Human Adaptability: An Introduction to Ecological Anthropology

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2007-12-25
  • Publisher: Routledge

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Designed to help students understand the multiple levels at which human populations respond to their surroundings, this essential text offers the most complete discussion of environmental, physiological, behavioural and cultural adaptive strategies available. Among the unique features that make Human Adaptability outstanding as both a textbook for students and a reference book for professionals are a complete discussion of the development of ecological anthropology and relevant research methods; the use of an ecosystem approach with emphasis on arctic, high altitude, arid land, grassland and tropical rain forest environments; an extensive bibliography on ecological anthropology; and a comprehensive glossary of technical terms. Entirely new to the third edition are chapters on urban sustainability and methods of spatial analysis, with enhanced emphasis throughout on the role of gender in human adaptability research and on global environmental issues as they affect particular ecosystems. In addition, brand-new sections in each chapter guide students to websites that provide access to relevant material, complement the text's coverage of biomes and suggest ways to become active in environmental issues.

Author Biography

Emilio F. Moran is Distinguished Professor and James H. Rudy Professor of anthropology, professor of environmental sciences and adjunct professor of geography, Director of the Anthropological Center for Training and Research on Global Environmental Change, and Codirector of the Center for the Study of Institutions, Populations, and Environmental Change at Indiana University

Table of Contents

List of Illustrationsp. xi
Preface to the Third Editionp. xv
List of Acronymsp. xxi
Environmental Anthropology: History, Theory, and Method
People in Ecosystemsp. 3
Human Adaptability as a Response to Constraintsp. 6
Modelingp. 11
Energyp. 14
Matterp. 18
Informationp. 20
Ecosystems and Global Changep. 22
Suggested Readings and Useful Websitesp. 23
Notep. 25
Theories of Human-Habitat Interactionp. 27
Environmental Determinismp. 28
Cultural Determinism: Nature as a Limiting Factorp. 31
Human Adaptation to Environmentp. 34
Cultural Ecology: Comparison in Human-Environment Researchp. 39
Applications of the Cultural Ecological Methodp. 41
Ecological Anthropologyp. 47
Ethnoecological and Cognitive Approachesp. 50
Historical Ecologyp. 51
Political Ecologyp. 53
Political Economy and Human Adaptabilityp. 55
Suggested Readings and Useful Websitesp. 56
Notesp. 58
Fundamental Concepts and Methodsp. 61
Ecosystem Relationshipsp. 61
Soils and Plant Productivityp. 68
Physiological Responsesp. 77
Sociocultural Regulatory Adjustmentsp. 83
Information and Decisions: Toward Actor-Based Approachesp. 86
Suggested Readings and Useful Websitesp. 89
Notep. 91
Environmental Change and Spatial Analysisp. 93
The Challenge of Scale and Levels of Analysisp. 95
Human Adaptability to Global Environmental Changep. 98
The Use of Remote Sensing and GIS in the Social Sciencesp. 100
Experimental Approaches in the Social Sciencesp. 113
Spatial Analysis and the Study of Institutionsp. 115
Suggested Readings and Useful Websitesp. 117
Notesp. 120
Studies of Human Adaptability
Human Adaptability to Arctic Zonesp. 123
The Arctic Ecosystemp. 124
Adaptation to Cold Stressp. 130
Coping with Snow and Sea Icep. 136
Adaptation to Prolonged Light and Darknessp. 139
Coping with Low Biological Productivityp. 142
Change in the Arcticp. 146
Suggested Readings and Useful Websitesp. 151
Notep. 155
Human Adaptability to High Altitudesp. 157
Mountain Ecosystemsp. 159
Adaptation to Hypoxiap. 163
Adaptability to Cold Stress in the Andesp. 174
Aridity and Low Productivityp. 176
Climate Change and High Altitude Ecosystemsp. 182
Suggested Readings and Useful Websitesp. 183
Notesp. 186
Human Adaptability to Arid Landsp. 189
Desert Ecosystemsp. 190
Adjustments to Dry Heatp. 196
Utilization of Resourcesp. 201
Irrigationp. 208
Change in Desert Ecosystemsp. 220
Suggested Readings and Useful Websitesp. 222
Human Adaptability to Grasslandsp. 227
Grasslands Ecosystemsp. 229
Herd Managementp. 236
Relations with Cultivatorsp. 248
Adaptive Strategies in the Northern Plainsp. 249
Global Change and the Future of Grasslands and Pastoralismp. 257
Suggested Readings and Useful Websitesp. 259
Human Adaptability to the Humid Tropicsp. 263
Tropical Rain Forest Ecosystemsp. 266
Coping with Ecosystem Complexityp. 273
Adaptability to Humid Heatp. 292
Global Change Processes and Alternatives to Deforestationp. 295
Suggested Readings and Useful Websitesp. 300
Notesp. 304
Urban Sustainability
Urban Ecology and Urban Sustainabilityp. 307
The History of Citiesp. 310
The Ecology of Citiesp. 311
Spatial Aspects of the City: Compact Versus Sprawl Patternsp. 315
Reducing Dependence on the Automobilep. 317
Cities and the Upcoming Water Crisisp. 319
An Integrative View of the Urban Ecosystemp. 321
The Urban LTERsp. 323
Final Remarksp. 324
Suggested Readings and Useful Websitesp. 326
Glossaryp. 331
Bibliographyp. 345
Indexp. 459
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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