A History of Western Society, Value Edition, Combined

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  • Edition: 11th
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  • Copyright: 2013-09-20
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The lively and accessible narrative and the hallmark focus on social and cultural history that has made A History of Western Society one of the most successful textbooks for the Western civilization course is now available at a greatly reduced cost. The new Value Edition of A History of Western Society includes the full narrative, the popular "Individuals in Society" feature, and select primary sources, images, and maps. Available with all of the integrated media and supplements of the full text--including access to LearningCurve, Bedford's new online adaptive learning resource, and new online document assignments—the Value Edition offers a wealth of resources for students and more flexibility for instructors, all at an extremely affordable price.

To see an example of the new Online Document Assignment from Chapter 14, click here.

Author Biography

John P. McKay (Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley) is professor emeritus at the University of Illinois. He has written or edited numerous works, including the Herbert Baxter Adams Prize-winning book Pioneers for Profit: Foreign Entrepreneurship and Russian Industrialization, 1885-1913 and Tramways and Trolleys: The Rise of Urban Mass Transport in Europe. He also contributed to Imagining the Twentieth Century.

Bennett D. Hill (Ph.D., Princeton), late of the University of Illinois, was the history department chair from 1978 to 1981. He published Church and State in the Middle Ages, English Cistercian Monasteries and Their Patrons in the Twelfth Century, and numerous articles and reviews, and was one of the contributing editors to The Encyclopedia of World History. A Benedictine monk of St. Anselm's Abbey in Washington, D.C., he was also a visiting professor at Georgetown University.

John Buckler (Ph.D., Harvard University) taught history at the University of Illinois. Published books include Aegean Greece in the Fourth Century B.C., Philip II and the Sacred War, and Theban Hegemony, 371-362 B.C. With Hans Beck, he most recently published Central Greece and the Politics of Power in the Fourth Century.

Clare Haru Crowston (Ph.D., Cornell University) teaches at the University of Illinois, where she is currently associate professor of history. She is the author of Fabricating Women: The Seamstresses of Old Regime France, 1675-1791, which won the Berkshire and Hagley Prizes. She edited two special issues of the Journal of Women's History, has published numerous journal articles and reviews, and is a past president of the Society for French Historical Studies and a former chair of the Pinkney Prize Committee.

Merry E. Wiesner-Hanks (Ph.D., University of Wisconsin-Madison) taught first at Augustana College in Illinois, and since 1985 at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, where she is currently UWM Distinguished Professor in the department of history. She is the coeditor of the Sixteenth Century Journal and the author or editor of more than twenty books, most recently The Marvelous Hairy Girls: The Gonzales Sisters and Their Worlds and Gender in History. She currently serves as the Chief Reader for Advanced Placement World History.

Joe Perry (Ph.D., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) is Associate Professor of modern German and European history at Georgia State University. He has published numerous articles and is author of the recently published book Christmas in Germany: A Cultural History. His current research interests include issues of consumption, gender, and television in East and West Germany after World War II.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Origins to 1200 b.c.e.

Understanding Western History

     Describing the West

     What Is Civilization?

The Earliest Human Societies

     From the First Hominids to the Paleolithic Era

     Planting Crops

     Implications of Agriculture

     Trade and Cross-Cultural Connections

Civilization in Mesopotamia

     Environment and Mesopotamian Development

     The Invention of Writing and the First Schools

     Religion in Mesopotamia

     Sumerian Politics and Society

Empires in Mesopotamia

     The Akkadians and the Babylonians

     Life Under Hammurabi

     Cultural Exchange in the Fertile Crescent

The Egyptians

     The Nile and the God-King

     Egyptian Religion

     Egyptian Society and Work

     Egyptian Family Life

     The Hyksos and New Kingdom Revival

     Conflict and Cooperation with the Hittites

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Hatshepsut and Nefertiti

Primary Source: Paleolithic Venus Figures

Primary Source: Morality in the Egyptian Book of the Dead

Chapter 2: Small Kingdoms and Mighty Empires in the Near East 1200–510 b.c.e.

Iron and the Emergence of New States

     Iron Technology

     The Decline of Egypt and the Emergence of Kush

     The Rise of Phoenicia

The Hebrews

     The Hebrew State

     The Jewish Religion

     Hebrew Family and Society

Assyria, the Military Monarchy

     Assyria’s Long Road to Power

     Assyrian Rule and Culture

     The Neo-Babylonian Empire

The Empire of the Persian Kings

     Consolidation of the Persian Empire

     Persian Religion

     Persian Art and Culture

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Cyrus the Great

Primary Source: The Report of Wenamun

Primary Source: A Jewish Family Contract

Chapter 3: The Development of Greek Society and Culture, ca. 3000–338 b.c.e.

Greece in the Bronze Age

     Geography and Settlement

     The Minoans

     The Mycenaeans

     Homer, Hesiod, and the Epic

The Development of the Polis in the Archaic Age

     Organization of the Polis

     Governing Structures

     Overseas Expansion

     The Growth of Sparta

     The Evolution of Athens

War and Turmoil in the Classical Period

     The Persian Wars

     Growth of the Athenian Empire

     The Peloponnesian War

     The Struggle for Dominance

     Philip II and Macedonian Supremacy

Classical Greek Life and Culture

     Athenian Arts in the Age of Pericles

     Households and Work

     Gender and Sexuality

     Public and Personal Religion

     The Flowering of Philosophy

Chapter Review – LearningCurve


Primary Source: Hesiod, Works and Days

Primary Source: Sophocles, Antigone

Chapter 4: Life in the Hellenistic World 336–30 b.c.e.

Alexander’s Conquests and Their Political Legacy

     Military Campaigns

     The Political Legacy

Building a Hellenized Society

     Urban Life

     Greeks in Hellenistic Cities

     Greeks and Non-Greeks

The Economy of the Hellenistic World

     Agriculture and Industry


Religion and Philosophy in the Hellenistic World

     Religion and Magic

     Hellenism and the Jews

     Philosophy and the People

Hellenistic Science and Medicine



Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Alexander the Great

Primary Source: Arrian on Alexander the Great

Individuals in Society: Archimedes, Scientist and Inventor

Chapter 5: The Rise of Rome ca. 1000–27 b.c.e.

Rome’s Rise to Power

     The Geography of Italy

     The Etruscans

     The Founding of Rome

     The Roman Conquest of Italy

The Roman Republic

     The Roman State

     Social Conflict in Rome

Roman Expansion

     The Punic Wars

     Rome Turns East

Roman Society

     Roman Families

     Greek Influence on Roman Culture

     Opposing Views: Cato the Elder and Scipio Aemilianus

The Late Republic

     Reforms for Poor and Landless Citizens

     Political Violence

     Civil War

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Queen Cleopatra

Primary Source: A Woman’s Actions in the Turia Inscription

Primary Source: Plutarch on the Reforms of Gaius Gracchus

Chapter 6: The Roman Empire, 27 b.c.e.–284 c.e.

Augustus’s Reign

     The Principate

     Roman Expansion

     The Flowering of Latin Literature

     Marriage and Morality

Augustus’s Successors

     The Julio-Claudians and the Flavians

     The Age of the "Five Good Emperors"

Rome and the Provinces

     Life in Imperial Rome

     Approaches to Urban Problems

     Popular Entertainment

     Prosperity in the Roman Provinces

     Trade and Commerce

The Coming of Christianity

     Factors Behind the Rise of Christianity

     The Life and Teachings of Jesus

     The Spread of Christianity

     The Growing Acceptance and Evolution of Christianity

The Empire in Disarray

     Civil Wars and Military Commanders

     Turmoil in Economic Life

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

ONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Bithus, a Soldier in the Roman Army

Primary Source: Ovid, The Art of Love

Chapter 7: Late Antiquity, 250–600

Reconstruction Under Diocletian and Constantine

     Political Measures

     Economic Issues

     The Acceptance of Christianity

The Growth of the Christian Church

     The Church and Its Leaders

     The Development of Christian Monasticism

     Monastery Life

     Christianity and Classical Culture

     Christian Notions of Gender and Sexuality

     Saint Augustine on Human Nature, Will, and Sin

Barbarian Society

     Village and Family Life

     Tribes and Hierarchies

     Customary and Written Law

     Celtic and Germanic Religion

Migration, Assimilation, and Conflict

     Celtic and Germanic People in Gaul and Britain

     Visigoths and Huns

     Germanic Kingdoms and the End of the Roman Empire

Christian Missionaries and Conversion

     Missionaries’ Actions

     The Process of Conversion

The Byzantine Empire

     Sources of Byzantine Strength

     The Law Code of Justinian

     Byzantine Intellectual Life

     The Orthodox Church

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Theodora of Constantinople

Primary Source: Recruiting and Training Soldiers in the Roman Army

Primary Source: Tacitus on Germanic Society

Chapter 8: Europe in the Early Middle Ages, 600–1000

The Spread of Islam

     The Arabs

     The Prophet Muhammad

     The Teachings and Expansion of Islam

     Sunni and Shi’a Divisions

     Life in Muslim Spain

     Muslim-Christian Relations

     Cross-Cultural Influences in Science and Medicine

Frankish Rulers and Their Territories

     The Merovingians

     The Rise of the Carolingians

     The Warrior-Ruler Charlemagne

     Carolingian Government and Society

     The Imperial Coronation of Charlemagne

Early Medieval Culture

     The Carolingian Renaissance

     Northumbrian Learning and Writing

Invasions and Migrations

     Vikings in Western Europe

     Slavs and Vikings in Eastern Europe

     Magyars and Muslims

Political and Economic Decentralization

     Decentralization and the Origins of "Feudalism"

     Manorialism, Serfdom, and the Slave Trade

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

The Venerable Bede

Primary Source: The Muslim Conquest of Spain

Primary Source: The Death of Beowulf

Chapter 9: State and Church in the High Middle Ages, 1000–1300

Political Revival and the Origins of the Modern State



     Central Europe


     The Iberian Peninsula

Law and Justice

     Local Laws and Royal Courts

     The Magna Carta

     Law in Everyday Life


     Origins and Status of the Nobility

     Training, Marriage, and Inheritance

     Power and Responsibility

The Papacy

     The Gregorian Reforms

     Emperor Versus Pope

     Criticism and Heresy

     The Popes and Church Law

Monks, Nuns, and Friars

     Monastic Revival

     Life in Convents and Monasteries

     The Friars

The Crusades and the Expansion of Christianity

     Background and Motives of the Crusades

     The Course of the Crusades

     Consequences of the Crusades

     The Expansion of Christianity


Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Hildegard of Bingen

Primary Source: Marriage and Wardship in the Norman Exchequer

Primary Source: Pope Boniface VIII, Unam Sanctam

Chapter 10: Life in Villages and Cities of the High Middle Ages, 1000–1300

Village Life

     Slavery, Serfdom, and Upward Mobility

     The Manor


     Home Life

     Childbirth and Child Abandonment

Popular Religion

     Christian Life in Medieval Villages

     Saints and Sacraments

     Muslims and Jews

     Rituals of Marriage and Birth

     Death and the Afterlife

Towns and Economic Revival

     The Rise of Towns

     Merchant and Craft Guilds

     The Revival of Long‑Distance Trade

     Business Procedures

     The Commercial Revolution

Urban Life

     City Life

     Servants and the Poor

     Popular Entertainment

Medieval Universities


     Legal and Medical Training

     Theology and Philosophy

     University Students

Literature and Architecture

     Vernacular Literature and Drama

     Churches and Cathedrals

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Life in Medieval Towns

Primary Source: The Pilgrim’s Guide to Santiago de Compostela

Individuals in Society: Francesco Datini

Primary Source: Thomas Aquinas on Reason and Faith

Chapter 11: The Later Middle Ages, 1300–1450

Prelude to Disaster

     Climate Change and Famine

     Social Consequences

The Black Death


     Spread of the Disease

     Care of the Sick

     Economic, Religious, and Cultural Effects

The Hundred Years’ War


     English Successes

     Joan of Arc and France’s Victory


Challenges to the Church

     The Babylonian Captivity and Great Schism

     Critiques, Divisions, and Councils

     Lay Piety and Mysticism

Social Unrest in a Changing Society

     Peasant Revolts

     Urban Conflicts

     Sex in the City

     Fur-Collar Crime

     Ethnic Tensions and Restrictions

     Literacy and Vernacular Literature

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Meister Eckhart

Primary Source: The Trial of Joan of Arc

Primary Source: The Statute of Laborers

Chapter 12: European Society in the Age of the Renaissance, 1350–1550

Wealth and Power in Renaissance Italy

     Trade and Prosperity

     Communes and Republics of Northern Italy

     City-States and the Balance of Power

Intellectual Change



     Political Thought

     Christian Humanism

     The Printed Word

Art and the Artist

     Patronage and Power

     Changing Artistic Styles

     The Renaissance Artist

Social Hierarchies

     Race and Slavery

     Wealth and the Nobility

     Gender Roles

Politics and the State in Western Europe




Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Leonardo da Vinci

Primary Source: A Sermon of Savonarola

Primary Source: Cassandra Fedele on Humanist Learning

Chapter 13: Reformations and Religious Wars, 1500–1600

The Early Reformation

     The Christian Church in the Early Sixteenth Century

     Martin Luther

     Protestant Thought

     The Appeal of Protestant Ideas

     The Radical Reformation and the German Peasants’ War

     Marriage, Sexuality, and the Role of Women

The Reformation and German Politics

     The Rise of the Habsburg Dynasty

     Religious Wars in Switzerland and Germany

The Spread of Protestant Ideas


     Henry VIII and the Reformation in England

     Upholding Protestantism in England


     The Reformation in Eastern Europe

The Catholic Reformation

     Papal Reform and the Council of Trent

     New and Reformed Religious Orders

Religious Violence

     French Religious Wars

     The Netherlands Under Charles V

     The Great European Witch-Hunt

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Anna Jansz of Rotterdam

Primary Source: Elizabethan Injunctions About Religion

Primary Source: 1547 Ordinances in Calvin’s Geneva

Chapter 14: European Exploration and Conquest, 1450–1650

World Contacts Before Columbus

     The Trade World of the Indian Ocean

     The Trading States of Africa

     The Ottoman and Persian Empires

     Genoese and Venetian Middlemen

The European Voyages of Discovery

     Causes of European Expansion

     Technology and the Rise of Exploration

     The Portuguese Overseas Empire

     The Problem of Christopher Columbus

     Later Explorers

     Spanish Conquest in the New World

     Early French and English Settlement in the New World

The Impact of Conquest

     Colonial Administration

     Impact of European Settlement on Indigenous Peoples

     Life in the Colonies

     The Columbian Exchange

Europe and the World After Columbus

     Sugar and Slavery

     Spanish Silver and Its Economic Effects

     The Birth of the Global Economy

Changing Attitudes and Beliefs

     New Ideas About Race

     Michel de Montaigne and Cultural Curiosity

     William Shakespeare and His Influence

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Individuals in Society: Juan de Pareja

Primary Source: A Portuguese Traveler Describes Swahili City-States of East Africa

Primary Source: Tenochtitlán Leaders Respond to Spanish Missionaries

Chapter 15: Absolutism and Constitutionalism, ca. 1589–1725

Seventeenth-Century Crisis and Rebuilding

     The Social Order and Peasant Life

     Famine and Economic Crisis

     The Thirty Years’ War

     Achievements in State-Building

     Warfare and the Growth of Army Size

     Popular Political Action

Absolutism in France and Spain

     The Foundations of Absolutism

     Louis XIV and Absolutism

     Life at Versailles

     French Financial Management Under Colbert

     Louis XIV’s Wars

     The Decline of Absolutist Spain in the Seventeenth Century

Absolutism in Austria and Prussia

     The Return of Serfdom in the East

     The Austrian Habsburgs

     Prussia in the Seventeenth Century

     The Consolidation of Prussian Absolutism

The Development of Russia and the Ottoman Empire

     The Mongol Yoke and the Rise of Moscow

     The Tsar and His People

     The Reforms of Peter the Great

     The Growth of the Ottoman Empire

Alternatives to Absolutism in England and the Dutch Republic

     Absolutist Claims in England

Religious Divides and the English Civil War

     Cromwell and Puritanical Absolutism in England

     The Restoration of the English Monarchy

     Constitutional Monarchy and Cabinet Government

     The Dutch Republic in the Seventeenth Century

     Baroque Art and Music

Chapter Review – LearningCurve


Primary Source: Letter from Versailles

Primary Source: John Locke, Two Treatises of Government

Chapter 16: Toward a New Worldview, 1540–1789

Major Breakthroughs of the Scientific Revolution

     Scientific Thought in 1500

     Origins of the Scientific Revolution

     The Copernican Hypothesis

     Brahe, Kepler, and Galileo: Proving Copernicus Right

     Newton’s Synthesis

Important Changes in Scientific Thinking

     Bacon, Descartes, and the Scientific Method

     Medicine, the Body, and Chemistry

     Empire and Natural History

     Science and Society

The Enlightenment

     The Emergence of the Enlightenment

     The Influence of the Philosophes

     Jean-Jacques Rousseau

     The International Enlightenment

     Urban Culture and Life in the Public Sphere

     Race and the Enlightenment

Enlightened Absolutism

     Frederick the Great of Prussia

     Catherine the Great of Russia

     The Austrian Habsburgs

     Jewish Life and the Limits of Enlightened Absolutism

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Moses Mendelssohn and the Jewish Enlightenment

Primary Source: Galileo Galilei, The Sidereal Messenger

Primary Source: Du Châtelet, Foundations of Physics

Chapter 17: The Expansion of Europe, 1650–1800

Working the Land

     The Legacy of the Open-Field System

     New Methods of Agriculture

     The Leadership of the Low Countries and England

The Beginning of the Population Explosion

     Long-Standing Obstacles to Population Growth

     The New Pattern of the Eighteenth Century

The Growth of Rural Industry

     The Putting-Out System

     The Lives of Rural Textile Workers

     The Industrious Revolution

The Debate over Urban Guilds

     Urban Guilds

     Adam Smith and Economic Liberalism

The Atlantic World and Global Trade

     Mercantilism and Colonial Competition

     The Atlantic Economy

     The Atlantic Slave Trade

     Identities and Communities of the Atlantic World

     The Colonial Enlightenment

     Trade and Empire in Asia and the Pacific

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Rebecca Protten

Primary Source: Adam Smith on the Division of Labor

Primary Source: Olaudah Equiano’s Economic Arguments for Ending Slavery

Chapter 18: Life in the Era of Expansion, 1650–1800

Marriage and the Family

     Late Marriage and Nuclear Families

     Work Away from Home

     Premarital Sex and Community Controls

     New Patterns of Marriage and Illegitimacy

     Sex on the Margins of Society

Children and Education

     Child Care and Nursing

     Foundlings and Infanticide

     Attitudes Toward Children

     The Spread of Elementary Schools

Popular Culture and Consumerism

     Popular Literature

     Leisure and Recreation

     New Foods and Appetites

     Toward a Consumer Society

Religious Authority and Beliefs

     Church Hierarchy

     Protestant Revival

     Catholic Piety

     Marginal Beliefs and Practices

Medical Practice

     Faith Healing and General Practice

     Improvements in Surgery


     The Conquest of Smallpox

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

The Inner Life of the Individual

Primary Source: Parisian Boyhood

Individuals in Society: Rose Bertin, "Minister of Fashion"

Primary Source: Advice to Methodists

Chapter 19: Revolutions in Politics, 1775–1815

Background to Revolution

     Social Change

     Growing Demands for Liberty and Equality

     The Seven Years’ War

The American Revolutionary Era, 1775–1789

     The Origins of the Revolution

     Independence from Britain

     Framing the Constitution

     Limitations of Liberty and Equality

Revolution in France, 1789–1791

     Breakdown of the Old Order

     The Formation of the National Assembly

     Popular Uprising and the Rights of Man

     A Constitutional Monarchy and Its Challenges

World War and Republican France, 1791–1799

     The International Response

     The Second Revolution and the New Republic

     Total War and the Terror

     The Thermidorian Reaction and the Directory

The Napoleonic Era, 1799–1815

     Napoleon’s Rule of France

     Napoleon’s Expansion in Europe

     The Grand Empire and Its End

The Haitian Revolution, 1791–1804

     Revolutionary Aspirations in Saint-Domingue

     The Outbreak of Revolt

     The War of Haitian Independence

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Toussaint L’Ouverture

Primary Source: Abigail Adams, "Remember the Ladies"

Primary Source: Napoleon’s Proclamation to the French People

Chapter 20: The Revolution in Energy and Industry, ca. 1780–1850

The Industrial Revolution in Britain

     Origins of the British Industrial Revolution

     Technological Innovations and Early Factories

     The Steam Engine Breakthrough

     The Coming of the Railroads

     Industry and Population

Industrialization Beyond Britain

     National and International Variations

     Industrialization in Continental Europe

     Agents of Industrialization

     Government Support and Corporate Banking

     The Situation Outside of Europe

New Patterns of Working and Living

     Work in Early Factories

     Working Families and Children

     The New Sexual Division of Labor

Relations Between Capital and Labor

     The New Class of Factory Owners

     Debates over Industrialization

     The Early British Labor Movement

     The Impact of Slavery

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Individuals in Society: Josiah Wedgwood

Primary Source: Living Conditions of the Working Classes

Primary Source: Advice for Middle-Class Women

Chapter 21: Ideologies and Upheavals, 1815–1850

The Aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars

     The European Balance of Power

     Metternich and Conservatism

     Repressing the Revolutionary Spirit

     Limits to Conservative Power and Revolution in South America

The Spread of Radical Ideas

     Liberalism and the Middle Class

     The Growing Appeal of Nationalism

     The Foundations of Modern Socialism

     The Birth of Marxist Socialism

The Romantic Movement

     The Tenets of Romanticism


     Art and Music

Reforms and Revolutions Before 1848

     National Liberation in Greece

     Liberal Reform in Great Britain

     Ireland and the Great Famine

     The Revolution of 1830 in France

The Revolutions of 1848

     A Democratic Republic in France

     Revolution and Reaction in the Austrian Empire

     Prussia, the German Confederation, and the Frankfurt National Parliament

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Germaine de Staël

Primary Source: Metternich: Conservative Reaction in the German Confederation

Primary Source: The Republican Spirit in Paris, 1848

Chapter 22: Life in the Emerging Urban Society, 1840–1914

Taming the City

     Industry and the Growth of Cities

     The Advent of the Public Health Movement

     The Bacterial Revolution

     Improvements in Urban Planning

     Public Transportation

Rich and Poor and Those in Between

     The Distribution of Income

     The People and Occupations of the Middle Classes

     Middle-Class Culture and Values

     The People and Occupations of the Working Classes

     Working-Class Leisure and Religion

Changing Family Lifestyles

     Middle-Class Marriage and Courtship Rituals

     Middle- and Working-Class Sexuality


     Separate Spheres and the Importance of Homemaking

     Child Rearing

     The Feminist Movement

Science and Thought

     The Triumph of Science in Industry

     Darwin and Natural Selection

     The Modern University and the Social Sciences

     Realism in Art and Literature

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Life in the Modern City on Film

Primary Source: First Impressions of the World’s Biggest City

Individuals in Society: Franziska Tiburtius

Primary Source: Max Weber Critiques Industrial Capitalism

Chapter 23: The Age of Nationalism, 1850–1914

Napoleon III in France

     France’s Second Republic

     Napoleon III’s Second Empire

Nation Building in Italy, Germany, and the United States

     Italy to 1850

     Cavour and Garibaldi in Italy

     Growing Austro-Prussian Rivalry

     Bismarck and the Austro-Prussian War

     Taming the German Parliament

     The Franco-Prussian War

     Slavery and Nation Building in the United States

The Modernization of Russia and the Ottoman Empire

     The "Great Reforms" in Russia

     The Russian Revolution of 1905

     Reform and Readjustment in the Ottoman Empire

The Responsive National State, 1871–1914

     The German Empire

     Republican France

     Great Britain and Ireland

     The Austro-Hungarian Empire

The Nation and the People

     Making National Citizens

     Nationalism and Racism

     Jewish Emancipation and Modern Anti-Semitism

Marxism and the Socialist Movement

     The Socialist International

     Unions and Revisionism

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Theodor Herzl

Primary Source: The Struggle for the Italian Nation

Primary Source: Eyewitness Accounts of Bloody Sunday

Chapter 24: The West and the World, 1815–1914

Industrialization and the World Economy

     The Rise of Global Inequality

     The World Market

     The Opening of China

     Japan and the United States

     Western Penetration of Egypt

Global Migration Around 1900

     The Pressure of Population

     European Emigration

     Asian Emigration

Western Imperialism, 1880–1914

     The European Presence in Africa Before 1880

     The Scramble for Africa After 1880

     Imperialism in Asia

     Causes of the New Imperialism

     A "Civilizing Mission"


     Critics of Imperialism

Responding to Western Imperialism

     The Pattern of Response

     Empire in India

     The Example of Japan

     Toward Revolution in China

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Cecil Rhodes

Primary Source: Nativism in the United States

Chapter 25: War and Revolution, 1914–1919

The Road to War

     Growing International Conflict

     The Mood of 1914

     The Outbreak of War

Waging Total War

     Stalemate and Slaughter on the Western Front

     The Widening War

The Home Front

     Mobilizing for Total War

     The Social Impact

     Growing Political Tensions

The Russian Revolution

     The Fall of Imperial Russia

     The Provisional Government

     Lenin and the Bolshevik Revolution

     Trotsky and the Seizure of Power

     Dictatorship and Civil War

The Peace Settlement

     The End of the War

    Revolution in Austria-Hungary and Germany

     The Treaty of Versailles

     The Peace Settlement in the Middle East

     The Human Costs of the War

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

ONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Vera Brittain

Primary Source: German Diplomacy and the Road to War

Primary Source: Peace, Land, and Bread for the Russian People

Chapter 26: The Age of Anxiety, 1880–1940

Uncertainty in Modern Thought

     Modern Philosophy

     The Revival of Christianity

     The New Physics

     Freudian Psychology

Modernism in Architecture, Art, Literature, and Music

     Architecture and Design

     New Artistic Movements

     Twentieth-Century Literature

     Modern Music

An Emerging Consumer Society

     Mass Culture

     The Appeal of Cinema

    The Arrival of Radio

The Search for Peace and Political Stability

     Germany and the Western Powers

     Hope in Foreign Affairs

     Hope in Democratic Government

The Great Depression, 1929–1939

     The Economic Crisis

     Mass Unemployment

     The New Deal in the United States

     The Scandinavian Response to the Depression

     Recovery and Reform in Britain and France

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Gustav Stresemann

Primary Source: Friedrich Nietzsche Pronounces the Death of God

Primary Source: Keynes on German Reparations After World War I

Chapter 27: Dictatorships and the Second World War, 1919–1945

Authoritarian States

     Conservative Authoritarianism and Radical Totalitarian Dictatorships

     Communism and Fascism

Stalin’s Soviet Union

     From Lenin to Stalin

     The Five-Year Plans

     Life and Culture in Soviet Society

     Stalinist Terror and the Great Purges

Mussolini and Fascism in Italy

     The Seizure of Power

     The Regime in Action

Hitler and Nazism in Germany

     The Roots of National Socialism

     Hitler’s Road to Power

     State and Society in Nazi Germany

     Popular Support for National Socialism

     Aggression and Appeasement

The Second World War

     German Victories in Europe

     Europe Under Nazi Occupation

     The Holocaust

     Japanese Empire and the War in the Pacific

     The "Hinge of Fate"

     Allied Victory

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Primo Levi

Primary Source: The "Reich Citizenship Law" and the Nazi Volk

Primary Source: Everyday Life in the London Blitz

Chapter 28: Cold War Conflict and Consensus, 1945–1965

Postwar Europe and the Origins of the Cold War

     The Legacies of the Second World War

     The Peace Settlement and Cold War Origins

     West Versus East

     Big Science in the Nuclear Age

The Western Renaissance/Recovery in Western Europe

     The Search for Political and Social Consensus

     Toward European Unity

     The Consumer Revolution

Developments in the Soviet Union and the East Bloc

     Postwar Life in the East Bloc

     Reform and De-Stalinization

     Foreign Policy and Domestic Rebellion

     The Limits of Reform

The End of Empires

     Decolonization and the Global Cold War

     The Struggle for Power in Asia

     Independence and Conflict in the Middle East

     Decolonization in Africa

Postwar Social Transformations

     Changing Class Structures

     Patterns of Postwar Migration

     New Roles for Women

     Youth Culture and the Generation Gap

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Armando Rodrigues

Primary Source: Western European Recovery and the Promise of Prosperity

Primary Source: The Hungarian Communist Party Calls for Reforms

Chapter 29: Challenging the Postwar Order, 1960–1991

Reform and Protest in the 1960s

     Cold War Tensions Thaw

     The Affluent Society

     The Counterculture Movement

     The United States and Vietnam

     Student Revolts and 1968

     The 1960s in the East Bloc

Crisis and Change in Western Europe

     Economic Crisis and Hardship

     The New Conservatism

     Challenges and Victories for Women

     The Rise of the Environmental Movement

     Separatism and Right-Wing Extremism

The Decline of "Developed Socialism"

     State and Society in the East Bloc

     Dissent in Czechoslovakia and Poland

     From Détente Back to Cold War

     Gorbachev’s Reforms in the Soviet Union

The Revolutions of 1989

     The Collapse of Communism in the East Bloc

     German Unification and the End of the Cold War

     The Disintegration of the Soviet Union

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Margaret Thatcher

Primary Source: Human Rights Under the Helsinki Accords

Primary Source: Counterculture Graffiti from Paris, 1968

Chapter 30: Life in an Age of Globalization 1990 to the Present

Reshaping Russia and the Former East Bloc

     Economic Shock Therapy in Russia

     Russian Revival Under Vladimir Putin

     Coping with Change in the Former East Bloc

     Tragedy in Yugoslavia

The New Global System

     The Global Economy

     The New European Union

     Supranational Organizations

     The Human Side of Globalization

     Life in the Digital Age

Toward a Multicultural Continent

     The Prospect of Population Decline

     Changing Immigration Flows

     Ethnic Diversity in Contemporary Europe

     Europe and Its Muslim Citizens

Confronting Twenty-First-Century Challenges

     Growing Strains in U.S.-European Relations

     Turmoil in the Muslim World

     The Global Recession and the Viability of the Eurozone

     Dependence on Fossil Fuels

     Climate Change and Environmental Degradation

     Promoting Human Rights

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Contesting Globalization

Primary Source: The Slow Food Manifesto

Individuals in Society: Tariq Ramadan

Primary Source: Osama bin Laden Calls for Global Jihad

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