9781319304072

A History of World Societies, Value Edition, Volume 2

by ; ; ; ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781319304072

  • ISBN10:

    1319304079

  • Edition: 12th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2020-09-28
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

Summary

A History of World Societies provides a concise overview of world history by sharing the cultural stories of global people -- all through a regional lens.

Table of Contents

NOTE: LaunchPad material that does not appear in the print book – including guided reading exercises, quizzes for sources and features, LearningCurve adaptive quizzes, summative quizzes, all of the documents from the companion reader Sources for World Societies, and quizzes for each of the documents in the companion reader – has been labeled on this table of contents as shown. Each chapter in LaunchPad also comes with a wealth of additional documents, key terms flashcards, map quizzes, and much more, all of which can be easily integrated and assigned.


Contents
Preface
Versions and Supplements 
Maps, Figures, and Tables
 


16


The Acceleration of Global Contact


1450–1600



The Afro-Eurasian Trade World


The Trade World of the Indian Ocean • Peoples and Cultures of Southeast Asia • Muslim Influences and African Trade • Genoese and Venetian Middlemen



The European Voyages of Discovery


Causes of European Expansion • Technology and the Rise of Exploration • The Portuguese in Africa and Asia • Spain’s Voyages to the Americas • Spain "Discovers" the Pacific • Early Exploration by Northern European Powers



Conquest and Settlement


Spanish Conquest of the Aztec and Inca Empires • Portuguese Brazil • Colonial Administration • Economic Exploitation of the Indigenous Population • Patterns of Settlement



The Era of Global Contact


Population Loss and the Ecological Impacts of Contact • Sugar and Early Transatlantic Slavery • Spanish Silver and Its Economic Effects • The Birth of the Global Economy



Changing Attitudes and Beliefs


Religious Conversion • European Debates About Indigenous Peoples • New Ideas About Race



Chapter Summary



MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


CHAPTER 16 REVIEW







17


The Islamic World Powers


1300–1800



The Islamic Empires: The Ottomans, Safavids, and Mughals


Environmental Challenges • The Expansion of the Ottoman Empire • Land-Holding, Slavery and Imperial Administrations • The Safavid Empire in Persia • The Mughal Empire in India



Religious Developments


Religious Legitimacy and Orthodoxy • Sufism • Non-Muslims Under Muslim Rule



Cultural Flowering


The Arts • City and Palace Building • Gardens • Intellectual Advances



New Patterns of Trade and European Penetration


New Forms of Consumption • The Impact of Gunpowder • European Trade in Asia and the Islamic Powers’ Response • From the British East India Company to the British Empire in India



Political Decline



Chapter Summary



MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


CHAPTER 17 REVIEW





18


European Power and Expansion


1500–1750



The Protestant and Catholic Reformations


The Protestant Reformation • The Catholic Reformation • Religious Violence



Seventeenth-Century Crisis and Rebuilding


The Social Order and Peasant Life • Environmental, Economic, and Social Crisis • The Thirty Years’ War • European Achievements in State-Building



Absolutist States in Western and Central Europe


Spain • The Foundations of French Absolutism • Louis XIV and Absolutism • The Wars of Louis XIV • The Absolutist Palace • The Austrian Habsburgs



Alternatives to Absolutism


The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth • The Failure of Absolutism in England • The Puritan Protectorate • Constitutional Monarchy • The Dutch Republic



Colonial Expansion and Empire


The Dutch Trading Empire • Colonial Empires of England and France • Mercantilism and Colonial Wars • People Beyond Borders



The Russian Empire


Mongol Rule in Russia and the Rise of Moscow • Building the Russian Empire • Peter the Great and Russia’s Turn to the West



Chapter Summary



MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


CHAPTER 18 REVIEW







19


New Worldviews and Ways of Life


1540–1790



The Scientific Revolution


The Muslim Contribution • Scientific Thought to 1550 • Astronomy and Physics • Newton’s Synthesis • Natural History and Empire • Magic and Alchemy



Important Changes in Scientific Thinking and Practice


The Methods of Science • Medicine, the Body, and Chemistry • Science and Religion • Science and Society



The Rise and Spread of Enlightenment


The Early Enlightenment • The Influence of the Philosophes • Enlightenment Movements Across Europe



Key Issues of Enlightenment Debate


Global Contacts • New Definitions of Race • Women and the Enlightenment • Enlightened Absolutism and Its Limits



Economic Change and the Atlantic World


Economic and Demographic Change • The Atlantic Economy • Urban Life and the Public Sphere • Culture and Community in the Atlantic World • The Atlantic Enlightenment



Chapter Summary



Connections, LOOK AHEAD


CHAPTER 19 REVIEW





20


Africa and the World


1400–1800



West Africa in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries


The West Coast: Senegambia and Benin • The Sudan: Songhai, Kanem-Bornu, and Hausaland • Agriculture, Gender, and Marriage in West Africa • Trade and Industry



Cross-Cultural Encounters Along the East African Coast


Muslim and European Incursions in Ethiopia, ca. 1500–1630 • The Swahili City-States and the Arrival of the Portuguese, ca. 1500–1600



The African Slave Trade


The Institution of Slavery in Africa • The Transatlantic Slave Trade • Impact on African Societies



Chapter Summary



MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


CHAPTER 20 REVIEW






21


Continuity and Change in East Asia


1400–1800



Ming China, 1368–1644


The Rise of Zhu Yuanzhang and the Founding of the Ming Dynasty • Problems with the Imperial Institution • The Mongols and the Great Wall • The Examination Life • Everyday Life in Ming China • Ming Decline



The Manchus and Qing China, to 1800


The Rise of the Manchus • Competent and Long-Lived Emperors • Imperial Expansion



Japan’s Middle Ages, ca. 1400–1600


Muromachi Culture • Civil War • The Victors: Nobunaga and Hideyoshi



The Tokugawa Shogunate, to 1800


Tokugawa Government • Commercialization and the Growth of Towns • The Life of the People in the Edo Period



Maritime Trade, Piracy, and the Entry of Europe into the Asian Maritime Sphere


Zheng He’s Voyages • Piracy and Japan’s Overseas Adventures • Europeans Enter the Scene • Christian Missionaries • Learning from the West • The Shifting International Environment in the Eighteenth Century



Chapter Summary



MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


CHAPTER 21 REVIEW





22


Revolutions in the Atlantic World


1775–1825



Background to Revolution


Social Change • Demands for Liberty and Equality • The Seven Years’ War



The American Revolutionary Era, 1775–1789


The Origins of the Revolution • Independence from Britain • Framing the Constitution • Limitations of Liberty and Equality



Revolution in France, 1789–1799


Breakdown of the Old Order • The National Assembly • Constitutional Monarchy • The National Convention • The Directory



Napoleon’s Europe, 1799–1815


Napoleon’s Rule of France • Napoleon’s Expansion in Europe • The Grand Empire and Its End



The Haitian Revolution, 1791–1804


Revolutionary Aspirations in Saint-Domingue • The Outbreak of Revolt • The War of Haitian Independence



Revolutions in Latin America


The Origins of the Revolutions Against Colonial Powers • Resistance, Rebellion, and Independence • The Aftermath of Revolution in the Atlantic World



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 22 REVIEW







23


The Revolution in Energy and Industry


1760–1850



The Industrial Revolution in Britain


Why Britain? • Technological Innovations and Early Factories • Steam Power and the Energy Revolution • Breakthrough • Steam-Powered Transportation • Industry and Population



Industrialization in Europe and the World


National and International Variations • Industrialization in Continental Europe • Agents of Industrialization • The Global Picture



New Patterns of Working and Living


Work in Early Factories • Working Families and Children • The Sexual Division of Labor • Living Standards for the Working Class Environmental Impacts of Industrialization



Relations Between Capital and Labor


The New Class of Factory Owners • Responses to Industrialization • The Early Labor Movement in Britain • The Impact of Slavery



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 23 REVIEW





24


Ideologies of Change in Europe


1815–1914



A Conservative Peace Gives Way to Radical Ideas


The Political and Social Situation After 1815 • Conservatism After 1815 • Liberalism and the Middle Class • The Growing Appeal of Nationalism • The Birth of Socialism



Reforms and Revolutions, 1815–1850


Social and Economic Conflict • Liberal Reform in Great Britain • Revolutions in France •


The Revolutions of 1848 in Central Europe


Nation Building in Italy, Germany, and Russia


Cavour, Garibaldi, and the Unification of Italy • Bismarck and German Unification • The Modernization of Russia



Urban Life in the Age of Ideologies


Improving the Urban Environment • Social Inequality and Class • The Changing Family • Science for the Masses • Cultural Shifts



Nationalism and Socialism, 1871–1914


Trends in Suffrage • The German Empire • Republican France • Great Britain and the Austro-Hungarian Empire • Jewish Emancipation and Modern Anti-Semitism • The Socialist Movement



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 24 REVIEW





25


Africa, the Ottoman Empire, and the New Imperialism


1800–1914



Africa: From the Slave Trade to European Colonial Rule


Trade and Social Change • Islamic Revival and Expansion in Africa • The Scramble for Africa, 1880–1914 • Southern Africa in the Nineteenth Century • Colonialism’s Impact After 1900



The New Imperialism, 1880–1914


Causes of the New Imperialism • A "Civilizing Mission" • Critics of Imperialism • African and Asian Resistance



The Islamic Heartland Under Pressure


Decline and Reform in the Ottoman Empire • Egypt: From Reform to British Occupation •



The Expanding World Economy


The Rise of Global Inequality • The World Market



The Great Global Migration



Chapter Summary



MAKE Connections, LOOK AHEAD


CHAPTER 25 REVIEW




26


Asia and the Pacific in the Era of Imperialism


1800–1914



India and the British Empire in Asia


The Evolution of British Rule • The Socioeconomic Effects of British Rule • The British and the Indian Educated Elite



Competition for Southeast Asia


The Dutch East Indies • Mainland Southeast Asia • The Philippines



China Under Pressure


The Opium War • Internal Problems • The Self-Strengthening Movement • Republican Revolution



Japan’s Rapid Transformation


The "Opening" of Japan • The Meiji Restoration • Industrialization • Japan as an Imperial Power



The Pacific Region and the Movement of People


Settler Colonies in the Pacific: Australia and New Zealand • Asian Emigration



The Countries of Asia in Comparative Perspective


The Impact of Foreign Domination • Environmental and Economic Forces



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 26 REVIEW






27


The Americas in the Age of Liberalism


1810–1917



New Nations


Liberalism and Caudillos in Spanish America • Mexico and the United States • Liberal Reform in Mexico • Brazil: A New World Monarchy



Slavery and Abolition


Slave Societies in the Americas • Independence and Abolition • Abolition in Cuba and Brazil



Export-Led Growth and Social Unrest


Latin America Re-enters the World Economy • The Porfiriato and Liberal Stability in Mexico • The Mexican Revolution



Immigration


Immigration to Latin America • Immigration to the United States • Immigration to Canada • Settler Colonialism and its Impacts



A New American Empire


U.S. Intervention in Latin America • The Spanish-American War • The Panama Canal



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 27 REVIEW





28


World War and Revolution


1914–1929



The First World War, 1914–1918


Origins and Causes of the Great War • The Outbreak of War • Stalemate and Slaughter • The War Becomes Global



The Home Front


Mobilizing for Total War • The Social Impact of War • Growing Political Tensions



The Russian Revolution


The Fall of Imperial Russia • The Provisional Government • Lenin and the Bolshevik Revolution • Dictatorship and Civil War



The War’s Consequences


The End of the War • The Paris Peace Treaties • American Rejection of the Versailles Treaty



The Search for Peace and Political Stability, 1919–1929


Germany and the Western Powers • Hope in Foreign Affairs • Hope in Democratic Government



The Age of Anxiety


Uncertainty in Philosophy and Religion • The New Physics • Freudian Psychology • Twentieth-Century Literature • Modern Architecture, Art, and Music • Movies and Radio



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 28 REVIEW






29


Nationalism in Asia


1914–1939



The First World War’s Impact on Nationalist Trends


Asian Reaction to the War in Europe • The Mandates System • Nationalism’s Appeal



Nationalist Movements in the Middle East


The Arab Revolt • The Turkish Revolution • Modernization Efforts in Persia and Afghanistan • Gradual Independence in the Arab States • Arab-Jewish Tensions in Palestine



Toward Self-Rule in India


British Promises and Repression • The Roots of Militant Nonviolence • Gandhi’s Resistance Campaign in India



Nationalist Struggles in East and Southeast Asia


The Rise of Nationalist China • China’s Intellectual Revolution • From Liberalism to Ultranationalism in Japan • Japan Against China • Striving for Independence in Southeast Asia



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 29 REVIEW





30


The Great Depression and World War II


1929–1945



The Great Depression, 1929–1939


The Economic Crisis • Mass Unemployment • The New Deal in the United States • The European Response to the Depression • Worldwide Effects



Authoritarian States


Conservative Authoritarianism • Radical Totalitarian Dictatorships



Stalin’s Soviet Union


From Lenin to Stalin • The Five-Year Plans • Life and Culture in Soviet Society • Stalinist Terror and the Great Purges



Mussolini and Fascism in Italy


The Seizure of Power • The Regime in Action



Hitler and Nazism in Germany


The Roots of Nazism • Hitler’s Road to Power • The Nazi State and Society • Hitler’s Popularity • Aggression and Appeasement, 1933–1939



The Second World War, 1939–1945


Hitler’s Empire in Europe, 1939–1942 • The Holocaust • Japan’s Asian Empire • The Grand Alliance • The War in Europe, 1942–1945 • The War in the Pacific, 1942–1945



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 30 REVIEW




31


Decolonization, Revolution, and the Cold War


1945–1968



The World Remade


The Cold War • The United Nations • The Politics of Liberation • Dependency and Development Theories • Interpreting the Postcolonial Experience



Nation Building in South Asia and the Middle East


Independence in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh • Arab Socialism in the Middle East • The Arab-Israeli Conflict



Revolution and Resurgence in East and Southeast Asia


The Communist Victory in China • Conflict in Korea • Japan’s American Reconstruction • The Vietnam War



Decolonization in Africa


The Growth of African Nationalism • Ghana Shows the Way • Countries Emerging from French Rule



Populist and Revolutionary Pathways in Latin America


Economic Nationalism in Mexico • Populism in Argentina and Brazil • Communist Revolution in Cuba



The Limits of Postwar Prosperity


The Soviet Union Struggles to Move Beyond Stalin • Postwar Challenges in Western Europe and the United States • The World in 1968



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 31 REVIEW




32


Liberalization and Liberation


1968–2000s



Oil Shocks and Liberalization


The OPEC Oil Embargo • Mexico Under the PRI • Nigeria, Africa’s Giant The Camp David Accords and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Revolution and War in Iran and Iraq



Latin America: Dictatorship, Debt, and Democratization


Civil Wars in Central America • Boom and Bust in Chile • The Dirty War in Argentina • Development and Dictatorship in Brazil



Gender, Race and Liberation


Gay Liberation • Second-Wave and Third World Feminism • Pan-Africanism, Black Power and the African Diaspora



Resistance to White Rule in Southern Africa


Portuguese Decolonization and Rhodesia • South Africa Under Apartheid • Political Change in Africa Since 1990



Growth and Development in Asia


Japan’s Economic Miracle and the Emergence of the "Asian Tigers" • China’s Economic Resurgence • Development Versus Democracy in India and Pakistan



The End of the Cold War


The Limits of Reform in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe • Recasting Russia Without Communism • Integration and Reform in Europe



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 32 REVIEW



33


The Contemporary World in Historical Perspective



The Neoliberal World and Its Limits


Al-Qaeda and Afghanistan • Conflict and Change in the Middle East • Right Wing Nationalism Re-emerges



Global Circulation and Exchange


Migration • Urbanization • Multinational Corporations



Social Movements


Children: The Right to Childhood • Women’s Right to Equality • LGBTQ Challenges • Environmentalism



Global Climate Change


Causes of Global Warming and Responses to It • Historical Experiences with Climate and Environmental Change • Automobility • Global Energy Reliance • Intensified Agriculture and the Green Revolution • Impacts of Climate Change



Chapter Summary



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CHAPTER 33 REVIEW

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