Greenscreen Made Easy

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-04-01
  • Publisher: Michael Wiese Productions
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Now you can have all the visual power and punch previously reserved for the George Lucases of the world. Low-cost technology can make your no-bucks budget look like a million dollars if you know how to use it correctly.

Author Biography

Jeremy Hanke is the editor-in-chief of MicroFilmmaker Magazine. He founded MicroFilmmaker Magazine in 2005 to help low-budget filmmakers make better films through traditional means like tips, articles, training tutorials, and reviews, but also by less common means like critiquing new films as they are created by both local and international filmmakers. Michele Yamazaki is the VP of Marketing and Web Development Czarina for Toolfarm.com, a value-added reseller of plug-ins and software. She has demoed plug-ins for Apple, Boris FX, Red Giant, and other companies.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. x
What is Chromakeying?p. 1
To Buy or to Build a Greenscreenp. 7
Popular Options for Purchasing a Greenscreenp. 10
Rolled cloth backdrop and standp. 10
Portable flexscreensp. 11
Cutting edge: Chromattep. 12
Building Your Own Greenscreenp. 15
Creating greenscreens with rolled paperp. 15
Painted greenscreens using walls, flats, and foam corep. 16
Creating and hanging your own cloth backdropp. 17
The portable vinyl greenscreenp. 18
Combining elements to create a cyclorama greenscreen studiop. 21
Getting Your Background Environmentsp. 24
Photography and videographyp. 24
Digital matte paintingsp. 25
3D renderingp. 26
Multilayered compositesp. 26
Public domainp. 27
Internet and negotiationp. 27
Stock backgroundsp. 28
Lighting Your Matte for Maximum Keying Simplicityp. 29
Positioning your lights effectivelyp. 33
Types of lightingp. 35
Additional lighting elements to make your colors "pop"p. 37
Lighting and Positioning Your Talent for Optimal Blendingp. 41
Preplanning the lighting to blend between foreground and background planesp. 41
Different types of lighting for your foregroundp. 42
Placement of the actor and other blocking considerationsp. 44
Tricks to popping your talent from the backgroundp. 44
Camera Techniques for Clean Keysp. 46
Optimal distance and behavior of your camerap. 46
Setting up your camera for great keysp. 47
Creating High-Definition footage with a Standard-Definition camerap. 49
Production Ideas for Creative Greenscreen Usesp. 51
The invisible manp. 51
Sin City makeupp. 52
Luma Keyingp. 52
Shooting flame or smokep. 52
Stop-motion animationp. 53
Production Rules to Shoot Byp. 54
16 rules to shoot byp. 54
5 things to prep your talent with for optimal shootsp. 59
Keying Essentialsp. 61
Great keying techniques vs. good storytellingp. 61
Prepare Your Footagep. 63
Check pixel aspect ratio/frame aspect ratiop. 64
Deinterlace your fieldsp. 65
Deinterlacing fields in After Effectsp. 67
Third-party solutions for dealing with fieldsp. 68
Denoise and deartifactp. 69
Reducing noise per channelp. 70
The Remove Grain filter in After Effectsp. 70
Better monitoring with a second comp viewerp. 72
Third-party solutions for reducing noisep. 72
Check your edgesp. 73
Smoothing edges with Channel Combiner and Channel Blur in After Effectsp. 73
Third-party solutions for smoothing jaggy edgesp. 76
Even out your greenscreenp. 76
Third-party solutions for evening out your greenscreenp. 76
Save an animation pre-set of your pre-process effectsp. 77
Garbage mattes (aka junk mattes)p. 78
Making garbage mattes in Adobe After Effectsp. 78
Making garbage mattes in Apple Final Cut Prop. 80
Third-party options for garbage matte creation in Apple Final Cut Prop. 81
Making garbage mattes in Apple Motionp. 81
Getting to Know the Keyersp. 83
An overview of some keying plug-ins in Adobe After Effectsp. 83
Your basic Color Keyp. 83
Color Difference Keyerp. 84
Luma Keyp. 86
Inner/Outer Keysp. 87
An Overview of Some Third-Party Plug-ins: Keying Plug-ins for After Effects, Final Cut Pro, and Motionp. 89
The Foundry Keylightp. 89
Red Giant Software Primatte Keyer Prop. 92
Oak Street Software VKey2p. 96
Useful shortcuts for working with channels in Apple Motionp. 98
Digital Film Tools zMattep. 99
Mastering the Art of Keyingp. 102
Aharon Rabinowitz's Super Tight Junk Mattesp. 102
Multiple edge masksp. 104
The multiple edge mask technique in After Effectsp. 106
Automatically cycle mask colors in After Effectsp. 109
Color correctionp. 109
Color correction in Apple Final Cut Prop. 109
Third-party options for color correctionp. 110
Fixing Problemsp. 112
Hair and fur and other tough-to-key edgesp. 112
Matte toolsp. 112
Third-party matte toolsp. 113
Removing tracking dotsp. 114
Spill and despillp. 115
Spill suppression in After Effectsp. 115
Third-party options for spill suppressionp. 116
Keying motion-blurred footagep. 116
Third-party options for keying motion-blurred footagep. 117
Making Your Composite Look Believablep. 118
Matching grainp. 118
Matching grain in After Effectsp. 118
Light wrapp. 118
Light anglep. 122
Depth of fieldp. 122
Reintroducing reflectionsp. 123
Creating shadowsp. 125
Third-party solutions for projecting shadowsp. 126
Adding motion blur back into the videop. 126
Cool Tricks and Inspiration
Dancing clothes, aka the invisible manp. 127
Red lips, gray facep. 127
Key smoke and fire? Not! or How to remove a black background from fire, explosions, smoke, window cracks, etc.p. 128
Replace television or computer screensp. 129
The Sin City Conundrum: Blending 3D backgrounds with keyed footagep. 130
Choosing a 3D software that meets your needsp. 130
Creating 3D backgrounds in 3D softwarep. 133
Rendering your backgrounds correctlyp. 133
3D Channel Effects in After Effectsp. 136
Depth matte effect: placing your greenscreen shot within your 3Dp. 136
Depth of field with .rpf filesp. 137
Matching your 3D and footagep. 138
The Future of Low-Budget Keyingp. 139
Conclusionp. 141
Resource Listp. 143
Glossaryp. 145
About the Authorsp. 157
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