The Industrial Revolution in World History

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2012-08-07
  • Publisher: Routledge

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The industrial revolution was the single most important development in human history over the past three centuries, and it continues to shape the contemporary world. With new methods and organizations for producing goods, industrialization altered where people live, how they play, and even how they define political issues. By exploring the ways the industrial revolution reshaped world history, this book offers a unique look into the international factors that started the industrial revolution and its global spread and impact. In the fourth edition, noted historian Peter N. Stearns continues his global analysis of the industrial revolution with new discussions of industrialization outside of the West, including the study of India, the Middle East, and China. In addition, an expanded conclusion contains an examination of the changing contexts of industrialization. The Industrial Revolution in World Historyis essential for students of world history and economics, as well as for those seeking to know more about the global implications of what is arguably the defining socioeconomic event of modern times.

Author Biography

Peter N. Stearns is provost and professor of history at George Mason University. He is the editor of the Journal of Social History and the author or editor of more than 115 books, including World Civilizations: The Global Experience and World History in Brief: Major Patterns of Change and Continuity.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrationsp. ix
Introduction: Defining the Industrial Revolutionp. 1
Technology and Work Organizationp. 6
Issues in Interpretationp. 8
The Range of the Industrial Revolutionp. 11
Chronology and Geographyp. 14
The First Phase, 1760-1880 Western Primacy, Global Contexts, and Global Results
Britain's Revolution: New Processes and Economic Transformationp. 21
Britain Becomes the Workshop of the Worldp. 26
Industrialization Exacts a Pricep. 32
Change Generates Changep. 37
New Causes: Why Did the Industrial Revolution Happen, and Why Did It Happen in Eighteenth-Century Britain?p. 41
Three Approaches: Minimal, Western, and Globalp. 45
Trigger: Why the Eighteenth Century?p. 47
Britain as a Special Casep. 48
The Industrial Revolution in Western Societyp. 53
France: An Eclectic Coursep. 57
Germany: Trend to Big Businessp. 60
The United States: Dynamism of a New Nationp. 61
The Industrial West by the 1880sp. 66
The Social Impact of the Industrial Revolutionp. 69
Life on the Jobp. 70
Forging the Industrial Familyp. 74
Social Divisions and Protestp. 81
A New Political and Cultural Contextp. 87
The Industrial Revolution Outside the Westp. 89
Pilot Projects: Russiap. 89
Pilot Projects: Asia, Latin America, and Africap. 93
India and the Middle Eastp. 94
Latin America and Africap. 96
Chinap. 98
Restructuring the International Economyp. 99
The Two Faces of International Impactp. 105
The Second Phase, 1880-1950: The New International Cast
The Industrial Revolution Changes Stripes, 1880-1950p. 109
Second-Phase Trendsp. 109
Why Japan and Russia?p. 113
The Industrial Revolution in Russiap. 121
Early Industrialization: Before the Revolutionp. 122
Social Impacts: Industrialization and Revolutionp. 129
The Industrial Revolution Under Communismp. 133
The Industrial Revolution in Japanp. 139
The Context for Industrializationp. 142
The Early Stagesp. 144
Social Impactsp. 150
The Industrial Economy Matures: 1920s-1950sp. 154
New Developments in Western Societies: A Second Revolution?: Redefinitions of the Industrial Economyp. 159
Machines and the Drive for Organizational Changep. 160
The Service Sectorp. 166
Leisure and the Consumer Economyp. 169
Class Warfarep. 170
Redefining the Scope of Industrializationp. 173
The West as New Modelp. 174
The Industrial Revolution in International Contextp. 177
The Expansion of Commercial Exploitationp. 179
Environmental Changep. 186
Factory Expansionp. 186
Industrial Sectors: Change amid Traditionp. 192
Economies of the British Dominionsp. 194
At the Brink of Global Changep. 197
The Third Phase, 1950s-2000s: The Industrialization of the World
The Industrial Revolution in the Past Half Centuryp. 201
New Members of the Industrial Club: The 1960sp. 202
The New Wave: The 1980s and 1990s and Beyondp. 204
The Postindustrial Conceptp. 205
Globalizationp. 207
Deepening Diversityp. 208
New Industrial Revolutionsp. 211
Israel: Development in the Desertp. 212
The Pacific Rimp. 213
Industrial Growth in the Pacific Rimp. 215
Expanding the Rim?p. 217
Brazil, Mexico, and Turkey: The Next Wavep. 218
China and Indiap. 222
Waves of Changep. 226
The Less Industrial World: Evolution and Exploitationp. 229
The Long Reach of the Industrial Powersp. 230
Resources Producers: Some New Bargaining Powerp. 232
Patterns of Dependencyp. 234
Variety and Inequalityp. 236
Postindustrial Societies and Global Balancep. 239
Growth Ratesp. 239
Structural Changes: The Postindustrial Thesisp. 245
The New Industrial Balancep. 250
Global Industry and the Environmentp. 255
The Pace Quickensp. 256
Attempts at Addressing a Large-Scale Problemp. 260
Globalization and Global Industrial Societies 1880-1950p. 265
The Multinationalsp. 267
Labor Migrationp. 270
Regionalism and International Forcesp. 274
An International Approach to Policyp. 276
Global Societiesp. 276
Inequalitiesp. 278
Conclusionsp. 281
Precedent as a Guide to Predictionp. 281
History and Changing Contextsp. 284
The Balance Sheetp. 285
The Ongoing Experiencep. 288
Acknowledgmentsp. 289
Suggestions for Further Readingsp. 291
Indexp. 303
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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