Heisenberg in the Atomic Age: Science and the Public Sphere

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2010-01-11
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
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The end of the Second World War opened a new era for science in public life. Heisenberg in the Atomic Age explores the transformations of science's public presence in the postwar Federal Republic of Germany. It shows how Heisenberg's philosophical commentaries, circulating in the mass media, secured his role as science's public philosopher, and it reflects on his policy engagements and public political stands, which helped redefine the relationship between science and the state. With deep archival grounding, the book tracks Heisenberg's interactions with intellectuals from Heidegger to Habermas and political leaders from Adenauer to Brandt. It also traces his evolving statements about his wartime research on nuclear fission for the National Socialist regime. Working between the history of science and German history, the book's central theme is the place of scientific rationality in public life - after the atomic bomb, in the wake of the Third Reich.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Archival Abbreviationsp. xiii
Science and the Public Spherep. 3
Strategy and Approachp. 7
Outlinep. 11
Tracking Heisenbergp. 19
The Scientist as Bildungsbürgerp. 31
Bildung and Sciencep. 33
Performing Bildung: Theoryp. 37
Performing Bildung: Praxisp. 35
Enter Heisenbergp. 42
First Lecturesp. 44
Transformations in the Foundationsp. 48
Accommodating Culture to Politicsp. 51
Public and Privatep. 54
World Pictures and Public Rolesp. 58
Physics as Philosophyp. 60
Early Work: Fabricating Quantum Mechanicsp. 63
Making Sense of a Theoryp. 70
The Hidden Meaning of Quantum Field Theoryp. 75
The Philosophy of the Fundamental Lengthp. 79
Revisiting Helgolandp. 81
A Theory of Sciencep. 83
Quantum Theory after 1945p. 91
The Philosophy of the Future Theoryp. 92
Philosophy and Science in a World-Historical Momentp. 97
The Culture of the Eventp. 102
Mechanics: Securing the Speakerp. 103
Performance; Science and Bildung (1949)p. 106
Mechanics: Stagingp. 108
Performance: World Pictures on Display (1953)p. 109
Mechanics: Amplificationp. 113
Performance: World Formulae (1958)p. 115
Mechanics: Defining a Framep. 121
Performance: Goethe (1967)p. 122
Mechanics: Multiple Meaningsp. 126
Performance: Religion and Science (1973)p. 127
Science as Bildung: Cultural Constancyp. 133
Bildung ah Konsumgut: Dilemmas of the Literary Public Spherep. 136
Publishing: Brave New Worldp. 137
The Media Complex: Stars and Spectaclesp. 141
The Memoirsp. 145
Countercultural Resonancesp. 155
Science in the Public Spherep. 156
Science, Politics, and Power: Initial Orientationsp. 161
The Research Systemp. 162
The Scientistp. 165
Heisenberg on the Spotp. 171
The Atomic Agep. 173
A New Research Systemp. 177
Postwar Boundary Conditionsp. 178
Inside the Institutep. 183
The Max Planck Societyp. 187
National Science Policyp. 192
International Relationsp. 206
The Postwar Settlementp. 215
Science Policy in the Atomic Agep. 218
Boosting Atomic Physicsp. 220
Starting on a Reactorp. 223
Industry, the State, and the Max Planck Societyp. 227
Uncooperative Partners and the Problem of a Sitep. 232
Decisions, Mechanisms, and Consequencesp. 237
Roles, Responsibilities, and Political Concernsp. 243
Science Policy in the Smallp. 249
Atomic Physics and Political Orderp. 252
Expansion and Uncertaintyp. 256
Not an Institute Director in the German Sensep. 256
Structural Transformation: The Max Planck Societyp. 260
The MPG and Its Flindersp. 266
Hopes for Reformp. 272
Supporting Science: Budget Growth and Budget Cutsp. 277
Public Relationsp. 281
Planning: Accelerator Physicsp. 284
Projecting a Future: Conflict and Avoidancep. 287
The End of Physics?p. 293
Out of Heisenberg's Erap. 301
Governance: Some Conclusionsp. 304
Science Policy and the Postwar Orderp. 308
Politics in the Public Spherep. 310
Postwar Beginningsp. 311
Göttingen: Small Publicp. 313
The Nuclear Threatp. 317
The Göttingen Manifestop. 320
Looking beyond Adenauerp. 330
Scientists and Intellectualsp. 333
To 1968 and Beyondp. 340
A Scientist in the Public Spherep. 344
Speaking of the Third Reich: Denazificationp. 351
Denazificationp. 353
"Aryan Physics"p. 359
Aside: "Resistance"p. 362
Reconstructing Public Lifep. 364
Reconstructing Speechp. 366
Speaking of the Third Reich: War Workp. 370
Farm Hall: Discussingp. 371
Farm Hall: Draftingp. 373
The Naturwissenschaften Report: Narrativep. 375
The Naturwissenschaften Report: Conclusionp. 379
Readings at Homep. 381
Readings Abroadp. 383
Things Said and Unsaidp. 389
Talking with Bohrp. 391
Speaking of the Third Reich: Into the Public Spherep. 397
Into the Public Sphere: Jungkp. 398
Not Talking with Bohrp. 408
Opening Upp. 412
War Work in Context? Speaking of the Third Reichp. 416
Writing the Memoirsp. 418
Situating the Memoirsp. 425
The World-Historical Framep. 428
Scientific Reason in the Public sphere
The Public Read of Reason after 1945p. 435
Predicting, Controlling, and Mastering Naturep. 437
Politics in the Scientific-Technical Worldp. 440
Limits t Progress, Limits to reasonp. 444
Science and the Selfp. 452
The Problem of Valuesp. 455
Interpreting Scientists and Interpreting sciencep. 457
Epiloguep. 459
Bibliographyp. 463
Indexp. 521
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