Good Reasons with Contemporary Arguments

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-01-01
  • Publisher: Longman
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This popular rhetoric/reader combines a brief, accessible introduction to argument with an anthology of provocative readings on contemporary issues. Helps the reader write and understand various types of arguments, including visual as well as verbal arguments. Anthology features more than 80 selections on topics such as privacy, globalization, science and ethics, the media and the environment. General interest; Contemporary issues

Table of Contents

Alternate Contents: Types of Argumentsp. xiv
Prefacep. xx
Introductionp. 1
Persuading with Good Reasonsp. 1
What Do We Mean by Argument?p. 2
What Does Argument Mean for College Writers?p. 2
How Can You Argue Responsibly?p. 3
How Can You Argue Respectfully?p. 4
Reading and Discovering Arguments
Why Argue?p. 9
Why Do People Write Arguments?p. 9
Finding Good Reasonsp. 10
Why Do Some Arguments Succeed?p. 12
What Are the Goals of Arguments?p. 16
What Are Rhetorical Appeals?p. 17
Rachel Carson, The Obligation to Endurep. 19
Reading Argumentsp. 22
Read Criticallyp. 22
Read Activelyp. 22
Finding Good Reasonsp. 24
Recognize Fallaciesp. 26
Respond as a Writerp. 28
Finding Argumentsp. 30
Find Arguments in Everyday Conversationsp. 30
Find a Topic that Interests Youp. 33
Find a Claim by Exploringp. 37
Finding Good Reasonsp. 39
Find a Claim by Readingp. 40
Find Good Reasonsp. 44
Find Evidence to Support Good Reasonsp. 50
Drafting and Revising Argumentsp. 52
State and Evaluate Your Thesisp. 52
Think about Your Readersp. 54
Finding Good Reasonsp. 55
Organize Your Argumentp. 57
Write an Engaging Title and Introductionp. 58
Write a Strong Conclusionp. 59
Evaluate Your Draftp. 60
Respond to the Writing of Othersp. 62
Edit and Proofread Carefullyp. 64
Analyzing Arguments
Analyzing Written Argumentsp. 69
What Is Rhetorical Analysis?p. 69
Build a Rhetorical Analysisp. 69
Analyze the Rhetorical Featuresp. 70
Analyze the Rhetorical Contextp. 75
Write a Rhetorical Analysisp. 79
Barbara Jordan, Statement on the Articles of Impeachmentp. 80
T. Jonathan Jackson (student), An Argument of Reason and Passion: Barbara Jordan's "Statement on the Articles of Impeachment"p. 84
Steps to Writing a Rhetorical Analysisp. 87
Analyzing Visual Argumentsp. 90
What Is a Visual Argument?p. 90
Analyze Visual Persuasionp. 92
Analyze Visual Evidencep. 93
Build a Visual Analysisp. 100
Write a Visual Analysisp. 100
Angela Yamashita (student), Got Roddick?p. 101
Steps to Writing a Visual Analysisp. 104
Writing Arguments
Putting Good Reasons into Actionp. 109
Use Different Approaches to Construct an Argumentp. 110
Finding Good Reasonsp. 111
Definition Argumentsp. 113
Understand How Definition Arguments Workp. 113
Recognize Kinds of Definitionsp. 114
Finding Good Reasonsp. 117
Build a Definition Argumentp. 118
Scott McCloud, Setting the Record Straightp. 121
Chris Nguyen (student), Speech Doesn't Have to Be Pretty to Be Protectedp. 129
Steps to Writing a Definition Argumentp. 134
Causal Argumentsp. 137
Understand How Causal Arguments Workp. 137
Find Causesp. 138
Finding Good Reasonsp. 140
Build a Causal Argumentp. 142
Annie Murphy Paul, The Real Marriage Penaltyp. 144
Emily Raine, Why Should I Be Nice to You? Coffee Shops and the Politics of Good Servicep. 147
Steps to Writing a Causal Argumentp. 153
Evaluation Argumentsp. 156
Understand How Evaluation Arguments Workp. 156
Recognize Kinds of Evaluationsp. 157
Finding Good Reasonsp. 159
Build an Evaluation Argumentp. 160
Michael Eric Dyson, Gangsta Rap and American Culturep. 162
Rashaun Giddens (student), Stop Loss or "Loss of Trust"p. 163
Steps to Writing an Evaluation Argumentp. 174
Narrative Argumentsp. 177
Understand How Narrative Arguments Workp. 178
Recognize Kinds of Narrative Argumentsp. 179
Finding Good Reasonsp. 180
Build a Narrative Argumentp. 181
Leslie Marmon Silko, The Border Patrol Statep. 182
Dagoberto Gilb, My Landlady's Yardp. 187
Steps to Writing a Narrative Argumentp. 190
Rebuttal Argumentsp. 192
Understand How Rebuttal Arguments Workp. 193
Finding Good Reasonsp. 195
Recognize Kinds of Rebuttal Argumentsp. 196
Build a Rebuttal Argumentp. 199
Dan Stein, Crossing the Linep. 200
Gregory Rodriguez, Illegal Immigrants-They're Moneyp. 202
Steps to Writing a Rebuttal Argumentp. 205
Proposal Argumentsp. 210
Understand How Proposal Arguments Workp. 211
Recognize Components of Proposal Argumentsp. 212
Finding Good Reasonsp. 213
Build a Proposal Argumentp. 214
Thomas Homer-Dixon and S. Julio Friedmann, Coal in a Nice Shade of Greenp. 216
Kim Lee (student), Let's Make It a Real Melting Pot with Presidential Hopes for Allp. 219
Steps to Writing a Proposal Argumentp. 223
Designing and Presenting Arguments
Designing Argumentsp. 229
Think About Your Readersp. 229
Know When to Use Images and Graphicsp. 230
Compose and Edit Imagesp. 231
Create Tables, Charts, and Graphsp. 234
Design Pages for Printp. 236
Design Pages for the Webp. 238
Presenting Argumentsp. 238
Plan in Advancep. 238
Design Effective Visualsp. 240
Focus on Your Deliveryp. 242
Researching Arguments
Planning Researchp. 247
Analyze the Research Taskp. 247
Find a Subjectp. 247
Ask a Research Questionp. 249
Gather Information About the Subjectp. 249
Draft a Working Thesisp. 252
Finding Sourcesp. 254
Search with Keywordsp. 255
Find Booksp. 256
Find Journal Articlesp. 256
Find Web Sourcesp. 259
Evaluating and Recording Sourcesp. 263
Evaluate Print Sourcesp. 263
Find Information to Cite Print Sourcesp. 264
Evaluate Database Sourcesp. 266
Find Information to Cite a Database Sourcep. 266
Evaluate Web Sourcesp. 267
Find Information to Cite a Web Sourcep. 269
Writing the Research Paperp. 270
Review Your Goals and Thesisp. 270
Determine Your Contributionp. 270
Determine Your Main Pointsp. 271
Avoid Plagiarismp. 271
Quote Sources Without Plagiarizingp. 273
Summarize and Paraphrase Sources Without Plagiarizingp. 274
Incorporate Quotationsp. 276
Incorporate Visualsp. 278
Documenting Sources in MLA Stylep. 280
Elements of MLA Documentationp. 280
MLA In-Text Citationsp. 284
MLA Works-Cited List: Booksp. 287
MLA Works-Cited List: Periodicalsp. 291
MLA Works-Cited List: Library Database Sourcesp. 293
MLA Works-Cited List: Online Sourcesp. 293
MLA Works-Cited List: Other Sourcesp. 295
Sample MLA Paper: Brian Witkowski (student), Need a Cure for Tribe Fever? How About a Dip in the Lake?p. 297
Documenting Sources in APA Stylep. 304
Elements of APA Documentationp. 304
APA In-Text Citationsp. 307
APA References List: Booksp. 309
APA References List: Periodicalsp. 310
APA References List: Library Database Sourcesp. 311
APA References List: Online Sourcesp. 311
APA References List: Other Sourcesp. 312
Contemporary Argumentsp. 313
Negotiating the Environmentp. 315
American Environmentalismp. 315
Contemporary Argumentsp. 316
Edward O. Wilson, The Conservation Ethicp. 318
Sidebar: Aldo Leopold, From The Land Ethicp. 320
N. Scott Momaday, The Way to Rainy Mountainp. 323
Robert Bullard, How Race Affected the Federal Government's Response to Katrinap. 328
Wendell Berry, Manifesto: Mad Farmer Liberation Frontp. 331
Issue in Focus: Climate Changep. 333
Al Gore, What Is Global Warming?p. 335
Al Gore, Ten Things to Do to Help Stop Global Warmingp. 338
Christopher C. Horner, Top Ten "Global-Warming" Mythsp. 339
Glenn McCoy, And Looking at Our Extended Forecast ... (cartoon)p. 340
Philip Jenkins, Burning at the Stakep. 343
Alex Williams, Buying into the Green Movementp. 345
Chicago Tribune, Fast Clothes vs. Green Clothes (editorial)p. 349
Elisabeth Rosenthal, Environmentally Unfriendly Trend: Fast Fashionp. 350
Sidebar: How "Green" Is Your T-Shirt?p. 351
From Reading to Writingp. 352
Confronting Sexual Differencep. 353
Sexual Difference in American Culturep. 353
Contemporary Argumentsp. 354
Carmen Vazquez, Appearancesp. 356
Peter J. Gomes, Homophobic? Read Your Biblep. 362
Ryan T. Anderson, Struggling Alonep. 365
Issue in Focus: Same-sex Marriagep. 368
Proposed Amendment to the U.S. Constitutionp. 370
Matt Davies, We're Here to Defend ... (cartoon)p. 370
House of Representatives, The Defense of Marriage Actp. 371
Anna Quindlen, Evan's Two Momsp. 373
Sonya Geis, A New Tactic in Fighting Marriage Initiativesp. 374
From Reading to Writingp. 376
William F. Jasper, Subversion Through Perversionp. 377
Marc Haeringer, Coming Out in the Line of Firep. 380
Emily Martin and Katie Schwartzmann, Bad for Both Boys and Girlsp. 383
Andrew Sullivan, The End of Gay Culturep. 384
Alexa Hackbarth, Vanity, Thy Name Is Metrosexualp. 396
Globalization: Importing and Exporting Americap. 400
America's Place in the Worldp. 400
Contemporary Argumentsp. 401
Henry Payne, The Bad News Is ... (cartoon)p. 401
Mae M. Ngai, No Human Being Is Illegalp. 406
Michelle Malkin, Beware of Illegal Aliens Seeking Hazmat Licensesp. 411
Sidebar: Emma Lazarus, The New Colossusp. 408
Sidebar: Thomas Bailey Aldrich, The Unguarded Gatesp. 410
Helen Epstein, Immigration Mazep. 413
Wiley Miller, What's the Worst That Can Happen ...? (cartoon)p. 414
Todd Gitlin, Under the Sign of Mickey Mouse & Co.p. 415
Urvashi Butalia, Living the Dreamp. 419
Sidebar: National Readership Survey 2006: Women's Attitudes in Indiap. 421
Laura Carlsen, Wal-Mart vs. Pyramidsp. 422
Darla K. Deardorff, In Search of Intercultural Competencep. 421
Science and Ethicsp. 427
The Ethics of Science and Technologyp. 427
Contemporary Argumentsp. 428
Bill Joy, Why the Future Doesn't Need Usp. 429
Francis Fukuyama, A Tale of Two Dystopiasp. 438
Ralph C. Merkle, Nanotechnology: Designs for the Futurep. 446
Ursula Franklin, Beautiful, Functional, and Frugalp. 452
Bill Gates, A Robot in Every Homep. 453
Christine Soares, Attitude Screenp. 460
Issue in Focus: Stem Cell Researchp. 462
Ron Reagan, Speech at the Democratic National Convention, July 21, 2004p. 464
Pat Oliphant, The Ronald Reagan Eulogy Will Be Delivered ... (cartoon)p. 466
Steven Milloy, Ron Reagan Wrong on Stem Cellsp. 466
Richard M. Doerflinger, Don't Clone Ron Reagan's Agendap. 468
From Reading to Writingp. 470
Privacyp. 472
New Challenges to Personal Privacyp. 472
Contemporary Argumentsp. 474
David Brin, Three Cheers for the Surveillance Society!p. 475
Ted Koppel, Take My Privacy, Please!p. 484
John McPherson, It's Part of the Government's New Emphasis ... (cartoon)p. 488
Randall Larsen, Traveler's Card Might Just Pave the Way for a National ID Cardp. 488
Jennifer Burk, Counselors Walk a Fine Line Weighing the Rights of Student and Collegep. 490
Jeffrey Zaslow, The End of Youthful Indiscretions: Internet Makes Them Permanent Blotsp. 492
Issue in Focus: Biometrics: Measuring the Body for Identityp. 494
Steven C. Bennett, Privacy Implications of Biometricsp. 496
Paul Saffo, A Trail of DNA and Datap. 502
FBI, Using Technology to Catch Criminalsp. 506
Russ Ryan, Emerging Biometric Technologiesp. 507
Sidebar: Voice Verification for Transactionsp. 510
J. G. Domke, Will Cash and Credit Cards Become Extinct in the Not-So-Distant Future?p. 511
From Reading to Writingp. 513
Regulating Substances, Regulating Bodiesp. 515
Private Bodies, Public Controlsp. 515
Contemporary Argumentsp. 517
Joseph A. Califano Jr., The Right Drug to Target: Cutting Marijuana Usep. 518
Eric Schlosser, Make Peace with Potp. 520
Issue in Focus: Regulating Tobaccop. 523
Philip Morris, Camel Lights Adp. 523
American Legacy Foundation, Antismoking Adp. 524
Gary Trudeau, Doonesbury: The Sin Lobby Gins Up ... (cartoon)p. 525
Douglas Bettcher and Chitra Subramaniam, The Necessity of Global Tobacco Regulationsp. 526
Walter E. Williams, Nazi Tacticsp. 528
From Reading to Writingp. 530
Malcolm Gladwell, Drugstore Athletep. 531
Bill Amend, What's This? (cartoon)p. 532
Michael Berube, Citizenship and Disabilityp. 540
Barry Blitt, New Yorker Coverp. 547
Terrence Rafferty, Kate Winslet, Please Save Us!p. 548
Susan Llewelyn Leach, Those Extra Pounds-Are They Government's Business?p. 554
Mim Udovitch, A Secret Society of the Starvingp. 556
Consumer Freedom, Obesity Adsp. 565
Pippa Wysong, Modifiedp. 566
Eric Lewis, The Subtext of All Tattoos (cartoon)p. 568
Mothers Against Drunk Driving, Like Father, Like Son Adp. 570
Susan Kinzie, A Rare Kind of Rush: A Sorority Based on Islamic Principlesp. 571
New Mediap. 574
Personal Space in Cyberspacep. 574
Contemporary Argumentsp. 575
Andrew Keen, Is Google's Data Grinder Dangerous?p. 576
Sidebar: John Perry Barlow, A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspacep. 578
John Seigenthaler, A False Wikipedia "Biography"p. 579
Walt Handelsman, Information Superhighway (cartoon)p. 583
Michael Gerson, Where the Avatars Roamp. 583
Jessica Bennett and Malcolm Beith, Alternate Universep. 585
Marcelle S. Fischler, Putting on Lip Gloss, and a Show, for YouTube Viewersp. 591
Sidebar: Joe Duffy and Andrew Keen, Can Anyone Be a Designer?p. 592
danah boyd, Facebook's "Privacy Trainwreck": Exposure, Invasion, and Social Convergencep. 595
Stephen Williams, Getting Off the Couchp. 604
A Guide to Avoiding Plagiarismp. 607
Glossaryp. 615
Creditsp. 619
Indexp. 622
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