Ideals and Ideologies: A Reader

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  • Edition: 9th
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2013-12-30
  • Publisher: Routledge

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Supplemental Materials

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Explores the thinkers who have shaped our world


Ideals and Ideologies: A Reader, 9/e, is a comprehensive compilation of original readings representing all of the major “isms.”  It offers students a generous sampling of key thinkers in different ideological traditions and places them in their historical and political contexts. Used on its own or with Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal, the title accounts for the different ways people use ideology and conveys the ongoing importance of ideas in politics.


MySearchLab is a part of the Ball/Dagger/O'Neill program. Research and writing tools, including access to academic journals, help students explore political ideologies in even greater depth. To provide students with flexibility, students can download the eText to a tablet using the free Pearson eText app.


Note: MySearchLab does not come automatically packaged with this text.

Author Biography

Terence Ball received his Ph.D. from the University of California at Berkeley and teaches political theory at Arizona State University. He taught previously at the University of Minnesota and has held visiting professorships at Oxford University, Cambridge University, and the University of California, San Diego. His books include Transforming Political Discourse (Blackwell, 1988), Reappraising Political Theory (Oxford University Press, 1995), and a mystery novel, Rousseau’s Ghost (SUNY Press, 1998).


Richard Dagger earned his Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota and has taught at Arizona State University and Rhodes College, and is now professor of political science at the University of Richmond. He has been a faculty fellow of the Center for Ethics and Public Affairs, Tulane University, and is the author of many publications in political and legal philosophy, including Civic Virtues: Rights, Citizenship, and Republican Liberalism (Oxford University Press, 1997).


Daniel I. O’Neill holds a Ph.D. from the University of California at Los Angeles and is now Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Florida. He is the author of The Burke-Wollstonecraft Debate: Savagery, Civilization, and Democracy (Penn State University Press, 2007) and coeditor of Illusion of Consent: Engaging with Carole Pateman (Penn State University Press, 2008).

Table of Contents

In this Section:

1) Brief Table of Contents

2) Full Table of Contents

1) Brief Table of Contents  


Part 1: The Concept of Ideology

Part 2: The Democratic Ideal: Historical and Philosophical Foundations

Part 3: Liberalism

Part 4: Conservatism

Part 6: Socialism and Communism After Marx

Part 7: Fascism

Part 8: Liberation Ideologies and the Politics of Identity

Part 9: Green Politics: Ecology as Ideology

Part 10: Radical Islamism


2) Full Table of Contents


Part 1: The Concept of Ideology

1.1 Terrell Carver—Ideology: The Career of a Concept


Part 2: The Democratic Ideal: Historical and Philosophical Foundations

2.2 Euripides—Democracy and Despotism

2.3 Pericles—Funeral Oration

2.4 Aristotle—Democratic Judgment and the “Middling” Constitution

2.5 Niccolò Machiavelli—What’s Wrong with Princely Rule?

2.6 John Adams—What Is a Republic?

2.7 Bill of Rights of the United States

2.8 Alexis de Tocqueville—Democracy and Equality

2.9 John Stuart Mill—Democratic Participation and Political Education

2.10 Alexander Keyssar—The Strange Career of Voter Suppression


Part 3: Liberalism

3.11 Thomas Hobbes—The State of Nature and the Basis of Obligation

3.12 John Locke—Toleration and Government

3.13 Thomas Paine—Government, Rights, and the Freedom of Generations

3.14 Declaration of Independence of the United States

3.15 Declaration of the Rights of Man and of Citizens

3.16 Adam Smith—Private Profit, Public Good

3.17 Immanuel Kant—Freedom and Enlightenment

3.18 John Stuart Mill—Liberty and Individuality

3.19 William Graham Sumner—According to the Fitness of Things

3.20 T. H. Green—Liberalism and Positive Freedom

3.21 Franklin D. Roosevelt—Commonwealth Club Address (1932)

3.22 Lyndon B. Johnson—“To Fulfill These Rights”: Speech at Howard University

3.23 Barack Obama—Speech at Osawatomie, Kansas

3.24 Donald Allen—Paternalism vs. Democracy: A Libertarian View

3.25 Murray Rothbard—Libertarian Anarchism

3.26 Terence Ball—A Libertarian Utopia


Part 4: Conservatism

4.27 Edmund Burke—Society, Reverence, and the “True Natural Aristocracy”

4.28 Joseph de Maistre—Conservatism as Reaction

4.29 Michael Oakeshott—On Being Conservative

4.30 Russell Kirk—Ten Conservative Principles

4.31 Ronald Reagan—Modern American Conservatism

4.32 Irving Kristol—The Neoconservative Persuasion

4.33 W. James Antle III—The Conservative Crack-Up


Part 5: Socialism and Communism: More to Marx

5.34 Thomas More—Utopia

5.35 Robert Owen—Address to the Inhabitants of New Lanark

5.36 Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels—The Communist Manifesto

5.37 Karl Marx—On the Materialist Conception of History


Part 6: Socialism and Communism After Marx

6.38 Eduard Bernstein—Evolutionary Socialism

6.39 V. I. Lenin—Revisionism, Imperialism, and Revolution

6.40 Leon Trotsky—The Permanent Revolution

6.41 Mao Zedong—On the People’s Democratic Dictatorship

6.42 Mikhail Bakunin—Anarcho-Communism vs. Marxism

6.43 Emma Goldman—Anarchism: What It Really Stands For

6.44 Edward Bellamy—Looking Backward

6.45 Gar Alperovitz—The Question of Socialism (and Beyond!)


Part 7: Fascism

7.46 Joseph-Arthur de Gobineau—Civilization and Race

7.47 Benito Mussolini—The Doctrine of Fascism

7.48 Alfredo Rocco—The Political Theory of Fascism

7.49 Adolf Hitler—Nation and Race

7.50 Andrew Macdonald [William L. Pierce]—The Turner Diaries


Part 8: Liberation Ideologies and the Politics of Identity

8.51 Frederick Douglass—What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?

8.52 Cornel West—Race Matters

8.53 Mary Wollstonecraft—A Vindication of the Rights of Woman

8.54 Olympe de Gouges—Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen

8.55 Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions

8.56 Marilyn Frye—Oppression

8.57 John Corvino—Homosexuality: The Nature and Harm Arguments

8.58 Taiaiake Alfred—Indigenous Pathways of Action and Freedom

8.59 Gustavo Gutierrez—Liberation Theology

8.60 Peter Singer—All Animals Are Equal


Part 9: Green Politics: Ecology as Ideology

9.61 Leslie Paul Thiele—Sustainability in the Age of Ecology

9.62 Wendell Berry—Getting Along with Nature

9.63 Vandana Shiva—Women in Nature

9.64 James H. Cone—Whose Earth Is It, Anyway?

9.65 Paul Douglas—A Republican Meteorologist Looks at Climate Change


Part 10: Radical Islamism

10.66 Sayyid Qutb—Signposts Along the Road

10.67 Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini—The Necessity for Islamic Government

10.68 Osama Bin Laden and Others—Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders


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