9781319244545

A History of World Societies Value, Combined Volume

by ; ; ; ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781319244545

  • ISBN10:

    1319244548

  • Edition: 12th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2020-09-24
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

Note: Supplemental materials are not guaranteed with Rental or Used book purchases.

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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

Summary

A History of World Societies provides a concise overview of world history by sharing the cultural stories of global people -- all through a regional lens.

Table of Contents

The Combined Volume includes all chapters.


Volume 1 includes Chapters 1-16.


Volume 2 includes Chapters 16-33.



NOTE: LaunchPad material that does not appear in the print book – including guided reading exercises, quizzes for sources and features, LearningCurve adaptive quizzes, summative quizzes, all of the documents from the companion reader Sources for World Societies, and quizzes for each of the documents in the companion reader – has been labeled on this table of contents as shown. Each chapter in LaunchPad also comes with a wealth of additional documents, key terms flashcards, map quizzes, and much more, all of which can be easily integrated and assigned.



Contents


Preface


Versions and Supplements


Maps, Figures, and Tables




1


The Earliest Human Societies


to 2500 b.c.e.



Evolution and Migration


Understanding the Early Human Past • Hominin Evolution • Homo Sapiens, "Thinking Humans" • Migration and Differentiation



Later Paleolithic Society, ca. 200,000–9000 b.c.e.


Foraging for Food • Family and Kinship Relationships • Cultural Creations and Spirituality



The Development of Agriculture in the Neolithic Era, ca. 9000 b.c.e.


Plant Domestication and the Development of Horticulture • Animal Domestication and the Rise of Pastoralism • Plow Agriculture



Neolithic Society


Social Hierarchies and Slavery • Gender Hierarchies and Inheritance • Trade and Cross-Cultural Connections



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 1 REVIEW






2


Complex Societies in Southwest Asia and the Nile Valley


3800–500 b.c.e.



Writing, Cities, and States


Written Sources and the Human Past • Cities and the Idea of Civilization • The Rise of States, Laws, and Social Hierarchies



Mesopotamia from Sumer to Babylon


Environmental Challenges, Irrigation, and Religion • Sumerian Politics and Society • Writing, Mathematics, and Poetry • Empires in Mesopotamia • Life Under Hammurabi



The Egyptians


The Nile and the God-King • Egyptian Society and Work • Migrations, Revivals, and Collapse • Iron and the Emergence of New States



The Hebrews


The Hebrew State • The Jewish Religion • Hebrew Family and Society



The Assyrians and Persians


Assyria, the Military Monarchy • The Rise and Expansion of the Persian Empire • The Religion of Zoroaster



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 2 REVIEW





3


The Foundation of Indian Society


to 300 c.e.



The Land and Its First Settlers, ca. 3000–1500 b.c.e.



The Aryans During the Vedic Age, ca. 1500–500 b.c.e.


Aryan Dominance in North India • Life in Early India • Brahmanism



India’s Great Religions


Jainism • Siddhartha Gautama and Buddhism • Hinduism



Western Contact and the Mauryan Unification of North India, ca. 513–185 b.c.e.


Encounters with the West • Chandragupta and the Founding of the Mauryan Empire • The Reign of Ashoka, ca. 269–232 b.c.e.



Small States and Trading Networks, 185 b.c.e.–300 c.e.



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 3 REVIEW





4


China’s Classical Age


to 221 b.c.e.



The Emergence of Civilization in China


The Impact of Geography • Early Agricultural Societies of the Neolithic Age



The Shang Dynasty, ca. 1500–1050 b.c.e.


Shang Society • Bronze Metalworking • The Development of Writing



The Early Zhou Dynasty, ca. 1050–400 b.c.e.


Zhou Politics • Life During the Zhou Dynasty



The Warring States Period, 403–221 b.c.e.


New Technologies for War • The Victorious States



Confucius and His Followers


Confucius • The Spread of Confucian Ideas



Daoism, Legalism, and Other Schools of Thought


Daoism • Legalism • The Workings of Nature



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 4 REVIEW





5


The Greek Experience


3500–30 b.c.e.



Greece in the Bronze Age and the "Dark Age," ca. 3000–800 b.c.e.


The Minoans and Mycenaeans • The "Dark Age"



The Development of the Polis in the Archaic Age, ca. 800–500 b.c.e.


Organization of the Polis • Overseas Expansion and Trade • The Growth of Sparta • The Evolution of Athens



Turmoil and Culture in the Classical Period, 500–338 b.c.e.


The Deadly Conflicts, 499–404 b.c.e. • Athenian Arts in the Age of Pericles • Social Hierarchies and Sexual Relations • Public and Personal Religion • The Development of Philosophy



Hellenistic Society, 323–30 b.c.e.


From Polis to Monarchy, 404–200 b.c.e. • Building a Hellenized Society • The Hellenistic Economy



Hellenistic Religion, Philosophy, and Science


Religion in the Hellenistic World • Philosophy and Its Guidance for Life • Hellenistic Science and Medicine



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 5 REVIEW





6


The World of Rome


ca. 1000 b.c.e.–400 c.e.



The Romans in Italy


The Etruscans • The Founding of Rome • The Roman Conquest of Italy • The Roman State • Social Conflict in Rome



Roman Expansion and Its Repercussions


Overseas Conquests and the Punic Wars, 264–133 b.c.e. • New Influences and Old Values in Roman Culture • The Late Republic and the Rise of Augustus, 133–27 b.c.e. • The Successes of Augustus



Rome and the Provinces


Political and Military Changes in the Empire • Life in Imperial Rome • Prosperity and Problems in the Roman Provinces • Eastward Expansion and Contacts Between Rome and China



The Coming of Christianity


Factors Behind the Rise of Christianity • The Life and Teachings of Jesus • The Spread of Christianity • The Growing Acceptance and Evolution of Christianity



Turmoil and Reform


Political Measures • Economic Issues • The Acceptance of Christianity



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 6 REVIEW





7


East Asia and the Spread of Buddhism


221 b.c.e.–845 c.e.



The Age of Empire in China: The Qin and Han Dynasties


The Qin Unification, 221–206 b.c.e. • The Han Dynasty, 206 b.c.e.–220 c.e. • Han Intellectual and Cultural Life • Inner Asia and the Silk Road • Life in Han China • China and Rome • The Fall of the Han and the Age of Division



The Spread of Buddhism Out of India


Buddhism’s Path Through Central Asia • The Appeal and Impact of Buddhism in China



The Chinese Empire Re-created: The Sui and Tang Dynasties


The Sui Dynasty, 581–618 • The Tang Dynasty, 618–907 • Tang Culture



The East Asian Cultural Sphere


Vietnam • Korea • Japan



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 7 REVIEW





8


Continuity and Change in Europe and Western Asia


250–850



The Byzantine Empire


Sources of Byzantine Strength • The Sassanid Empire and Conflicts with Byzantium • Justinian’s Code of Law • Byzantine Learning and Science • Life in Constantinople



The Growth of the Christian Church


The Evolution of Church Leadership and Orthodoxy • The Western Church and the Eastern Church • Christian Monasticism



Christian Ideas and Practices


Christianity and Classical Culture • Saint Augustine on Sin, Grace, and Redemption • The Iconoclastic Controversy



Migrating Peoples


Movement Patterns • Economic and Social Structures • Tribes, Warriors, and Laws



Christian Missionaries and Conversion


Missionaries’ Actions • The Process of Conversion



Frankish Rulers and Their Territories


The Merovingians and Carolingians • The Warrior-Ruler Charlemagne



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 8 REVIEW







9


The Islamic World


600–1400



The Origins of Islam


Society and Culture in the Arabian Peninsula • Muhammad’s Rise as a Religious and Political Leader • The Teachings of Islam



The Expansion of Islam


Islam’s Spread Beyond Arabia • The Shi’a/Sunni Split and the Umayyad Caliphate • The Abbasid Caliphate • The Environmental Impact of Islamic Expansion



Fragmentation and Military Challenges, 900–1400


Breakaway Territories and Shi’a Gains • The Ascendancy of the Turks • The Mongol Invasions



Muslim Society


The Social Hierarchy • Slavery • Women in Islamic Society • Sexuality and Marriage



Cultural Developments


The Cultural Centers of Baghdad and Córdoba • Education • Cultural and Intellectual Life • The Mystical Tradition of Sufism



Trade and Cross-cultural Interactions


Trade and Commerce • Muslim-Christian Encounters



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 9 REVIEW





10


African Societies and Kingdoms


1000 b.c.e.–1500 c.e.



The Land and Peoples of Africa



Early African Societies


Agriculture and Its Impact • Bantu Migrations • Life in the Kingdoms of the Western Sudan, ca. 1000 b.c.e.–800 c.e.



The Trans-Saharan Trade


The Berbers of North Africa • Effects of Trade on West African Society • The Spread of Islam in Africa



African Kingdoms and Empires, ca. 800–1500


The Kingdom of Ghana, ca. 900–1100 • The Kingdom of Mali, ca. 1200–1450 • Ethiopia: The Christian Kingdom of Aksum • The East African City-States • Southern Africa and Great Zimbabwe



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 10 REVIEW






11


The Americas


To 1500 c.e.



Societies of the Americas in a Global Context


Trade and Technology • Settlement and Environment



Ancient Societies


Olmec Agriculture, Technology, and Religion • Hohokam, Hopewell, and Mississippian Societies • Climate Change and North American Societies • Kinship and Ancestors in the Andes



The Incas


The Inca Model of Empire • Inca Imperial Expansion • Imperial Needs and Obligations



The Maya and Teotihuacan


Maya Agriculture and Trade • Maya Science and Religion • Teotihuacan and the Toltecs



The Aztec Empire


The Mexica: From Vassals to Rulers • Life in the Aztec Empire • The Limits of the Aztec Empire



American Empires and the Encounter


The Last Day of the Aztecs • The Fall of the Incas



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 11 REVIEW





12


States and Cultures in East Asia


800–1400



The Medieval Chinese Economic Revolution, 800–1100



China During the Song, Liao, and Jin Dynasties, 960–1232


The Song Dynasty and its Northern Rivals • The Scholar-Officials and Neo-Confucianism • Women’s Lives in Song Times • Environmental Crises



Korea Under the Goryeo Dynasty, 935–1392



Japan’s Heian Period, 794–1185


Fujiwara Rule • Aristocratic Culture



The Samurai and the Kamakura Shogunate, 1185–1333


Military Rule • Cultural and Economic Trends



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 12 REVIEW






13


Cultural Exchange in Central and Southern Asia


300–1400



Central Asian Nomads


Nomadic Society • The Turks • The Mongols



Chinggis Khan and the Mongol Empire


Chinggis Khan • Chinggis’s Successors • The Mongols as Rulers



East-West Communication During the Mongol Era


The Movement of Peoples • The Spread of Disease, Goods, and Ideas



India, Islam, and the Development of Regional Cultures, 300–1400


The Gupta Empire, ca. 320–480 • India’s Medieval Age and the First Encounter with Islam • The Delhi Sultanate • Life in Medieval India



Southeast Asia, the Pacific Islands, and the Growth of Maritime Trade


State Formation and Indian Influences • The Srivijayan Maritime Trade Empire • The Spread of Indian Culture in Comparative Perspective • The Settlement of the Pacific Islands



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 13 REVIEW





14


Europe and Western Asia in the Middle Ages


800–1450



Political Developments


Invasions and Migrations • "Feudalism" and Serfdom • The Restoration of Order • Law and Justice



The Christian Church


Papal Reforms • Monastic Life • Popular Religion • The Expansion of Western and Eastern Christianity



The Crusades


Background and Motives • The Course of the Crusades • Consequences of the Crusades



The Life of the People


The Life and Work of Peasants • The Life and Work of Nobles • Towns, Cities, and the Growth of Commercial Interests • The Expansion of Trade and the Commercial Revolution



Learning and Culture


Universities and Scholasticism • Cathedrals and a New Architectural Style • Vernacular Literature and Drama



Crises of the Later Middle Ages


The Little Ice Age and the Black Death • The Hundred Years’ War • Challenges to the Christian Church • Peasant and Urban Revolts



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 14 REVIEW




15


Europe in the Renaissance and Reformation


1350–1600



Renaissance Culture


Wealth and Power in Renaissance Italy • The Rise of Humanism • Christian Humanism • Printing and Its Social Impact • Art and the Artist



Social Hierarchies


Race and Slavery • Wealth and the Nobility • Gender Roles



Politics and the State in the Renaissance


Warfare, Money, and Mining • France • England • Spain • The Habsburgs



The Protestant Reformation


Criticism of the Church • Martin Luther • Protestant Thought and Its Appeal • The Radical Reformation and the German Peasants’ War • Marriage and Women’s Roles • The Reformation and German Politics • England’s Shift Toward Protestantism • Calvinism and Its Moral Standards



The Catholic Reformation


Papal Reforms and the Council of Trent • New Religious Orders



Religious Violence


French Religious Wars • Civil Wars in the Netherlands • The Great European Witch-Hunt



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 15 REVIEW





16


The Acceleration of Global Contact


1450–1600



The Afro-Eurasian Trade World


The Trade World of the Indian Ocean • Peoples and Cultures of Southeast Asia • Muslim Influences and African Trade • Genoese and Venetian Middlemen



The European Voyages of Discovery


Causes of European Expansion • Technology and the Rise of Exploration • The Portuguese in Africa and Asia • Spain’s Voyages to the Americas • Spain "Discovers" the Pacific • Early Exploration by Northern European Powers



Conquest and Settlement


Spanish Conquest of the Aztec and Inca Empires • Portuguese Brazil • Colonial Administration • Economic Exploitation of the Indigenous Population • Patterns of Settlement



The Era of Global Contact


Population Loss and the Ecological Impacts of Contact • Sugar and Early Transatlantic Slavery • Spanish Silver and Its Economic Effects • The Birth of the Global Economy



Changing Attitudes and Beliefs


Religious Conversion • European Debates About Indigenous Peoples • New Ideas About Race



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 16 REVIEW







17


The Islamic World Powers


1300–1800



The Islamic Empires: The Ottomans, Safavids, and Mughals


Environmental Challenges • The Expansion of the Ottoman Empire • Land-Holding, Slavery and Imperial Administrations • The Safavid Empire in Persia • The Mughal Empire in India



Religious Developments


Religious Legitimacy and Orthodoxy • Sufism • Non-Muslims Under Muslim Rule



Cultural Flowering


The Arts • City and Palace Building • Gardens • Intellectual Advances



New Patterns of Trade and European Penetration


New Forms of Consumption • The Impact of Gunpowder • European Trade in Asia and the Islamic Powers’ Response • From the British East India Company to the British Empire in India



Political Decline



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 17 REVIEW





18


European Power and Expansion


1500–1750



The Protestant and Catholic Reformations


The Protestant Reformation • The Catholic Reformation • Religious Violence



Seventeenth-Century Crisis and Rebuilding


The Social Order and Peasant Life • Environmental, Economic, and Social Crisis • The Thirty Years’ War • European Achievements in State-Building



Absolutist States in Western and Central Europe


Spain • The Foundations of French Absolutism • Louis XIV and Absolutism • The Wars of Louis XIV • The Absolutist Palace • The Austrian Habsburgs



Alternatives to Absolutism


The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth • The Failure of Absolutism in England • The Puritan Protectorate • Constitutional Monarchy • The Dutch Republic



Colonial Expansion and Empire


The Dutch Trading Empire • Colonial Empires of England and France • Mercantilism and Colonial Wars • People Beyond Borders



The Russian Empire


Mongol Rule in Russia and the Rise of Moscow • Building the Russian Empire • Peter the Great and Russia’s Turn to the West



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 18 REVIEW







19


New Worldviews and Ways of Life


1540–1790



The Scientific Revolution


The Muslim Contribution • Scientific Thought to 1550 • Astronomy and Physics • Newton’s Synthesis • Natural History and Empire • Magic and Alchemy



Important Changes in Scientific Thinking and Practice


The Methods of Science • Medicine, the Body, and Chemistry • Science and Religion • Science and Society



The Rise and Spread of Enlightenment


The Early Enlightenment • The Influence of the Philosophes • Enlightenment Movements Across Europe



Key Issues of Enlightenment Debate


Global Contacts • New Definitions of Race • Women and the Enlightenment • Enlightened Absolutism and Its Limits



Economic Change and the Atlantic World


Economic and Demographic Change • The Atlantic Economy • Urban Life and the Public Sphere • Culture and Community in the Atlantic World • The Atlantic Enlightenment



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 19 REVIEW





20


Africa and the World


1400–1800



West Africa in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries


The West Coast: Senegambia and Benin • The Sudan: Songhai, Kanem-Bornu, and Hausaland • Agriculture, Gender, and Marriage in West Africa • Trade and Industry



Cross-Cultural Encounters Along the East African Coast


Muslim and European Incursions in Ethiopia, ca. 1500–1630 • The Swahili City-States and the Arrival of the Portuguese, ca. 1500–1600



The African Slave Trade


The Institution of Slavery in Africa • The Transatlantic Slave Trade • Impact on African Societies



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 20 REVIEW






21


Continuity and Change in East Asia


1400–1800



Ming China, 1368–1644


The Rise of Zhu Yuanzhang and the Founding of the Ming Dynasty • Problems with the Imperial Institution • The Mongols and the Great Wall • The Examination Life • Everyday Life in Ming China • Ming Decline



The Manchus and Qing China, to 1800


The Rise of the Manchus • Competent and Long-Lived Emperors • Imperial Expansion



Japan’s Middle Ages, ca. 1400–1600


Muromachi Culture • Civil War • The Victors: Nobunaga and Hideyoshi



The Tokugawa Shogunate, to 1800


Tokugawa Government • Commercialization and the Growth of Towns • The Life of the People in the Edo Period



Maritime Trade, Piracy, and the Entry of Europe into the Asian Maritime Sphere


Zheng He’s Voyages • Piracy and Japan’s Overseas Adventures • Europeans Enter the Scene • Christian Missionaries • Learning from the West • The Shifting International Environment in the Eighteenth Century



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 21 REVIEW





22


Revolutions in the Atlantic World


1775–1825



Background to Revolution


Social Change • Demands for Liberty and Equality • The Seven Years’ War



The American Revolutionary Era, 1775–1789


The Origins of the Revolution • Independence from Britain • Framing the Constitution • Limitations of Liberty and Equality



Revolution in France, 1789–1799


Breakdown of the Old Order • The National Assembly • Constitutional Monarchy • The National Convention • The Directory



Napoleon’s Europe, 1799–1815


Napoleon’s Rule of France • Napoleon’s Expansion in Europe • The Grand Empire and Its End



The Haitian Revolution, 1791–1804


Revolutionary Aspirations in Saint-Domingue • The Outbreak of Revolt • The War of Haitian Independence



Revolutions in Latin America


The Origins of the Revolutions Against Colonial Powers • Resistance, Rebellion, and Independence • The Aftermath of Revolution in the Atlantic World



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 22 REVIEW







23


The Revolution in Energy and Industry


1760–1850



The Industrial Revolution in Britain


Why Britain? • Technological Innovations and Early Factories • Steam Power and the Energy Revolution • Breakthrough • Steam-Powered Transportation • Industry and Population



Industrialization in Europe and the World


National and International Variations • Industrialization in Continental Europe • Agents of Industrialization • The Global Picture



New Patterns of Working and Living


Work in Early Factories • Working Families and Children • The Sexual Division of Labor • Living Standards for the Working Class Environmental Impacts of Industrialization



Relations Between Capital and Labor


The New Class of Factory Owners • Responses to Industrialization • The Early Labor Movement in Britain • The Impact of Slavery



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 23 REVIEW





24


Ideologies of Change in Europe


1815–1914



A Conservative Peace Gives Way to Radical Ideas


The Political and Social Situation After 1815 • Conservatism After 1815 • Liberalism and the Middle Class • The Growing Appeal of Nationalism • The Birth of Socialism



Reforms and Revolutions, 1815–1850


Social and Economic Conflict • Liberal Reform in Great Britain • Revolutions in France •


The Revolutions of 1848 in Central Europe


Nation Building in Italy, Germany, and Russia


Cavour, Garibaldi, and the Unification of Italy • Bismarck and German Unification • The Modernization of Russia



Urban Life in the Age of Ideologies


Improving the Urban Environment • Social Inequality and Class • The Changing Family • Science for the Masses • Cultural Shifts



Nationalism and Socialism, 1871–1914


Trends in Suffrage • The German Empire • Republican France • Great Britain and the Austro-Hungarian Empire • Jewish Emancipation and Modern Anti-Semitism • The Socialist Movement



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 24 REVIEW





25


Africa, the Ottoman Empire, and the New Imperialism


1800–1914



Africa: From the Slave Trade to European Colonial Rule


Trade and Social Change • Islamic Revival and Expansion in Africa • The Scramble for Africa, 1880–1914 • Southern Africa in the Nineteenth Century • Colonialism’s Impact After 1900



The New Imperialism, 1880–1914


Causes of the New Imperialism • A "Civilizing Mission" • Critics of Imperialism • African and Asian Resistance



The Islamic Heartland Under Pressure


Decline and Reform in the Ottoman Empire • Egypt: From Reform to British Occupation •



The Expanding World Economy


The Rise of Global Inequality • The World Market



The Great Global Migration



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 25 REVIEW




26


Asia and the Pacific in the Era of Imperialism


1800–1914



India and the British Empire in Asia


The Evolution of British Rule • The Socioeconomic Effects of British Rule • The British and the Indian Educated Elite



Competition for Southeast Asia


The Dutch East Indies • Mainland Southeast Asia • The Philippines



China Under Pressure


The Opium War • Internal Problems • The Self-Strengthening Movement • Republican Revolution



Japan’s Rapid Transformation


The "Opening" of Japan • The Meiji Restoration • Industrialization • Japan as an Imperial Power



The Pacific Region and the Movement of People


Settler Colonies in the Pacific: Australia and New Zealand • Asian Emigration



The Countries of Asia in Comparative Perspective


The Impact of Foreign Domination • Environmental and Economic Forces



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 26 REVIEW






27


The Americas in the Age of Liberalism


1810–1917



New Nations


Liberalism and Caudillos in Spanish America • Mexico and the United States • Liberal Reform in Mexico • Brazil: A New World Monarchy



Slavery and Abolition


Slave Societies in the Americas • Independence and Abolition • Abolition in Cuba and Brazil



Export-Led Growth and Social Unrest


Latin America Re-enters the World Economy • The Porfiriato and Liberal Stability in Mexico • The Mexican Revolution



Immigration


Immigration to Latin America • Immigration to the United States • Immigration to Canada • Settler Colonialism and its Impacts



A New American Empire


U.S. Intervention in Latin America • The Spanish-American War • The Panama Canal



Chapter Summary



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28


World War and Revolution


1914–1929



The First World War, 1914–1918


Origins and Causes of the Great War • The Outbreak of War • Stalemate and Slaughter • The War Becomes Global



The Home Front


Mobilizing for Total War • The Social Impact of War • Growing Political Tensions



The Russian Revolution


The Fall of Imperial Russia • The Provisional Government • Lenin and the Bolshevik Revolution • Dictatorship and Civil War



The War’s Consequences


The End of the War • The Paris Peace Treaties • American Rejection of the Versailles Treaty



The Search for Peace and Political Stability, 1919–1929


Germany and the Western Powers • Hope in Foreign Affairs • Hope in Democratic Government



The Age of Anxiety


Uncertainty in Philosophy and Religion • The New Physics • Freudian Psychology • Twentieth-Century Literature • Modern Architecture, Art, and Music • Movies and Radio



Chapter Summary



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29


Nationalism in Asia


1914–1939



The First World War’s Impact on Nationalist Trends


Asian Reaction to the War in Europe • The Mandates System • Nationalism’s Appeal



Nationalist Movements in the Middle East


The Arab Revolt • The Turkish Revolution • Modernization Efforts in Persia and Afghanistan • Gradual Independence in the Arab States • Arab-Jewish Tensions in Palestine



Toward Self-Rule in India


British Promises and Repression • The Roots of Militant Nonviolence • Gandhi’s Resistance Campaign in India



Nationalist Struggles in East and Southeast Asia


The Rise of Nationalist China • China’s Intellectual Revolution • From Liberalism to Ultranationalism in Japan • Japan Against China • Striving for Independence in Southeast Asia



Chapter Summary



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30


The Great Depression and World War II


1929–1945



The Great Depression, 1929–1939


The Economic Crisis • Mass Unemployment • The New Deal in the United States • The European Response to the Depression • Worldwide Effects



Authoritarian States


Conservative Authoritarianism • Radical Totalitarian Dictatorships



Stalin’s Soviet Union


From Lenin to Stalin • The Five-Year Plans • Life and Culture in Soviet Society • Stalinist Terror and the Great Purges



Mussolini and Fascism in Italy


The Seizure of Power • The Regime in Action



Hitler and Nazism in Germany


The Roots of Nazism • Hitler’s Road to Power • The Nazi State and Society • Hitler’s Popularity • Aggression and Appeasement, 1933–1939



The Second World War, 1939–1945


Hitler’s Empire in Europe, 1939–1942 • The Holocaust • Japan’s Asian Empire • The Grand Alliance • The War in Europe, 1942–1945 • The War in the Pacific, 1942–1945



Chapter Summary



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31


Decolonization, Revolution, and the Cold War


1945–1968



The World Remade


The Cold War • The United Nations • The Politics of Liberation • Dependency and Development Theories • Interpreting the Postcolonial Experience



Nation Building in South Asia and the Middle East


Independence in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh • Arab Socialism in the Middle East • The Arab-Israeli Conflict



Revolution and Resurgence in East and Southeast Asia


The Communist Victory in China • Conflict in Korea • Japan’s American Reconstruction • The Vietnam War



Decolonization in Africa


The Growth of African Nationalism • Ghana Shows the Way • Countries Emerging from French Rule



Populist and Revolutionary Pathways in Latin America


Economic Nationalism in Mexico • Populism in Argentina and Brazil • Communist Revolution in Cuba



The Limits of Postwar Prosperity


The Soviet Union Struggles to Move Beyond Stalin • Postwar Challenges in Western Europe and the United States • The World in 1968



Chapter Summary



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32


Liberalization and Liberation


1968–2000s



Oil Shocks and Liberalization


The OPEC Oil Embargo • Mexico Under the PRI • Nigeria, Africa’s Giant The Camp David Accords and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Revolution and War in Iran and Iraq



Latin America: Dictatorship, Debt, and Democratization


Civil Wars in Central America • Boom and Bust in Chile • The Dirty War in Argentina • Development and Dictatorship in Brazil



Gender, Race and Liberation


Gay Liberation • Second-Wave and Third World Feminism • Pan-Africanism, Black Power and the African Diaspora



Resistance to White Rule in Southern Africa


Portuguese Decolonization and Rhodesia • South Africa Under Apartheid • Political Change in Africa Since 1990



Growth and Development in Asia


Japan’s Economic Miracle and the Emergence of the "Asian Tigers" • China’s Economic Resurgence • Development Versus Democracy in India and Pakistan



The End of the Cold War


The Limits of Reform in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe • Recasting Russia Without Communism • Integration and Reform in Europe



Chapter Summary



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33


The Contemporary World in Historical Perspective



The Neoliberal World and Its Limits


Al-Qaeda and Afghanistan • Conflict and Change in the Middle East • Right Wing Nationalism Re-emerges



Global Circulation and Exchange


Migration • Urbanization • Multinational Corporations



Social Movements


Children: The Right to Childhood • Women’s Right to Equality • LGBTQ Challenges • Environmentalism



Global Climate Change


Causes of Global Warming and Responses to It • Historical Experiences with Climate and Environmental Change • Automobility • Global Energy Reliance • Intensified Agriculture and the Green Revolution • Impacts of Climate Change



Chapter Summary



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