Impedance Spectroscopy : Applications to Electrochemical and Dielectric Phenomena

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2012-07-03
  • Publisher: Wiley

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This book presents a balance of theoretical considerations and practical problem solving of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. This book incorporates the results of the last two decades of research on the theories and applications of impedance spectroscopy, including more detailed reviews of the impedance methods applications in industrial colloids, biomedical sensors and devices, and supercapacitive polymeric films. The book covers all of the topics needed to help readers quickly grasp how to apply their knowledge of impedance spectroscopy methods to their own research problems. It also helps the reader identify whether impedance spectroscopy may be an appropriate method for their particular research problem. This includes understanding how to correctly make impedance measurements, interpret the results, compare results with expected previously published results form similar chemical systems, and use correct mathematical formulas to verify the accuracy of the data. Unique features of the book include theoretical considerations for dealing with modeling, equivalent circuits, and equations in the complex domain, review of impedance instrumentation, best measurement methods for particular systems and alerts to potential sources of errors, equations and circuit diagrams for the most widely used impedance models and applications, figures depicting impedance spectra of typical materials and devices, extensive references to the scientific literature for more information on particular topics and current research, and a review of related techniques and impedance spectroscopy modifications.

Author Biography

Vadim F. Lvovich is currently a Chief Principal Engineer in the Aerospace and Electronics division of Crane Corporation. He also holds a position as an Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering at Case Western Reserve University. His career has encompassed a number of senior level research and development positions in specialty chemicals, petrochemicals, biomedical devices, sensors, and electronics industries. He has authored over forty major research publications and review chapters, received nine patents, and given thirty major conference presentations.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Fundamentals of electrochemical impedance spectroscopyp. 1
Concept of complex impedancep. 1
Complex dielectric, modulus, and impedance data representationsp. 6
Electrochemical experiment: charge and material transportp. 14
Fundamental ambiguity of impedance spectroscopy analysisp. 19
Graphical representation of impedance spectroscopy datap. 23
Nyquist and Bode representation of complex impedance data for ideal electrical circuitsp. 23
Dielectric data representationp. 32
Equivalent-circuit elements and modeling of the impedance phenomenonp. 37
Ideal circuit elementsp. 37
Nonideal circuit elementsp. 39
Circuit models for systems with two and more time constantsp. 44
Examples of ideal equivalent circuit modelsp. 49
Basic R-C circuitp. 49
Basic R C circuitp. 51
Randles RSOL - RCT\CDL circuitp. 53
Debye dielectric relaxation (R1) C2circuitp. 54
Impedance representation of bulk-material and electrode processesp. 59
Uncompensated impedance ZOHMp. 60
Bulk-media impedance-RSOL, RBULK and CBULKp. 61
Electrochemical double-layer capacitance CDLp. 69
Electrochemical charge-transfer resistance RCTp. 73
Electrochemical sorption impedance ZSORPp. 77
Mass-transport impedancep. 78
Mixed charge-transfer, homogeneous, and diffusion-controlled kineticsp. 87
Distributed impedance models
Distributed RBULK CBULK-R CPEDL circuit modelp. 97
General impedance models for distributed electrode processesp. 102
Identification of frequency ranges for conductivity and permittivity measurementsp. 108
Impedance analysis of complex systemsp. 113
Dielectric analysis of highly resistive composite materials with particle conductionp. 113
Dielectric analysis of ionic colloidal suspensionsp. 123
AC electrokinetics and dielectrophoretic spectroscopy of colloidal suspensionsp. 130
Specific adsorption and multistep heterogeneous kineticsp. 145
Impedance kinetics studies on porous electrodesp. 152
Impedance Instrumentation, testing, and data validationp. 163
Impedance test equipmentp. 163
Single-sine impedance equipment-lock-in amplifier and frequency-response analyzerp. 165
Multiple-sine impedance equipmentp. 169
Electrochemical cellsp. 172
Linearity, causality, stability, consistency, and error analysis of impedance measurementsp. 187
Complex nonlinear least-squares regression fittingp. 194
Practical approach to experimental impedance data collection and analysisp. 196
Selected examples of impedance-analysis applications: electroactive polymer filmsp. 205
The field of electroactive polymersp. 205
Impedance analysis of electrochemically active polymer filmsp. 207
EIS models of conducting polymer filmsp. 208
The future of electroactive polymersp. 214
Selected examples of EIS analysis applications: industrial colloids and lubricantsp. 219
The field of industrial colloids and lubricantsp. 219
Physical and chemical properties of lubricantsp. 222
Degradation modes of lubricantsp. 224
Impedance analysis of lubricantsp. 227
Equivalent-circuit model of lubricantsp. 242
Selected examples of EIS analysis applications: cell suspensions, protein adsorption, and implantable biomedical devicesp. 247
The field of biomedical impedance applicationsp. 247
Analysis of biological suspensions by dielectric, impedance, and AC electrokinetic methodsp. 251
Impedance analysis of protein-adsorption kineticsp. 266
Impedance monitoring of implanted devicesp. 271
Selected examples of impedance-analysis applicationsp. 281
Impedance analysis of insulating films and coatingsp. 281
Impedance analysis of metallic paintsp. 285
Electrorheological fluids and charged suspensionsp. 289
Impedance of metal-oxide films and alloysp. 296
Li-ion kinetics in alkaline batteriesp. 298
Impedance analysis of polymer electrolyte fuel cellsp. 302
Impedance corrosion monitoringp. 309
Impedance-spectroscopy modificationsp. 319
AC voltammetryp. 319
Potentiodynamic and Fourier-transform impedance spectroscopyp. 321
Nonlinear higher-harmonic impedance analysisp. 323
Local EISp. 327
Scanning photo-induced impedance microscopyp. 328
Conclusions and perspectives of EISp. 333
Abbreviations and Symbolsp. 335
Indexp. 345
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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