Human Exploitation and Biodiversity Conservation

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2006-12-04
  • Publisher: Springer Verlag

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The sustainable use of the components of biodiversity is one of the three key objectives of the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity. Sound conservation practice has to be recognized as beneficial and implemented by the people who use it from subsistence farmers to skiers and pharmaceutical bioprospectors. At the same time, indigenous peoples utilize enormous numbers of plants, fungi, and fish particularly for foods and medicines.This book gathers together a wide range of contributions addressing diverse aspects of front-line human involvement in biodiversity exploitation and conservation. As such they collectively provide a snap-shot of on-going action and state-of-the-art research, rather than a series of necessarily more superficial overviews. As such it is envisaged that it will be of particular interest to courses including biodiversity and/or conservation issues, and to advanced students and researchers working in related fields. The scope of these embraces cases involving, birds, crop plants, invertebrates, land use changes, livestock, mammals, marine organisms, and medicinal plants. Issues related to the importance of gardens, hedges and green lanes, housing developments, hunting, invasive species, local community involvement, sacred groves, socioeconomic factors, and trade. Examples presented here come from studies in 17 countries including ones in Africa, Asia, Europe, and North and South America. All are topical cases to stimulate thoughts and future work programmes aiming to attain a sustainable balance between the conservation and sustainable exploitation of biodiversity. Reprinted from Biodiversity and Conservation 15:8 (2006).

Table of Contents

Impacts of demographic and socioeconomic factors on spatio-temporal dynamics of panda habitat
Avian species richness and numbers in the built environment: can new housing develpments be good for birds?
Indigenous knowledge and traditional conservation of fonio millet (Digitaria exilis, Digitaria iburua) in Togo
People and mammals in Mexico: conservation conflicts at a national scale
Urban domestic gardens (VI): environmental correlates of invertebrate species richness
Biodiversity conservation in sacred groves of Manipur, northeast India: population structure and regeneration status of woody species
A numeric index to establish conservation priorities for medicinal plants in the Paravachasca Valley, C+[3]rdoba, Argentina
Subsistence hunting and conservation issues in the game reserve of Gile, Mozambique
The catch and trade of seahorses in Vietnam
Urban domestic gardens (VIII): environmental correlates of invertebrate abundance
Effects of livestock grazing on aboveground insect communities in semi-arid grasslands of southeastern Arizona
Medicinal plants of the Argentine Yungas plants of the Las Yungas biosphere reserve, northwest of Argentina, used in health care
Hedges and green lanes: vegetation composition and structure
Biodiversity and land use change on the Causse M+┬╝jan, France
Impact of game hunting by the Kayap+[3] of south-eastern Arizona: implications for wildlife conservation in tropical forest indigenous reserves
Genetic diversity in traditional Ethiopian highland maize accessions assessed by AFLP markers and morphological traits
Towards a definition of a crop wild relative
Household differentiation and on-farm conservation of biodiversity by indigenous households in Xishuangbanna, China
Convervation and documentation of the medicinal plant resources of India
Wildlife in the life of local people of the semi-arid Argentine Chaco
An ethnobiological assessment of Rumohra adiantiformis (samambaia-preta) extractivism in southern Brazil
Urban areas and isolated remnants of natural habitats: an action proposal for botanical gardens
Impacts of community-based conservation on local communities in the Annapurna Conservation Area, Nepal
Stakeholder analysis of river restoration activity for eight years in a river channel
Resolving the conflicts between biodiversity conservation and socioeconomic development in China: fuzzy clustering approach
The importance of stakeholder engagement in invasive species management: a cross-jurisdictional perspective in Ireland
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