The H Factor of Personality: Why Some People Are Manipulative, Self-entitled, Materialistic, and Exploitive-and Why It Matters for Everyone

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-11-05
  • Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ Pr
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The "H"; in the H factor stands for "Honesty-Humility,"; and it's one of only six basic dimensions of personality. People who have high levels of H are sincere and modest; people who have low levels are deceitful and pretentious. It isn't intuitively obvious that traits of honesty and humility go hand in hand, and until very recently the H factor hadn't been recognised as a personality dimension. But scientific evidence shows that honesty and humility belong to a unified group of personality traits, separate from five other groups identified several decades ago. This book, written by the discoverers of the H factor, explores the importance of this personality dimension in various aspects of people's lives: their approaches to money, power, and sex; their inclination to commit crimes or obey the law; their attitudes about society, politics, and religion; and their choice of friends and spouse. Finally, the book provides ways of identifying people who are low in the H factor, as well as advice on how to raise one's own level of H.

Author Biography

Kibeom Lee is a professor of psychology at the University of Calgary. Originally from Seoul, South Korea, he received his Ph.D. from the University of Western Ontario and was formerly a lecturer at the University of Western Australia. He is the author of many scientific articles on personality and industrial/organizational psychology. Michael C. Ashton is a professor of psychology at Brock University in St Catharines, Ontario. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Western Ontario. He is the author of the textbook Individual Differences and Personality and of many scientific articles on personality psychology.

Table of Contents

List of Boxesp. viii
Acknowledgementsp. ix
Meet the H Factorp. 1
The Missing Link of Personality Psychologyp. 5
The "Big Five" Personality Factorsp. 6
Six Personality Factorsp. 14
HEXACO: The Six Dimensions of Personalityp. 19
Engagement and Endeavour: Openness to Experience (O), Conscientiousness (C), and Extraversion (X)p. 23
Altruism versus Antagonism: Honesty-Humility (H), Agreeableness (A), and Emotionality (E)p. 27
A Field Guide to Low-H Peoplep. 39
Low H, Low E: Greed without Fear-or Pityp. 40
Low H, High E: Weaseling and Whiningp. 42
Low H, High X: Narcissism Run Wildp. 45
Low H, Low X: The Smug Silent Typesp. 48
Low H, Low A: Just Plain Nastyp. 51
Low H, High A: Inoffensive but Insincerep. 54
Low H, Low C: An Employer's Worst Nightmarep. 58
Low H, High C: Selfish Ambitionp. 61
Low H, Low O: Shallow and Narrowp. 67
Low H, High O: Sophisticated Snobberyp. 68
Can You Tell Someone's Level of H?p. 73
Personality in Strangersp. 73
Self-Reports of H: Are They Honest?p. 76
Knowing Someone's Personality: H Is among the Last Things You Learnp. 79
H in the Workplace: Hard to Tellp. 82
Do High-H People Flock Together?p. 87
Similarity Beyond Personalityp. 87
Similarity-and Perceived Similarity-in Friendsp. 91
Personality, Values, and Relationshipsp. 95
Politicsp. 99
Right-Wing Authoritarianism (RWA) and Social Dominance Orientation (SDO)p. 100
O and Right-Wing Authoritarianismp. 104
H and Social Dominance Orientationp. 110
Personality and Political Party Supportp. 113
Religionp. 117
Personality and Religious Beliefsp. 118
Traditional Religion versus Mystical Spirituality: The Role of Op. 122
Reasons for Religious Observance: The Role of Hp. 124
Do Religions Promote High H?p. 126
Money, Power, and Sexp. 129
Moneyp. 129
Powerp. 139
Sexp. 142
How to Identify Low-H People-and How to Live Around Themp. 151
Not-So-Valid Signs of High Hp. 152
Respectability / Anti-Conformity / Religious Piety / Championing the Underdog / Blunt Criticism / Publicly Displayed Generosity
Valid Signs of Low Hp. 156
Beating the System / Instrumental Ingratiation / Gambling and Financial Speculation / Sexual Infidelity / Conspicuous Consumption (and Name Dropping) / "Above the Law" Mentality / Contempt of Other Groups
Living Around Low-H Peoplep. 162
Epilogue: On Becoming a High-H Personp. 165
Appendix: The HEXACO Personality Inventory-Revisedp. 167
HEXACO Personality Inventory-Revised (Self-Report Form)p. 167
HEXACO Personality Inventory-Revised (Observer Report Form)p. 171
HEXACO-PI-R Scoring and Interpretationp. 175
Notesp. 179
Referencesp. 191
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