The Informed Argument Text With Infotrac

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2003-10-03
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.


Praised for the way it introduces students to the elements of argument, the sixth edition offers more complete coverage of the Toulmin model, a new focus on problem solving, and a section on visual argument.

Author Biography

Robert P. Yagelski: State University of New York at Albany Robert K. Miller: University of St. Thomas Amy J. Crouse-Powers: State University of New York at Oneonta

Table of Contents

An Introduction to Argumentp. 1
What Is an Argument?p. 4
Why Learn to Write Effective Arguments?p. 6
The Purposes of Argumentp. 8
Arguments to Assertp. 11
Arguments to Inquirep. 13
Arguments to Dominatep. 16
Arguments to Negotiate and Reconcilep. 18
Strategies for Argumentp. 22
Logical Argumentsp. 24
Reasoning Inductivelyp. 25
Reasoning Deductivelyp. 26
The Syllogismp. 28
The Enthymemep. 29
Cultural Differences in Logical Argumentsp. 30
The Toulmin Model of Argumentationp. 31
Understanding Claims and Warrantsp. 32
Evaluating Claims and Warrantsp. 33
Fallaciesp. 35
Appealing to Pityp. 36
Appealing to Prejudicep. 36
Appealing to Traditionp. 37
Arguing by Analogyp. 37
Attacking the Character of Opponentsp. 37
Attributing False Causesp. 38
Attributing Guilt by Associationp. 38
Begging the Questionp. 38
Equivocatingp. 39
Ignoring the Questionp. 39
Jumping to Conclusionsp. 39
Opposing a Straw Manp. 39
Presenting a False Dilemmap. 40
Reasoning That Does Not Followp. 40
Sliding Down a Slippery Slopep. 40
Emotional Argumentsp. 41
Character-Based Argumentsp. 43
The Contexts of Argumentp. 52
The Rhetorical Situationp. 54
Analyzing Your Audiencep. 55
Imagining Your Audiencep. 56
Cultural Contextp. 58
Understanding Culturep. 58
Considering Culture in Argumentp. 60
Considering Genderp. 61
Considering Agep. 63
Considering Sexual Orientationp. 64
Historical Contextp. 65
The Media for Argumentp. 68
Analyzing Arguments in Printp. 70
Reading Arguments Criticallyp. 70
Evaluating Ethosp. 73
Appraising Evidencep. 76
Facts as Evidencep. 76
Personal Experience as Evidencep. 78
Authority as Evidencep. 79
Values as Evidencep. 80
Presenting Evidence in Visual Formp. 81
Analyzing Arguments in Visual Mediap. 82
Design and Colorp. 86
Art as Visual Argumentp. 88
Integrating Visual Elements and Textp. 93
Analyzing Arguments in Electronic Mediap. 97
The Internetp. 97
Web Sitesp. 99
Online Versions of Print Argumentsp. 99
Hypertextual Web Sitesp. 99
Web Sites as Argumentsp. 103
Online Discussion Forumsp. 105
Radio and Televisionp. 110
Constructing Argumentsp. 112
Managing the Composing Processp. 114
Understanding Composing as Inquiryp. 114
Defining Your Topicp. 115
Considering Audiencep. 117
Identifying Your Audiencep. 117
Making Concessionsp. 118
Understanding Audience Expectationsp. 119
How One Student Addresses Her Audiencep. 119
Defining Your Termsp. 124
Structuring an Argumentp. 125
Classical Arrangementp. 126
Rogerian Argumentp. 127
Logical Arrangementsp. 132
Inductive Reasoningp. 132
Deductive Reasoningp. 134
Using the Toulmin Modelp. 138
Supporting Claims and Presenting Evidencep. 144
Using Language Effectivelyp. 145
Working with Sources
Doing Researchp. 150
Reading Criticallyp. 152
Previewingp. 153
Annotatingp. 154
Summarizingp. 155
Synthesizingp. 157
Taking Notesp. 159
Avoiding Plagiarismp. 161
Finding Relevant Materialp. 163
Getting Startedp. 163
Avoiding Selective Researchp. 164
Using the Internetp. 164
Searching for Magazine and Journal Articlesp. 167
Searching for Newspaper Articlesp. 170
Using Abstracting Servicesp. 173
Looking for Booksp. 173
Conducting Interviews and Surveysp. 175
Documenting Your Sourcesp. 178
Compiling a Preliminary Bibliographyp. 180
Organizing a Research Paperp. 180
Integrating Source Material into Your Paperp. 181
Citing Sourcesp. 183
Footnotes and Content Notesp. 184
Parenthetical (In-Text) Documentationp. 185
The MLA Author/Work Stylep. 186
The APA Author/Year Stylep. 188
Organizing a Bibliographyp. 190
Works Cited in MLA Stylep. 191
References in APA Stylep. 199
Preparing Your Final Draftp. 207
Negotiating Differences
Ownershipp. 210
Who Owns Words and Ideas?p. 212
Con-Text: What Is Fair Use?p. 213
"Standing Up for the Power of Learning"p. 214
"Heavy Lifting"p. 219
"What's Yours? (Ownership of Intellectual Property)"p. 223
"'Let's Roll': You Can Trademark Words but Not Meaning"p. 228
Who Owns the Body?p. 232
Con-Text: The Father of Surrogate Parentingp. 233
"Standing at the Crossroads of Genetic Testing: New Eugenics, Disability Consciousness, and Women's Work"p. 234
"Designer Babies and Other Fairy Tales"p. 240
"Adapting to Our Own Engineering"p. 245
"Victims from Birth"p. 249
Who Owns Music?p. 254
Con-Text: The Importance of Musicp. 255
"Free Downloads Play Sweet Music"p. 256
"Music Dangers and the Case for Control"p. 261
"Black Is Back"p. 269
"Empire of the Air"p. 274
Educationp. 280
What Should Be Taught in Schools?p. 282
Con-Text: John Dewey on Democracy and Educationp. 283
"Enroll: Why Berkeley Students Should Punish a Teacher by Taking His Class"p. 284
"Balancing the Academy"p. 288
"Toward a Radical Feminist Pedagogy"p. 294
"An Educated and Culturally Literate Person Must Study America's Multicultural Reality"p. 301
How Should We Determine What Our Children Learn?p. 306
Con-Text: The Report of the Committee of Ten, 1892p. 307
"'No' Is the Right Answer"p. 308
"Tests, Tracking, and Derailment"p. 312
"Unintended Consequences of High Stakes Testing"p. 316
"Why So Many Exams? A Marxist Response"p. 328
How Should We Pay for Education?p. 336
Con-Text: Horace Mann and Public Educationp. 337
"The Market Can Transform Our Schools"p. 338
"Flagging Flagships"p. 342
"Pizza Hut, Domino's, and the Public Schools"p. 346
"Why I Said No to Coca-Cola"p. 358
Environmentsp. 362
What Is Common Ground?p. 364
Con-Text: "The Tragedy of the Commons"p. 365
"In Defense of Hallowed Ground"p. 366
"Global Commons: But Where Is the Community?"p. 370
"Rediscovery of the Commons: Managing for the Common Good, Not Just for the Corporate Good"p. 374
"The Daily We: Is the Internet Really a Blessing for Democracy"p. 380
How Do We Design Communities?p. 396
Con-Text: "A Beautiful Place Made Ugly"p. 397
"A Suburb Grown Up and All Paved Over"p. 398
"Misplacing the Blame for Our Troubles on 'Flat, Not Tall' Spaces"p. 402
"So What Can We Do--Really Do--About Sprawl?"p. 406
"Enough Snickering. Suburbia Is More Complicated and Varied Than We Think"p. 412
What Is Our Relationship to Nature?p. 418
Con-Text: Thoreau's Wildnessp. 419
"The Obligation to Endure"p. 420
"Silent Spring at 40"p. 427
"In Wildness Is the Preservation of the World"p. 432
"Values Beyond Price"p. 443
American National Identityp. 448
Who Gets to Be an American?p. 450
Con-Text: "The New Colossus"p. 451
"By the Time I Get to Cucaracha"p. 452
"A Nation of Immigrants"p. 457
"Keep the Borders Open"p. 463
"Too Many: Looking Today's Immigration in the Face"p. 468
What Does It Mean to Be a Good American Citizen?p. 476
Con-Text: John F. Kennedy's Inaugural Address, 1961p. 477
"Needed: Informed Voters"p. 478
"Want to Be a Patriot? Do Your Job"p. 482
"America: Idea or Nation?"p. 486
"A Patriotic Left"p. 497
What Kind of Power Should We Give Our Government?p. 506
Con-Text: "The Declaration of Independence"p. 507
"Letter From a Birmingham Jail"p. 508
"Liberties Are a Real Casualty of War"p. 521
"Databases and Security vs. Privacy"p. 524
"Why Fear National ID Cards?"p. 528
Free Enterprisep. 532
What Is a Free Market?p. 534
Con-Text: The Wealth of Nationsp. 535
"Greed Despoils Capitalism"p. 536
"The True Spirit of Enterprise"p. 539
"The Rebel Sell: If We All Hate Consumerism, How Come We Can't Stop Shopping?"p. 544
"Economies of Meaning"p. 553
What Does It Mean to Be a Consumer?p. 560
Con-Text: "Conspicuous Consumption"p. 561
"All-Consuming Patriotism: American Flag: $19.95. New Yacht: $75,000. True Patriotism: Priceless"p. 562
"The Joys of Excess"p. 567
"Mixed Messages Call for Healthy Skepticism"p. 572
"The Singer Solution to World Poverty"p. 576
How Should Workers Be Treated?p. 584
Con-Text: "Industrial Workers of the World"p. 585
"Let Them Sweat"p. 586
"Rugmaking, Interwoven with Social Justice"p. 589
"Going Down the Road"p. 593
"Just Another Hollow Day"p. 597
Globalizationp. 602
Is Globalization Progress?p. 604
Con-Text: The Marshall Planp. 605
"Giving Aid to World Trade"p. 606
"The March of the Monoculture"p. 610
"The Living Democracy Movement: Alternatives to the Bankruptcy of Globalisation"p. 619
"Singing for the Global Community"p. 628
What Is Fair Trade?p. 632
Con-Text: Harry Truman and Fair Tradep. 633
"Free Trade for a Fair, Prosperous World"p. 634
"Fair Trade: Small Change, Big Difference"p. 640
"Squeezed to the Last Drop"p. 647
"Finding Meaning in a Cup of Coffee"p. 651
How Should We Share the Earth?p. 656
Con-Text: The Kyoto Protocolp. 657
"No Margin for Error"p. 658
"The Global Warming Scapegoat"p. 662
"Injustice? Duress and the Burnt Church First Nation Fisheries Agreement with Canada"p. 666
"Stop Energy Eco-Imperialism"p. 670
Text Creditsp. 676
Photo Creditsp. 686
Indexp. 688
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