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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-12-30
  • Publisher: Univ of Chicago Pr

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In this pioneering work, Ernst Breisach presents an effective, well-organized, and concise account of the development of historiography in Western culture. Neither a handbook nor an encyclopedia, this up-to-date third edition narrates and interprets the development of historiography from its origins in Greek poetry to the present, with compelling sections on postmodernism, deconstructionism, African-American history, women's history, microhistory, the Historikerstreit, cultural history, and more. The definitive look at the writing of history by a historian, Historiography provides key insights into some of the most important issues, debates and innovations in modern historiography. Praise for the first edition: "Breisach's comprehensive coverage of the subject and his clear presentation of the issues and the complexity of an evolving discipline easily make his work the best of its kind."Lester D. Stephens, American Historical Review

Author Biography

Ernst Breisach is professor emeritus of history at Western Michigan University and the author of several books, including American Progressive History: An Experiment in Modernization and On the Future of History: The Postmodernist Challenge and Its Aftermath, both published by the University of Chicago Press.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xiii
Introductionp. 1
The Emergence of Greek Historiographyp. 5
The Timeless Past of Gods and Heroesp. 5
Discovering a Past of Human Dimensionsp. 8
The Era of the Polis and Its Historiansp. 12
The New History of the Polisp. 12
The Decline of the Polis: The Loss of Focusp. 21
Reaching the Limits of Greek Historiographyp. 27
The History of a Special Decadep. 27
Hellenistic Historiography: Beyond the Confines of the Polisp. 30
The Problem of New Regions and Peoplep. 34
Early Roman Historiography Myths, Greeks, and the Republicp. 40
An Early Past Dimly Perceivedp. 40
The Roman Past and Greek Learningp. 43
Greco-Roman History Writing: Triumph and a Latin Responsep. 45
Historians and the Republic's Crisisp. 52
History as Inspiration and Structural Analysisp. 52
History Divorced from Rome's Fatep. 56
Perceptions of the Past in Augustan and Imperial Romep. 60
History Writing in the "New Rome" of Augustusp. 60
Historians and the Empirep. 65
The Christian Historiographical Revolutionp. 77
The Formulation of Early Christian Historiographyp. 77
The Problem of Continuity in an Age of Upheavalp. 88
The Carolingian and Anglo-Saxon Consolidation in Historiographyp. 97
The Historiographical Mastery of New Peoples, States, and Dynastiesp. 107
Integrating Peoples into Latin Historiographyp. 107
Legitimizing New States and Dynastiesp. 112
Historians and the Ideal of the Christian Commonwealthp. 121
The Last Synthesis of Empire and Christianityp. 121
The Persistence of Christian Themesp. 125
Histories of a Grand and Holy Venture: The Crusadesp. 132
Historiography's Adjustment to Accelerating Changep. 138
The Search for Developmental Patternsp. 138
Transformations of the Chroniclep. 144
Two Turning Points The Renaissance and The Reformationp. 153
The Italian Renaissance Historiansp. 153
Humanist Revisionism Outside of Italyp. 162
The Collapse of Spiritual Unityp. 166
The Continuing Modification of Traditional Historiographyp. 171
The Blending of Theoretical and Patriotic Answersp. 171
Universal History: A Troubled Traditionp. 177
Historians, the New Politics, and New Perceptions of the Worldp. 185
The Origin and Early Forms of American Historyp. 195
The Eighteenth-Century Quest for a new Historiographyp. 199
The Reassessment of Historical Order and Truthp. 199
New Views on Historical Truthp. 201
New Grand Interpretations: Progress in Historyp. 205
New Grand Interpretations: The Cyclical Patternp. 210
Three National Responsesp. 215
The British Blend of Erudition, Elegance, and Empiricismp. 215
Enlightenment Historiography in a German Keyp. 217
Recording the Birth of the American Nationp. 224
Historians as Interpreters of Progress and Nation-Ip. 228
German Historians: The Causes of Truth and National Unityp. 229
France: Historians, the Nation, and Libertyp. 238
Historians as Interpreters of Progress and Nation-IIp. 248
English Historiography in the Age of Revolutionp. 248
Historians and the Building of the American Nationp. 255
Historiography's "Golden Age"p. 261
A First Prefatory Note to Modern Historiography (1860-1914)p. 268
History and the Quest for a Uniform Sciencep. 272
Comte's Call to Arms and the Responsep. 272
The German and English Responses to Positivist Challengesp. 278
The Peculiar American Synthesisp. 286
The Discovery of Economic Dynamicsp. 291
An Economic Perspective on the Pastp. 291
Karl Marx: Paneconomic Historiographyp. 293
Economic History after Marxp. 297
Historians Encounter the Massesp. 303
Jubilant and Dark Visionsp. 303
Social History as Institutional Historyp. 306
The American "New History": Call for a Democratic Historyp. 313
The Problem of World Historyp. 319
Historiography Between Two World Wars (1918-39)p. 323
The Twentieth-Century Contextp. 323
Challenges to Historiansp. 324
Historicism: From Dominance to Crisisp. 327
Historians and the War Guilt Debatep. 332
History Writing in Liberal Democracies (1918-39)p. 334
American Historiography after the "Great War"p. 334
American Progressive Historyp. 335
Other Social Historiesp. 338
England: Historiography in a Fading Empirep. 342
French Historians: The Revolutionary Tradition and a New Vision of the Pastp. 343
Historiography and the Grand Ideologiesp. 347
Italian Fascism and Historiography (1922-43)p. 347
German Historians in the Weimar Republic and Hitler's Reichp. 348
The Soviet Union: The Imagined Future as the Guide for Historyp. 351
American Historiography after 1945p. 356
New Realities and Traditional Horizonsp. 356
Historiographical Repercussions of America's New Statusp. 358
Historiography as Call for Reformp. 363
History in the Scientific Modep. 369
History in the Language of Numbersp. 369
Reshaping Economic Historyp. 373
Growing Dissent: Narrativismp. 378
Psychohistory: Promise and Problemsp. 382
Transformations in English and French Historiographyp. 387
Voices in the War Guilt Debatep. 387
History Writing in Post-imperial Englandp. 387
Traditional and New French Historical Perspectivesp. 388
Marxist Historiography in the Soviet Union and Western Democraciesp. 395
The Problems and the End of the Soviet Union's Marxismp. 395
Marxist Historical Theory in the Westp. 397
Historiography in the Aftermath of Fascismp. 401
Historical Perspectives in Postwar Italyp. 401
History for and of a New Germanyp. 402
World History Between Vision and Realityp. 408
The Multiple Cultures Modelp. 408
Progress and Westernizationp. 410
World System Theoriesp. 414
Recent Historiography: Fundamental Challenges and Their Aftermathp. 417
The Maturation of the New Historyp. 417
History and Two Visions of Postmodernityp. 420
The New Cultural Historyp. 425
Prospectsp. 427
Notesp. 431
List of Abbreviationsp. 443
Bibliographyp. 445
Index of Persons and Anonymous Worksp. 481
Index of Subjectsp. 497
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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