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  • Edition: 00
  • Format: Trade Paper
  • Copyright: 2012-02-17
  • Publisher: THAMES&HUD

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At its zenith it extended northward from the Inca capital Cuzco along the spine of the Andes to embrace most of modern Peru and Ecuador, and southward into Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina. The sheer scale of the empire, coupled with the challenges of the rugged landscape, made the Inca achievement truly remarkable. This is the most up-to-date and authoritative account available of the Incas: their politics, economics, religion, architecture, art, and technology. The authors look in detail at the four parts of the empire, exploring not just famous sites such as Machu Picchu but all the major regional settlements. The book concludes with the end of the empire: the arrival of the Spaniards, the assassination of the Inca ruler Atawallpa, and the final years of the rebellious, neo-Inca state in the tropical forests of Vilcabamba.

Author Biography

Craig Morris is renowned for his excavation of Hunuco Pampa, one of the largest Inca provincial centers. He was Curator of South American Archaeology as well as Senior Vice-President and Dean of Science at the American Museum of Natural History, New York. Adriana von Hagen is co-director of the Leymebamba Museum in Chachapoyas, Peru. She is the co-author with Craig Morris of The Cities of the Ancient Andes and The Inka Empire and its Andean Origins.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. 7
Prologue: The Road to Chachapoyasp. 9
Introduction: Land of the Four Quartersp. 12
The Birth and Growth of Tawantinsuyup. 20
Wari and Tiwanaku: setting the stage for the Incasp. 20
The pre-imperial Cusco valleyp. 22
Inca myths of origin and expansionp. 25
The king listp. 28
Empire-buildingp. 31
The Principles of Inca Statecraft: Feared Warriors, Generous Rulersp. 32
Organizing an empirep. 32
The memory of thingsp. 34
War and ritual war as tactics of expansionp. 37
Specialized soldiers: the Cañari and Chachapoyap. 40
Mitmaq: a patchwork of interspersed coloniesp. 42
Royal generosity, service, and loyaltyp. 42
Roads and cities: the infrastructure of rulep. 43
Religion as statecraftp. 44
Ties that bind: kings, kinship, and royal alliancesp. 45
The four parts: an empire united by divisionp. 47
The Wealth of the Empire: Land, Labor, and the Worth of Goodsp. 48
Reciprocity as an exchange systemp. 48
Seasonal and full-time laborp. 57
Terraces, breweries, and warehousesp. 61
Cloth, shells, silver, and goldp. 62
Religion and Ideology: The Sun, the Moon, the Oracles, the Ancestorsp. 65
"Glad words"-the voice of oraclesp. 66
Imperial sun templesp. 66
The revered ancestorsp. 68
The sacred origins of kingshipp. 70
Astronomy and the ritual calendarp. 70
Imperial rites and sacred occasionsp. 73
Processions, networks, and orderp. 74
The end of imperial religionp. 76
Technology and the Arts: Architects, Potters, Weavers, and Smithsp. 77
Building temples, palaces, terraces, and storehousesp. 82
Storehouses for the realmp. 85
Quarrying and working sacred stonesp. 86
Achieving the fitp. 88
Linking the empire: roads and bridgesp. 91
Imperial tablewarep. 97
Fine garments and emblems of rankp. 98
Metalworking: glitter of the sun, glow of the moonp. 100
Cusco: Capital of the Realmp. 102
The conceptual planp. 104
Pachakuti the architect?p. 104
A sacred cityp. 113
The ceremonial corep. 114
Town palacesp. 118
The golden enclosurep. 119
The royal mummiesp. 122
The temple-fortressp. 124
Royal country estatesp. 127
Chinchaysuyu: Land of the Setting Sun and the Sacred Shellp. 133
The route of the setting sunp. 133
Vilcaswaman: city at a pivotal junctionp. 137
Lodgings before the descentp. 140
A city coded in brilliant colorsp. 142
An oracle by the seap. 144
Inkawasi: a new Cuscop. 147
Southern coastal Chinchaysuyup. 148
Pachacamac: the lord of earthquakesp. 151
The route of the godsp. 152
A junction on the Qhapaq Ñanp. 153
Huánuco Pampap. 155
North to Huamachucop. 169
Cajamarca: strategic entrepotp. 169
The kingdom of Chimorp. 170
Chachapoyas: cloud forest crossroadsp. 174
Strategic corridor into Ecuadorp. 176
Far northern Tawantinsuyu: land of the sacred shellp. 178
Tumibamba: a new Cuscop. 179
Gateways to the sacred shellp. 182
Chains of fortsp. 184
Northernmost Tawantinsuyup. 185
Antisuyu: The Road to Machu Picchu and Beyondp. 186
Early tropical forest conquestsp. 186
A city of stairwaysp. 190
The gateway to Vilcabambap. 196
Empire in exilep. 199
Qollasuyu and Kuntisuyu: Herds, Metals, and Mountains of Sacrificep. 210
Places of imperial originp. 212
On the road to Qollasuyup. 216
The lake kingdomsp. 219
The warm foothills and the jungle frontierp. 220
Southern Qollasuyu's mineral wealthp. 223
West through Kuntisuyup. 225
Qollasuyu in Chile: mines and farmlandp. 228
Human offerings to sacred peaksp. 230
Why were Chinchaysuyu and Qollasuyu different?p. 233
The Fall: Bearded Men from across the Seap. 234
Foreign diseasep. 234
A tragic encounterp. 235
The clash of empiresp. 236
New-found wealthp. 238
Inca resistance and declinep. 240
Notesp. 242
Further Readingp. 245
Sources of Illustrationsp. 252
Indexp. 253
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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