Human Behavior and the Larger Social Environment : A New Synthesis

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-11-15
  • Publisher: Pearson

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Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Building on an Integrated Foundationp. 1
Introduction to Perspectives and Theoriesp. 2
Where We Beginp. 2
Shifting Perspectives in Social Workp. 3
Perspectives Used in This Textp. 4
The Ecosystems Perspectivep. 5
The Functionalist Perspectivep. 6
The Conflict Perspectivep. 7
The Rational/Social Exchange Perspectivep. 7
The Social Constructionist Perspectivep. 8
The Diversity Perspectivep. 9
The Strengths Perspectivep. 10
How Theory Informs Practicep. 10
Introduction to Social Institutionsp. 11
The Political Economyp. 13
The Economic Systemp. 14
Issues and Trends in the Economic Systemp. 15
Corporate Capitalismp. 15
Changing Patterns of Employmentp. 16
Consumerismp. 17
Globalizationp. 18
The Economic Crisisp. 18
Understanding the Economic Systemp. 19
Functionalist Perspectivep. 19
Conflict Perspectivep. 19
Rational/Social Exchange Perspectivep. 19
Constructionist Perspectivep. 20
The Impact of the Economic System on Individuals and Familiesp. 21
How the Economic System Deters Well-Beingp. 21
How the Economic System Promotes Well-Beingp. 21
The Political Systemp. 21
Issues and Trends in the Political Systemp. 22
Increasing Divisivenessp. 22
Political Influencep. 23
The Power of Incumbencyp. 23
Voter Turnoutp. 24
Officeholdersp. 25
Understanding the Political Systemp. 27
Functionalist Perspectivep. 27
Conflict Perspectivep. 27
Rational/Social Exchange Perspectivep. 27
Constructionist Perspectivep. 27
The Impact of the Political System on Individuals and Familiesp. 28
How the Political System Deters Well-Beingp. 28
Economics and Politics Together: The Political Economyp. 28
The Power of Organizationsp. 29
Government Spendingp. 30
Inequities in Government Benefitsp. 30
Looking Aheadp. 31
Government-Related Social Institutionsp. 32
Educationp. 33
Issues and Trends in Educationp. 34
Understanding the Education Systemp. 37
Relationship of the Education System to the Political Economyp. 39
The Impact of the Education System on Individuals: and Familiesp. 40
Criminal Justicep. 42
Issues and Trends in the Criminal Justice Systemp. 43
Understanding the Criminal Justice Systemp. 48
Relationship of the Criminal Justice System to the Political Economyp. 49
The Impact of the Criminal Justice System on Individuals and Familiesp. 50
The Militaryp. 53
Issues and Trends in the Militaryp. 54
Understanding the Militaryp. 55
Relationship of the Military to the Political Economyp. 56
The Impact of the Military on Individuals and Familiesp. 56
Looking Aheadp. 58
Non-Government-Related Social Institutionsp. 59
Health Carep. 60
Issues and Trends in Health Carep. 61
Understanding the Health Care Systemp. 65
Relationship of the Health Care System to the Political Economyp. 66
The Impact of the Health Care System on Individuals and Familiesp. 67
Religionp. 68
Issues and Trends in Religionp. 71
Understanding Religionp. 73
Relationship of Religion to the Political Economyp. 74
The Impact of Religion on Individuals and Familiesp. 75
Mass Media and Communications Technologyp. 77
Issues and Trends in Mass Media and Communications Technologyp. 78
Understanding the Mass Media and Communications Technologyp. 83
Relationship of Mass Media and Communications Technology to the Political Economyp. 84
The Impact of Mass Media and Communications Technology on Individuals and Familiesp. 85
Looking Aheadp. 90
Introduction to Social Structure in American Societyp. 91
Social Stratificationp. 93
Social Class in Americap. 94
Distribution of Wealth and Income in the United Statesp. 95
Poverty as a Special Concern for Social Workersp. 97
Social Mobilityp. 98
Understanding Social Stratificationp. 100
Functionalist Perspectivep. 100
Conflict Perspectivep. 100
Constructionist Perspectivep. 100
The Impact of Social Stratification on Individuals and Familiesp. 101
Addressing the Concerns of Daily Lifep. 101
Belongingness and Connectionsp. 105
Values and Attitudesp. 106
The Global Impact of Povertyp. 106
Looking Aheadp. 106
American Society and Cultural Diversityp. 107
The United States as a Multicultural Societyp. 108
New Arrivalsp. 109
Ethnicity, Color, and Racep. 111
Inequity and Privilegep. 112
Exploring Mainstream and Minority Culturesp. 113
Mainstream American Valuesp. 113
African Americansp. 16
Arab Americansp. 118
Asian Americans and Pacific Islandersp. 118
Latinosp. 121
Native Americansp. 123
White Ethnics and Jewsp. 125
Understanding Racial and Ethnic Inequality126
Functionalist Perspectivep. 127
Conflict Perspectivep. 127
Constructionist Perspectivep. 128
American Society and Experiences of Racial and Ethnic Inequityp. 128
The Experience of Native Americansp. 128
The Experience of African Americansp. 129
The Experience of Asian Americansp. 130
The Experience of White Ethnics and Jewsp. 132
The Experience of More Recent Arrivalsp. 133
Looking Aheadp. 134
Other Social Status Groupsp. 135
Social Statusp. 136
Genderp. 137
Understanding Social Stratification and Genderp. 138
American Society and the Experience of Inequity Related to Genderp. 138
Gender Around the Worldp. 141
Sexual Orientationp. 142
Sexual Orientation as Community and Culturep. 143
Understanding Social Stratification and Sexual Orientationp. 143
American Society and the Experience of Inequity Related to Sexual Orientationp. 144
Gay Rights in a Global Perspectivep. 146
Disabilityp. 146
Disability as Community and Culturep. 148
Understanding Social Stratification and Disabilityp. 149
American Society and the Experience of Inequity Related to Disabilityp. 150
Disability in a Global: Contextp. 151
Looking Aheadp. 151
Introduction to Social Settingsp. 153
Locational Communitiesp. 155
Defining Communityp. 156
Types of Communitiesp. 157
Issues and Trends in Communitiesp. 157
Cities and Suburbsp. 157
The Minority Urban Experiencep. 159
Suburban Sprawl and New: Urbanismp. 160
Rural Communitiesp. 161
Understanding Communitiesp. 162
Ecosystems Perspectivep. 162
Functionalist Perspectivep. 163
Conflict Perspectivep. 163
Rational/Social Exchange Perspectivep. 164
Constructionist Perspectivep. 181
Preferred Perspectivep. 183
The Impact of Organizations on Individuals and Familiesp. 184
How Organizations Deter Well-Beingp. 184
How Organizations Promote Well-Beingp. 188
Organizations as Providers of Social Services and as Employers of Social Workersp. 189
Looking Aheadp. 189
Residential Institutionsp. 190
Defining Institutionsp. 191
A Brief History of Institutionsp. 192
Issues and Trends in Institutionsp. 193
Privatizationp. 193
"Revolving Door" Carep. 193
Offendersp. 194
Older Adultsp. 194
People with Mental Illnessp. 195
People with Developmental Disabilitiesp. 195
Children and Youthp. 196
Understanding Institutionsp. 196
Ecosystems Perspectivep. 196
Functionalist Perspectivep. 197
Rational/Social Exchange Perspectivep. 197
Conflict Perspectivep. 198
Constructionist Perspectivep. 198
Preferred Perspectivesp. 198
The Impact of Institutions on Individuals and Familiesp. 199
How Institutions Deter Well-Beingp. 199
How Institutions Promote Well-Beingp. 200
Institutions in Other Countriesp. 201
Social Work in Institutionsp. 201
Conclusionp. 202
Referencesp. 203
Indexp. 225
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