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9780415951609

The Human Rights Reader: Major Political Essays, Speeches and Documents From Ancient Times to the Present

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780415951609

  • ISBN10:

    0415951607

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-04-20
  • Publisher: Routledge

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Summary

The Second Edition of The Human Rights Reader presents a dramatically revised organization and updated selections, including pieces on globalization and the war on terrorism. Each part of the Reader corresponds to five historical phases in the history of human rights and explores for each the arguments, debates, and issues of inclusiveness central to those eras. The volume remains the most comprehensive and up-to-date collection of essays, speeches, and documents from historical and contemporary sources, all of which are now placed in context with Micheline Ishay?s substantial introduction to the reader as a whole and valuable introductions to each part and chapter.

Table of Contents

Introduction Micheline Ishay, Human Rights: Historical and Contemporary Controversies
THE ORIGINS: Secular, Asian and Monotheistic Tradition?
Introduction
Jacques Maritain, On the Ground for an International Declaration of Human Rights, UNESCO Report (1947)
Liberty, Tolerance and Codes of Justice
United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948): Articles 3, 5-12, 18-20, and 27 The Secular Tradition
Hammurabi Code: On Freedom of Speech and Civil Rights (c. 1700 B.C.E.)
Plato: "Justice in State and Individual," The Republic (c. c.360 B.C.E.)
Aristotle: On Justice and Political Constitutions, The Politics (c. 350 B.C.E.)
Cicero: The Laws (52 B.C.E.)
Epictectus: "Of Freedom," The Discourses (c. 135 B.C.E.) Asian Religions and Traditions
Confucius: On Rightful Conduct of Rulers and Subjects, The Analects (c. 479 B.C.E. -221 B.C.E.)
Kautilya: On the Penal System, The Arthashastra (c. 300 B.C.E.)
Asoka: "Against Religious Intolerance and Discriminiation within the Community," The Edicts (c. 272-231 B.C.E.)
Chinese Buddhist Verses: On Moral Conduct (early 4th century) Monotheism
The Hebrew Bible: On Universalism and the Ten Commandments
The New Testament (c. 50): On Faith and the Law
The Koran (c. 632): On Tolerance and Just Society
Social and Economic Justice
United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948): Articles 17 and 22-26 The Secular Tradition
Hammurabi Code: On Property (c. 1700 B.C.E.)
Plato: On the Community of Property, The Republic (c. 360 B.C.E.)
Aristotle: On Property, The Politics (c. 350 B.C.E.) Asian Religions and Traditions
Confucius: On Fair Distribution and Education, The Analects (c. 551-479 B.C.E.)
Kautilya: On Labor and Property Rights, Arthashastra (c. 300 B.C.E.)
Manu: On Property Rights, The Laws (c. 200 B.C.E.)
Buddhism: On the Limitation of Property and Altruism (c. 8 th century) Monotheism
The Hebrew Bible: On the Welfare of the Poor, the Laborer and the Stranger
The New Testament: On Greed and Charity (c. 50)
The Koran: On Social and Economic Aid (c. 632)
Justice, War and Peace
United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948): Articles 28-30 The Secular Tradition
Thucydides: On Justice versus Power, "The Melian Dialogue," History of the Peloponnesian War (c. 411 B.C.E.)
Plato: On How to Treat One's Enemy, The Republic (c. 360 B.C.E.) Asian Religions and Traditions
Confucius: On Peace and Economic Justice, The Analects (c. 551-479 B.C.E.)
Mencius: On the Right to Overthrow a Tyrant (c. 372-289 B.C.E.)
Asoka: On Peace and Justice, The Edicts (c. 272-231 B.C.E.) Monotheism
The Hebrew Bible: On Temperance in War and Peace among Nations
The New Testament: "Never Pay Back Evil for Evil." (c.50)
The Koran: On Just War (c. 632)
Saint Augustine: On War, Peace and Harmony, City of God (413-426)
Thomas Aquinas: On Just War, Summa Theologica (1265-1273)
Justice for Whom?
United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948): Articles 1-2, 4, 13-14, 16, and 24 The Secular Tradition
Hammurabi Code: On Women and Slaves (c. 1700 B.C.E.)
Plato: On Women's Abilities, The Republic (c. 360 B.C.E.)
Plato: On Homosexuals, The Symposium (c. 360 B.C.E.)
Aristotle: On the Justification of Slavery, The Politics (c. 350 B.C.E.) Asian Religions and Traditions
Kautilya: On Women, Slavery, and Homosexuality, The Arthashastra (c. 300 B.C.E.)
Manu: On Women and the Caste System, The Laws (c. 200 B.C.E.)
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