling Our Way to Energy Independence"p. 332
Chapter Questions for Reflection and Discussionp. 334
Writing Assignmentsp. 336
Feeding the World: Biotechnology, culture, and Local Foodp. 341
Context for a Network of Issuesp. 341
Stakes and Stakeholdersp. 343
Student Voice: "Nurturing the Land or Poisoning It"p. 348
International Voices
Excerpts from Interviews with Farmers and Activists in Northern Indiap. 349
Global Hot Spot: Indiap. 350
Readingsp. 352
"Why You Can't Sit Down to Eat Without Making a Statement"p. 352
"Technology That Will Save Billions from Starvation"p. 356
"Biotech Snake Oil: A Quack Cure for Hunger"p. 364
"How We Can Feed the World"p. 373
Competition (cartoon)p. 375
"Gift of Food: How to Solve the Agricultural Crisis, the Health Crisis and the Crisis of Poverty"p. 376
"Power to the People"p. 382
Food Routes Network,"Where Does Your Food Come From?" (flier)p. 385
"The Vegetable-Industrial Complex"p. 387
"Deepening Our Sense of What Is Local and Regional Food"p. 392
United Nations Environment Programme, "Health and Environment" (poster)p. 394
"Going Local on a Global Scale: Rethinking Food Trade in an Era of Climate Change, Dumping, and Rural Poverty"p. 396
"Food That Travels Well"p. 403
Chapter Questions for Reflection and Discussionp. 406
Writing Assignmentsp. 408
Merging and Clashing Cultures: Media, Technology, Music, and Filmp. 411
Context for a Network of Issuesp. 412
Stakes and Stakeholdersp. 414
Student Voice: "Cross-Culturalization in Beijing"p. 417
International Voices
Yeunhwa Jang from Korea Comments on American Fast Foodp. 419
Global Hot Spot: The Middle Eastp. 419
Readingsp. 421
"When Here Sees There"p. 421
The Economist, "Behind the Digital Divide"p. 424
Cover Image from the Economistp. 428
"In Defense of Globalization: Why Cultural Exchange Is Still an Overwhelming Force for Good Globalization"p. 430
Great Mall of China (cartoon)p. 436
"The Revolution Will Be Televised"p. 436
"Mideast Rappers Take the Mic"p. 440
"Why Is Bollywood Obsessed with Producing 'Crossover FilmsÆ?"p. 444
"Shocked by Slumdog's Poverty Porn"p. 447
"Slumdog Millionaire"p. 450
"The Slumdog Look"p. 457
"A 'SlumdogÆ in Heat: Interview with Danny Boyle"p. 458
"Marvel Comics and Manifest Destiny"p. 461
Image from Spider-Man Indiap. 464
Chapter Questions for Reflection and Discussionp. 465
Writing Assignmentsp. 466
Defending Human Rights: Trafficking and Child Laborp. 471
Context for a Network of Issuesp. 471
Stakes and Stakeholdersp. 474
Student Voice: "A Human Connection"p. 477
International Voices
Testimony of a Child Domestic Worker in Zambiap. 479
Testimony of a Trafficked Woman in the Sex Tradep. 479
Global Hot Spot: The Balkans and Eastern Europep. 480
Readingsp. 481
"Human Trafficking"p. 481
"Put Your Money Where Their Mouths Are"p. 488
Children's Forum (Special Session on Children-UNICEF), "A World Fit for Us"p. 490
Chadian Eight-Year-Old Soldier Smoking (photograph)p. 493
"Trafficking and Health"p. 494
International Organization for Migration, "For Sale" (poster)p. 501
"Confusion Between Prostitution and Sex Trafficking"p. 502
"Slavery in 2004"p. 505
"Ending Abuses and Improving Working Conditions for Tomato Workers"p. 507
National Human Trafficking Resource Center, "Look Beneath the Surface" (poster)p. 513
Chapter Questions for Reflection and Discussionp. 514
Writing Assignmentsp. 515
Glossary of Globalization and Argument Termsp. 519
Films on Global Issuesp. 529
Answers to Chapter 1, "Global Pursuit"p. 533
Creditsp. 534
Indexp. 537
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