A History of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire: From Beginnings to 1807

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-04-13
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
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The Kingdom of Portugal was created as a by-product of the Christian Reconquest of Hispania. With no geographical raison d'être and no obvious roots in its Roman, Germanic, or Islamic pasts, it for long remained a small, struggling realm on Europe's outer fringe. Then, in the early fifteenth century, this unlikely springboard for Western expansion suddenly began to accumulate an empire of its own, eventually extending more than halfway around the globe. The History of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire, drawing particularly on historical scholarship postdating the 1974 Portuguese Revolution, offers readers a comprehensive overview and reinterpretation of how all this happened - the first such account to appear in English for more than a generation. Volume I concerns the history of Portugal itself from pre-Roman times to the climactic French invasion of 1807, and Volume II traces the history of the Portuguese overseas empire.

Author Biography

A. R. Disney was educated at Oxford and Harvard universities and has taught history at Melbourne and La Trobe universities. His publications include Twilight of the Pepper Empire (1978) and numerous articles, papers, and essays, published variously in the Economic History Review, Studia, Indica, Mare Liberum, Anais de Historia de Alem-mar, and other journals and proceedings.

Table of Contents

Contents for Volume Ip. ix
Abbreviationsp. xiii
List of mapsp. xvii
Prefacep. xix
Mapsp. xxiii
North Africap. 1
Beginnings: the conquest of Ceutap. 1
The era of neo-Reconquestp. 5
Retreat and stalematep. 10
Economic costs and benefitsp. 13
The disaster of Al-Ksar al-Kabirp. 16
The fortresses after Al-Ksar al-Kabirp. 20
Exploring the Coasts of Atlantic Africap. 27
The role of Prince Henriquep. 27
The Henrican voyagesp. 30
Coasts and rivers of Guineap. 33
Cão, Dias and the South Atlanticp. 35
Long-distance voyaging and nautical technologyp. 39
Pêro de Covilhã and Prester Johnp. 42
Engaging with Atlantic Africap. 45
Profits on the fringes of the Saharap. 45
Dealing with competitorsp. 47
Crown and lançados in Upper Guineap. 49
Portuguese origins of Guinea-Bissaup. 54
The gold of São Jorge da Minap. 56
Benin and the Niger deltap. 61
The kingdom of Kongop. 65
The conquest of Ndongop. 70
Early Portuguese settlement of Angolap. 75
The Angolan slave tradep. 77
The Atlantic Islands and Fisheriesp. 84
Portuguese beginnings in Madeirap. 84
Later development of Madeira: sugar, wine and over-populationp. 87
Discovering, settling and developing the Azoresp. 92
The Azores in the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuriesp. 97
Portugal and the Canariesp. 99
The Cape Verde Islands: discovery, settlement and early growthp. 101
The Cape Verde Islands: the later yearsp. 107
São Tomé and Principe: the slave islandsp. 110
The Newfoundland fisheries and the South Atlanticp. 115
Breakthrough to Maritime Asiap. 119
Vasco da Gama's first voyage to Indiap. 119
Getting to know 'the other'p. 122
Manueline dreamingp. 125
Albuquerquep. 129
Post-Albuquerquian consolidationp. 134
Escalating diplomacyp. 137
Empire in the Eastp. 145
The Estado da Índiap. 145
The crown and the pepper tradep. 149
Tapping into the inter-port tradep. 153
The carreira da Índiap. 157
Governing from afarp. 159
Late resurgent expansionismp. 165
Losses in the seventeenth centuryp. 168
Informal Presence in the Eastp. 172
Introducing the private traderp. 172
Private trade in western maritime Asiap. 175
Private trade in eastern maritime Asiap. 182
Soldiers-of-fortunep. 187
Informal settlements and settlersp. 192
Muzungos and prazo-holders in Mozambiquep. 198
Catholics in an alien worldp. 200
Brazil: Seizing and Keeping Possessionp. 204
Early voyages and the age of feitoriasp. 204
The Amerindians and their culturep. 207
Establishing settlements: the first hundred yearsp. 210
The disintegration of coastal Amerindian societyp. 216
The impact of the Jesuitsp. 219
Early-seventeenth-century foreign European intrusions and the Dutch conquest of Pernambucop. 221
The rule of Count Johan Maurits of Nassau-Siegenp. 223
The end of Netherlands Brazilp. 226
Formation of Colonial Brazilp. 232
Trees and tradersp. 232
The coming of sugarp. 235
The African slave trade to Brazilp. 238
Ports and plantations; farms and ranchesp. 241
Portuguese colonists and miscegenationp. 244
Early colonial slavery and slave societyp. 247
Escapees, the free poor and social controlp. 252
São Paulo and the southern interiorp. 254
The northeastern and northern interiorsp. 259
Late Colonial Brazilp. 263
Post-war reconstruction: sugar, tobacco and cattlep. 263
The great mineral boomp. 267
The free population of Minas Gerais in the age of goldp. 270
Slavery in Minas Geraisp. 274
Pombaline and post-Pombaline neo-mercantilismp. 277
The economic resurgence of the late eighteenth centuryp. 280
Extending the frontier and establishing borders in the north, west and southp. 285
Intimations of separationp. 293
Holding on in India: The Late Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuriesp. 299
Goa and its European rivalsp. 299
Portuguese, Omanis and Marathasp. 301
Old and new patterns in the intercontinental tradep. 305
The late colonial inter-port tradep. 310
The Estado da Índia's struggle for recovery in the late seventeenth centuryp. 314
Conservatism and stagnation in the early eighteenth centuryp. 317
Mid-eighteenth-century revival and expansionp. 319
Goa and the reforms of Pombalp. 322
The Pinto 'conspiracy'p. 327
The British occupation of Goap. 330
Eastern Empire in the Late Colonial Era: Peripheriesp. 332
The Estado da Índia beyond the sub-continentp. 332
Macau and its trade: from crisis to recoveryp. 332
Macanese trade in the late eighteenth centuryp. 335
A glimpse of Macanese society and governmentp. 337
Macau and the mandarins of Guangzhoup. 339
Macau's relations with Beijingp. 342
The Macau câmara and the crown authoritiesp. 345
Toehold in Timorp. 347
The loss of the Swahili coastp. 350
The ivory, gold and slave trades of Mozambiquep. 351
Enter the Baniasp. 353
Mozambique: a territorial empire in the making?p. 355
The Mozambique prazos after 1650p. 358
Mozambique and the eighteenth-century reformsp. 363
Glossaryp. 368
Bibliographyp. 377
Indexp. 401
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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