A History of World Societies, Volume A: From Antiquity to 1500

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  • Edition: 8th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-10-10
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
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More than any other text,A History of World Societiesintroduces students to the families, foods, workplaces, religions, and diversions of peoples of the past through lively, descriptive writing and extensive primary sources that give voice to a wide range of individuals. This hallmark treatment of social history combines with strong political, cultural, and economic coverage and a clear, easy-to-manage organization to provide students with the most vivid account available of what life was like throughout human history.The Eighth Edition welcomes to the author team Merry Wiesner-Hanks and Clare Crowston, experienced world-history teachers and highly regarded scholars who bring additional attention to gender and cultural history. It also expands the text's global perspective by strengthening coverage of non-Western topics and comparisons among world societies. A fresh, colorful look and a completely new map program showcase a narrative that the authors judiciously shortened for even greater power and accessibility.Bedford/St. Martin's is proud to have recently acquired the stellar McKay franchise in World History and Western Civilization. These wonderful books fit well with our publishing philosophy at Bedford/St. Martin's, emphasizing innovation, quality, and a focus on the needs of students and instructors. We hope to contribute to their future success with the care and attention to detail we give every book we publish.

Author Biography

John P. McKay, Professor of History at the University of Illinois, received his Ph.D. from the University of Columbia, Berkeley in 1968. Author of three books, he won the Herbert Baxter Adams Award from the American Historical Association with his Pioneers for Profit. He is a Senior Fulbright Fellow and recipient of a Guggenheim Fellowship.
Bennett D. Hill (deceased), a former Chairman and Professor of History at the University of Illinois, received his Ph.D. from Princeton in 1963. He taught at the University of Maryland and was most recently a visiting professor at Georgetown University. He published two books and many journal articles.
John Buckler, a Professor of History at the University of Illinois, earned his doctorate at Harvard University in 1973. He has published numerous journal articles and written a monograph, The Theban Hegemony, published by Harvard University Press.
Patricia B. Ebrey, Professor with Joint Appointment: Early Imperial China, Song Dynasty, at the University of Washington in Seattle, received her Ph.D. from Columbia University in 1975. She has published numerous journal articles and published The Cambridge Illustrated History of China (Cambridge University Press, 1996), as well as numerous monographs. Merry Wiesner-Hanks, UWM Distinguished Professor at University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee, earned her B.A. from Grinnell College in 1973 and her Ph.D. in 1979 at University of Wisconsin – Madison. She is the co-editor of the Sixteenth Century Journal and the author or editor of nineteen books and many articles that have appeared in many languages. She is currently the Chief Reader for Advanced Placement World History.
Clare H. Crowston, Associate Professor of History at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, earned her B.A. in 1985 from McGill University and her Ph.D. in 1996 from Cornell University. The author of many articles, she has also written Fabricating Women: The Seamstresses of Old Regime France, 1675-1791 (Duke University Press, 2001), which won two awards, the Berkshire Prize and the Hagley Prize. She is a past-President of the Society for French Historical Studies and a former chair of the Pinkney Prize Committee.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Early Civilizations of the Near East, to 464 B.C.E
Birth and Growth of Mesopotamian Civilization
  (ca 3000-2331 B.C.E.)
        The Invention of Writing and Intellectual Advances
          (ca 3000-2331 B.C.E.)
        Sumerian Thought and Religion
        Sumerian Society
        The Triumph of Babylon and the Spread of Mesopotamian
          Civilization (2331-ca 1595 B.C.E.)
Egypt, the Land of the Pharaohs (3100-1200 B.C.E.)
        The God-King of Egypt
        The Pharaoh’s People
        The Hyksos in Egypt (1640-1570 B.C.E)
        The New Kingdom: Revival and Empire (1570-1075 B.C.E)
                 Individuals in Society: Nefertiti
The Rise of the Hittites
        A Shattered Egypt and a Rising Phoenicia
The Children of Isreal
        Daily Life in Israel
Assyria, the Military Monarchy (859-612 B.C.E)
The Empire of the Persian Kings (ca 1000-464 B.C.E)
        The Creation of the Persian Empire (550-464 B.C.E)
        The Religion of Zoroaster
        The Span of the Persian Empire

Chapter 2: The Foundation of Indian Society, to 300 C.E.
The Land and Its First Settlers (ca3000-1500 B.C.E)
The Aryans and the Vedic Age (ca 1500-500 B.C.E)
        Early Indian Society, 1000-500 B.C.E.
India’s Great Religions
                Individuals in Society: Gosala
        Siddhartha Gautama and Buddhism
India and the West (ca 513-298 B.C.E)
The Mauryan Empire (ca 322-185 B.C.E)
        The Reign of Ashoka (ca 269-232 B.C.E)
Small States and the Trading Networks (200 B.C.E. -300 C.E.
Chapter 3: China’s Classical Age, to 256 B.C.E.
The Emergence of Civilization in China
        The Neolithic Age
        The Shang Dynasty (ca 1500-ca1050 B.C.E)
The Early Zhou Dynasty (ca 1050-500 BCE)
        Zhou Politics
        Zhou Society
The Warring States Period (500-221 BCE)
Confucius and His Followers
        Individuals in Society: Guan Zhong
Daoism, Legalism, and Other Schools of Thought
        Yin and Yang
Chapter 4: The Greek Experience (ca 3500-146 B.C.E)
The Polis (ca 800 B.C.E)
The Archaic Age (ca 800-500 B.C.E)
        Overseas Expansion
        The Growth of Sparta
        The Evolution of Athens
The Classical Period (500-338 B.C.E)
        The Deadly Conflicts (499-404 B.C.E)
        Athenian Arts in the Age of Pericles
        Aspects of Social Life in Athens
        Greek Religion
        The Flowering of Philosophy
        From Polis to Monarchy (404-323 B.C.E)
The Spread of Hellenism
        Cities and Kingdoms
        Building a Shared Society
The Economic Scope of the Hellenistic World
Hellenistic Intellectual Advances
        Religion in the Hellenistic World
        Philosophy and the People
        Hellenistic Science
                Individuals in Society: Archimedes
        Hellenistic Medicine
Chapter 5: The World of Rome (753 B.C.E- 479 C.E.)
The Etruscans and Rome (ca 750-290 B.C.E)
        The Etruscans and the Roman Settlement of Italy
          (ca 750-509 B.C.E)
        The Roman Conquest of Italy (509-209 B.C.E)
The Roman Republic
        Social Conflict in Rome
Roman Expansion and Its Repercussions (282-27 B.C.E)
        The Age of Overseas Conquest (282-45 B.C.E)
        Old Values and Greek Culture
        The Late Republic (133-31 B.C.E)
The Pax Romana
        Augustus’s Settlement (31 B.C.E-14 C.E)
        Administration and Expansion under Augustus
The Coming of Christianity
        Unrest in Judaea
        The Life and Teachings of Jesus
        The Spread of Christianity
        The Appeal of Christianity
The "Golden" Age
                Individuals in Society: Plutarch of Chaironeia
        Life in the Golden Age
Rome and the East (235-284 C.E.)
        Conflict and Commerce between Rome and Parthia
        Contacts Between Rome and China
The Empire from crisis to Triumph (284-337 C.E.)
        Reconstruction under Diocletian and Constantine
          (284-337 C.E.)
        The Acceptance of Christianity
        The Construction of Constantinople
        From the Classical World to Late Antiquity
Chapter 6: East Asia and the Spread of Buddhism,
  256 B.C.E.–800 C.E.
The Age of Empire in China
        The Qin Unification (256-206 BCE)
        The Han Dynasty (206 BCE-220 CE)
        Inner Asia and the Silk Road
        Han Intellectual and Cultural Life
        Economy and Society in Han China
                Individuals in Society: The Ban Family
        China and Rome
        The Fall of the Han and the Age of Division
The Spread of Buddhism Out of India
The Chinese Empire Re-created: Sui (581–618) and
  Tang (618–907)
        The Tang Dynasty (618-907)
        Tang Culture
The East Asian Cultural Sphere
Chapter 7: Europe and Western Asia, ca 350-850
The Byzantine Empire
        Sources of Byzantine Strength
        The Sasanid Kingdom of Persia and Byzantium
                Individuals in Society: Theodora of Constantinople
        The Law Code of Justinian
        Byzantine Intellectual Life
        Constantinople: The Second Rome
The Growth of the Christian Church
        The Church and its Leaders
        The Western Church and the Eastern Church
        The Iconoclastic Controversy
        Christian Monasticism
Christian Ideas and Practices
        Adjustment to Classical Culture
        Saint Augustine
        Missionary Activity
        Conversion and Assimilation
Migrating Peoples
        Celts, Huns, and Germans
        Barbarian Society
        Social and Economic Structures
        The Frankish Kingdom
Chapter 8: The Islamic World, ca 600-1400
The Origins of Islam
        The Islamic Faith
Islamic States and Their Expansion
        Reasons for the Spread of Islam
        The Caliphate
        The Abbasid Caliphate
        Administration of the Islamic Territories
Fragmentation and Military Challenges (900-1400)
        The Ascendancy of the Turks
        The Mongols Invasions
Muslim Society: The Life of the People
        The Classes of Society
        Women in Classical Islamic Society
Trade and Commerce
Cultural Developments
        Individuals in Society: Abu ‘Abdallah Ibn Battuta
        Education and Intellectual Life
        Muslim-Christian Encounters.
Chapter 9: African Societies and Kingdoms, ca 400-1450
The Land and Peoples of Africa
        Egypt, Africa, and Race
        Early African Societies
        Bantu Migrations
        Kingdoms of the Western Sudan, ca 1000 BCE-1500 CE
        The Trans-Saharan Trade
African Kingdoms and Empires (ca 800-1450)
        The Kingdom of Ghana (ca 900-1100)
        The Kingdom of Mali (ca1200-1450)
        Ethiopia: the Christian Kingdom of Axum
                Individuals in Society: Amda Siyon
        The East African City-States
        Southern Africa
Chapter 10: Civilizations of the Americas, 2500 BCE- 1500 CE
The Early Peoples of the Americas
        Settling the Americas
        The Development of Agriculture
Early Civilizations
        Mounds, Towns, and Trade in North and South America
        The Olmecs
Classical Era Mesoamerica and North America
        Maya Technology and Trade
        Maya Science and Religion
        Teotihuacán and the Toltecs
        Hohokam, Hopewell, and Mississippian
The Aztecs
        Religion and War in Aztec Society
                Individuals in Society: Tlacaélel
        The Life of the People
        The Cities of the Aztecs
The Incas
        Earlier Peruvian Cultures
        Inca Imperialism
        Inca Society
Chapter 11: Central and Southern Asia, to 1400
Central Asian Nomads
        The Turks
        The Mongols
        Daily Life
Chinggis Khan and the Mongol Empire
        Chinggis’s Successors
        The Mongols as Rulers
East-West Communication During the Mongol Era
India, 300-1400
        The Gupta Empire (ca 320-480)
        India’s Medieval Age (ca 500-1400) and the
          First Encounter with Islam
                Individuals in Society: Bhaskara the Teacher
        Daily Life in Medieval India
        Southeast Asia, to 1400
        The Spread of Indian Culture in Comparative Perspective
Chapter 12: East Asia, ca 800-1400
        The Medieval Chinese Economic Revolution (800-1100)
China During the Song Dynasty (960-1279)
        The Scholar-Officials and New-Confucianism
                Individuals in Society: Shen Gua
        Women’s Lives
Japan’s Heian Period (794-1185)
        Fujiwara Rule
        Aristocratic Culture
The Samurai and The Kamakura Shogunate (1185-1333)
        Military Rule
        Cultural Trends
Chapter 13: Europe in the Middle Ages, 850-1400
Political Developments
        Feudalism and Manorialism
        Invasions and Migrations
        The Restoration of Order
        Law and Justice
Revival and Reform in the Christian Church
        Monastic Reforms
                Individuals in Society: Hildegard of Bingen
        Papal Reforms
        Popular Religion
The Expansion of Latin Christendom
        Toward a Christian Society
The Crusades
        Background of the Crusades
        The Course of the Crusades
The Changing Life of the People
        Those Who Work
        Those Who Fight
        Towns and Cities
        The Expansion of Long-Distance Trade
The Culture of the Middle Ages
        Universities and Scholasticism
        Troubadour Poetry
Crises of the Later Middle Ages
        The Great Famine and the Black Death
        The Hundred Years’ War
        Challenges to the Church
        Peasant and Urban Revolts

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