Horace Mann and the Public School in the United States

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2002-05-01
  • Publisher: Lightning Source Inc

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Table of Contents

Preface 3(4)
Preamble 7(2)
The life of Horace Mann previous to 1837
His origin
Poor and laborious childhood
Precocious taste for reading
The little library founded by Franklin
The village school
Mann revolts from the gloomy teachings of Calvinism
Keen sentiment for the beauties of nature
Family affections
His tenderness for his mother
His devotion to his sister
His first marriage
Despair caused by the loss of his wife
His friendships
Mann as a lawyer
Mann as member of Congress, senator, politician
His work for the amelioration of the treatment of the blind
His campaign against intemperance
Brilliancy of his public position and sadness of his private life
Horace Mann, secretary of the Board of Education of Boston (1837--1848)
Formation of the Board of Education
Why Mann was chosen secretary of the Board
His devotion to humanity and his love of children
His faith in education
Limited powers of the Board and of its secretary
No effective authority
No means of action except appeal to public opinion
From the first day Mann sets to work
First lecture tour
Crusade against ignorance
Not always an audience at his lectures
The common school journal
Mann acts by speech and pen
The twelve annual reports
Character of these reports, genuine scholastic manifestoes
Their historical interest
Their pedagogic value
Tables showing the condition of Massachusett schools in 1837
Analyses of the twelve reports
How Mann prepared them
Questions addressed to competent persons
The seventh report
Account of European trip
Favorable impression made upon Mann by German schools
Somewhat excessive eulogy of German teachers
Severe judgment on France
Violent opposition encountered by Mann in his own country
The non-sectarian school attacked by the American sectaries, as the French lay school was to be later
Conflict with the Boston schoolmasters
Reform of Boston schools
Foundation of normal schools
Necessity for professional training of teachers
Pierce, master of the Lexington Normal School
School libraries
Importance of good books
Other pedagogical innovations by Mann
Lectures to teachers
Graduated tables of the districts
Mann's disinterestedness, his pecuniary sacrifices
Results of his twelve years of labor
He is elected representative from Massachusetts to the Congress at Washington
Resigns his secretaryship
Mann's philosophy and general ideas
No personal philosophy
Philosophical system borrowed from George Combe
The author of The Constitution of Man
What attracted Mann in Combe's theories
The reasons for his being a phrenologist
The laws of the development of the mind, symmetry, and activity
Mann's spirituality
A strain of mysticism
A Puritan without theology
Faith in the immortality of the soul
Moral psychology of Mann
The higher faculties, conscience and the feeling of responsibility
Intellect subordinated to feeling
Great ideas come from the heart
Intellectual culture subordinated to moral culture
Utilitarian tendencies
Universal education a social debt
Mann's hesitation in regard to obligatory school attendance
His eloquence
Qualities and defects of his style
His political views
The honest man and good citizen
The perils of unenlightened universal suffrage
Without education no safety
Horace Mann, president of Antioch College (1853--1859)
Mann elected governor of Massachusetts
He prefers to assume the direction of Antioch College in Ohio
His enthusiasm for this new work
Dreams and reality
Material difficulties
Miserable accommodations
Financial embarrassment
Hostility of those about him
His courage triumphs over all obstacles
Organization of studies
Selection of students
Moral qualities preferred to intellectual gifts
Innovations in programme and methods of instruction
Principles of discipline
Punishments to be avoided
Pupils governed by appealing to their conscience
Liberal regime
Mann's moral authority
What he had retained of the Puritanism of his ancestors
His campaign against tobacco and alcoholic liquors
Experiment in coeducation
Failing health
Financial ruin of the college
Mann's final efforts
His death
Mann's influence and the Spread of his Work
What would distress Mann, were he to return to this world, in the present conditions
What would rejoice him, on the other hand
Progress of education in the United States
It has not ceased to conform to Mann's ideas
The Boston Board of Education led to the creation of a central organ of school administration in all the States
That progress has advanced slowly
Present statistics of schools in the United States
Increase of high schools
Influence of Mann over his contemporaries
His greatest disciple, Henry Barnard
That France has been inspired by the ideas and example of Mann
Horace Mann and Felix Pecaut
Bibliography 133

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