A History of World Societies, Volume 2: Since 1500

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  • Edition: 8th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-10-10
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
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What is included with this book?


More than any other text,A History of World Societiesintroduces students to the families, foods, workplaces, religions, and diversions of peoples of the past through lively, descriptive writing and extensive primary sources that give voice to a wide range of individuals. This hallmark treatment of social history combines with strong political, cultural, and economic coverage and a clear, easy-to-manage organization to provide students with the most vivid account available of what life was like throughout human history.The Eighth Edition welcomes to the author team Merry Wiesner-Hanks and Clare Crowston, experienced world-history teachers and highly regarded scholars who bring additional attention to gender and cultural history. It also expands the text's global perspective by strengthening coverage of non-Western topics and comparisons among world societies. A fresh, colorful look and a completely new map program showcase a narrative that the authors judiciously shortened for even greater power and accessibility.Bedford/St. Martin's is proud to have recently acquired the stellar McKay franchise in World History and Western Civilization. These wonderful books fit well with our publishing philosophy at Bedford/St. Martin's, emphasizing innovation, quality, and a focus on the needs of students and instructors. We hope to contribute to their future success with the care and attention to detail we give every book we publish.

Author Biography

John P. McKay, Professor of History at the University of Illinois, received his Ph.D. from the University of Columbia, Berkeley in 1968. Author of three books, he won the Herbert Baxter Adams Award from the American Historical Association with his Pioneers for Profit. He is a Senior Fulbright Fellow and recipient of a Guggenheim Fellowship.
Bennett D. Hill (deceased), a former Chairman and Professor of History at the University of Illinois, received his Ph.D. from Princeton in 1963. He taught at the University of Maryland and was most recently a visiting professor at Georgetown University. He published two books and many journal articles.
John Buckler, a Professor of History at the University of Illinois, earned his doctorate at Harvard University in 1973. He has published numerous journal articles and written a monograph, The Theban Hegemony, published by Harvard University Press.
Patricia B. Ebrey, Professor with Joint Appointment: Early Imperial China, Song Dynasty, at the University of Washington in Seattle, received her Ph.D. from Columbia University in 1975. She has published numerous journal articles and published The Cambridge Illustrated History of China (Cambridge University Press, 1996), as well as numerous monographs. Merry Wiesner-Hanks, UWM Distinguished Professor at University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee, earned her B.A. from Grinnell College in 1973 and her Ph.D. in 1979 at University of Wisconsin – Madison. She is the co-editor of the Sixteenth Century Journal and the author or editor of nineteen books and many articles that have appeared in many languages. She is currently the Chief Reader for Advanced Placement World History.
Clare H. Crowston, Associate Professor of History at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, earned her B.A. in 1985 from McGill University and her Ph.D. in 1996 from Cornell University. The author of many articles, she has also written Fabricating Women: The Seamstresses of Old Regime France, 1675-1791 (Duke University Press, 2001), which won two awards, the Berkshire Prize and the Hagley Prize. She is a past-President of the Society for French Historical Studies and a former chair of the Pinkney Prize Committee.

Table of Contents

Chapter 15: The Acceleration of Global Contact
The Indian Ocean: Hub of an Afro-Eurasian Trading World
        People and Cultures
        Religious Revolutions
        Trade and Commerce
European Discovery, Reconnaissance, and Expansion
        Causes of European Expanision
        Technological Stimuli to Exploration
        The Portuguese Overseas Empire
                Individuals in Society: Zheng He
        The Problem of Christopher Columbus
        New World Conquest
The Impact of Contact
        Colonial Administration
        The Columbian Exchange
        Spanish Settlement and Indigenous Population Decline
        Sugar and Slavery
Global Trade Networks
The Chinese and Japanese Discovery of the West
The World-Wide Economic Effects of Spanish Silver
Chapter 16: Absolutism and Constitutionalism in
  Europe, ca 1589-1725
Seventeenth-Century Crisis and Rebuilding
Economic and Demographic Crisis
The Return of Serfdom in the East
The Thirty Years’ War
        Seventeenth-Century State-Building: Common
          Obstacles and Achievements
Absolutism in France and Spain
        The Foundations of Absolutism: Henry IV, Sully, and Richelieu
        Louis XIV and Absolutism
        Financial and Economic Management Under Louis XIV: Colbert
        Louis XIV’s Wars
        The Decline of Absolutist Spain in the Seventeenth Century
Absolutism in Eastern Europe: Austria, Prussia, and Russia
        The Austrian Habsburgs
        Prussia in the Seventeenth Century
        The Consolidation of Prussian Absolutism
        The Mongol Yoke and the Rise of Moscow
        Tsar and People to 1689
        The Reforms of Peter the Great
Absolutist Claims in England (1603-1649)
        Religious Divides
        Puritanical Absolutism in England: Cromwell
          and the Protectorate
        The Restoration of the English Monarchy
        The Triumph of England’s Parliament: Constitutional
          Monarchy and Cabinet Government
The Dutch Republic in the Seventeenth Century
        Individuals in Society: Glückel of Hameln
Chapter 17: Toward a New Worldview in the West
The Scientific Revolution
        Scientific Thought in 1500
        The Copernican Hypothesis
        From Brahe to Galileo
        Newton’s Synthesis
        Causes of the Scientific Revolution
        Science and Society
The Enlightenment
        The Emergence of the Enlightenment
        The Philosophes and the Public
        Urban Culture and the Public Sphere
        Late Enlightenment
        Race and the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment and Absolutism
        Frederick the Great of Prussia
                Individuals in Society: Moses Mendelssohn
                  and the Jewish Enlightenment
        Catherine the Great of Russia
        The Austrian Habsburgs
Chapter 18: Africa and the World, ca 1400–1800
Senegambia and Benin
        Women, Marriage, and Work
        Trade and Industry
The Sudan: Songhay, Kanem-Bornu, and Hausaland
The Swahili City-States
The African Slave Trade
        The Atlantic Slave Trade
                Individuals in Society: Olaudah Equiano
        Consequences Within Africa
Chapter 19: The Islamic World Powers, ca 1400-1800
The Three Turkish Ruling Houses: The Ottomans,
  Safavids, and Mughals
        The Ottoman Turkish Empire
                Individuals in Society: Hürrem
        The Safavid Theoracy in Persia
        The Mughal Empire in India
Cultural Flowering
        City and Palace Building
        Intellectual and Religious Trends
        Coffee Houses
Non-Muslims Under Muslim Rule
Shifting Trade Routes and European Penetration
        European Rivalry for the Indian Trade
        Factory-Fort Societies
        The Rise of the British East India Company
Dynastic Decline
Chapter 20: Continuity and Change in East Asia,
  ca 1400–1800
Ming China, 1368-1644
        Problems with the Imperial Institution
        The Mongols and the Great Wall
        The Examination Life
        Life of the People
                Individuals in Society: Tan Yunxian, Woman Doctor
        Ming Decline
The Manchus and Qing China, 1644–1800
        Competent and Long-Lived Emperors
        Imperial Expansion
Japan’s Middle Ages
        Muromachi Culture
        Civil War
        The Victors: Nobunaga and Hideyoshi
The Tokugawa Shogunate
        The Life of the People in the Edo Period
East Asian Maritime Trade and Piracy
        Zheng He’s Voyages
        Piracy and Japan’s Overseas Adventures
        Europeans Enter the Scene
        Learning from the West
        British Efforts to Expand Trade with China
          in the Eighteenth Century
Chapter 21:The Revolution in Politics, 1775-1815
Background to Revolution
        Legal Orders and Social Change
        The Crisis of Political Legitimacy
        The Impact of the American Revolution
        Financial Crisis
Revolution in Metropole and Colony, 1789-1791
        The Formation of the National Assembly
        The Revolt of the Poor and the Oppressed
        A Limited Monarchy
        Revolutionary Aspirations in Saint-Domingue
World War and Republican France, 1791-1799
        Foreign Reactions and the Beginning of War
        The Second Revolution
        Total War and the Terror
        Revolution in Saint-Domingue
        The Thermidorian Reaction and the Directory, 1794-1799
The Napoleonic Era, 1799-1815
        Napoleon’s Rule of France
        Napoleon’s Expansion in Europe
        The War of Haitian Independence
        The Grand Empire and Its End
Chapter 22: The Industrial Revolution in Europe, ca 1780-1860
The Initial Breakthrough in England
        Eighteenth-Century Origins
        The Agricultural Revolution
        The Growth of Foreign Trade
        The First Factories
Energy and Transportation
        The Problem of Energy
        The Steam Engine Breakthrough
        The Coming of the Railroads
        Industry and Population
Industrialization in Continental Europe
        National Variations
        The Challenge of Industrialization
        Agents of Industrialization
Capital and Labor
        The New Class of Factory Owners
        The New Factory Workers
                Individuals in Society: The Strutt Family
        Conditions of Work
        The Sexual Division of Labor
        The Early Labor Movement
Chapter 23: The Triumph of Nationalism in Europe, 1815-1914
Peace, Radical Ideas, and Romanticism
        The Peace Settlement
Reforms and Revolutions, 1815-1850
        Liberal Reform in Great Britain
        Revolutions in France
        The Revolutions of 1848 in Central Europe
Nation Building in Italy, Germany, and Russia
        Cavour, Garibaldi, and the Unification of Italy
        Bismarck and German Unification
                Individuals in Society: Giuseppe Garibaldi
        The Modernization of Russia
Life in Urban Society
        Taming the City
        Social Structure and The Middle Classes
        The Working Classes
        The Changing Family
        Science and Culture
The Responsive National State, 1871-1914
        The German Empire
        Republican France
        Great Britain and the Austro-Hungarian Empire
        Jewish Emancipation and Modern Anti-Semitism
        The Socialist Movement
Chapter 24: Africa, Southwest Asia, and Western
  Imperialism, 1800-1914
Industrialization and the World Economy
        The Rise of Global Inequality
        The World Market
        The Great Migration
Western Imperialism, 1880-1914
        Causes of the New Imperialism
        Western Critics of Imperialism
        African and Asian Resistance
The Islamic Heartland Under Pressure
        Decline and Reform in the Ottoman Empire
        Egypt: From Reform to British Occupation
Sub-Saharan Africa: From the Slave Trade to European Rule
        African Trade and Social Change (1800-1880)
        Islamic Revival and Expansion
        The Seizure of Africa (1880-1902)
        Southern Africa in the Nineteenth Century
        The Imperial System (1900-1930)
Chapter 25: Asia in the Era of Imperialism, 1800-1914
India and the British Empire in Asia
Competition for Southeast Asia
        The Dutch East Indies
        Mainland Southeast Asia
        The Philippines
China Under Pressure
        The Opium War
        Internal Problems
        The Self-Strengthening Movement
        The End of the Monarchy in China
Japan’s Rapid Transformation
        The Opening of Japan
        The Meiji Restoration
        Japan as an Imperial Power
The Movement of Peoples
        Westerners to Asia
        Asian Emigration
                Individuals in Society: Jose Rizal
Chapter 26: Nation Building in the Western
  Hemisphere and Australia
Latin America, 1800-1929
        The Origins of the Revolutions
        Resistance and Rebellion
The Impact of Immigration
The United States, 1789-1929
        Manifest Destiny
Black Slavery in the South
                Individuals in Society: Crazy Horse
        The Civil War
        Industrialization and Immigration
Canada, from French Colony to Nation
Australia, from Penal Colony to Nation
The New Countries in Comparative Perspective
Chapter 27: The Great Break: War and Revolution
The First World War
        The Bismarckian System of Alliances
        The Rival Blocs
        The Outbreak of War
        Stalemate and Slaughter
        The Widening War
The Home Front
        Mobilizing for Total War
        The Social Impact
        Growing Political Tensions
                Individuals in Society: Vera Brittain
The Russian Revolution
        The Fall of Imperial Russia
        The Provisional Government
        Lenin and the Bolshevik Revolution
        Dictatorship and Civil War
The Peace Settlement
        The End of the War
        The Treaty of Versailles
        American Rejection of the Versailles Treaty
Chapter 28: Nationalism in Asia, 1914-1939
The First World War and Western Imperialism
The Middle East
        The First World War and the Arab Revolt
        The Turkish Revolution
        Iran and Afghanistan
        The Arab States and Palestine
Toward Self-Rule in India
        Promises and Repression (1914-1919)
        The Roots of Militant Nonviolence
        Gandhi Leads the Way
Turmoil in East Asia
        The Rise of Nationalist China
        China’s Intellectual Revolution
        From Liberalism to Ultranationalism in Japan
                Individuals in Society: Ning Lao
        Japan Against China
        Southeast Asia
Chapter 29: The Age of Anxiety in the West
Uncertainty in Modern Thought
        Modern Philosophy
        The Revival of Christianity
        The New Physics
        Freudian Psychology
        Twentieth-Century Literature
Modern Art and Music
        Architecture and Design
        Modern Painting and Music
Movies and Radio
The Search for Peace and Political Stability
        Germany and the Western Powers
        Hope in Foreign Affairs (1924-1929)
                Individuals in Society: Gustav Stresemann
The Great Depression (1929-1939)
        The Economic Crisis
        Mass Unemployment
        The New Deal in the United States
        The Scandinavian Response to the Depression
        Recovery and Reform in Britain and France
Chapter 30: Dictatorships and the Second World War
Authoritarian States
        Conservative Authoritarianism
        Radical Totalitarian Dictatorships
Stalin’s Soviet Union
        From Lenin to Stalin
        The Five-Year Plans
        Life and Culture in Soviet Society
        Stalinist Terror and the Great Purges
Mussolini and Fascism in Italy
        The Seizure of Power
        The Regime in Action
Hitler and Nazism in Germany
        The Roots of Nazism
        Hitler’s Road to Power
        The Nazi State and Society
        Hitler’s Popularity
Aggression and Appeasement (1933-1939)
The Second World War
        Hitler’s Empire in Europe, 1939-1942
                Individuals in Society: Primo Levi
        Japan’s Asian Empire
        The Grand Alliance
        The War in Europe, 1942-1945
        The War in the Pacific, 1942-1945
Chapter 31:Global Recovery and Division Between
The Division of Europe
        The Origins of the Cold War
        West Versus East
Renaissance and Crisis in Western Europe
        The Postwar Challenge
        "Building Europe" and Decolonization
        The Changing Class Structure
        Economic and Social Dislocation, 1970-1990
The Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, 1945-1991
        Stalin’s Last Years
        Limited De-Stalinization and Stagnation
        The Gorbachev
        The Revolutions of 1989
        Cold War Finale and Soviet Disintegration
                Individuals in Society: Vaclav Havel
The United States: Confrontation and Transformation
        America’s Economic Boom and Civil Rights Revolution
        Youth and the Counterculture
        The United States in World Affairs, 1964-1991
Japan’s Resurgence as a First World Power
        Japan’s American Revolution
        "Japan, Inc"
        Japan in the Post-Cold War World
The Post-Cold War Era in Europe, 1991 to the Present
        Common Patterns and Problems
Recasting Eastern Europe and Russia Without Communism
Chapter 32: Latin America, Asia, and Africa in
  the Contemporary World
Latin America: Moving Toward Democracy
        Economic Nationalism in Latin America
        Authoritarianism and Democracy in Latin America
        Latin America in the 1990s
The Resurgence of East Asia
        The Communist Victory in China
        Mao’s China
        The Limits of Reform
        The Asian "Economic Tigers"
        Political and Economic Progress in Southeast Asia
        The Reunification of Vietnam
New Nations and Old Rivalries in South Asia
        The End of British India
        Pakistan and Bangladesh
        India Since Independence
The Islamic Heartland
        The Arab-Israeli Conflict
        The Development of Egypt
        Israel and the Palestinians
        Nationalism, Fundamentalism, and Competition
        Algeria and Civil War
Imperialism and Nationalism in Sub-Saharan Africa
        The Growth of African Nationalism
        Achieving Independence with New Leaders
        Ghana Shows the Way
        French-Speaking Regions
Sub-Saharan Africa Since 1960
        Striving for National Unity
        Nigeria, Africa’s Giant
                Individuals in Society: Leopold Sedar Senghor
        The Struggle in Southern Africa
        Political Reform in Africa Since 1990
Interpreting the Experiences of the Emerging World
Chapter 33: A New Era in World History
Global Unity or Continued Division
        Nation-States and the United Nations
        Complexity and Violence in a Multipolar World
        The Terrorist Threat
        Weapons of Mass Destruction
Global Interdependence
        Multinational Corporations
        Industrialization and Modernization
        Agriculture and the Green Revolution
        The Economics and Politics of Globalization
        Pressure on Vital Resources and Economic
The Growth of Cities, 1945 to the Present
        Rapid Urbanization
        Overcrowding and Shantytowns
        Rich and Poor
        Urban Migrations and the Family
        Urbanization and Agriculture
Science and Technology: Changes and Challenges
        The Medical Revolution
        Population Change: Balancing the Numbers
        Global Epidemics
        Mass Communication
Social Reform and Progress
        Women: The Right to Equality
        Children: The Right to Childhood
                Individuals in Society: His Holiness the
                  Fourteenth Dalai Lama

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