History and Philosophy of Psychology

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-02-20
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
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+This book introduces students to the historical context in which different subject areas of psychology (e.g. Developmental psychology, Clinical psychology etc.) were developed. and also looks at how contemporary philosophers approach the philosophical topics relevant to these areas of psychology (i.e. to tease out the philosophical implications from subjects areas of psychology), in addition to describing the philosophical bases from which different subject areas of psychology have emerged. The philosophical approach in this book is mainly orientated towards classical philosophy, taught by most university departments of philosophy in the U.K. The book also incorporates some fundamental Eastern ideas and history, though Western psychology is the main focus of the book. In the present book, readers will read just as much history of psychology as philosophy of psychology. Furthermore, the philosophical ideas are not only described for the purpose of tracing the ideas which preceded the formation of modern psychology, but also they are described in some depth in terms of philosophical implications that contemporary philosophers would address. In other words, the present book will address philosophical ideas which have not been covered in the previous books on the history of psychology. The present book is also distinctively different from existing publications on the history of psychology in that the Eastern perspective will also be incorporated. This perspective is by and large ignored in the other publications.

Author Biography

Man Cheung Chung is Professor of Psychology at Zayed University in the United Arab Emirates. He has a strong interest in philosophical psychology and has published widely in health and clinical psychology. His publications include Phenomenology and Psychological Science (with P.D. Ashworth, 2006) and Reconceiving Schizophrenia (with K.W.M. Fulford & G. Graham, 2007).

Michael E. Hyland is Professor of Health Psychology at Plymouth University. His interests span theoretical psychology, health psychology, and theory development in health psychology. His publications include Recent Trends in Theoretical Psychology (with W. Baker, R. Hezewijk, & S. Terwee, 1990) and Asthma Management for Practice Nurses (1998). He is also author of The Origins of Health and Disease (2011).

Table of Contents

Preface vii

1 Introduction 1

2 God, Divine Forces and Who We Are 5

3 Psychology and Science: First Beginnings 34

4 Philosophy of Mind and Philosophy of Science 61

5 Further Early Beginnings of Psychology: Functionalism, Measurement and the Application of Psychology 88

6 The Würzburg School, the Gestalt Movement and the Idea of Emergent Properties 126

7 Behaviourism, and the Disappearance and Reappearance of Organism (Person) Variables 144

8 Behaviourism and Free Will 170

9 The Unconscious Mind: Freud and Jung and the ‘Talking Cure’ 186

10 Philosophical Critiques of Freudian Ideas 218

11 The Return of the Mind: Phenomenological and Existential Psychology and the Psychology of Ultimate Concerns 233

12 Existential and Phenomenological Philosophies 256

13 History of Clinical Psychology and Philosophy of Mental Health 270

14 How to Preserve Oneself: Part I 296

15 How to Preserve Oneself: Part II 322

16 The Qualitative Perspective: Social Constructionism, Critical Psychology, Hermeneutical Psychology and the Psychology of Common Sense 337

Notes 350

References 355

Index 392

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