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Heritage of World Civilizations, TLC edition, Combined Volume

by ; ; ; ;
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780132196826

ISBN10:
0132196824
Format:
Paperback w/CD
Pub. Date:
1/1/2007
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $98.67

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Summary

For courses in World History I (to 1500) and World History II (since 1500). This highly visual, brief text provides and engaging overview of human civilization. The Teaching & Learning Classroom edition of the highly successful Heritage of World Civilizations , Seventh Edition, provides your students with the most help available in reading, thinking about, and applying the material they learn in the text and in the classroom. A series of pedagogical aids, and in-text and additional study resources (as well as complete instructor presentational and assessment support), both make this text the perfect choice for those looking to make history come alive for their students. Written by leading historians, this is the book that will change the way you feel about history. Prentice Hall developed this text to bring history to your students with more visual appeal than ever. This is the book that they will want to read because it is interesting. They will think about what yours"re reading because it has relevance to their life. With this book and the multimedia tools we crafted to accompany it, your students will truly experience historyrs"s dramatic trials and passionate triumphs in a way that adds meaning to their own life. And they will score better on tests because preparation will be easier and less time-consuming than they ever dreamed possible.

Table of Contents

Preface xxii
PART 1 The Coming of Civilization
2(52)
The Birth of Civilization
4(24)
Early Human Beings and Their Culture
6(1)
The Paleolithic Age
6(1)
The Neolithic Age
7(1)
The Bronze Age and the Birth of Civilization
7(1)
Early Civilizations to About 1000 B.C.E.
7(6)
Mesopotamian Civilization
8(3)
Egyptian Civilization
11(2)
Ancient Middle Eastern Empires
13(3)
The Hittites
14(1)
The Kassites
14(1)
The Mitannians
14(1)
The Assyrians
14(1)
The Second Assyrian Empire
14(2)
The Neo-Babylonians
16(1)
Early Indian Civilization
16(4)
The Indus Civilization
16(2)
The Vedic Aryan Civilization
18(2)
Early Chinese Civilization
20(3)
Neolithic Origins in the Yellow River Valley
20(1)
Early Bronze Age: The Shang
20(2)
Late Bronze Age: The Western Zhou
22(1)
Iron Age: The Eastern Zhou
22(1)
The Rise of Civilization in the Americas
23(2)
Summary
25(1)
Review Questions
26(1)
Key Terms
27(1)
The Four Great Revolutions in Thought and Religion
28(26)
Comparing the Four Great Revolutions
30(1)
Philosophy in China
30(3)
Confucianism
30(2)
Daoism
32(1)
Legalism
33(1)
Religion in India
33(6)
``Hindu'' and ``Indian''
33(1)
Historical Background
33(1)
The Upanishadic Worldview
34(2)
Mahavira and the Jain Tradition
36(1)
The Buddha's ``Middle Path''
36(3)
The Religion of the Israelites
39(3)
From Hebrew Nomads to the Israelite Nation
39(1)
The Monotheistic Revolution
40(2)
Greek Philosophy
42(6)
Reason and the Scientific Spirit
43(2)
Political and Moral Philosophy
45(3)
Summary
48(1)
Review Questions
49(1)
Key Terms
49(1)
Religions of the World
Judaism
50(2)
Visualizing The Past
Humans and Nature in Antiquity
52(2)
PART 2 EMPIRES AND CULTURES OF THE ANCIENT WORLD
54(118)
Greek and Hellenistic Civilization
56(28)
Bronze Age on Crete and on the Mainland to Ca. 1150 B.C.E.
58(1)
The Minoans
58(1)
The Mycenaeans
58(1)
Greek ``Middle Age'' to Ca. 750 B.C.E.
59(2)
Age of Homer
60(1)
The Polis
61(1)
Development of the Polis
61(1)
The Hoplite Phalanx
61(1)
Expansion of the Greek World
62(2)
Greek Colonies
62(2)
The Tyrants (ca. 700--500 B.C.E.)
64(1)
Life in Archaic Greece
64(2)
Society
64(1)
Religion
65(1)
Poetry
66(1)
Major City-States
66(2)
Sparta
66(1)
Athens
67(1)
The Persian Wars
68(1)
Ionian Rebellion
68(1)
The War in Greece
68(1)
Classical Greece
69(2)
The Delian League
69(2)
The First Peloponnesian War
71(1)
The Athenian Empire
71(4)
Athenian Democracy
72(1)
Women of Athens
72(1)
The Great Peloponnesian War
73(1)
Struggle for Greek Leadership
73(2)
Culture of Classical Greece
75(2)
Fifth Century B.C.E.
76(1)
Fourth Century B.C.E.
77(1)
Emergence of the Hellenistic World
77(3)
Macedonian Conquest
77(1)
Alexander the Great and His Successors
78(2)
Hellenistic Culture
80(2)
Philosophy
80(1)
Literature
81(1)
Architecture and Sculpture
82(1)
Mathematics and Science
82(1)
Summary
82(1)
Review Questions
83(1)
Key Terms
83(1)
Iran, India, and Inner Asia to 200 C.E.
84(20)
Ancient History
86(1)
The Elamites
86(1)
The Iranians
86(1)
Ancient Iranian Religion
87(1)
Zoroaster and the Zoroastrian Tradition
87(1)
The First Iranian Empire (550--330 B.C.E.)
87(4)
The Achaemenids
87(1)
The Achaemenid State
88(2)
The Achaemenid Economy
90(1)
India
91(1)
The First Indian Empire (321--185 B.C.E.)
91(4)
Political Background
91(1)
The Mauryans
92(3)
Consolidation of Indian Civilization (Ca. 200 B.C.E.--300 C.E.)
95(2)
The Economic Base
95(1)
High Culture
95(1)
Religion and Society
96(1)
Greek and Asian Dynasties
97(1)
Seleucids
97(1)
Indo-Greeks
97(1)
Steppe Peoples
98(2)
Parthians
98(1)
Sakas and Kushans
99(1)
Summary
100(1)
Review Questions
100(1)
Key Terms
101(1)
Visualizing The Past
Goddesses and the Female Form in Ancient Art
102(2)
Africa, Early History to 1000 C.E.
104(18)
Problems of Interpretation and Sources
106(1)
The Question of Civilization
106(1)
The Source Problem
106(1)
Physical Description of the Continent
106(1)
African Peoples
107(1)
Africa and Early Human Culture
107(1)
Diffusion of Languages and Peoples
108(1)
Racial Distinctions
108(1)
The Sahara and the Sudan to the Beginning of the Common Era
108(4)
Early Saharan Cultures
108(1)
Neolithic Sudanic Cultures
109(1)
The Early Iron Age and the Nok Culture
110(2)
Nilotic Africa and the Ethopian Highlands
112(4)
The Kingdom of Kush
112(1)
The Napatan Empire
112(1)
The Meroitic Empire
112(2)
The Aksumite Empire
114(2)
Isolation of Christian Ethiopia
116(1)
The Western and Central Sudan
116(2)
Agriculture, Trade, and the Rise of Urban Centers
116(2)
Formation of Sudanic Kingdoms in the First Millennium
118(1)
Central, Southern, and East Africa
118(3)
Bantu Migrations and Diffusion
119(1)
East Africa
119(2)
Summary
121(1)
Review Questions
121(1)
Key Terms
121(1)
Republican and Imperial Rome
122(30)
Prehistoric Italy
124(1)
The Etruscans
124(1)
Royal Rome
124(1)
Government
124(1)
Family
125(1)
Clientage
125(1)
Patricians and Plebeians
125(1)
The Republic
125(5)
Constitution
125(1)
Conquest of Italy
126(1)
Rome and Carthage
127(2)
The Republic's Conquest of the Hellenistic World
129(1)
Civilization in the Early Roman Republic: Greek Influence
130(1)
Religion
130(1)
Education
130(1)
Roman Imperialism
131(2)
Aftermath of Conquest
131(1)
The Gracchi
131(1)
Marius and Sulla
132(1)
War Against the Italian Allies (90--88 B.C.E.)
133(1)
Sulla's Dictatorship
133(1)
Fall of the Republic
133(1)
Pompey, Crassus, and Caesar
133(1)
First Triumvirate
133(1)
Dictatorship of Julius Caesar
133(1)
Second Triumvirate and the Emergence of Octavian
134(1)
The Augustan Principate
134(1)
Administration
134(1)
The Army and Defense
135(1)
Religion and Morality
135(1)
Civilization of the Ciceronian and Augustan Ages
135(2)
The Late Republic
135(1)
The Age of Augustus
136(1)
Peace and Prosperity: Imperial Rome (14--180 C.E.)
137(4)
Administration of the Empire
139(1)
Culture of the Early Empire
139(1)
Life in Imperial Rome: The Apartment House
140(1)
Rise of Christianity
141(2)
Jesus of Nazareth
141(1)
Paul of Tarsus
142(1)
Organization
142(1)
Persecution of Christians
142(1)
Emergence of Catholicism
142(1)
Rome as a Center of the Early Church
143(1)
The Crisis of the Third Century
143(1)
Barbarian Invasions
143(1)
Economic Difficulties
144(1)
The Social Order
144(1)
Civil Disorder
144(1)
The Late Empire
144(4)
The Fourth Century and Imperial Reorganization
144(2)
Triumph of Christianity
146(2)
Arts and Letters in the Late Empire
148(2)
Preservation of Classical Culture
148(2)
Christian Writers
150(1)
Summary
150(1)
Review Questions
150(1)
Key Terms
151(1)
China's First Empire 221 B.C.E.--589 C.E.
152(20)
Qin Unification of China
154(2)
Former Han Dynasty (206 B.C.E.--8 C.E.)
156(6)
The Dynastic Cycle
156(1)
Early Years of the Former Han Dynasty
157(1)
Han Wudi
157(1)
The Xiongnu
158(1)
Government During the Former Han
158(3)
The Silk Road
161(1)
Decline and Usurpation
161(1)
Later Han (25--220 C.E.) and Its Aftermath
162(2)
First Century
162(1)
Decline During the Second Century
162(1)
Aftermath of Empire
163(1)
Han Thought and Religion
164(5)
Han Confucianism
164(1)
History
165(1)
Neo-Daoism
165(1)
Buddhism
166(3)
Summary
169(1)
Review Questions
169(1)
Key Terms
169(1)
Visualizing The Past
The Silk Road in Late Antiquity
170(2)
PART 3 CONSOLIDATION AND INTERACTION OF WORLD CIVILIZATIONS
172(198)
Imperial China 589 B.C.E.--1368 C.E.
174(30)
Reestablishment of Empire: Sui (589--618) and Tang (618--907) Dynasties
176(11)
The Sui Dynasty
176(1)
The Tang Dynasty
177(10)
Transition to Late Imperial China: The Song Dynasty (960--1279)
187(8)
Agricultural Revolution of the Song: From Serfs to Free Farmers
187(1)
Commercial Revolution of the Song
188(2)
Government: From Aristocracy to Autocracy
190(1)
Song Culture
191(4)
China in the Mongol World Empire: The Yuan Dynasty (1279--1368)
195(7)
Rise of the Mongol Empire
195(2)
Mongol Rule in China
197(3)
Foreign Contacts and Chinese Culture
200(1)
Last Years of the Yuan
201(1)
Summary
202(1)
Review Questions
203(1)
Key Terms
203(1)
Japan, Early History to 1467
204(22)
Japanese Origins and the Yayoi Revolution
206(3)
Tomb Culture, the Yamato State, and Korea
206(1)
Religion in Early Japan
207(2)
Nara and Heian Japan
209(3)
Court Government
209(2)
Land and Taxes
211(1)
Rise of the Samurai
211(1)
Aristocratic Culture and Buddhism
212(3)
Chinese Tradition in Japan
212(1)
Birth of Japanese Literature
213(1)
Nara and Heian Buddhism
214(1)
Japan's Early Feudal Age
215(4)
The Kamakura Era
215(2)
The Question of Feudalism
217(1)
The Ashikaga Era
218(1)
Women in Warrior Society
218(1)
Agriculture, Commerce, and Medieval Guilds
219(1)
Buddhism and Medieval Culture
219(3)
Japanese Pietism: Pure Land and Nichiren Buddhism
220(1)
Zen Buddhism
221(1)
No Plays
222(1)
Summary
222(1)
Review Questions
223(1)
Key Terms
223(1)
Religions of the World
Buddhism
224(2)
Iran and India Before Islam
226(18)
Iran
228(1)
The Parthians
228(1)
The Sasanid Empire (224--651 C.E.)
229(3)
Society and Economy
229(1)
Religion
230(1)
Later Sasanid Developments
231(1)
India
232(1)
Golden Age of the Guptas
232(4)
Gupta Rule
232(1)
Gupta Culture
232(4)
The Development of ``Classical'' Traditions in Indian Civilization (Ca. 300--1000 C.E.)
236(4)
Society
236(1)
Religion
237(3)
Summary
240(1)
Review Questions
240(1)
Key Terms
241(1)
Religions of the World
Hinduism
242(2)
The Formation of Islamic Civilization 622--945
244(20)
Origins and Early Development
246(4)
The Setting
246(1)
Muhammad and the Qur'an
246(4)
Women in Early Islamic Society
250(1)
Early Islamic Conquests
250(3)
Course of Consquest
251(1)
Factors of Success
251(2)
The New Islamic Order
253(5)
The Caliphate
253(1)
The Ulama
254(1)
The Umma
255(3)
The High Caliphate
258(2)
The Abbasid State
258(1)
Society
259(1)
Decline
259(1)
``Classical'' Islamic Culture
260(3)
Intellectual Traditions
260(1)
Language and Literature
260(1)
Art and Architecture
261(2)
Summary
263(1)
Review Questions
263(1)
Key Terms
263(1)
The Byzantine Empire and Western Europe to 1000
264(24)
The End of the Western Roman Empire
266(1)
The Byzantine Empire
266(6)
The Reign of Justinian
267(5)
The Impact of Islam on East and West
272(1)
The Western Debt to Islam
272(1)
The Developing Roman Church
273(2)
Monastic Culture
273(1)
The Doctrine of Papal Primacy
274(1)
Division of Christendom
274(1)
The Kingdom of the Franks
275(8)
Merovingians and Carolingians: From Clovis to Charlemagne
275(1)
Reign of Charlemagne (768--814)
276(4)
Breakup of the Carolingian Kingdom
280(3)
Feudal Society
283(2)
Origins
283(1)
Vassalage and the Fief
283(1)
Fragmentation and Divided Loyalty
284(1)
Summary
285(1)
Review Questions
286(1)
Key Terms
287(1)
Islam in the Heartlands and Beyond, ca. 1000--1600
288(22)
The Islamic Heartlands
291(1)
Religion and Society
291(2)
Consolidation of Sunni Orthodoxy
291(1)
Sufi Piety and Organization
292(1)
Consolidation of Shi'ite Traditions
293(1)
Regional Developments
293(7)
The Islamic West: Spain and North Africa
293(1)
The Islamic West: Egypt and the Eastern Mediterranean World
294(2)
The Islamic East: Before the Mongol Conquests
296(2)
The Islamic East: The Mongol Age
298(2)
The Spread of Islam Beyond the Heartlands
300(1)
India and Southeast Asia
301(1)
Muslim-Hindu Encounter
301(1)
Islamic States and Dynasties
301(2)
Southeast Asia
303(1)
Religious and Cultural Accommodation
304(1)
Hindu and Other Indian Traditions
305(1)
Summary
305(1)
Review Questions
305(1)
Key Terms
306(2)
Visualizing The Past
The Divine in the Middle Ages
308(2)
Ancient Civilizations of the Americas
310(26)
Reconstructing the History of Native American Civilization
312(1)
Mesoamerica
312(2)
The Formative Period and the Emergence of Mesoamerican Civilization
314(2)
The Olmec
314(1)
The Valley of Oaxaca and the Rise of Monte Alban
315(1)
The Emergence of Writing and the Mesoamerican Calendar
316(1)
The Classic Period in Mesoamerica
316(4)
Teotihuacan
316(2)
The Maya
318(2)
The Post-Classic Period
320(6)
The Toltecs
320(1)
The Aztecs
321(5)
Andean South America
326(1)
The Preceramic and the Initial Period
326(1)
Chavin de Huantar and the Early Horizon
327(1)
The Early Intermediate Period
327(1)
Nazca
327(1)
Moche
327(1)
The Middle Horizon Through the Late Intermediate Period
328(2)
Tiwanaku and Huari
328(1)
The Chimu Empire
329(1)
The Inca Empire
330(2)
Summary
332(1)
Review Questions
332(1)
Key Terms
333(1)
Visualizing The Past
Mapping the World before 1500
334(2)
Europe to the Early 1500s: Revival, Decline, and Renaissance
336(34)
Revival of Empire, Church, and Towns
338(8)
Otto I and the Revival of the Empire
338(1)
The Reviving Catholic Church
339(1)
The Crusades
340(3)
Towns and Townspeople
343(3)
Society
346(4)
The Order of Life
346(3)
Medieval Women
349(1)
Growth of National Monarchies
350(4)
England and France: Hastings (1066) to Bouvines (1214)
350(2)
France in the 13th Century: Reign of Louis IX
352(1)
The Hohenstaufen Empire (1152--1272)
352(2)
Political and Social Breakdown
354(4)
Hundred Years' War
354(1)
The Black Death
355(3)
Ecclesiastical Breakdown and Revival: The Late Medieval Church
358(1)
Boniface VIII and Philip the Fair
358(1)
The Great Schism (1378--1417) and the Conciliar Movement to 1449
358(1)
The Renaissance in Italy (1375--1527)
359(5)
The Italian City-State: Social Conflict and Despotism
359(1)
Humanism
360(2)
Renaissance Art
362(1)
Italy's Political Decline: The French Invasions (1494--1527)
363(1)
Niccolo Machiavelli
364(1)
Revival of Monarchy: Nation Building in the 15th Century
364(4)
Medieval Russia
365(1)
France
366(1)
Spain
366(1)
England
367(1)
Summary
368(1)
Review Questions
369(1)
Key Terms
369(1)
PART 4 THE WORLD IN TRANSITION
370(164)
Europe 1500--1650: Expansion, Reformation and Religious Wars
372(42)
The Discovery of a New World
374(2)
The Reformation
376(15)
The Northern Renaissance
378(1)
Martin Luther and the German Reformation to 1525
379(5)
Zwingli and the Swiss Reformation
384(1)
Anabaptists and Radical Protestants
385(1)
John Calvin and the Genevan Reformation
385(1)
Political Consolidation of the Lutheran Reformation
386(1)
The English Reformation to 1553
387(2)
Catholic Reform and Counter-Reformation
389(2)
The Reformation's Achievements
391(3)
Family Life in Early Modern Europe
393(1)
The Wars of Religion
394(9)
French Wars of Religion (1562--1598)
394(3)
Imperial Spain and the Reign of Philip II (1556--1598)
397(1)
England and Spain (1558--1603)
398(1)
The Thirty Years' War (1618--1648)
399(4)
Superstition and Enlightenment: The Battle Within
403(7)
Witch Hunts and Panic
403(2)
Writers and Philosophers
405(5)
Summary
410(1)
Review Questions
410(1)
Key Terms
411(1)
Religions of the World
Christianity
412(2)
Africa, ca. 1000--1800
414(20)
North Africa and Egypt
416(1)
The Spread of Islam South of the Sahara
416(1)
Sahelian Empires of the Western and Central Sudan
417(6)
Ghana
417(1)
Mali
418(3)
Songhai
421(1)
Kanem and Kanem-Bornu
421(2)
The Eastern Sudan
423(1)
The Forestlands---Coastal West and Central Africa
423(5)
West African Forest Kingdoms: The Example of Benin
423(1)
European Arrivals on the Coastlands
424(1)
Central Africa
425(3)
East Africa
428(1)
Swahili Culture and Commerce
428(1)
The Portuguese and the Omanis of Zanzibar
429(1)
Southern Africa
429(3)
Southeastern Africa: ``Great Zimbabwe''
429(1)
The Portuguese in Southeastern Africa
430(1)
South Africa: The Cape Colony
431(1)
Summary
432(1)
Review Questions
433(1)
Key Terms
433(1)
Conquest and Exploitation: The Development of the Transatlantic Economy
434(22)
Periods of European Overseas Expansion
436(1)
Mercantilist Theory of Economic Exploitation
436(1)
Establishment of the Spanish Empire in America
437(2)
Conquest of the Aztecs and the Incas
437(1)
The Roman Catholic Church in Spanish America
438(1)
Economies of Exploitation in the Spanish Empire
439(5)
Varieties of Economic Activity
439(2)
The Decline of the Native American Population
441(1)
Commercial Regulation and The Flota System
441(1)
Colonial Brazil and Slavery
442(2)
French and British Colonies in North America
444(2)
Slavery in the Americas
446(1)
Establishment of Slavery
446(1)
The Plantation Economy and Transatlantic Trade
446(1)
Slavery on the Plantations
447(1)
Africa and the Transatlantic Slave Trade
447(7)
The Background of Slavery
449(1)
Slavery and Slaving in Africa
449(1)
The African Side of the Transatlantic Trade
450(1)
The Extent of the Slave Trade
450(1)
Consequences of the Slave Trade for Africa
451(3)
Summary
454(1)
Review Questions
455(1)
Key Terms
455(1)
East Asia in the Late Traditional Era
456(28)
Late Imperial China
458(1)
Ming (1368--1644) and Qing (1644--1911) Dynasties
458(7)
Land and People
458(1)
China's Third Commercial Revolution
458(4)
Ming--Qing Foreign Relations
462(3)
Ming--Qing Culture
465(1)
Japan
465(1)
Warring States Era (1467--1600)
466(2)
War of All Against All
466(1)
Foot Soldier Revolution
466(1)
Foreign Relations and Trade
467(1)
Tokugawa Era (1600--1868)
468(8)
Political Engineering and Economic Growth During the 17th Century
468(2)
18th and Early 19th Centuries
470(3)
Tokugawa Culture
473(3)
Korea and Vietnam
476(1)
Korea
476(2)
Early History
476(1)
The Choson Era: Late Traditional Korea
477(1)
Vietnam
478(4)
Early Vietnam
478(1)
The Second Millennium: Politics and Society
479(2)
Southeast Asia
481(1)
Summary
482(1)
Review Questions
482(1)
Key Terms
483(1)
State Building and Society in Early Modern Europe
484(30)
European Political Consolidation
486(8)
Two Models of European Political Development
486(1)
Toward Parliamentary Government in England
486(1)
The ``Glorious Revolution''
487(1)
Rise of Absolute Monarchy in France: The World of Louis XIV
488(1)
Years of Personal Rule
488(1)
Russia Enters the European Political Arena
489(1)
Birth of the Romanov Dynasty
489(1)
Peter the Great
489(3)
The Habsburg Empire and the Pragmatic Sanction
492(1)
The Rise of Prussia
493(1)
European Warfare: From Continental to World Conflict
494(4)
The Wars of Louis XIV
494(1)
The 18th-Century Colonial Arena
494(1)
War of Jenkins's Ear
495(1)
The War of the Austrian Succession (1740--1748)
496(1)
The Seven Years' War (1756--1763)
496(2)
The Old Regime
498(3)
Maintenance of Tradition
498(1)
Hierarchy and Privilege
498(1)
Aristocracy
498(1)
The Land and its Tillers
499(1)
Peasants and Serfs
499(2)
Family Structures and the Family Economy
501(1)
The Family Economy
501(1)
Women and the Family Economy
502(1)
The Revolution in Agriculture
502(3)
Population Expansion
505(1)
The 18th-Century Industrial Revolution
505(3)
An Event in World History
505(1)
Industrial Leadership of Great Britain
506(2)
European Cities
508(1)
Patterns of Preindustrial Urbanization
508(1)
Urban Classes
509(1)
The Jewish Population: Age of the Ghetto
509(1)
Summary
510(2)
Review Questions
512(1)
Key Terms
513(1)
The Last Great Islamic Empires 1500--1800
514(20)
Islamic Empires
516(1)
The Ottoman Empire
516(5)
Origins and Development of the Ottoman State before 1600
516(1)
The ``Classical'' Ottoman Order
516(2)
After Suleyman: Challenges and Change
518(2)
The Decline of Ottoman Military and Political Power
520(1)
The Safavid Shi'ite Empire
521(2)
Origins
521(1)
Shah Abbas I
521(1)
Safavid Decline
522(1)
Culture and Learning
522(1)
The Mughals
523(3)
Origins
523(1)
Akbar's Reign
523(1)
The Last Great Mughals
524(1)
Sikhs and Marathas
524(1)
Political Decline
524(1)
Religious Developments
525(1)
Islamic Asia
526(1)
Central Asia: Islamization and Isolation
526(1)
Uzbeks and Chaghatays
526(1)
Consequences of the Shi'ite Rift
527(1)
Power Shifts in the Southern Seas
527(2)
Southern-Seas Trade
527(1)
Control of the Southern Seas
528(1)
The Indies: Acheh
528(1)
Summary
529(1)
Review Questions
530(7)
Key Terms
537
Visualizing The Past
The ``Other'' in the Early Modern Period
532(2)
PART 5 ENLIGHTENMENT AND REVOLUTION IN THE WEST
534(82)
The Age of European Enlightenment
536(20)
The Scientific Revolution
538(4)
Nicolaus Copernicus Rejects an Earth-Centered Universe
538(1)
Tycho Brahe and Johannes Kepler
539(1)
Galileo Galilei
539(1)
Francis Bacon: Empirical Method
539(1)
Isaac Newton Discovers the Laws of Gravitation
540(1)
Women in the World of the Scientific Revolution
540(1)
John Locke
541(1)
The Enlightenment
542(1)
Voltaire
542(1)
The Encyclopedia
543(1)
The Enlightenment and Religion
543(2)
Deism
543(1)
Toleration
544(1)
Islam in Enlightenment Thought
544(1)
The Enlightenment and Society
545(5)
Montesquieu and The Spirit of the Laws
545(1)
Adam Smith on Economic Growth and Social Progress
546(1)
Rousseau
546(1)
Enlightened Critics of European Empire
547(1)
Women in the Thought and Practice of the Enlightenment
548(2)
Enlightened Absolutism
550(4)
Joseph II of Austria
550(1)
Catherine the Great of Russia
551(2)
The Partition of Poland
553(1)
Summary
554(1)
Review Questions
554(1)
Key Terms
555(1)
Revolutions in the Transatlantic World
556(26)
Revolution in the British Colonies in North America
558(3)
Resistance to the Imperial Search for Revenue
558(1)
American Political Ideas
558(1)
Crisis and Independence
558(3)
Revolution in France
561(14)
Revolutions of 1789
561(2)
Reconstruction of France
563(2)
A Second Revolution
565(1)
The Reign of Terror and Its Aftermath
566(3)
The Napoleonic Era
569(3)
The Congress of Vienna and The European Settlement
572(3)
Wars of Independence in Latin America
575(3)
18th-Century Developments
575(1)
First Movements Toward Independence
575(1)
San Martin in Rio de la Plata
576(1)
Simon Bolivar's Liberation of Venezuela
576(1)
Independence in New Spain
576(2)
Brazilian Independence
578(1)
Toward the Abolition of Slavery in the Transatlantic Economy
578(2)
Summary
580(1)
Review Questions
581(1)
Key Terms
581(1)
Political Consolidation in Nineteenth-Century Europe and North America, 1815--1880
582(34)
The Emergence of Nationalism in Europe
584(1)
Creating Nations
584(1)
Meaning of Nationhood
585(1)
Regions of Nationalistic Pressure in Europe
585(1)
Early 19th-Century Political Liberalism
585(2)
Politics
585(1)
Economics
586(1)
Relationship of Nationalism and Liberalism
586(1)
Liberalism and Nationalism in Modern World History
586(1)
Efforts to Liberalize Early 19th-Century European Political Structures
587(7)
Russia: The Decembrist Revolt of 1825 and the Autocracy of Nicholas I
587(1)
Revolution in France (1830)
588(1)
The Great Reform Bill in Britain (1832)
589(3)
1848: Year of Revolutions in Europe
592(2)
Testing the New American Republic
594(5)
Toward Sectional Conflict
594(3)
The Abolitionist Movement
597(2)
The Canadian Experience
599(2)
Road to Self-Government
600(1)
Keeping a Distinctive Culture
600(1)
Mid-Century Political Consolidation in Europe
601(6)
The Crimean War
601(1)
Italian Unification
602(2)
German Unification
604(1)
The Franco-Prussian War and The German Empire
605(2)
Unrest of Nationalities in Eastern Europe
607(2)
Racial Theory and Anti-Semitism
609(2)
Anti-Semitism and the Birth of Zionism
610(1)
Summary
611(1)
Review Questions
612(1)
Key Terms
613(1)
Visualizing The Past
Imagining Women in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries
614(2)
PART 6 INTO THE MODERN WORLD
616(110)
Northern Transatlantic Economy and Society, 1815--1914
618(34)
European Factory Workers and Urban Artisans
620(3)
19th-Century European Women
623(8)
Women in the Early Industrial Revolution
623(2)
Social Disabilities Confronted by All Women
625(2)
New Employment Patterns for Women
627(1)
Late 19th-Century Working-Class Women
628(1)
The Rise of Political Feminism
629(2)
Jewish Emancipation
631(1)
Early Steps to Equal Citizenship
631(1)
Broadened Opportunities
632(1)
European Labor, Socialism, and Politics to World War I
632(8)
The Working Classes in the Late 19th Century
632(1)
Marxist Critique of the Industrial Order
633(2)
Germany: Social Democrats and Revisionism
635(1)
Great Britain: The Labour Party and Fabianism
636(1)
Russia: Industrial Development and the Birth of Bolshevism
637(2)
European Socialism in World History
639(1)
North America and the New Industrial Economy
640(6)
European Immigration to the United States
640(2)
Unions: Organization of Labor
642(1)
The Progressives
643(1)
Social Reform
644(1)
The Progressive Presidency
644(2)
The Emergence of Modern European Thought
646(4)
Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection
646(1)
The Revolution in Physics
647(1)
Friedrich Nietzsche and the Revolt Against Reason
647(2)
The Birth of Psychoanalysis
649(1)
Islam and Late 19th-Century European Thought
650(1)
Summary
650(1)
Review Questions
651(1)
Key Terms
651(1)
Latin America from Independence to the 1940s
652(20)
Independence Without Revolution
654(3)
Immediate Consequences of Latin American Independence
654(1)
Absence of Social Change
654(2)
Control of the Land
656(1)
Submissive Political Philosophies
656(1)
Economy of Dependence
657(2)
New Exploitation of Resources
658(1)
Increased Foreign Ownership and Influence
658(1)
Economic Crises and New Directions
659(1)
Search for Political Stability
659(1)
Three National Histories
660(9)
Argentina
660(2)
Mexico
662(4)
Brazil
666(3)
Summary
669(1)
Review Questions
670(1)
Key Terms
671(1)
India, the Islamic Heartlands, and Africa: The Challenge of Modernity (1800--1945)
672(24)
The Indian Experience
674(1)
British Dominance and Colonial Rule
674(3)
Building the Empire: The First Half of the 19th Century
674(1)
British--Indian Relations
675(2)
From the Raj to Independence
677(2)
The Burden of Crown Rule
677(1)
Indian Resistance
677(1)
Hindu-Muslim Friction on the Road to Independence
678(1)
The Islamic Experience
679(1)
Islamic Responses to Declining Power and Independence
679(1)
Western Political and Economic, Encroachment
680(1)
The Western Impact
680(1)
Islamic Responses to Foreign Encroachment
681(2)
Emulation of the West
681(1)
Integration of Western and Islamic Ideas
682(1)
Women and Reform in the Middle East
682(1)
Purification and Revival of Islam
683(1)
Nationalism
683(1)
The African Experience
683(1)
New States and Power Centers
684(1)
Southern Africa
684(1)
East and Central Africa
684(1)
West Africa
684(1)
Islamic Reform Movements
685(1)
Increasing European Involvement
685(7)
Exploration
686(2)
Christian Missions
688(1)
The Colonial ``Scramble for Africa''
688(4)
African Resistance to Colonialism: The Rise of Nationalism
692(1)
Summary
692(1)
Review Questions
693(1)
Key Terms
693(1)
Religions of the World
Islam
694(2)
Modern East Asia
696(30)
Modern China (1839--1949)
698(1)
Close of Manchu Rule
698(4)
The Opium War
698(1)
Rebellions Against the Manchu
699(1)
Self-Strengthening and Decline (1874--1895)
700(1)
The Borderlands: The Northwest, Vietnam, and Korea
701(1)
From Dynasty to Warlordism (1895--1926)
702(1)
Cultural and Ideological Ferment: The May Fourth Movement
703(1)
Nationalist China
704(3)
Guomindang Unification of China and the Nanjing Decade (1927--1937)
704(2)
War and Revolution (1937--1949)
706(1)
Modern Japan (1853--1945)
707(1)
Overthrow of the Tokugawa Bakufu (1853--1868)
707(3)
Building the Meiji State (1868--1890)
710(2)
Centralization of Power
710(1)
Political Parties
710(1)
The Constitution
711(1)
Growth of a Modern Economy
712(2)
First Phase: Model Industries
712(1)
Second Phase: 1880s--1890s
713(1)
Third Phase: 1905--1929
713(1)
Fourth Phase: Depression and Recovery
713(1)
The Politics of Imperial Japan (1890--1945)
714(7)
From Confrontation to the Founding of the Seiyukai (1890--1900)
714(1)
The Golden Years of Meiji
714(2)
Rise of the Parties to Power
716(2)
Militarism and War (1927--1945)
718(3)
Japanese Militarism and German Nazism
721(1)
Summary
722(1)
Review Questions
723(1)
Key Terms
723(1)
Visualizing The Past
Industrialization
724(2)
PART 7 GLOBAL CONFLICT AND CHANGE
726
Imperialism and World War I
728(22)
Expansion of European Power and the ``New Imperialism''
730(3)
The New Imperialism
730(1)
Motives for the New Imperialism: Economic Interpretation
730(2)
Cultural, Religious, and Social Interpretations
732(1)
Strategic and Political Interpretations: The Scramble for Africa
732(1)
The Irrational Element
732(1)
Emergence of the German Empire
733(3)
Formation of the Triple Alliance (1873--1890)
733(1)
Bismarck's Leadership (1873--1890)
733(2)
Forging the Triple Entente (1890--1907)
735(1)
World War I
736(6)
The Road to War (1908--1914)
736(2)
Sarajevo and the Outbreak of War (June--August 1914)
738(1)
Strategies and Stalemate (1914--1917)
739(3)
The Russian Revolution
742(1)
End of World War I
743(5)
Military Resolution
743(1)
Settlement at Paris
744(4)
Evaluation of the Peace
748(1)
Summary
748(1)
Review Questions
748(1)
Key Terms
749(1)
Depression, European Dictators, and the American New Deal
750(22)
After Versailles: Demands for Revision and Enforcement
752(1)
Toward the Great Depression in Europe
752(2)
Financial Tailspin
752(1)
Problems in Agricultural Commodities
753(1)
Depression and Government Policy
753(1)
The Soviet Experiment
754(3)
War Communism
754(1)
The New Economic Policy
754(1)
Stalin versus Trotsky
755(1)
Decision for Rapid Industrialization
755(1)
The Purges
756(1)
The Fascist Experiment in Italy
757(2)
Rise of Mussolini
757(1)
The Fascists in Power
758(1)
German Democracy and Dictatorship
759(8)
The Weimar Republic
759(3)
Depression and Political Deadlock
762(1)
Hitler Comes to Power
763(1)
Hitler's Consolidation of Power
764(1)
The Police State
764(1)
Women in Nazi Germany
765(2)
The Great Depression and the New Deal in the United States
767(3)
Economic Collapse
768(1)
New Role for Government
768(2)
Summary
770(1)
Review Questions
771(1)
Key Terms
771(1)
World War II
772(22)
Again the Road to War (1933--1939)
774(4)
Hitler's Goals
774(1)
Destruction of Versailles
774(1)
Italy Attacks Ethiopia
775(1)
Remilitarization of the Rhineland
776(1)
The Spanish Civil War
776(1)
Austria and Czechoslovakia
776(1)
Munich
777(1)
The Nazi-Soviet Pact
778(1)
World War II (1939--1945)
778(9)
German Conquest of Europe
778(1)
Battle of Britain
779(1)
German Attack on Russia
779(1)
Hitler's Europe
780(1)
Racism and the Holocaust
780(1)
The Road to Pearl Harbor
781(1)
America's Entry into the War
781(1)
The Tide Turns
782(3)
Defeat of Nazi Germany
785(1)
Fall of the Japanese Empire
786(1)
The Cost of War
787(1)
The Domestic Fronts
787(4)
Germany: From Apparent Victory to Defeat
787(1)
France: Defeat, Collaboration and Resistance
788(1)
Great Britain: Organization for Victory
789(1)
The United States: American Women and African Americans in the War Effort
790(1)
The Soviet Union: ``The Great Patriotic War''
790(1)
Preparations for Peace
791(1)
The Atlantic Charter
791(1)
Tehran
791(1)
Yalta
792(1)
Potsdam
792(1)
Summary
792(1)
Review Questions
793(1)
Key Terms
793(1)
The West Since World War II
794(24)
The Cold War Era
796(5)
Initial Causes
796(1)
Areas of Early Cold War Conflict
797(1)
NATO and the Warsaw Pact
798(1)
Crises of 1956
798(1)
The Cold War Intensified
799(1)
Detente and Afterward
800(1)
European Society in the Second Half of the 20th Century and Beyond
801(4)
Toward Western European Unification
801(1)
Students and Popular Music
802(1)
The Movement of Peoples
802(1)
The New Muslim Population
803(1)
New Patterns in the Work and Expectations of Women
803(2)
American Domestic Scene Since World War II
805(3)
Truman and Eisenhower Administrations
806(1)
Civil Rights
806(1)
New Social Programs
806(1)
The Vietnam War and Domestic Turmoil
807(1)
The Watergate Scandal
807(1)
The Triumph of Political Conservatism
807(1)
The Soviet Union to 1989
808(2)
The Khrushchev Years
809(1)
Brezhnev
809(1)
Communism and Solidarity in Poland
809(1)
Gorbachev Attempts to Redirect the Soviet Union
810(1)
1989: Year of Revolutions in Eastern Europe
810(2)
Solidarity Reemerges in Poland
811(1)
Hungary Moves Toward Independence
811(1)
The Breach of the Berlin Wall and German Reunification
811(1)
The Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia
811(1)
Violent Revolution in Romania
812(1)
The Collapse of the Soviet Union
812(2)
Renunciation of Communist Political Monopoly
812(1)
The August 1991 Coup
813(1)
The Yeltsin Years
814(1)
The Collapse of Yugoslavia and Civil War
814(1)
Challenges to the Atlantic Alliance
815(1)
Summary
816(1)
Review Questions
817(1)
Key Terms
817(1)
East Asia, The Recent Decades
818(18)
Japan
820(4)
The Occupation
820(2)
Parliamentary Politics
822(1)
Economic Growth
822(1)
Society and Culture
823(1)
Japan and the World
824(1)
China
824(4)
Soviet Period (1950--1960)
824(1)
The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution (1965--1976)
825(1)
China After Mao
826(2)
Taiwan
828(2)
Korea
830(2)
Korea as a Japanese Colony
830(1)
North and South
830(1)
Civil War and U.S. Involvement
831(1)
Recent Developments
831(1)
Vietnam
832(2)
The Colonial Backdrop
832(1)
The Anticolonial War
833(1)
The Vietnam War
833(1)
War with Cambodia
833(1)
Recent Developments
834(1)
Summary
834(1)
Review Questions
835(1)
Key Terms
835(1)
Postcolonialism and Beyond: Latin America, Africa, Asia, and the Middle East
836
Beyond the Postcolonial Era
838(1)
Latin America Since 1945
838(7)
Revolutionary Challenges
840(2)
Pursuit of Stability Under Threat of Revolution
842(2)
Continuity and Change in Recent Latin American History
844(1)
Postcolonial Africa
845(4)
The Transition to Independence
845(4)
The African Future
849(1)
Central, South, and Southeast Asia --- The Islamic Heartland
849(4)
Turkey
849(1)
Iran and its Islamic Revolution
850(1)
Afghanistan and the Former Soviet Republics
851(1)
India
851(1)
Pakistan and Bangladesh
852(1)
Indonesia and Malaysia
853(1)
The Postcolonial Middle East
853(7)
New Nations in the Middle East
853(1)
The Arab-Israeli Conflict
854(2)
Middle Eastern Oil
856(1)
The Rise of Political Islamism
857(1)
Iraq and U.S. Intervention
858(2)
Summary
860(1)
Review Questions
860(1)
Key Terms
861(1)
Visualizing The Past
Imperialism and Race in Modern Art
862
Glossary 1(1)
Suggested Readings 1(1)
Credits 1(1)
Index 1(1)
World History Documents CD-ROM 1


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