Historic Galashiels : Archaeology and Development

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  • Edition: Pamphlet
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2011-07-08
  • Publisher: David Brown Book Co
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Situated in the picturesque Scottish Borders, Galashiels is renowned as a centre of the Scottish woolen industry. The town, created a burgh in 1599, owes its commercial prosperity to the Gala Water, which from the sixteenth century was harnessed to provide power for the numerous mills built along the bottom of the steep-sided valley. By the mid-eighteenth century the town was famous for its weavers, and the nineteenth century saw a 25-fold increase in the population as workers flocked to the many mills; at one time there were nearly thirty mills operating in the valley. Sir Walter Scott's home, Abbottsford, lies nearby, and at one time the Scott family owned much of the surrounding land. This book reviews the town's development, focusing particularly on the seventeenth to nineteenth centuries, and examines the survival of its built heritage in the form of the many mills.

Table of Contents

List of figuresp. vii
Abbreviationsp. xi
Acknowledgementsp. xii
Use of the Burgh Surveyp. 1
Site and settingp. 2
Geographical locationp. 2
Geologyp. 3
Building materialsp. 4
Soilsp. 4
Climate and land usep. 4
Sources of evidencep. 6
History and archaeologyp. 10
Prehistoryp. 10
The later prehistoric and Roman periodsp. 11
The early historic and early medieval periodsp. 12
The later medieval periodp. 14
The sixteenth centuryp. 17
The seventeenth centuryp. 18
The eighteenth centuryp. 26
The nineteenth centuryp. 37
The twentieth centuryp. 55
Archaeological potential and architectural character analysis of Galashielsp. 69
Archaeological potentialp. 69
Town Centrep. 73
Old Townp. 79
Balmoral and Torwoodleep. 81
Buckholmside, Ladhope and Glenfieldp. 84
Langleep. 87
Netherdalep. 87
Conclusionp. 90
Inventory of Galashiels Millsp. 93
Glossary of technical termsp. 115
Bibliographyp. 119
Indexp. 123
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