Human Behavior and the Social Environment : Shifting Paradigms in Essential Knowledge for Social Work Practice

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  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-01-10
  • Publisher: Pearson
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Joe M. Schriver's book is different from other Human Behavior and the Social Environment (HBSE) books in its use of a traditional/alternative paradigm conceptual framework to critically examine theories and content relevant to HBSE at all system levels (individual, family, group, organization, community, and global).It provides both student and instructor with HBSE content that is in synch with the world around us today - a global world, war and its impact on multiple systems, social and economic injustice, continuing racial stratification and oppression, and a continuing world environment that too often subjugates women and children. At the same time, it includes content through which students and instructors can find a positive and relevant place for social work in relation to todayrs"s realities: social work as a human rights profession, asset based rather than deficit based theories of aging, new understanding of Islam as both a religion and a culture, new attention to the transgender community, and new approaches to leadership in organizational, group, and community contexts (visionary, exemplary, servant leadership styles, for example). In addition, it opens avenues for conversations about some very controversial issues such gay/lesbian marriage, Critical Race Theory, Differential vulnerability vs Equality of Oppression theory, immigration/refugee status, whiteness/white privilege and white male identity development.

Author Biography

Joe M. Schriver is the founding Director of the University of Arkansas School of Social Work. He is currently writing and publishing in the areas of Human Behavior and the Social Environment, social welfare history (social and economic justice), multicultural issues in social work education, and a Multi-System Life Course model for MSW education. He recently published the 5th edition of his book, Human Behavior and the Social Environment: Shifting Paradigms in Essential Knowledge for Social Work Practice. He is the founding Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Baccalaureate Social Work. Schriver has served on the Board of Directors of the National Association of Baccalaureate Social Work Program Directors, the Board of Directors of the Council on Social Work Education (CSWE) and on the Commission on Educational Policy of the CSWE. He teaches in the areas of Human Behavior and the Social Environment, Community Practice, and Global Social and Economic Justice and Oppression.

Table of Contents


1. Human Behavior and the Social Environment (HBSE) and Paradigms Purposes, Foundations, and Assumptions.

Purposes of Social Work.

Paradigms and Social Work.

Paradigms and History.

Social Work History: Science and Art.

Paradigm Shift, Social Work, and Social Change.

Paradigms: Culture, Ethnicity, and Race.

2. Traditional and Alternative Paradigms.

Dimensions of Traditional and Dominant Paradigms.

Dimensions of Alternative/Possible Paradigms.

Interpretive/Intuitive/Subjective/Qualitative: Ways of Knowing.





3. Paradigm Thinking and Social Work Knowledge for Practice.

Topics Addressed in This Chapter:

Tools and Terms for Thinking About Thinking.

Tools for Social Workers: Theories for Practice.

Traditional Theoretical Approaches.

Mid-range Theoretical Approaches.

Alternative Theoretical Approaches.

Strengths-Based Perspective.



Cultural Competence.

Transpersonal/Spiritual Approaches.

Alternative Extensions of Systems Approaches.



4. Traditional/Dominant Perspectives on Individuals.

Topics Addressed in This Chapter.

Critiques of Traditional Stage-Based Theories of Individual development.

Developmental Perspectives: Commonality and Diversity.

Normal and Abnormal: Traditional and Alternative Perspectives.

Traditional Notions of Intelligence.

Developmental Paradigms and Social Work.

Developmental Paradigms: The Traditional and the Possible (Alternatives).

Traditional and Dominant Developmental Theories.





Levinson: Adult Development.

Disengagement Theory of Aging.

Resiliency Theory and Aging.

Traditional Developmental Theories and Multiracial People.

Themes Regarding People of Color in Traditional Developmental Approaches.

5. Alternative and Possible Perspectives on Individuals.

Alternative and Possible Developmental Theories.

Identity Development.

Spirituality and Development.

Focus: People of Color.

Focus: Whiteness/White Identity.

Focus: Women.

Focus: Sexual Orientation.

Focus: Persons with Disabilities.

Focus: Men.

6. Perspectives on Familiness.


Social Work and Families.

(SEHB): The Social Environment and Family.

Approaches to Understanding Familiness.

Traditional Models.

The Alternative/Possible.

Focus: People of Color.

Focus: Women.

Focus: Sexual Orientation.

Focus: Spirituality/Belief Systems and Families.

7. Perspectives on Groups.


Historical Perspective.

Traditional and Alternative Perspectives.

8. Perspectives on Organizations.

Historical Perspectives on Organizations.

Basic Concepts/Definitions.

Types of Organizations.

Technology, Organizations, and Social Policy.

Traditional Paradigms.

Alternative Paradigms.

9. Perspectives on Community(ies).

Historical Perspectives on Community.

Defining Community.

Traditional Perspectives.

Alternative Perspectives on Community.

Nonplace Community.

10. Global Perspectives and Theories.

Historical Perspectives on International Social Work.

SEHB: A Global Context.

Family and Global Issues: Immigration.

Immigrants and Oppression/Discrimination.

Impact of Immigration on Families.


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